FACTOID # 28: Austin, Texas has more people than Alaska.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Radio comedy

Radio comedy, or comedic radio programming, is a radio broadcast that may involve sitcom elements, sketches, and many other forms of comedy found on other mediums. It may also include more surreal or fantastic elements, as these can be conveyed on a small budget with just a few sound effects or some simple dialogue. Because of this, it is often less restrictive and can allow for more imaginative and inventive comedy. Comedy has a classical meaning (comical theatre) and a popular one (the use of humour with an intent to provoke[[ laughter in general). ... Radio broadcasts have been a popular entertainment since the 1910s, though popularity has declined a little in some countries since television became widespread. ... A sitcom or situation comedy is a genre of comedy performance originally devised for radio but today typically found on television. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

Contents

Background and history

Although traditional comedy was once a significant part of American broadcast radio programming, it is now mainly found in the archives of Old Time Radio enthusiasts and in Internet streaming of comedy recordings. The majority of mainstream radio comedy now consists of personality-driven shows hosted by talk-radio hosts such as Howard Stern or comedic duos such as Armstrong & Getty and Bob & Tom. Exceptions to this are WSRN's "Audience of Two", Garrison Keillor's work on Minnesota Public Radio: "A Prairie Home Companion" and "Comedy College", and NPR's Car Talk, a comedy show thinly disguised as car advice, and Wait Wait...Don't Tell Me!. Comedy has a classical meaning (comical theatre) and a popular one (the use of humour with an intent to provoke[[ laughter in general). ... Radio broadcasts have been a popular entertainment since the 1910s, though popularity has declined a little in some countries since television became widespread. ... Old-Time Radio (OTR) or The Golden Age of Radio is a term used to refer to radio programs that were broadcast during the 1920s through the late 1950s (with some outlying programs produced earlier and later) in the United States, as well as the United Kingdom and Canada and... Streaming media is multimedia that is continuously received by, and normally displayed to, the end-user while it is being delivered by the provider. ... Historical records of events have been made for thousands of years in one form or another. ... This article is a biography of Howard Stern as an individual; for information regarding his radio show see The Howard Stern Show. ... Jack Armstrong & Joe Getty of the Armstrong & Getty show The Armstrong & Getty show is, according to the Arbitron ratings of April/May 2006, the number one rated morning radio show in Northern California. ... The Bob & Tom Show is a radioshow established by Bob Kevoian and Tom Griswold at radio station WFBQ in Indianapolis, Indiana in 1983. ... Audience of Two is a radio comedy program broadcast since 2001 on Swarthmore College radio station WSRN, but made popular to the world via the internet. ... Garrison Keillor (born Gary Edward Keillor on August 7, 1942) is an American author, humorist, columnist, musician, satirist, and radio personality. ... Minnesota Public Radio logo Minnesota Public Radio (MPR) is a regional public radio network based in the U.S. state of Minnesota that has been broadcasting since 1967. ... This article is about the radio show. ... Comedy College is a radio programme produced by Minnesota Public Radio and distributed by American Public Media. ... NPR logo For other meanings of NPR see NPR (disambiguation) National Public Radio (NPR) is a private, not-for-profit corporation that sells programming to member radio stations; together they are a loosely organized public radio network in the United States. ... Car Talk is a radio talk show broadcast weekly on National Public Radio stations throughout the United States and elsewhere. ... Wait Wait. ...


In Britain and Canada, however, the BBC and CBC respectively have continued making new radio comedy and drama. British radio comedy also has a home on Australia's Radio National and in Ireland there are always a few comedy shows in the week's programming on RTÉ. This article is an overview article about the Crown chartered British Broadcasting Corporation formed in 1927. ... The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), a Canadian crown corporation, is the country’s national public radio and television broadcaster. ... Radio drama is a form of audio storytelling broadcast on radio. ... ABC Radio National is an Australia-wide radio network with many various programs, involving news and current affairs, arts, music, society, science, drama and comedy. ... Radio Telefís Éireann (RTÉ; Irish for Radio and Television of Ireland) is the national publicly-funded broadcaster of Ireland. ...


