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Encyclopedia > Radeon R600
Radeon R600
Radeon HD 2000/3000 Series
Codename(s) Pele
Created in year 2006–2007
Entry-level cards Radeon HD 2400, HD 3400
Mid-range cards Radeon HD 2600, HD 3600
High-end cards Radeon HD 2900, HD 3800
Direct3D support 10.0, Shader Model 4.0
(HD 2000) / 10.1, Shader
Model 4.1 (HD 3000)
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The graphics processing unit (GPU) codenamed R600 is the foundation of the Radeon HD 2000/3000 series and the FireGL 2007 series video cards developed by ATI Technologies. Direct3D is part of Microsofts DirectX API. Direct3D is only available for Microsofts various Windows operating systems (Windows 95 and above) and is the base for the graphics API on the Xbox and Xbox 360 console systems. ... GPU redirects here. ... ATI Radeon is a brand of graphics processing units (GPU) that has been manufactured by ATI Technologies since 2000 and the successor to their Rage line. ... The FireGL range of graphics cards is a series fabricated by ATI for use with CAD (Computer Aided Design) and DCC (Digital Content Creation) programs, usually found in workstations. ... A video card, also referred to as a graphics accelerator card, display adapter, graphics card, and numerous other terms, is an item of personal computer hardware whose function is to generate and output images to a display. ... ATI Technologies Inc. ...


It features unified shaders and is compatible with Direct3D 10.0's Shader Model 4.0 along with OpenGL 2.0.[1] The first product of the line, the Radeon HD 2900 XT, was launched on May 14, 2007, with variants for other market segments and a half-generation update (RV670), sporting Direct3D 10.1 and Shader Model 4.1 support, released subsequently throughout 2007 and 2008 with low-end and mainstream variants. Direct3D is part of Microsofts DirectX API. Direct3D is only available for Microsofts various Windows operating systems (Windows 95 and above) and is the base for the graphics API on the Xbox and Xbox 360 console systems. ... The High Level Shader Language (HLSL) is a shader language developed by Microsoft for use with DirectX, and is very similar to Cg. ... OpenGL (Open Graphics Library) is a standard specification defining a cross-language cross-platform API for writing applications that produce 2D and 3D computer graphics. ... Direct3D is part of Microsofts DirectX API. Direct3D is only available for Microsofts various Windows operating systems (Windows 95 and above) and is the base for the graphics API on the Xbox and Xbox 360 console systems. ...

Contents

Architecture

R600 architecture

Unified shaders

The "R600" is the first personal computer graphics processing unit (GPU) from ATI based on a unified shader architecture. It is ATI's second generation unified shader design and is based on the "Xenos" GPU implemented in the Xbox 360 game console, which used the world's first such shader architecture. Previous GPU architectures implement separate processors for each type of graphics function. A unified architecture leverages many flexible processors which can be scheduled to process a variety of shader types, thereby significantly increasing GPU throughput (dependent on application instruction mix as noted below). The R600 core processes vertex, geometry, and pixel shaders as outlined by the Direct3D 10.0 specification for Shader Model 4.0 in addition to full OpenGL 2.1 compliancy,[2] but only with OpenGL 2.0 support. ATI Technologies Inc. ... The Unified shader model, known in DirectX 10 as Shader Model 4. ... Radeon R500 redirects here. ... It has been suggested that Xbox 360 Elite be merged into this article or section. ... Direct3D is part of Microsofts DirectX API. Direct3D is only available for Microsofts various Windows operating systems (Windows 95 and above) and is the base for the graphics API on the Xbox and Xbox 360 console systems. ... OpenGL (Open Graphics Library) is a standard specification defining a cross-language cross-platform API for writing applications that produce 2D and 3D computer graphics. ... OpenGL (Open Graphics Library) is a standard specification defining a cross-language cross-platform API for writing applications that produce 2D and 3D computer graphics. ...


