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Encyclopedia > Radio Telefís Éireann

Radio Telefís Éireann (RTÉ; Irish for "Radio and Television of Ireland") is the national publicly-funded broadcaster of Ireland. It both produces programmes and broadcasts on television, radio and the Internet. The radio service began on January 1. 1926, while regular television broadcasts began on December 31, 1961. Public broadcasting (also known as public service broadcasting or PSB) is the dominant form of broadcasting around the world, where radio, television, and potentially other electronic media outlets receive funding from the public. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1926 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1961 (As MAD Magazine pointed out on its first cover for the year) was the first upside-down year—i. ...


RTÉ is an autonomous corporation run by an authority appointed by the incumbent government for a term of five years. General management of the organisation is in the hands of a Director-General. Its domestic programming and broadcasts are funded by levying television licence fees upon the owners of television sets. A television licence is an official licence required in some countries for all owners of a television receiver. ...

Radio Telefis Éireann
Corporate logo of RTÉ
Type Statutory Corporation
Founded 1 June 1960
Location Donnybrook, Dublin, Ireland
Key people Patrick Wright, Chairman
Cathal Goan, Director-General
Industry Broadcasting
Products Television and radio services, transmission, production,website, performing arts, and related activities
Revenue image:green up.png€312.7 million EUR (2003) [1] (http://www.rte.ie/about/organisation/annualreport/2003eng.pdf)
Website www.rte.ie
Contents

1.1 Television
1.2 Radio
Radio Telefís Éireann - corporate logo This work is copyrighted. ... Nationalization is the act of taking assets into state ownership. ... Wiktionary has a definition of: Foundation This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... June 1 is the 152nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (153rd in leap years), with 213 days remaining. ... 1960 was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Donnybrook (Irish Domhnach Broc, meaning Church of [Saint] Broc) is a district of Dublin, Ireland. ... Dublins Hapenny Bridge. ... Note: broadcasting is also the old term for hand sowing. ... Transmission is the following: Generally, transmission is the act of passing something on. ... The front page of the English Wikipedia website. ... The performing arts include theater, motion pictures, drama, comedy, music, dance, opera, magic and the marching arts, such as brass bands, etc. ... In business, revenue is the amount of money that a company actually receives from its activities, mostly from sales of products and/or services to customers. ... Green up arrow for a positive change in revenue from last fiscal year. ... The euro (€; ISO 4217 code EUR) is the currency of twelve European Union member states: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The front page of the English Wikipedia website. ...

Principal stations

Television

Telefís Éireann began broadcasting at 7:00pm on December 31, 1961. The opening address by President of Ireland Eamon de Valera described the benefits and disadvantages of the new medium. He went on to say that "Like atomic energy, it can be used for incalculable good but it can also do irreparable harm". There were other messages from Cardinal d'Alton and An Taoiseach, Seán F. Lemass. Following this a live concert was broadcast from the Gresham Hotel in Dublin. The show, which was a countdown to the new year, was hosted by the Chairman of the Radio Eireann Authority, Eamonn Andrews, with appearences by Patrick O'Hagan, the Artane Boys Band and Micheál Ó Hehir. RTÉ One is the Republic of Irelands oldest and most popular television channel, operated by Irish state broadcaster Radio Telefís Éireann. ... 1961 (As MAD Magazine pointed out on its first cover for the year) was the first upside-down year—i. ... RTÉ Two (known from 1988 to 2004 as Network 2 or RTÉ Network Two) is Irelands second-oldest television channel, produced by Irish state broadcaster Radio Telefís Éireann. ... 1988 is a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... TG41 is a television channel for speakers of the Irish language which was launched on 31 October 1996; it was known as Teilifís na Gaeilge or TnaG before a rebranding campaign in 1999. ... Note: This page contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1961 (As MAD Magazine pointed out on its first cover for the year) was the first upside-down year—i. ... The President of Ireland (Irish: Uachtarán na hÉireann) is the head of state of the Republic of Ireland. ... Eamon de Valera[1] (born Edward George de Valera, Irish name Éamonn de Bhailéara (October 14, 1882 – August 29, 1975), was an Irish politician, best known as a leader of Irelands struggle for independence from Britain in the early 20th Century, and the Republican opposition in the ensuing Irish... The Taoiseach (plural: Taoisigh) or, more formally, An Taoiseach, is the head of government of the Republic of Ireland and the leader of the Irish cabinet1. ... Seán Francis Lemass ( July 15, 1899 - May 11, 1971) was Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland and served as the second leader of Fianna Fáil from 1959 until 1966. ... Dublins Hapenny Bridge. ... Eamonn Andrews (1922-1987) was a Irish born television presenter in the United Kingdom. ... Micheál OHehir (June 2, 1920–November 24, 1996) was an Irish sports commentator and journalist. ...