Many of the BBC's most successful television comedies began life as radio shows. These include Hancock's Half Hour, Goodness Gracious Me!, Knowing Me, Knowing You, The League Of Gentlemen, Whose Line Is It Anyway?, Room 101, Have I Got News For You, (based on Radio 4's The News Quiz), Dead Ringers and most recently Little Britain and Absolute Power. The science fiction comedy Red Dwarf was developed from ideas in a radio show called Son Of Cliché. Another science fiction comedy The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy was created for radio, but also went on to great success in book, television and film formats. This has unfairly led to some people viewing radio as just a stepping stone to television, ignoring the many advantages of the medium. Hancocks Half Hour was a famous BBC radio comedy series of the 1950s starring Tony Hancock. ... Goodness Gracious Me was a BBC English language sketch show originally on BBC Radio 4 and later on BBC TWO, based on four Indian-British actors: Sanjeev Bhaskar, Kulvinder Ghir, Meera Syal and Nina Wadia. ... Knowing Me, Knowing You is a hit single recorded by Swedish pop group ABBA. It features on the album Arrival (1976) as well as ABBA Gold: Greatest Hits (1992). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This page is about the TV series Room 101. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... The News Quiz is a topical comedy quiz broadcast on British radio BBC Radio 4. ... Dead Ringers is a UK radio and television comedy impressions show broadcast on BBC Radio 4 and BBC Two. ... Little Britain is a character-based BBC radio and television sketch show written by and starring Matt Lucas and David Walliams that relies largely on simplistic caricatures and heavy use of catch-phrases. ... Absolute Power is a British comedy series, set in the offices of Prentiss McCabe, a fictional public relations company (or government-media relations consultancy) in London, run by Charles Prentiss (Stephen Fry), and Martin McCabe (John Bird). ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Comedy has a classical meaning (comical theatre) and a popular one (the use of humour with an intent to provoke[[ laughter in general). ... This article describes the British science fiction comedy television series. ... Son Of Cliché was a comedy sketch show broadcast on BBC Radio 4 between 1983 and 1985 The sketches were written by Rob Grant and Doug Naylor, and were performed by Chris Barrie, Nick Maloney and Nick Wilton. ... The cover of the first novel in the Hitchhikers series, from a late 1990s printing. ... A book is a set or collection of written, printed, illustrated, or blank sheets, made of paper, parchment, or other material, usually fastened together to hinge at one side, and rots your brain. ... Film is a term that encompasses individual motion pictures, the field of film as an art form, and the motion picture industry. ...


Examples of American radio comedy can be heard on streaming internet radio stations. Garrison Keillor's "A Prairie Home Companion" can be heard on public radio stations in the United States and a different version of the shows can be heard on BBC7 and RTÉ under the name "Garrison Keillor's Radio Show". Old shows can be listened to online at the websites of "A Prairie Home Companion" or RTÉ. British radio comedy can be heard on BBC Radio 4, BBC Radio 2 and BBC7. Minnesota Public Radio maintains a website where it is possible to listen to episodes of "Comedy College". A British commercial station "Oneword" broadcasts American vintage radio comedy as part of their 24 hour-a-day programming of books, comedy and drama and this is streamed on the internet. Internet radio (aka e-Radio) is an audio broadcasting service transmitted via the Internet. ... This article is about the radio show. ... Public broadcasting (also known as public service broadcasting or PSB) is the dominant form of broadcasting around the world, where radio, television, and potentially other electronic media outlets receive funding from the public. ... BBC 7 is a digital radio station broadcasting comedy, drama, and childrens programming 24 hours a day. ... Radio Telefís Éireann (RTÉ; Irish for Radio and Television of Ireland) is the national publicly-funded broadcaster of Ireland. ... Prudence Johnson and Garrison Keilor live on-stage at Shelburn, Vermont as part of the 2005 Rhubarb tour A Prairie Home Companion is a live radio variety show created and hosted by Garrison Keillor. ... BBC Radio 4 is a British domestic radio station which broadcasts a wide variety of chiefly spoken-word programmes including news, drama, comedy, science and history. ... BBC Radio 2 is one of the BBCs national radio stations and is the most popular station in the UK. It broadcasts throughout the UK on FM radio between 88 and 91 MHz from its studios in Western House, adjacent to Broadcasting House in central London. ... BBC 7 is a digital radio station broadcasting comedy, drama, and childrens programming 24 hours a day. ... Minnesota Public Radio logo Minnesota Public Radio (MPR) is a regional public radio network based in the U.S. state of Minnesota that has been broadcasting since 1967. ... Comedy College is a radio programme produced by Minnesota Public Radio and distributed by American Public Media. ... Oneword Radio is a British commercial radio station featuring books, drama, comedy, childrens programming, and discussion. ... Comedy has a classical meaning (comical theatre) and a popular one (the use of humour with an intent to provoke[[ laughter in general). ... Butchers Creek, Omeo, Victoria A stream, brook, beck, burn or creek, is a body of water with a detectable current, confined within a bed and banks. ...


