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Encyclopedia > Radio Maryja
Signs such as this one in Łagów are a common sight in rural Poland, indicating the local frequency of the station.
The Radio Maryja headquarters are housed in a modern building amid gardens on the outskirts of Toruń. The complex is fenced and monitored but open days are held for the general public.
The Radio Maryja headquarters are housed in a modern building amid gardens on the outskirts of Toruń. The complex is fenced and monitored but open days are held for the general public.

Radio Maryja is a Catholic and nationalist radio station and media group founded in Toruń, Poland, on December 9, 1991 and run by Reverend Father Director Tadeusz Rydzyk CSsR. It strongly supported the victorious Law and Justice party and Lech Kaczyński during the parliamentary and presidential elections in Poland in 2005 [1], and was long a key pillar of support for the resulting coalition government.[2] The station has been criticized by Polish and international media notably for perceived spreading of one-sided, polonocentric view of the world, misconceived patriotism, the use of Catholicism as a political tool, and the promotion of conspiracy theories and anti-Semitic propaganda. A religious and political movement led by Father Director is called the Radio Maryja Family. The name "Maryja" assumed by the group, is a traditional form of the name "Mary", referring to Mary, mother of Jesus by the Polish Roman Catholic community. Critics of Radio Maryja say that it sparked numerous scandals which abused the authority of the Catholic Church in Poland.[3] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (670x874, 90 KB) Sign indicating frequency for Radio Maryja in Łagów, Poland. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (670x874, 90 KB) Sign indicating frequency for Radio Maryja in Łagów, Poland. ... Łagów is a name of several towns and villages in Poland. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 252 KB) There is currently no text in this page. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 252 KB) There is currently no text in this page. ... Motto: Durabo (lat. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Motto: Durabo (lat. ... December 9 is the 343rd day of the year (344th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... The Reverend is an honorary prefix added to the names of Christian clergy and ministers. ... Father Tadeusz Rydzyk Father Tadeusz Rydzyk, also known as Father Director and Father Founder (Polish: Ojciec Dyrektor, Ojciec ZaÅ‚ożyciel), born May 3, 1945 in Olkusz,is a Roman Catholic priest and Redemptorist, a powerful religious leader, founder and head of the controversial Radio Maryja station and the Radio... The Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer (Latin: Congregatio Sanctissimi Redemptoris – C.Ss. ... Then-Prime Minister Marcinkiewicz, Lech KaczyÅ„ski, and Maria KaczyÅ„ska during KaczyÅ„skis swearing in as President of Poland, December 23, 2005. ...  , IPA: [] (born June 18, 1949) is the President of the Republic of Poland and a politician of the conservative party Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (Law and Justice, PiS.) KaczyÅ„ski served as President of Warsaw from 2002 until December 22, 2005, the day before his presidential inauguration. ... Parliamentary elections for both houses of the Parliament of Poland were held on September 25, 2005. ... Presidential elections were held in Poland on October 9 and October 23, 2005. ... Defence of the fatherland is a commonplace of patriotism: The statue in the courtyard of École polytechnique, Paris, commemorating the students involvement in defending France against the 1814 invasion of the Coalition. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      As a Christian ecclesiastical... A conspiracy theory is a theory that defies common historical or current understanding of events, under the claim that those events are the result of manipulations by two or more individuals or various secretive powers or conspiracies. ... The Eternal Jew: 1937 German poster. ... Soviet Propaganda Poster during the World War II. The text reads Red Army Fighter, SAVE US! Chinese propaganda poster from during the Cultural Revolution. ... A tradition is a story or a custom that is memorized and passed down from generation to generation, originally without the need for a writing system. ... According to the New Testament, Mary (Judeo-Aramaic מרים Maryām Bitter; Arabic مريم (Maryam); Septuagint Greek Μαριαμ, Mariam, Μαρια, Maria; Geez: ማሪያም, Māryām; Syriac: Mart, Maryam, Madonna), was the mother of Jesus of Nazareth, who at the time of his conception was the betrothed wife of Saint Joseph (cf. ...

