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Encyclopedia > Radical environmentalism

Some environmentalists take the position that traditional methods of social change like political lobbying, public awareness campaigns, and the like are insufficient for achieving necessary changes in the relationship between humans and the environment. As such, radical environmentalists resort to non-traditional forms of activism. Environmentalism is the support or involvement with the environmental movement by environmentalists. ...


Environmental crisis

Most radical environmentalists take the view that destruction of the environment is fast approaching crisis point, and that if serious changes are not made in the relationship between humans and the natural world, the health of the planet, or at least of many living species, are at grave risk. Many subscribe to a philosophy encompassing this ideal called deep ecology. The phrase deep ecology was introduced by the Norwegian philosopher Arne Næss in 1973. ...


History of Radical Environmentalism

The first (as far as this author cares to verify) significant radical environmentalist group was Greenpeace, which made use of direct action to confront a variety of transgressors, including whaling ships and nuclear weapons testers. Greenpeace protest. ... Direct action is a method and a theory of stopping objectionable practices or creating more favorable conditions using immediately available means, such as strikes, boycotts, workplace occupations, sit-ins, or sabotage, and less oppositional methods such as establishing radical social centres, although these are often squatted. ... The crew of the oceanographic research vessel Princesse Alice, of Albert Grimaldi (later Prince Albert I of Monaco) pose while flensing a catch Whaling is the hunting and killing of whales. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 km (11 mi) above the epicenter. ...


In 1980 an organization called Earth First! was established by Dave Foreman and others to confront environmental destruction, primarily of the American West. Inspired by the Edward Abbey novel "The Monkey Wrench Gang", Earth First! made use of such techniques as treesitting and treespiking to stop logging companies, as well as other activities targeted towards mining, road construction, suburban development and energy companies. Earth First! is a radical environmental defense movement, pioneered in the early 1980s by Arizona desert activists Dave Foreman, Mike Roselle, Howie Wolke, Bart Koehler, and others. ... Edward Abbey, having shot out his Tee Vee Edward Paul Abbey (January 29, 1927 - March 14, 1989) was a respected American author and essayist noted for his strong criticism of public land policies and passionate advocacy of environmental issues. ... Tree sitting is a form of environmentalist civil disobedience in which a protester sits in a tree, usually on a small platform built for the purpose, to protect it from being cut down (speculating that loggers will not endanger human lives by cutting an occupied tree). ... Tree spiking is a form of sabotage which involves hammering a metal rod or other material into a tree trunk in order to discourage logging. ... For another article about a different type of logging, see data logging. ... The El Chino Mine located near Silver City, New Mexico is an open-pit copper mine Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually (but not always) from an ore body, vein, or (coal) seam. ... A road is a strip of land, smoothed or otherwise prepared to allow easier travel, connecting two or more destinations. ... Illustration of the backyards of a surburban neighbourhood Suburban redirects here. ... Energy development is the ongoing effort to provide abundant and accessible energy, through knowledge, skills and constructions. ...


In the mid-90s, Earth First! renounced the use of violence and committed to using other forms of activism to pursue the same goals. This led to a split within the movement, and the emergence of the increasingly militant Earth Liberation Front (ELF), concommitant with the emergence of the Animal Liberation Front (ALF). The ELF gained national attention for a series of actions which earned them the label of ecoterrorists, including the burning of a ski resort in Vail, Colorado, and the burning of an SUV dealership in Oregon. The Earth Liberation Front (ELF) is a radical environmental movement. ... Beagles removed by British ALF activists from a testing laboratory owned by Boots the Chemists. ... The term eco-terrorism is a neologism which has been used to describe acts of violence (as in violence against property), sabotage and/or property damage which are ostensibly motivated by concern for the natural environment. ... A twin-tip shaped downhill ski. ... Part of the ski area at Vail. ... A sport utility vehicle (SUV) or off-roader is a vehicle that combines the load-hauling and passenger-carrying capacity of a large station wagon or minivan with features designed for off-road driving. ... State nickname: Beaver State Other U.S. States Capital Salem Largest city Portland Governor Ted Kulongoski Official languages None Area 255,026 km² (9th)  - Land 248,849 km²  - Water 6,177 km² (2. ...


Following the September 11, 2001 attacks several laws were passed increasing the penalty for ecoterrorism, and hearings were held in Congress discussing the activity of groups such as the ELF. To date no one has been killed as a result of an ELF or ALF action, though murders have been attempted by these groups. The September 11, 2001 attacks were a series of coordinated terrorist attacks carried out in the United States on September 11, 2001. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Radical environmentalism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (471 words)
Radical environmentalism is a branch of the larger Environmental movement which views certain human activities as an attack on the natural world, which it considers to be sacrosanct.
Radical environmentalists see the solution to these problems in the overthrow of current Western ideas of religion and philosophy (including capitalism and the patriarchy) through "resacralising" and reconnecting with nature.
Taylor, Bron, 2005, Radical Environmentalism, pp 1326-1335 in
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