Television opened up a completely new world to the Irish people. Topics which were hitherto not discussed in Ireland, such as abortion, contraception and various other controversial topics, were now openly being discussed in television studios. The Late Late Show, which began in July 1962 and is still running as of 2005, and its original host, Gay Byrne, pioneered many of these discussions and has been credited with being a major influence in the changing social structure of Ireland. For the American late-night talk show presented by Tom Snyder, Craig Kilborn and Craig Ferguson, see The Late Late Show (CBS). ... 1962 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... Gay Gaybo Byrne (born August 5, 1934) is an Irish broadcaster. ...


RTÉ made its first colour transmissions in 1969. The first programme made in colour by RTÉ was a 7 Days documentary special called "John Hume's Derry". The next phase was colour outside broadcasts, and the first was the 1971 Eurovision Song Contest, the first of many such productions by RTÉ. All of RTÉ's studios at Donnybrook were equipped for colour broadcasts by 1976. 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... 1971 is a common year starting on Friday (click for link to calendar). ... Running since 1956, the Eurovision Song Contest (in French: Concours Eurovision de la Chanson) is an annual televised song contest with participants from numerous countries whose national television broadcasters are members of the European Broadcasting Union. ... Donnybrook has several other meanings, see Donnybrook (disambiguation). ... 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ...


In 1977 a new Fianna Fáil government came to power and as one of its many promises, the government quickly authorised a second channel to be run by RTÉ. RTÉ 2's remit was to provide alternative television. As a consequence, the original RTE 2 schedule had many live relays of British programmes, however, there were also some original RTE2 programming. The new television channel went on the air on November 2, 1978. The opening night featured a gala variety show from the Cork Opera House. 1977 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1977 calendar). ... Fianna Fáil - The Republican Party (IPA ; English translation: Soldiers of Destiny) is the largest political party in Ireland. ... RTÉ Two (known from 1988 to 2004 as Network 2 or RTÉ Network Two) is Irelands second-oldest television channel, produced by Irish state broadcaster Radio Telefís Éireann. ... November 2 is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 59 days remaining. ... 1978 was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ... Cork (Corcaigh in Irish) is the second city of the Republic of Ireland. ...


In the early 1980s RTÉ 2 became Network 2. All sports coverage was transferred to the newly renamed channel, along with the few Irish language programmes provided by RTÉ. All children's programmes were now broadcast on Network 2 also. RTÉ Two (known from 1988 to 2004 as Network 2 or RTÉ Network Two) is Irelands second-oldest television channel, produced by Irish state broadcaster Radio Telefís Éireann. ... RTÉ Two (known from 1988 to 2004 as Network 2 or RTÉ Network Two) is Irelands second-oldest television channel, produced by Irish state broadcaster Radio Telefís Éireann. ...


Although Irish language programmes, such as Nuacht (the news) and Léargas (insight) have been an integral part of the schedule, in 1996 a new Irish language TV service, Teilifís na Gaeilge, since renamed TG4, began broadcasting for the first time though much of its programming is English movies and sport which are often unrelated to the language or Ireland for that matter. TG4 is owned by a subsidary of the RTÉ Authority, Serbhisí Telefis na Gaelige Teoranta, however legislation exists that can provide for its separation. (For more details see the separate article on TG4). RTÉ's monopoly on TV broadcasting in the Republic only ended in 1998, with the launch of the commercial channel TV3. Note: This page contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... TG41 is a television channel for speakers of the Irish language which was launched on 31 October 1996; it was known as Teilifís na Gaeilge or TnaG before a rebranding campaign in 1999. ... TG41 is a television channel for speakers of the Irish language which was launched on 31 October 1996; it was known as Teilifís na Gaeilge or TnaG before a rebranding campaign in 1999. ... In economics, a monopoly (from the Greek monos, one + polein, to sell) is defined as a persistent market situation where there is only one provider of a kind of product or service. ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... TV3 Ireland is the sole commercial television channel in the Republic of Ireland. ...