Contents

Programming schedule

Radio Maryja's programming consists of a political and religious news service (6 times daily), frequent recitals of the Rosary, breviary, Chaplet of Divine Mercy, the unction to the Black Madonna of Częstochowa, discussions on the Catechism of the Catholic Church, daily transmission of the Holy Mass or of the Pope's pilgrimages, and sociological and political programs such as "A Program for Farmers" or "Unfinished Conversations". A news agency is an organization of journalists established to supply news reports to organizations in the news trade: newspapers, magazines, and radio and television broadcasters. ... Our Lady of Lourdes - Mary appearing at Lourdes with Rosary beads. ... A breviary (from Latin brevis, short or concise) is a liturgical book containing the public or canonical prayers, hymns, the Psalms, readings, and notations for everyday use, especially for priests, in the Divine Office (i. ... The Chaplet of Divine Mercy is a traditional devotion of the Catholic Church. ... The original Black Madonna of CzÄ™stochowa, The fleur-de-lys (Flower of Light) The Black Madonna of CzÄ™stochowa (The Archtype) The Fleur-de-luce/Lys/Lis Madonna (Czarna Madonna or Matka Boska CzÄ™stochowska in Polish) icon was, according to legend, painted by St. ... Codex Manesse, fol. ... Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger (now Pope Benedict XVI) presiding at the 2005 Easter Vigil Mass in place of the dying Pope John Paul II. Mass is the term used of the celebration of the Eucharist in the Latin rites of the Roman Catholic Church. ...


Ownership and finances

The radio station is owned by the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer (Warsaw Province), and is financed through donations from its audience ("The Radio Maryja Family"). Due to a concordat with the Vatican that grants certain privileges to the Church, Radio Maryja is not bound by any accounting rules. Therefore Radio Maryja does not disclose the exact sources of its financing (nor of any of its enterprises), and does not pay taxes.[4] Radio Maryja is generously supported by Jan Kobylanski ([5], published by Radio Maryja), It was also sponsored by Edward Moskal, the anti-Semitic [1] chairman of the American Polish Congress[1]. Radio Maryja is one of several Catholic media outlets in Poland. The Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer (Latin: Congregatio Sanctissimi Redemptoris – C.Ss. ... Edward Moskal (May 21, 1924 - March 22, 2005) was the outspoken President of the Polish National Alliance and Polish American Congress. ...


Audience

Radia Maryja's audience is reputed to consist largely of elderly, rural listeners.[6] The station frequently claims that it has "millions of listeners", but market research usually shows lower numbers: approx. 1.2 million people daily. The audience peaked in 1998 and was estimated to be around 2 million listeners. The station estimates that it is listened to by well over 10% of adults in Poland[7], but the most comprehensive market research by Radio Track[8] for the whole of Poland (June-July 2005) shows a 2.5% "share of listening time". [9] A March 15, 2007 Economist article summarized that "The church in Poland is divided between Vatican loyalists, who often oppose close involvement in politics, and energetic dissidents linked to Radio Maryja, a hardline broadcaster. This once had huge clout, articulating the feelings of Poles alienated by the country's brisk, materialist business culture and the decay in moral norms. But Radio Maryja's audience has shrunk in the past decade to no more than 2% of all current listeners." The Economist is a weekly news and international affairs publication owned by The Economist Newspaper Ltd and edited in London, UK. It has been in continuous publication since September 1843. ...