Interest in radio comedy and radio drama is currently enjoying a resurgence. Epguides.com ( http://www.epguides.com ) which provides encyclopedic information on television shows has recently begun to build a similar list of radio shows at: http://www.epguides.com/menu/radio.shtml. Radio drama is a form of audio storytelling broadcast on radio. ...


In America, new groups have formed to try to bring about a renewed interest in the art-form. At the fore-front of this new wave of audio-only comedic groups is Peeper Radio Theatre. Veteran NPR Producer Joe Bevilacqua is creating new radio comedy for The Comedy-O-Rama Hour, which airs on XM Satellite Radio's Sonic Theater Channel 163, five times per week. In the UK, recent standup and revue comedy performances are also now receiving airing on radio. NPR logo For other meanings of NPR see NPR (disambiguation) National Public Radio (NPR) is a private, not-for-profit corporation that sells programming to member radio stations; together they are a loosely organized public radio network in the United States. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Joe Bevilacqua Joe Bevilacqua (born 1959) is an award-winning voice actor, radio producer, dramatist, humorist, and documentary producer. ... “XM” redirects here. ...


List of radio comedies

Produced Independently

The Sound of Young America is a public radio program and podcast based in Los Angeles, California. ...

Produced by ABC (Australia)

The Australian Broadcasting Corporation or ABC is Australias national non-profit public broadcaster. ... Ray Barrett, Michael Eisdell, John Bluthal, Bobby Limb, Reg Goldsworthy and Spike Milligan at a recording session of The Idiot Weekly in 1958. ...

Produced by or for the CBC

Canadia 2056 is a Canadian radio comedy series, which premiered on CBC Radio One in April of 2007. ... Promo shot for The Chumps Without a Net The Chumps Without a Net was a half-hour sketch comedy show aired on CBC Radio One, initially broadcast Saturday afternoons during the third hour of Definitely Not the Opera starting in 1996 and running until 1997. ... Promotional shot of Tom King, Edna Rain (Gracie), and Floyd Favel Starr (Jasper) recording the show The Dead Dog Café Comedy Hour was a radio comedy show on CBC Radio One for four seasons, running from 1997 to 2000. ... Promotional image of Linda Cullen and Bob Robertson for the CBC radio show Double Exposure Double Exposure was a Canadian radio and television comedy series which mocked contemporary Canadian politics. ... Frantics is the name of: Frantics (band), a punk rock band. ... The Great Eastern was a radio comedy show on CBC Radio One. ... The Happy Gang was a Canadian Broadcasting Corporation radio lunchtime variety show that ran from from 1937 to 1959. ... Here Come the Seventies was a CBC radio comedy show that that was broadcast as part of the Variety Tonight program. ... The Irrelevant Show was a half-hour sketch comedy show aired on CBC Radio One, initially broadcast Saturday afternoons during the third hour of Definitely Not the Opera starting in 2003. ... Laugh in a Half was a comedy anthology show broadcast on CBC Radio One in 2003. ... Madly Off In All Directions is a radio comedy show on CBC Radio One, featuring Canadian comedian Lorne Elliot. ... Mr. ... The Norm was a CBC radio comedy show than ran between 1986 to 1988. ... Terence Bowman, Paul Pare, and Bernard Deniger are the three members of Radio Free Vestibule, a Canadian surrealist comedy troupe also known as simply The Vestibules. ... Royal Canadian Air Farce is a Canadian radio and television show, broadcast on the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... Running with Scissors with Mr. ... Steve the First was a four-part dark comedy set in a post-apocalyptic future, broadcast on CBC Radio One in 2005. ... Steve the Second was a four-part comedy series that was broadcast Saturday mornings on CBC Radio One, running from 11:30 - 12:00pm (half an hour later in Newfoundland). ... Sunny Days and Nights was a radio comedy show on CBC Radio One that aired during the summer of 2004. ... The Vinyl Cafe is a radio comedy show hosted by Stuart McLean and broadcast on CBC Radio networks One and Two. ...