Presently, both RTÉ One and RTÉ Two (the new name for the second channel as of 2004) provide round-the-clock broadcasts seven days a week, providing comprehensive coverage of news, current affairs, sport, music, drama and entertainment. Most of the broadcasts are in English, including programming imported from Britain, the United States and Australia. 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


RTÉ One, RTÉ Two and TG4 are also available in Northern Ireland (coverage and inclusion on cable systems varies), and from 1995 to 2002, there was also a channel in Great Britain Tara Television, which carried RTÉ programming, though not Irish sport coverage like the highly popular GAA or Gaelic games, as broadcasting rights had already been licensed to another channel, Setanta. Tara closed due to disagreements between RTÉ and the other companies. RTÉ One, Network 2 and TG4 are available throughout Great Britain and Ireland via satellite on Sky Digital, although these are encrypted (for rights reasons, according to RTÉ), and anyone wishing to view the channels needs to obtain a Republic of Ireland or Northern Ireland subscription (Family Pack or higher). There has been criticism that RTÉ is not available free on Sky Digital in the Republic (there is no use of "free to view", a non-subscription viewing card, as was used by the BBC). Northern Ireland is one of four constituent parts of the United Kingdom. ... 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Gaelic Athletic Association (The GAA) (Irish: Cumann Lúthchleas Gael) is an organisation which is mostly focussed on promoting Irish sports, such as hurling and camogie, Gaelic football and handball, and rounders. ... Young Cúchulainn, 1912 illustration by Stephen Reid. ... The British Isles consist of Great Britain, Ireland and a number of much smaller surrounding islands. ... The name Sky Television may refer to: British Sky Broadcasting (BSkyB) in the United Kingdom SKY Network Television in New Zealand This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


From the outset, RTÉ had faced competition from British TV channels such as those of the BBC and UTV, broadcasting from Northern Ireland, whose signal spilt over into the Republic. RTÉ's approach was pragmatic, as it introduced cable television in the 1970s, initially known as RTÉ Relays, and subsequently as Cablelink, although it later sold its stake in the company, which is now known as NTL Ireland. In the late 1980s, more competition came from satellite television, especially from Sky based in the UK. The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) was formed in 1927 by means of a royal charter. ... Ulster Television plc (UTV) is a media company based in Northern Ireland. ... Northern Ireland is one of four constituent parts of the United Kingdom. ... Cable television or Community Antenna Television (CATV) (and often shortened to cable) is a system of providing television, FM radio programming and other services to consumers via radio waves transmitted directly to people’s televisions through fixed coaxial cables as opposed to the over-the-air method used in traditional... Events and trends Although in the United States and in many other Western societies the 1970s are often seen as a period of transition between the turbulent 1960s and the more conservative 1980s and 1990s, many of the trends that are associated widely with the Sixties, from the Sexual Revolution... NTL (NASDAQ: NTLI) is a US listed company providing cable services. ... Events and trends The 1980s marked an abrupt shift towards more conservative lifestyles after the momentous cultural revolutions which took place in the 1960s and 1970s and the definition of the AIDS virus in 1981. ... Satellite television is television delivered by way of orbiting communications satellites located 37,000 km (22,300 miles) above the earths surface. ... The name Sky Television may refer to: British Sky Broadcasting (BSkyB) in the United Kingdom SKY Network Television in New Zealand This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


In 2003, RTÉ's reality TV show Cabin Fever (TV Show) made international news when the ship, on which contestants where scheduled to remain for eight weeks, with one person voted off each week by viewers and forced literally to "walk the plank" was thrown into chaos when the sailing ship on which the show was taking place hits rocks near Tory Island, off the Irish coast, and later sank (On Friday the 13th!). All the contestants escaped unharmed. 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Reality television is a genre of television programming in which the fortunes of real life people (as opposed to fictional characters played by actors) are followed. ... This is not related to the horror film Cabin Fever. ... Tory Island is an island 12 km off the north-west coast of County Donegal, in the Republic of Ireland. ...


Three personalities have worked with and continue to work with RTÉ since 1962: 1962 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...