The Radio Maryja Family

Reverend Rydzyk has gathered a large group of committed followers, the Radio Maryja Family (Rodzina Radia Maryja), to which he is an unquestionable charismatic authority.[10] Many supporters of the Radio identify themselves with this movement which opponents call "the army of mohair berets", a pejorative or satirical expression. As of November 2006, The Radio Maryja Family network had 600 clubs and offices across Poland.[11] The movement holds a pilgrimage to Częstochowa every year, which in 2006 attracted about 200,000.[citation needed] These pilgrimages help to recruit members because in Poland the cult of Mary (mother of Jesus) is particularly strong. Representatives of the Radio Maryja Family also visited the Vatican five times during the papacy of John Paul II. These visits are continuously spotlighted on the Radio Maryja web page alongside political articles, although John Paul II clearly stated that priests should not be involved in politics. Father Director and his organization has dealt with politics and supported the conservative party PiS and its leaders, the Kaczynski brothers. Father Tadeusz Rydzyk Father Tadeusz Rydzyk, also known as Father Director and Father Founder (Polish: Ojciec Dyrektor, Ojciec ZaÅ‚ożyciel), born May 3, 1945 in Olkusz,is a Roman Catholic priest and Redemptorist, a powerful religious leader, founder and head of the controversial Radio Maryja station and the Radio... The army of mohair berets Mohair berets (Polish: ), or the army of mohair berets (Polish: ) is a common term used in present-day Poland as an epithet against a major section of listeners of the ultra-Catholic Radio Maryja. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with pejoration. ... Satire is a literary technique of writing or art which principally ridicules its subject (individuals, organizations, states) often as an intended means of provoking or preventing change. ... CzÄ™stochowa ( , German: ) is a city in south Poland on the Warta River with 248,894 inhabitants (2004). ... “Saint Mary” redirects here. ... Official papal image of John Paul II. His Holiness Pope John Paul II, né Karol Józef Wojtyła (born May 18, 1920 in Wadowice, Poland), is the current Pope — the Bishop of Rome and head of the Roman Catholic Church. ... The KaczyÅ„ski twins, also KaczyÅ„ski brothers, is a slightly pejorative reference of the media to the KaczyÅ„ski twin brothers: Lech KaczyÅ„ski (1949–), a current president of Poland JarosÅ‚aw KaczyÅ„ski (1949–), a current prime minister of Poland, leader of the Law and Justice party Categories...


Related enterprises

Enterprises related to Radio Maryja, independent of the Roman Catholic Church authorities, and initiated by Reverend Rydzyk are Telewizja Trwam (lit. "I persist", a TV network) [12], Nasz Dziennik ("Our Daily", a newspaper), the Nasza Przyszłość ("Our Future") Foundation, the Lux Veritatis Foundation, and the Wyższa Szkoła Kultury Społecznej i Medialnej ("The College of Social and Media Culture") in Toruń. The rector of the School is Reverend Rydzyk. Radio Maryja's opponents say that this network of six enterprises is dominated by Reverend Rydzyk and call it the "Media Empire of Father Rydzyk", or the "Rydzyk holding company"[13]. Nasz Dziennik is a Polish daily newspaper, published since 1998. ...


Criticisms and controversies

Intolerance

A recent survey on European "hate radio" prepared by Radio Netherlands cited Radio Maryja as controversial. One of Radio Maryja's programs, "Unfinished Conversations", is according to the magazine Polityka "dominated by intolerance and authoritarianism". Lech Wałęsa, a Nobel Prize laureate and a former president of Poland who is a critic of the station [14], announced that "Radio (Maryja) is lying if it considers itself a Catholic station". [15] Nevertheless, Radio Maryja claims that it is the only independent, conservative and catholic radio station in Poland. It accuses other media, mainly Gazeta Wyborcza, of fiercely attacking the "only entirely Polish radio station". Critics note that the station uses propaganda which emphasizes nationalism, antisemitism, and anti-communism. Logo Polityka (Politics) is a leading weekly newsmagazine in Poland. ... Intolerance is the lack of ability or willingness to tolerate something. ... Bold text:This article applies to political ideologies. ... Lech WaÅ‚Ä™sa (IPA: ; born September 29, 1943, Popowo, Poland) is a Polish politician, a former trade union and human rights activist, and also a former electrician. ... Soviet Propaganda Poster during the World War II. The text reads Red Army Fighter, SAVE US! Chinese propaganda poster from during the Cultural Revolution. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Antisemitism (alternatively spelled anti-semitism or anti-Semitism) is discrimination, hostility or prejudice directed at Jews[1] as a religious, racial, or ethnic group. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