The new unified shader functionality is based upon a Very long instruction word (VLIW) architecture in which the core executes operations in parallel.[2] The R600 uses 64 superscalar unified shader clusters, each consisting of 5 stream processing units for a total of 320 stream processing units.[2] The RV610 and RV630 variants have some of the shaders removed from the array, containing a total of 40 (5x8) and 120 (5x24) stream processors, respectively. Each of the first 4 stream processing units is able to retire a finished single precision floating point MAD (or ADD or MUL) instruction per clock, dot product (dp, and special cased by combining ALUs), and integer ADD.[3] The fifth unit is more complex and can additionally handle special transcendental functions such as sine and cosine.[3] Each of the 64 shader clusters can execute 6 instructions per clock cycle (peak), consisting of 5 shading instructions plus 1 branch [3]. A Very Long Instruction Word or VLIW CPU architecture implements a form of instruction level parallelism. ... Simple superscalar pipeline. ... A relatively new, yet very successful paradigm to allow parallel processing at never-seen-before efficiency with minimal effort. ... A transcendental function is a function which does not satisfy a polynomial equation whose coefficients are themselves polynomials. ... In mathematics, the trigonometric functions are functions of an angle, important when studying triangles and modeling periodic phenomena. ... In mathematics, the trigonometric functions are functions of an angle, important when studying triangles and modeling periodic phenomena. ...


Notably, the VLIW architecture brings with it some classic challenges inherent to VLIW designs, namely that of maintaining optimal instruction flow.[2] Additionally, the chip cannot co-issue instructions when one is dependent on the results of the other. Performance of the GPU is highly dependent on the mixture of instructions being used by the application and how well the real-time compiler in the driver can organize said instructions.[3]

See also: Very long instruction word

A Very Long Instruction Word or VLIW CPU architecture implements a form of instruction level parallelism. ...

Hardware tessellation

The GPU is equipped with an extra feature which is not part of the current DirectX 10.0 specification. It contains programmable tessellation units, similar to those within the Xenos GPU (codenamed "C1") also developed by ATI. This unit allows a developer to take a simple polygon mesh and subdivide it based on a curved surface evaluation function, with different tessellation forms as Bézier surfaces with N-patches, B-splines and NURBS, and even some subdivision surface techniques, which usually comes with a displacement map texture.[4] Essentially, this allows a simple, low-polygon model to be increased dramatically in polygon density in real-time with minimized performance loss. Scott Wasson of Tech Report noted during an AMD demo of the technology that the resulting model was so dense with millions of polygons that it appeared to be solid.[2] A tessellated plane seen in street pavement. ... Radeon R500 redirects here. ... ATI may stand for: ATI Technologies Inc. ... A Bézier surface is a parametric tensor product surface defined by mathematical formulae, used in computer graphics, computer-aided design, and finite element modelling. ... Truform is a graphics texture technology created by ATI and employed in DirectX 8 and OpenGL, on both Mac and PC. The technology was first employed on Radeon 8500. ... In the mathematical subfield of numerical analysis a B-spline is a spline function which has minimal support with respect to a given degree, smoothness, and domain partition. ... A NURBS curve being created in NX Shape Studio. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Displacement map. ...


This unit is reminiscent of ATI's earlier "TruForm" technology, used initially in the Radeon 8500, which performed a similar function in hardware.[5] While this tessellation hardware is not part of the current OpenGL or Direct3D requirements, and competitors such as the GeForce 8 series lack similar hardware, Microsoft has included Tessellation as part of their D3D10.1 future plans.[6] The "TruForm" technology from the past received little attention from software developers and was only utilized in a few game titles (such as Madden NFL 2004, Serious Sam, Unreal Tournament 2003 and 2004, and unofficially Morrowind), because it was not a feature shared with NVIDIA GPUs which had a competing Tessellation solution using Quintic-RT patches which met with even less support from developers.[7] Since the Xenos contains similar hardware, and Microsoft sees hardware surface tessellation as a major GPU feature with proposed implementation of hardware tessellation support in future DirectX releases (presumably DirectX 11),[6][4] dedicated hardware tessellation units may receive increased developer awareness in future titles. It remains to be seen whether ATI's implementation will be compatible with the eventual DirectX standard. Truform is a graphics texture technology created by ATI and employed in DirectX 8 and OpenGL, on both Mac and PC. The technology was first employed on Radeon 8500. ... The Radeon 8500 (a. ... The GeForce 8 Series is the eighth generation of NVIDIAs GeForce graphics cards. ... Madden NFL 2004 is the 14th installment of the Madden NFL series. ... Serious Sam is the title of a series of first-person shooters created by the Croatian company Croteam. ... Unreal Tournament 2003 or UT2003 is a first-person shooter video game designed mainly for multiplayer gaming although the game had a built in single-player mode that mimics multiplayer gaming by featuring AI-bots. ... Unreal Tournament 2004, also known as UT2004 or UT2K4, is a futuristic first-person shooter computer game developed by Epic Games and Digital Extremes. ... The Elder Scrolls III: Morrowind (aka Morrowind) is a computer role-playing game by Bethesda Softworks, and the third in The Elder Scrolls series of games. ... Polynomial of degree 5: f(x) = (x+4)(x+2)(x+1)(x-1)(x-3)/20+2 Quintic functions are polynomial functions in which the highest degree is five. ... Radeon R500 redirects here. ...