See also: List of RTÉ television programming Gay Gaybo Byrne (born August 5, 1934) is an Irish broadcaster. ... For the American late-night talk show presented by Tom Snyder, Craig Kilborn and Craig Ferguson, see The Late Late Show (CBS). ... Logo from the UK version of Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? is a television game show which offers very large cash prizes for correctly answering successive multiple-choice questions. ... for the bioinformatics professor and museum curator, see Brian D. Farrell Brian Farrell (1929 - ) is an Irish author, journalist, academic & broadcaster. ... This is an incomplete list of current and historical television programmes produced for Radio Telefís Éireann (RTÉ). RTÉ also shows a range of foreign produced shows. ...


Radio

The first voice broadcast of 2RN, the original radio callsign for Radio 1, took place on November 14, 1925 when an announcer said, "Seo Raidió 2RN, Baile Átha Cliath ag tástáil", meaning "This is Radio 2RN, Dublin testing". Regular Irish radio broadcasting began on January 1, 1926. 2RN later became known as Radio Éireann. Now, RTÉ has a nationwide commnications network with an increasing emphasis on regional news-gathering and input. Broadcasting on Radio 1 provides comprehensive coverage of news, current affairs, music, drama and variety features, agriculture, education, religion and sport, mostly in English but also some Irish. RTÉ 2FM is a popular music and chat channel, while RTÉ Lyric FM serves the interests of classical music and the arts. RTÉ Raidió na Gaeltachta, an exclusively Irish language service, first began broadcasting in 1972. RTÉ Radio 1 dates back to January 1st 1926, when the Dublin radio station 2RN began broadcasting on a regular basis. ... RTÉ 2FM, or 2FM as it is commonly referred to, is RTÉs second national radio station. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... Depending on context, pop music is either an abbreviation of popular music or, more recently, a term for a sub-genre of it. ... RTÉ Lyric FM, part of Radio Telefís Éireann, is an Irish radio station. ... Classical music is music considered classical, as sophisticated and refined, in a regional tradition. ... Jazz is a musical art form characterized by blue notes, syncopation, swing, call and response, polyrhythms, and improvisation. ... World music is a term that covers all music that is not part of mainstream popular music or classical music and has some kind of ethnic component. ... RTÉ Raidió na Gaeltachta (RnaG; Irish for Gaeltacht Radio) is the Irish language radio service of Radio Telefís Éireann in Ireland, and is available on 92-94FM in Ireland and via the Internet. ... Note: This page contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... The Gaeltacht, also called An Ghaeltacht, refers to any of the regions in Ireland where the Irish language is officially the major language, i. ... In broadcasting and radio communication, a callsign or call sign (also call letters) is a unique designation for a transmitting station. ... November 14 is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 47 days remaining. ... 1925 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1926 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Formerly RTÉ operated a radio station in Cork - RTÉ Radio Cork - as an opt-out of RTÉ Radio 1, but this was closed down in the early 2000s due to low listenership figures. A slightly adapted version of Radio One is broadcast on longwave and Sky Digital as RTÉ Europe. Longwave radio frequencies are those below 500 kHz, which correspond to wavelengths longer than 600 meters. ... Sky Digital is the brand name for British Sky Broadcastings digital satellite television service, transmitted from SES Astra satellites located at 28. ...


RTE Television Genres

Since 2003, RTÉ has branded its television programmes under a number of a number of different genres. Each genre operates under a Commissioning Editor, except for RTÉ News and Current Affairs, which has a Managing Director and is a division of RTÉ in its own right, and RTÉ Sport. Both of these latter divisions operate across all the radio and television services. 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