Antisemitism

Critics [16] say that the radio station crosses the line of xenophobia and propagates extreme antisemitism [17] and hate concepts such as żydokomuna. In one broadcast Radio Maryja listeners were told that the Jewish people fled from Poland with all the Jewish gold and that Jews have a negative effect on the birth rate of the Polish people. The Council for Media Ethics referred to the station's "weakly documented accusations" as "primitive anti-Semitism".[18] In January 2000 another controversy was caused by a statement of Ryszard Bender, a historian from the Catholic University of Lublin, during a discussion on Radio Maryja with convicted Holocaust denier [19] Dariusz Ratajczak that Auschwitz was not an extermination camp but a merely very large labour camp for Jews [20][21]. In April, 2006 Stanisław Michalkiewicz was reported in the Gazeta Wyborcza as stating that "men from Judea... are trying to surprise us from behind", and referring to the World Jewish Congress as "a main firm in the Holocaust Industry". [22] Michalkiewicz responded by calling the Gazeta Wyborcza "an unusual example of the Jewish fifth column in Poland" and "a Jewish newspaper for Poles". In 2004 Radio Maryja went on a campaign in defense of Henryk Jankowski, a priest accused of antisemitism as well as once accused of pedophilia. State prosecutor has found no proof of child molestation, but stated that relations between Henryk Jankowski and altar boys were improper. The scandal has resulted in recall of Henryk Jankowski from the post of the parish priest [23]. The antisemitism accusations against Radio Maryja has brought the station to worldwide attention.[24] Look up xenophobia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Eternal Jew: 1937 German poster. ... “Hatred” redirects here. ... Å»ydokomuna (Polish neologism for Jewish communism) is a pejorative term used to express the conspiracy theory that Communism in Poland was supported by Jews to a much greater extent than by the Gentile Polish population. ... The Eternal Jew: 1937 German poster. ... The Catholic University of Lublin (in Polish Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski, or KUL) is located in Lublin, Poland. ... Auschwitz, in English, commonly refers to the Auschwitz concentration camp complex built near the town of Oświęcim, by Nazi Germany during World War II. Rarely, it may refer to the Polish town of Oświęcim (called by the Germans Auschwitz) itself. ... Extermination camps were one type of facility that the Nazis built before and during World War II for the systematic murder of millions of people in what has become known as The Holocaust. ... StanisÅ‚aw Michalkiewicz (born 8 November 1947 in Lublin) is a Polish liberal conservative political commentator, lawyer and politician. ... Gazeta Wyborcza (pronounce: [gazεta vibÉ”rʧa] , gazeta vibborcha) is, as of 2005, Polands second largest distribution daily newspaper (after the tabloid Fakt). ... Map of the southern Levant, c. ... The Holocaust Industry: Reflections on the Exploitation of Jewish Suffering is a book by Norman G. Finkelstein, who is jewish, which argues that an industry has exploited the memory of the Holocaust to further Jewish and Israeli interests, and has corrupted the Jewish culture and Jewish heritage of Judaism as... A fifth column is a group of people which clandestinely undermines a larger group to which it is expected to be loyal, such as a nation. ... Henryk Jankowski Henryk Jankowski (1936-) is a Polish Catholic priest. ... Pedophilia or pædophilia (see spelling differences) is the mental state of being sexually attracted preferentially or exclusively to prepubescent and in some definitions, preadolescent children. ...


Supporters of the station claim that the occasional hate or anti-Semitic statements transmitted by Radio Maryja are rare and originate mostly from its listeners and not its employees.[25] A report of the Council of Europe suggested that Radio Maryja has been "openly inciting to antisemitism for several years" and that there is "a lack of effective implementation of measures intended to prohibit antisemitic acts and statements" in Poland.[26] Anthem Ode to Joy (orchestral)  ten founding members joined subsequently observer at the Parliamentary Assembly observer at the Committee of Ministers  official candidate Seat Strasbourg, France Membership 47 European states 6 observers (Council) 3 observers (Assembly) Leaders  -  Secretary General  Terry Davis  -  Commissioner for Human Rights   Establishment  -  Treaty of London 5... Antisemitism (alternatively spelled anti-semitism or anti-Semitism) is discrimination, hostility or prejudice directed at Jews[1] as a religious, racial, or ethnic group. ...