Produced by or for US public radio

This article is about the radio show. ... Minnesota Public Radio logo Minnesota Public Radio (MPR) is a regional public radio network based in the U.S. state of Minnesota that has been broadcasting since 1967. ... Comedy College is a radio programme produced by Minnesota Public Radio and distributed by American Public Media. ... Le Show is a weekly syndicated public radio show hosted by satirist Harry Shearer and carried on many National Public Radio and other public radio stations throughout the US. It is also available internationally on NPR Worldwide and shortwave radio, as well as on XM Public Radio and Sirius Laugh... KCRW (89. ... WRSU-FM is a noncommercial college radio station serving Rutgers University, broadcasting at 88. ... College radio station of Rutgers University, in New Brunswick, New Jersey. ... Wait Wait. ... Chicago Public Radio (CPR) is a noncommercial, public radio station broadcasting from Chicago, Illinois. ... Joe Bevilacqua Joe Bevilacqua (born 1959) is an award-winning voice actor, radio producer, dramatist, humorist, and documentary producer. ...

Produced by or for RTÉ

  • The Apocalypse of Bill Lizard
  • The Comedy Improv Radio Show
  • Beyond the Back of Beyond
  • Scrap Saturday

Scrap Saturday was a satirical radio sketch show created by Dermot Morgan, who was also the main performer on the show, and Gerry Stembridge which ran on RTÉ Radio 1 on Saturday mornings from 1989 until 1991. ...

Produced by or for the BBC

  • The Party Line
  • Paperback Hell
  • People Like Us
  • The Problem with Adam Bloom