A page from the Book of Kells. ... Sean OCasey Sean OCasey (March 30, 1880 - September 18, 1964) was a major Irish dramatist and memorist. ... John McGahern (b. ... Patrick Kavanagh (21 October 1904 - 30 November 1967) was an Irish poet. ... Bibendum chair by Eileen Gray E1027 table by Eileen Gray Eileen Gray (August 9, 1878 – October 31, 1976) was an Irish lacquer artist, furniture designer, and architect now well-known for incorporating luxurious lacquer work into the stark International Style aesthetic. ... Spike Milligan Spike Milligan Kt CBE (April 16, 1918 – February 27, 2002) was a comedian, novelist, poet, jazz musician (trumpet and guitar - also played the piano - and was a dab hand at raspberry blowing) and is best remembered as the creator, principal writer and performing member of The Goon Show. ... Rory Gallagher (1948-1995) was an Irish blues/rock guitarist whose career took off in the 1960s with the legendary Taste, featuring his guitar and vocals, the jazz-tinged drumming of John Wilson and intricate bass playing of Richard McCracken. ... The term disability, as it is applied to humans, refers to any condition that impedes the completion of daily tasks using traditional methods. ... Note: This page contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... In sociology and in voting theory, a minority is a sub-group that forms less than half of the population. ... The first TIME cover devoted to soap operas: Dated January 12, 1976, Bill Hayes and Susan Seaforth Hayes of Days of Our Lives are featured with the headline Soap Operas: Sex and suffering in the afternoon. A soap opera is an ongoing, episodic work of fiction, usually broadcast on television... Fair City is a popular soap opera in Ireland, which has been on the air since 1988. ... Literacy is the ability to read and write. ... A talk show (U.S.) or chat show (Brit. ... For the American late-night talk show presented by Tom Snyder, Craig Kilborn and Craig Ferguson, see The Late Late Show (CBS). ... Tubridy Tonight is a very popular television chat show broadcast in Ireland on RTÉ One. ... A game show is a radio or television program involving members of the public or celebrities, sometimes as part of a team, playing a game, perhaps involving answering quiz questions, for points or prizes. ... Youre A Star Youre A Star is a talent contest shown weekly on RTÉ One over the winter months of each year. ... Winning Streak is an Irish game show, shown live on Saturday nights on RTÉ One, and funded by the Irish National Lottery. ... In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a technique in which egg cells are fertilized outside the mothers body in cases where conception is difficult or impossible through normal intercourse. ... Plastic surgery is a general term for operative manual and instrumental treatment which is performed for functional or aesthetic reasons. ... Eamon de Valera[1] (born Edward George de Valera, Irish name Éamonn de Bhailéara (October 14, 1882 – August 29, 1975), was an Irish politician, best known as a leader of Irelands struggle for independence from Britain in the early 20th Century, and the Republican opposition in the ensuing Irish... The Irish Press was an Irish newspaper published by Irish Press plc between 1931 and 1995. ... Lord Haw-Haw was the nickname of an announcer on an English language propaganda radio programme, broadcast by Nazi German radio to audiences in Great Britain and Ireland on the mediumwave station Radio Hamburg and by shortwave to the United States. ... Kevin Christopher OHiggins ( 7 June 1892- 10 July 1927), Irish politician. ... Reality television is a genre of television programming in which the fortunes of real life people (as opposed to fictional characters played by actors) are followed. ... Motto: Orta Recens Quam Pura Nites (Newly Risen, How Brightly You Shine) Nickname: Premier State Other Australian states and territories Capital Sydney Government Governor Premier Const. ... The word classical has several meanings: Pertaining to the societies of the classical antiquity, ancient Greece or Rome. ... Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic that is currently politically divided into the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. ... Popular music is music belonging to any of a number of musical styles that are accessible to the general public and mostly distributed commercially. ... RTÉ News and Current Affairs is a major division of Radio Telifís Éireann responsible for news programming on television, radio and online within the Republic of Ireland. ... Note that this article deals with Sport on the Island of Ireland which is made up of the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, this is because many sports such as Rugby, Gaelic Football, Hurling among others, are organised in an all-island fashion. ... Premier League The FA Premier League (which, for sponsorship reasons, is often referred to as the Barclays Premiership in the UK and the Barclays English Premier League internationally) comprises the top 20 football clubs in the league system of English football. ... The term Six Nations can refer to: The six nations of the Iroquois Confederacy, a union of Native American tribes. ... Rugby might refer to the sport called rugby: Rugby football Rugby league Rugby union Touch Rugby Tag Rugby Wheelchair Rugby Rugby is also the name of several places: Rugby, Warwickshire (England) within the Borough of Rugby Rugby, North Dakota Rugby, Tennessee Rugby, Brooklyn Rugby may also refer to: Rugby School... RTÉ Two (known from 1988 to 2004 as Network 2 or RTÉ Network Two) is Irelands second-oldest television channel, produced by Irish state broadcaster Radio Telefís Éireann. ... The Den is the childrens television strand on RTÉ Two in Ireland. ...