The Simon Wiesenthal Center initiated a petition condemning Rydzyk's alleged antisemitic statements.[27] The Simon Wiesenthal Center The Simon Wiesenthal Center is an international Jewish organization that declares itself to be a human rights group dedicated to preserving the memory of the Holocaust by fostering tolerance and understanding through community involvement, educational outreach and social action. ...


Conflict with Vatican

The Vatican has voiced deep concern about Radio Maryja [28] [29]. The papal nuncio in Poland, Archbishop Józef Kowalczyk, wrote to the Polish Episcopate requesting their aid "to overcome difficulties caused by some transmissions and the views presented by Radio Maryja".[30] In response in May 2006 Polish bishops established an oversight body. Nevertheless the controversial Reverend Rydzyk remains the head of Radio Maryja and the radio seems to have ignored the warning from the Vatican ambassador.[31] Several Polish bishops had previously criticized Radio Maryja for spreading opinions incompatible with the Episcopate's stand.[32] According to the official Vatican web page: "Radio Maryja (...) became much more involved in spreading risky politics than in spreading the Gospel."[33] A Papal Nuncio (also known as an Apostolic Nuncio) is a permanent diplomatic representative (head of mission) of the Holy See to a state, having ambassadorial rank. ... Father Tadeusz Rydzyk Father Tadeusz Rydzyk, also known as Father Director and Father Founder (Polish: Ojciec Dyrektor, Ojciec ZaÅ‚ożyciel), born May 3, 1945 in Olkusz,is a Roman Catholic priest and Redemptorist, a powerful religious leader, founder and head of the controversial Radio Maryja station and the Radio... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      This article is about a title... For other uses, see Gospel (disambiguation). ...


However, some Polish bishops support the work of Reverend Rydzyk and are openly friendly to his radio station. Also Pope John Paul II initially supported and praised Radio Maryja for its prayer broadcasts, though not for its politics or any of the controversies which arose later. Critics note that the Radio Maryja case has divided the Polish Episcopate for a long time.[34][35][36] Father Tadeusz Rydzyk Tadeusz Rydzyk, C.Ss. ... Official papal image of John Paul II. His Holiness Pope John Paul II, né Karol Józef Wojtyła (born May 18, 1920 in Wadowice, Poland), is the current Pope — the Bishop of Rome and head of the Roman Catholic Church. ...


Media speculated that the Roman Catholic Church in Poland might be heading for a schism[37]. Although a schism may be doubtful, the potential breakaway church led by Reverend Rydzyk was named "The Rydzyk Church of Poland"[38], an ironic expression, or the "Toruń-Catholic Church" (in Polish: kościół toruńsko-katolicki). In Poland the latter term is sometimes used to refer to the ideology of Radio Maryja in general. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic... The word schism (IPA: or ), from the Greek σχίσμα, skhísma (from σχίζω, skhízō, to tear, to split), means a division or a split, usually in an organization or a movement. ... Motto: Durabo (lat. ... Political Ideologies Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      An ideology is an organized collection of ideas. ...


Conspiracy theories

A recent affair regarding the WSI, presented on the station by Antoni Macierewicz, purports to show how society was steered by the secret services. The station has claimed that the freemasons rule the world and that the Jews will conquer the world (listen). It was once broadcast that the Jews rule the country, that their government should be removed with violence and that Radio Maryja should take the power (listen). Jewish people working in the World Trade Center were accused of betrayal and conspiracy as they supposedly knew everything ahead of time. Military Information Services - Wojskowe Służby Informacyjne or WSI, is a name of Polish Military intelligence and counter intelligence agency. ... Antoni Macierewicz (born 3 August 1948 in Warsaw) is a Polish right wing politician, vice-minister of national defence in Jarosław Kaczyński government. ... American Square & Compasses Freemasonry is a worldwide fraternal organization. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... “WTC” redirects here. ...