The British Broadcasting Corporation,which is usually known as the BBC, is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion. ... 15 Minute Musical is a comedy series on BBC Radio 4 written by Richie Webb, David Quantick and Dave Cohen. ... 15 Storeys High is a 2002 British sitcom, set in a tower block, written by Sean Lock, Mark Lamarr (as Mark Jones) and Martin Trenaman, and directed by Mark Nunneley. ... The 99p Challenge is a spoof panel game originally broadcast on BBC Radio 4. ... Absolute Power is a British comedy series, set in the offices of Prentiss McCabe, a fictional public relations company (or government-media relations consultancy) in London, run by Charles Prentiss (Stephen Fry), and Martin McCabe (John Bird). ... Arthur Smith is a name shared by several people: Arthur Smith (American poet) is a prize-winning American poet Arthur Smith is a British comedian Arthur James Marshall Smith is a Canadian poet Arthur Guitar Boogie Smith is an American guitar player and composer Arthur Smith is a member of... Beat The Kids is a spoof game show produced by BBC Radio 4. ... Boothby Graffoe (born James Martyn Rogers in 1962), is an English comedian, singer, songwriter and playwright. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Consultants are a comedy sketch team who first reached public prominence in August 2002 where they won the Perrier Best Newcomer Award at the Edinburgh Fringe. ... Dead Ringers is a UK radio and television comedy impressions show broadcast on BBC Radio 4 and BBC Two. ... Delve Special was a UK Radio 4 comedy starring Stephen Fry as investigative reporter David Lander. ... Dial M for Pizza was a sketch show broadcast on BBC Radio 4 in the late 1980s, written by Ian Brown and James Hendrie. ... Educating Archie A BBC Light Programme Comedy Programme in the early 1950s which was broadcast on Sunday lunchtimes. ... Fist of Fun was a popular British comedy television and radio programme, written by and starring Lee and Herring (the comedians Stewart Lee and Richard Herring). ... The Flight of the Conchords is a folk/pop/comedy duo composed of Bret McKenzie of The Black Seeds and Figwit fame and Jemaine Clement of The Humourbeasts. ... The Franz Kafka Big Band performing live at The Arches in Glasgow on June 23rd 2002 The Franz Kafka Big Band is a comedy group that makes programmes for BBC Radio. ... Genius is a BBC Radio 4 comedy gameshow presented by comedian Dave Gorman. ... Giles Wemmbley-Hogg Goes Off is a British radio comedy from BBC Radio 4, written by Graeme Garden and Marcus Brigstocke. ... Goodness Gracious Me was a BBC English language sketch show originally on BBC Radio 4 and later on BBC TWO, based on four Indian-British actors: Sanjeev Bhaskar, Kulvinder Ghir, Meera Syal and Nina Wadia. ... The Goon Show was a popular and influential British radio comedy programme, originally produced and broadcast by the BBC from 1951 to 1960 on the BBC Home Service. ... Hancocks Half Hour was a famous BBC radio comedy series of the 1950s starring Tony Hancock. ... The cover of the first novel in the Hitchhikers series, from a late 1990s printing. ... The Hudson and Pepperdine show is a comedy sketch show vehicle on BBC Radio 4 (repeated on BBC 7) for the duo Mel Hudson and Vicki Pepperdine. ... Im Sorry I Havent a Clue, sometimes abbreviated to ISIHAC, or simply Clue, is a BBC radio comedy which has run since 11 April 1972. ... Im Sorry, Ill Read That Again was a long-running BBC radio comedy programme that originally grew out of the Cambridge University Footlights revue Cambridge Circus. ... In One Ear was a late-night alternative comedy sketch show, broadcast between 1984 and 1986, on BBC Radio 4 in the United Kingdom. ... It’s Been a Bad Week is a British radio comedy on BBC Radio 2, that started in February 11th 1999. ... ITMA was a 1940s BBC radio comedy programme. ... Jackie Mason (born Yacov Moshe Maza on June 9, 1931, in Sheboygan, Wisconsin) is an American stand-up comedian. ... Jammin is a musical comedy show on BBC Radio 2 in the United Kingdom. ... Jeremy Hardy (born 17 July 1961) is a British alternative comedian. ... Just a Minute is a BBC Radio 4 radio comedy panel game which has been running continuously since its first broadcast on December 22, 1967. ... King Street Junior was a Radio Comedy aired by the BBC from Mar 1985 to Nov 1998. ... Knowing Me, Knowing You is a hit single recorded by Swedish pop group ABBA. It features on the album Arrival (1976) as well as ABBA Gold: Greatest Hits (1992). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A BBC Radio comedy series starring Stewart Lee and Richard Herring, and narrated by Tom Baker as the titular character, Lionel Nimrod, a comically exaggerated version of Baker himself. ... Linda Smith’s A Brief History of Timewasting was a BBC Radio 4 situation comedy series written by and starring the late Linda Smith. ... Little Britain is a character-based BBC radio and television sketch show written by and starring Matt Lucas and David Walliams that relies largely on simplistic caricatures and heavy use of catch-phrases. ... Loose Ends is a British radio programme broadcast on BBC Radio 4. ... The Mark Steel Lectures were broadcast on BBC Radio 4 over three series between 1999 and 2002. ... The Mark Steel Revolution was broadcast on BBC Radio 4 in 1998. ... The Mark Steel Solution was initially broadcast on BBC Radio 5 for a series, before three series were broadcast on BBC Radio 4. ... Mel (left) and Sue Mel and Sue are a comedy duo, consisting of Mel Giedroyc and Sue Perkins. ... The Men from the Ministry was a United Kingdom comedy radio series broadcast by the BBC between 1962 and 1977. ... Mitch Benn is a British musician and stand-up comedian famous for his satirical songs, many of which have been featured on BBC Radio 4 where he is a regular contributor to The Now Show, and BBC Radio 2s Its Been A Bad Week. ... Much-Binding-in-the-Marsh was the title of a comical BBC radio show broadcast from 1944 to 1954, starring Kenneth Horne and Richard Murdoch as senior staff in a fictional RAF station battling red tape and wartime inconvenience. ... Danny Robins, Marcus Brigstocke and Dan Tetsell make up, The Museum of Everything The Museum of Everything is a BBC Radio 4 comedy sketch show. ... The Navy Lark is a satirical radio sit-com based on board a British warship named HMS Troutbridge, transmitted on the BBC Light Programme and subsequently BBC Radio 2. ... Nebulous is a science fiction comedy that premiered on BBC Radio 4 and is produced independently by Baby Cow Productions. ... The News Huddlines was a long-running BBC Radio 2 half hour comedy show, consisting of sketches, songs and one-liners. ... The News Quiz is a topical comedy quiz broadcast on British radio BBC Radio 4. ... The Now Show is a British radio comedy broadcast on BBC Radio 4, which satirises the weeks news. ... Old Harrys Game is a UK radio comedy written and directed by Andy Hamilton, who also plays the cynical, world-weary (or is that underworld-weary) Satan (Old Harry was one of many names for the devil). ... Spike Milligan made wrote and performed in three series of the radio comedy program The Idiot Weekly for the Australian Broadcasting Commission in 1958-1962. ... On The Hour double cassette cover featuring Chris Morris, 1992. ... People Like Us is a British comedy programme, a spoof on-location documentary (or mockumentary) written by John Morton, and starring Chris Langham as Roy Mallard, an inept interviewer. ... Quote. ... Radio Active was a radio comedy programme, broadcast on BBC Radio 4 during the 1980s. ... Robin and Wendys Wet Weekends is a BBC radio comedy series written by and starring Kay Stonham. ... A radio comedy series that ran from 1992 to 1994 on BBC Radio 5, before transferring to BBC television. ... Ross Noble, born 6 June 1976 an English stand-up comedian, raised in Cramlington, Northumberland. ... Round the Horne was one of the most influential BBC Radio comedy programmes, comparable to The Goon Show in its influence on other comedy programmes. ... Saturday Night Fry was a six part comedy series on BBC Radio 4 first broadcast in 1988. ... Steptoe and Son is a British sitcom written by Ray Galton and Alan Simpson about two rag and bone men living in Oil Drum Lane, a fictional street in Shepherds Bush, London. ... The Sunday Format, BBC Radio 4s first high-quality weekend broadsheet newspaper, is a British satirical radio comedy. ... Think the Unthinkable is an audience sitcom about hapless management consultants, first broadcast on Radio 4 in 2001 - starring Marcus Brigstocke, David Mitchell, Catherine Shepherd, Emma Kennedy and Beth Chalmers. ... The Very World of Milton Jones was a comedy show broadcast on BBC Radio 4 between 1998 and 2001 starring Welsh comedian Milton Jones. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Yes Minister is a satirical British sitcom written by Antony Jay and Jonathan Lynn that was first transmitted by BBC television and radio between 1980 and 1984. ... Hamish and Dougal are two characters from the long-running BBC Radio 4 antidote to panel games, Im Sorry I Havent a Clue. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Radio comedy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (598 words)
Radio comedy, or comedic radio programming, is a radio broadcast that may involve sitcom elements, sketches, and many other forms of comedy found on other mediums.
Although comedy was once a significant part of American broadcast radio programming it is now mainly found in the archives of Old Time Radio enthusiasts and in internet streaming of comedy recordings.
A British commercial station "Oneword" broadcasts American vintage radio comedy as part of their 24 hour-a-day programming of books, comedy and drama and this is streamed on the internet.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m