Other activities

RTÉ also operates a comprehensive website, rte.ie, which provides online news, sport, and entertainment services. Live streams of all of RTÉ's national radio networks are available online. RTÉ Television provides a teletext service on RTÉ One and RTÉ Two, RTÉ Aertel, which has news, sport, and programme support information. The front page of the English Wikipedia website. ... Teletext is an information retrieval service provided by television broadcast companies. ...


RTÉ Music supports two full-time orchestras - the RTÉ Concert Orchestra and RTÉ National Symphony Orchestra - as well as the RTÉ Vanbergh String Quartet, RTÉ Philharmonic Choir, and RTÉ Cór na nÓg. These groups perform regularly in the National Concert Hall and The Helix in Dublin. RTÉ Music's slogan is RTÉ - Supporting the Arts. The Helix - Front View The Helix is a building on the Dublin City University campus at Glasnevin on Dublins Northside originally to be called the Aula Maxima. ...


RTÉ Commercial Enterprises Limited publishes the RTE Guide and a number of other magazines in Ireland, as well as publishing DVDs and VHS videos of RTÉ Television programmes, and audio tapes and compact discs of RTÉ radio programmes or RTÉ Music performances. DVD is an optical disc storage media format that can be used for storing data, including movies with high video and sound quality. ... Top view VHS cassette with US Quarter for scale Bottom view of VHS cassette with magnetic tape exposed The Video Home System, better known by its acronym VHS, is a recording and playing standard for video cassette recorders (VCRs), developed by JVC (ironically, with some of its critical technology under... Audio storage refers to techniques and formats used to store audio with the goal to reproduce the audio later using audio signal processing to something that resembles the original. ... Size of CD compared to pencil. ...


RTÉ Network Limited not only transmits RTÉ's own channels, but also provides transmission for TV3 Ireland, TG4, and Today FM. TV3 Ireland is the sole commercial television channel in the Republic of Ireland. ... TG41 is a television channel for speakers of the Irish language which was launched on 31 October 1996; it was known as Teilifís na Gaeilge or TnaG before a rebranding campaign in 1999. ... 100-102 Today FM formerly called Radio Ireland is Irelands only independent national commercial radio station, there are many other independent local commercial stations. ...


Organisation

The station operates as a statutory corporation. The board of RTÉ is known as the RTÉ Authority. This body is appointed by the Irish Minister for Communications, Marine & Natural Resources. The Authority is both the legal owner of RTÉ and its regulator, a situation similar to that of the BBC Board of Governors. The Authority appoints the chief executive officer of RTÉ, known as the Director-General. The Director-General heads the Executive Board of RTÉ, which comprises the station's top management, including the managing directors of the main divisions - Television, Radio, and News. RTE's fully commercial activities are grouped under RTE Commercial Enterprises Limited, which is somewhat equivilant to BBC Worldwide. This division includes the largest selling television listings magazine in Ireland, the RTE Guide. The Minister for Communications, Marine & Natural Resources is the chief minister at the Department of the same name in the Irish Government. ... The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) was formed in 1927 by means of a royal charter. ... Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ... BBC Worldwide Limited is the wholly-owned commercial subsidiary of the British Broadcasting Corporation, formed out of a restructuring of its predecessor BBC Enterprises in 1995. ...


RTÉ receives income from three main sources:

  • The television licence fee, all owners of television sets in the State must pay a fee of €155 in order to legally possess any piece of equipment capable of receiving television signals (not necessarily RTÉ). This money is collected by An Post, and then given over minus a fee to RTÉ.
  • The sale of advertising and sponsorship on its radio and television services. Certain types of programming, most notably news, do not take sponsorship – although weather bulletins, part of all news programmes, are in reality sponsored on television by Eircom and on radio by IIB Bank. In January 2005 the Broadcasting Complaints Commission upheld complaints about this circumventing of sponsorship restrictions imposed by Comreg.
  • The profits from products sold by RTÉ CEL.