Euroscepticism

Radio Maryja strongly opposed Poland's joining of the European Union which eventually happened in 2004. [39] The station also suggested that a close cooperation with Russia would better serve Poland's national interests than joining of NATO (which happened in 1999).[40] Until 2003 the Catholic Radio Maryja was also aired on shortwave from Russia. NATO 2002 Summit in Prague. ... A solid-state, analog shortwave receiver Shortwave radio operates between the frequencies of 3 MHz (3,000 kHz) and 30 MHz (30,000 kHz) [1] and came to be referred to as such in the early days of radio because the wavelengths associated with this frequency range were shorter than...


Support for death penalty

Radio Maryja has promoted the political program of Law and Justice, a Polish conservative party, which together with the League of Polish Families seeks to introduce capital punishment in Poland and throughout Europe.[41][42][43] The support of Radio Maryja for death penalty contrasts strongly with the mainstream teachings of the Roman Catholic Church.[44] Then-Prime Minister Marcinkiewicz, Lech KaczyÅ„ski, and Maria KaczyÅ„ska during KaczyÅ„skis swearing in as President of Poland, December 23, 2005. ... Political parties Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A political party is a political organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... The League of Polish Families (Liga Polskich Rodzin, or LPR) is a national conservative political party in Poland. ... Capital punishment, or the death penalty, is the execution of a convicted criminal by the state as punishment for crimes known as capital crimes or capital offences. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic...


Involvement in politics

Direct involvement in political issues is against the Catholic Church's directives for priests.[45] Nevertheless, controversial politicians, including Andrzej Lepper, Roman Giertych and Jaroslaw Kaczynski, are often invited to promote their views on Radio Maryja. Thus the station serves as a political channel of radical parties. Asked whether Reverend Rydzyk would himself form a party, Tadeusz Pieronek, the former secretary general of the Episcopate of Poland, replied that he could not imagine a priest starting a political organization.[46]. Andrzej Zbigniew Lepper (born June 13, 1954 in StowiÄ™cino / Stojentin, Poland) is a Polish politician, leader of Samoobrona RP (Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland) political party, and since May 5, 2006 Deputy Prime Minister of Poland and Minister of Agriculture. ... Roman Giertych Roman Giertych, (IPA: [], born 27 February 1971 in Åšrem, Poland) is a Polish politician, Deputy Prime Minister and, since May 5, 2006, Minister of Education. ... Jarosław Kaczyński (June 18, 1949 in Warsaw, Poland) is a Polish politician, the chairman of Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (Law and Justice) party. ... Look up Radical in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Political parties Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A political party is a political organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ...


In February 2006 the Law and Justice party signed a key agreement with two other political parties. Only journalists from Radio Maryja's sister television network Trwam and its director Reverend Rydzyk, who actively supported Law and Justice during the election, were allowed in the room. The president of the Polish National Broadcasting Council, Elzbieta Kruk, stated that she has no authority to act in regard to these complaints, as she has been forced to step down as a result of having been appointed by the Polish president Lech Kaczynski, rather than the council as a whole; critics, however, suggest that it is the result of the government's fear of alienating the station's dedicated audience, who make up an especially significant fraction of the constituency of the new conservative governing party, Law and Justice.[47] Then-Prime Minister Marcinkiewicz, Lech KaczyÅ„ski, and Maria KaczyÅ„ska during KaczyÅ„skis swearing in as President of Poland, December 23, 2005. ... Lech Kaczynski, President of Warsaw; leader of Law and Justice Party Lech Kaczyński (born: 18th June 1949, Warsaw) is a Polish politician, and together with his twin brother Jarosław Kaczyński a leader of Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (Law and Justice) party. ... Then-Prime Minister Marcinkiewicz, Lech KaczyÅ„ski, and Maria KaczyÅ„ska during KaczyÅ„skis swearing in as President of Poland, December 23, 2005. ...


In contrast, in March, 2006, Polish literary critic and television personality Kazimiera Szczuka satirized a young woman who frequently recites prayers on Radio Maryja, not knowing that the woman was confined to a wheelchair. Despite Szczuka's public apology, she was found guilty of "insulting a disabled person and mocking her religion" by the Polish National Broadcasting Council, and the station on which she had appeared was fined the equivalent of $125,000;[48] according to the Polish press, the highest fine the Council had ever levied. The sole dissenting member of the Council, Wojciech Dziomdziora, stated that "It is probably right to say" that the political support of the radio station for the ruling party "is the real reason" for the serious punishment of Szczuka, compared to the free hand given the station's disparaging comments on other's religions.[49] Kazimiera Szczuka is a well-known Polish literary historian, literary critic and television personality. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The term disability, as it is applied to humans, refers to any condition that impedes the completion of daily tasks using traditional methods. ...


Governmental back up

The current Polish government openly supports Radio Maryja - in December 2006 the Prime Minister of Poland, Jaroslaw Kaczynski, joined the 15th anniversary celebrations of Radio Maryja and praised the station as a source of “comfort and hope”.[50][51] Kaczynski warned that "an attack on Radio Maryja is an attack against freedom" [52] (article in Polish by Radio Maryja). Jaroslaw Kaczynski is a regular guest of Radio Maryja.[53] A prime minister is the most senior minister of a cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... Jarosław Kaczyński (June 18, 1949 in Warsaw, Poland) is a Polish politician, the chairman of Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (Law and Justice) party. ...

  • Radio Maryja often states that it is attacked by liberal politicians and by media who “are doing everything” to assault “the only alternative for Poland”.[54] (original web site, in Polish).

Scandals with President's wife

Father Rydzyk heavily offended Maria Kaczynska, the wife of the Polish President Lech Kaczynski, and 50 women journalists who met with the Polish first lady on the International Women's Day in 2007. Reverend Rydzyk said that the meeting was a cesspool - "We will not call it anything else. We will never refer to a cesspool as a perfumery." The women signed a statement to protest a tightening of the country's already strict abortion laws.[55] Later the Wprost magazine published a recording from a lecture given by Reverend Rydzyk at his private College of Social and Media Culture in Toruń, in which, according to Wprost, he called the President's wife "a witch who should have performed euthanasia on herself" and stated that the President cheated him (published 8 July, 2007, text and sound in Polish: [56]). Reverend Rydzyk refused to apologize saying that the recording was "a manipulation" and a result of a "fight of spirits". Maria KaczyÅ„ska Maria KaczyÅ„ska (born Maria Mackiewicz in 1943, Machów) She is the wife of Lech KaczyÅ„ski, the president of Poland. ... Lech Kaczynski, President of Warsaw; leader of Law and Justice Party Lech Kaczyński (born: 18th June 1949, Warsaw) is a Polish politician, and together with his twin brother Jarosław Kaczyński a leader of Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (Law and Justice) party. ... Image:IWD 2007 Logo. ... A cesspit is a pit, or covered cistern, which can be used for refuse or sewage. ... A cesspit is a pit, or covered cistern, which can be used for refuse or sewage. ... Wprost cover (May 22, 2005) Wprost (Outright) is a weekly newsmagazine in Poland, founded on December 5, 1982 as a regional magazine in Greater Poland, since 1989 it is distributed country-wide. ...


Trivia

  • The station used to continuously broadcast an RDS signal for traffic announcements making car radios in Poland notoriously switch to Radio Maryja (see Usenet post: [57], in Polish).
  • In 1996 an anonymous person phoned Radio Maryja and spoke vulgar language to the priest hosting a live program (article in Polish). As a result Radio Maryja uses a delay loop which allows filtering of callers' comments.
  • The station broadcasts on several FM frequencies in Poland, via satellite and the Internet. In the past it was also aired on shortwave from Russia.
  • While the conventional greeting in the Roman Catholic Church is: "Praised be Jesus Christ!", the followers of Father Director say: "May Jesus Christ and Mary ever Virgin be praised".
  • A slogan frequently repeated on Radio Maryja is: "Radio Maryja - The Catholic Voice in Your Home".
  • A Google search for 'siedziba szatana' (Polish for 'Satan's seat') once resulted in the Radio Maryja homepage: screenshot 1, screenshot 2. This was due to a Google bomb.
  • The other Catholic radio station in Poland is Radio Józef [58] - Radio of Warsaw archidiocese. The programming is very different, and politics are not discussed.