RTÉ makes also some income from overseas sales of its programmes. A television licence is an official licence required in some countries for all owners of a television receiver. ... A small An Post post box attached to a telephone/electricity pole. ... Generally speaking, advertising is the paid promotion of goods, services, companies and ideas by an identified sponsor. ... Sponsorship can refer to several concepts: A sponsors support of an event, activity, person, or organization. ... NeWS, for Network extensible Window System, was a windowing system developed by Sun Microsystems in the late 1980s. ... Eircom, formerly Telecom Éireann, is the former State telecommunications operator of Ireland – as a private company they continue to have a virtual monopoly in some telecommunications areas, its main competitor is Esat BT. They currently operate the fixed-line telephone network, act as an internet service provider (ISP) , and operate... IIB Bank Limited is a commercial bank in the Republic of Ireland. ... January is the first month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... The Commission for Communications Regulation (ComReg) is the general communications regulator for the Republic of Ireland, covering almost all possible types of communications. ...


History

(This section deals with the history of RTÉ as an organisation. For details of the development of the specific services, and especially the history of Radio Éireann prior to 1960, see the separate articles on those services). RTÉ Radio 1 dates back to January 1st 1926, when the Dublin radio station 2RN began broadcasting on a regular basis. ...


Establishment

Broadcasting in Ireland began in 1926 with 2RN in Dublin. From that date, until June 1960, the broadcasting service (2RN, then later Radio Éireann) operated as a section of the Department of Posts and Telgraphs, and those working for the service were directly employed by the Irish Government and regarded as civil servants. The Minister for Posts & Telegraphs was responsible for Irelands postal and telecommunications services since the foundation of the State until 1984, the department was one of the largest civil service departments in Ireland. ... The Government (Irish: Rialtas) is the cabinet that exercises executive authority in the Republic of Ireland. ...


In 1960, RTÉ was established (as Radio Éireann) under the Broadcasting Authority Act 1960, the principal legislation under which it operates. The existing Radio Éireann service was transfered to the new authority, which was also to make provision for the new television service (Télifis Éireann) which opened on 31st December 1961. Eamonn Andrews was the first Chairman of Radio Éireann, the first director general was Edward Roth. The name of the authority was changed to Radio Telefis Éireann under the Broadcasting Authority (Amendment) Act 1966, and both the radio and television services became known as RTÉ in that year. December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1961 (As MAD Magazine pointed out on its first cover for the year) was the first upside-down year—i. ... Eamonn Andrews (1922-1987) was a Irish born television presenter in the United Kingdom. ...


Northern Ireland

RTÉ's coverage of Northern Ireland and the Troubles has always been controversial. Under Section 31 of the Broadcasting Authority Act 1960 the Minister for Posts and Telegraphs could direct RTÉ "not to broadcast any matter, or any matter of any particular class". In 1971, the first such directive was issued by Gerry Collins, directing RTÉ not to broadcast "any matter that could be calculated to promote the aims or activities of any organisation which engages in, promotes, encourages or advocates the attaining of any particular objectives by violent means". Following this, Collins dismissed the entire RTÉ Authority over an interview with an (unidentified on-air) source which had been the then chief of staff of the Provisional IRA. Northern Ireland is one of four constituent parts of the United Kingdom. ... The Troubles is a generic term used to describe a period of sporadic communal violence involving paramilitary organisations, the police, the British Army and others in Northern Ireland from the late 1960s until the mid-1990s. ... The Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA) is a paramilitary group which aimed, through the use of violence, to achieve three goals: (i) British withdrawal from Ireland, (ii) the political unification of Ireland through the merger of Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland , and (iii) the creation of an all...


Ìn 1977, Conor Cruise O'Brien, the then Minister, issued a new directive. RTÉ was now explicity banned from broadcasting statements by spokespersons of Sinn Fein, the Provisional IRA, or any other organisation banned in Northern Ireland. This order was very rigorously enforced by RTÉ (following the earlier controversy), so much so that no person suspected of membership of Sinn Féin was allowed to appear on the station, in any capacity. This lasted until 1994 when it was allowed to expire. Conor Cruise OBrien (born 1917) is an Irish politician, writer and academic. ... Sinn Féin (in the Irish language ourselves or we ourselves; not as sometimes incorrectly translated, ourselves alone) is an Irish political party. ... The Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA) is a paramilitary group which aimed, through the use of violence, to achieve three goals: (i) British withdrawal from Ireland, (ii) the political unification of Ireland through the merger of Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland , and (iii) the creation of an all...