Radio Data System, or RDS, is a standard from the European Broadcasting Union for sending small amounts of digital information using conventional FM radio broadcasts. ... The term vulgar originally meant of the common people, from the Latin vulgus. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The abbreviations FM, Fm, and fm may refer to: Electrical engineering Frequency modulation (FM) and its most common applications: FM broadcasting, used primarily to broadcast music and speech at VHF frequencies FM synthesis, a sound-generation technique popularized by early digital synthesizers Science Femtometre (fm), an SI measure of length... An Earth observation satellite, ERS 2 For other uses, see Satellite (disambiguation). ... A solid-state, analog shortwave receiver Shortwave radio operates between the frequencies of 3 MHz (3,000 kHz) and 30 MHz (30,000 kHz) [1] and came to be referred to as such in the early days of radio because the wavelengths associated with this frequency range were shorter than... The word conventional refers to things which are based on or conform with accepted or established use, practice, knowledge or custom. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic... Look up slogan in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Gustave Dorés depiction of Satan from John Miltons Paradise Lost Satan, from the Hebrew word for adversary (Standard Hebrew: , Satan; Tiberian Hebrew ; Koine Greek: Σατανάς Satanás, Persian: , Satanás; Aramaic: , ; Arabic: , , Geez: , Turkish: Åžeytan), is a term that originates from the Abrahamic faiths, being traditionally applied to... A Google bomb (also referred to as a link bomb) is Internet slang for a certain kind of attempt to influence the ranking of a given page in results returned by the Google search engine, often with humorous or political intentions. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Cas Mudde (2005). Racist Extremism in Central and Eastern Europe. London: Routledge, 168. ISBN 0415355931. OCLC 55228719. 

OCLC Online Computer Library Center was founded in 1967 and originally named the Ohio College Library Center (OCLC). ...

External links

  • Radio Maryja - the official web site
  • Radio Netherlands feature on controversial European radio stations including Radio Maryja
  • Tel Aviv University Report from the Stephen Roth institute for the study of contemporary Racism and Antisemitism
  • Radio nasty: Anti-Semitic radio in trouble, The Economist, 12 April 2006
  • Richard Bernstein: Differing Treatment of Religious Slurs Raises an Old Issue, The New York Times, May 3, 2006.
  • Poland 2006 - Hot Topics: Radio Maryja
  • No comment video: Radio Maryja Family attempts to offend their hated TV station TVN
  • Video in Polish: TVN's documentary about Radio Maryja
  • Radio Maryja - list of quotations (in Polish)
  • Google News: Radio Maryja (results compiled by computer algorithms)
  • Factbites: Radio Maryja (results compiled by computer algorithms)

The Economist is a weekly news and international affairs publication owned by The Economist Newspaper Ltd and edited in London, UK. It has been in continuous publication since September 1843. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City by Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Radio Maryja - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1078 words)
Radio Maryja is a conservative Catholic radio station, founded in Toruń, Poland, on December 9, 1991, and directed by Father Tadeusz Rydzyk.
Radio Maryja supported the victorious Law and Justice party and Lech Kaczyński during the parliamentary and presidential elections in Poland in 2005.
Radio Maryja is, thanks to a concordat with the Vatican that grants certain privileges to the Church, not bound by any accountancy rules.
Radio Maryja: Information from Answers.com (1074 words)
Radio Maryja is a conservative Catholic radio station, founded in Toruń, Poland, on December 8, 1991, and directed by Father Tadeusz Rydzyk.
The Radio Maryja Family visted the Vatican and met Pope John Paul II in 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997 and 2000.
Radio Maryja's opponents say that these enterprises are dominated by Rydzyk and call them the "Media Empire of Father Rydzyk", or the "Rydzyk holding company" ([10], article in Polish).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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