Century Radio and the cap on RTÉ revenue

In 1990, the Minister for Communications, Ray Burke, announced that in order to allow the independent broadcasting sector (but especially the then in trouble Century Radio) to develop, RTÉ's advertising revenue would be capped (Broadcasting Act 1990). This did not help Century at all, but seriously hampered RTÉ's financial position, so much so that at the Flood Tribunal it was later revealed by the then RTÉ chief financial officer that RTÉ would have gone bankrupt, had the cap not been abolished in 1993. Ray Burke (born September 30, 1943) is a former Fianna Fáil politician. ... Century Radio, marketed as 100–102 Century Radio, was the shortlived first national commercial radio station in Ireland, it was licenced by the Independent Radio and Television Commission. ...


RTÉ was also instructed by the Minister to reduce its transmission fees for Century to less than IEP 200,000. This was far below the commercial rate.


Future of RTÉ

In 2004, RTÉ and the Minister for Communications, Marine, and Natural Resources agreed that in future, RTÉ would operate under a Public Service Broadcasting Charter. Unlike the BBC's Royal Charter, this is non-binding and RTÉ's existence is not dependent on it. Nevertheless this is a substantial change in how RTÉ operates. It is also suggested that future legislation will abolish the current RTÉ structures and change the station into a limited company incorporated under the Companies' Acts, and separate the regulatory role, perhaps to an expanded Broadcasting Commission of Ireland (which would be renamed the Broadcasting Authority of Ireland). However legislation on this matter is still to be published. A corporation is a legal entity (distinct from a natural person) that often has similar rights in law to those of a Civil law systems may refer to corporations as moral persons; they may also go by the name AS (anonymous society) or something similar, depending on language (see below). ... The Broadcasting Commission of Ireland (BCI) is the regulator of the commercial broadcasting sector in Ireland. ...


Further reading

Jack Dowling, Lelia Doolin, Bob Quinn, Sit Down and Be Counted: the cultural evolution of a television station, Wellington Publishers Ltd., Dublin, 1969.


See also

RTÉ News and Current Affairs is a major division of Radio Telifís Éireann responsible for news programming on television, radio and online within the Republic of Ireland. ... Communications in the Republic of Ireland, including postal services run by An Post, are regulated to a large extent by the Commission for Communications Regulation (ComReg), the Minister for Communications, Marine & Natural Resources has overall responsibility for national policy and regulation. ... Shortcut: Irish topics This page aims to list articles on Wikipedia that are related to Ireland. ... Amhrán na bhFiann 1 is the national anthem of the Republic of Ireland. ... TV3 Ireland is the sole commercial television channel in the Republic of Ireland. ... The following page lists Irish companies according to their sector. ...

External links

  • RTÉ website (http://www.rte.ie/)
  • The TV Room - national anthem closedown (http://thetvroom.com/video4/BE-AR-RTE1-ANTHEM-94-02.rm) - used in 1980s/1990s (RealMedia 3.9MB video file).


Radio Telefís Éireann

Television: RTÉ One | RTÉ Two | TG4 Radio Telefís Éireann - corporate logo This work is copyrighted. ... RTÉ One is the Republic of Irelands oldest and most popular television channel, operated by Irish state broadcaster Radio Telefís Éireann. ... RTÉ Two (known from 1988 to 2004 as Network 2 or RTÉ Network Two) is Irelands second-oldest television channel, produced by Irish state broadcaster Radio Telefís Éireann. ... TG41 is a television channel for speakers of the Irish language which was launched on 31 October 1996; it was known as Teilifís na Gaeilge or TnaG before a rebranding campaign in 1999. ...

Radio: RTÉ Radio 1 | 2FM | RTÉ Lyric FM | Raidió na Gaeltachta RTÉ Radio 1 dates back to January 1st 1926, when the Dublin radio station 2RN began broadcasting on a regular basis. ... RTÉ 2FM, or 2FM as it is commonly referred to, is RTÉs second national radio station. ... RTÉ Lyric FM, part of Radio Telefís Éireann, is an Irish radio station. ... RTÉ Raidió na Gaeltachta (RnaG; Irish for Gaeltacht Radio) is the Irish language radio service of Radio Telefís Éireann in Ireland, and is available on 92_94FM in Ireland and via the Internet. ...


 
 

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