Ultra threaded dispatch processor

Although the R600 is a significant departure from previous designs, it still shares many features with its predecessors.[2] The "Ultra-Threaded Dispatch Processor" is a major architectural component of the R600 core, just as it was with the Radeon X1000 GPUs. This processor manages a large number of in-flight threads of three distinct types (vertex, geometry, and pixel shaders) and switches amongst them as needed.[2] With a large number of threads being managed simultaneously it is possible to reorganize thread order to optimally utilize the shaders. In other words, the dispatch processor evaluates what goes in the other parts of the R600 and attempts to keep processing efficiency as high as possible. There are lower levels of "management" as well; each SIMD array of 80 stream processors has its own sequencer and arbiter. The arbiter decides which thread to process next, while the sequencer attempts to reorder instructions for best possible performance within each thread.[2] ATIs R520 core (codenamed Fudo) is the foundation for a line of DirectX 9. ...


Texturing, memory, and anti-aliasing

Texturing and final output aboard the R600 core is similar but also distinct from R580. R600 is equipped with 4 texture units that are decoupled (independent) from the shader core, like in the R520 and R580 GPUs.[2] The render output units (ROPs) of R600 function differently in many ways than R580 core and predecessors, however. A new addition is support for up to 8× multi-sample anti-aliasing (MSAA) using programmable sample grids. Also new is the capability to filter FP16 textures, popular with HDR lighting, at full-speed. This totals 16 pixels per clock for FP16 textures, while higher precision FP32 textures filter at half-speed (8 pixels per clock).[2] R600 can also perform trilinear and anisotropic filtering on all texture formats. The Radeon X1000 series performed this filtering within the pixel shader processors, which was dramatically more time consuming.[2] In digital signal processing, anti-aliasing is the technique of minimizing the distortion artifacts known as aliasing when representing a high-resolution signal at a lower resolution. ... High dynamic range rendering (HDRR or HDR Rendering), also known as high dynamic range lighting, is the rendering of 3D computer graphics scenes by using lighting calculations done in a larger dynamic range. ... Trilinear filtering is an extension of the bilinear texture filtering method, which also performs linear interpolation between mipmaps. ... An illustration of texture filtering methods showing trilinear MIP map texture on the left and enhanced with anisotropic texture filtering on the right. ... ATIs R520 core (codenamed Fudo) is the foundation for a line of DirectX 9. ...


Anti-aliasing capabilities are more robust on R600 than on the R520 series. In addition to the ability to perform 8× MSAA, up from 6× MSAA on the R300 through R580, R600 has a new "custom filter anti-aliasing" (CFAA) mode. CFAA refers to an implementation of non-box filters that look at pixels around the particular pixel being processed in order to calculate the final color and anti-alias the image.[3] This feature is performed by shader processing, instead of entirely in the ROPs, as anti-aliasing has traditionally been implemented. This brings greatly enhanced programmability because the filters can be customized, but may also bring potential performance issues because of the use of shader resources. As of launch of R600, CFAA utilizes wide and narrow tent filters. With these, samples from outside the pixel being processed are weighted linearly based upon their distance from the centroid of that pixel, with the linear function adjusted based on the wide or narrow filter chosen.[3] For other uses, see Linear (disambiguation). ... Centroid of a triangle In geometry, the centroid or barycenter of an object in -dimensional space is the intersection of all hyperplanes that divide into two parts of equal moment about the hyperplane. ...


Internal functional units of R600 core are connected by an internal 1024-bit bi-directional ring bus (512-bit read and 512-bit write) which wraps around the processor. The ring bus connects at various points to the external memory chips via 8 64-bit memory channels for a total bus width of 512-bits on the 2900 XT.[2] The large bus width allows the 2900 XT to use lower clocked memory while still giving a large amount of memory bandwidth.


Video processing and miscellaneous features

ATI has built-in a HDMI interface with 5.1 audio playback support. The "Rage Theater" chip used on the Radeon X1000 series was replaced with the digital "Rage Theater 200" chip, providing VIVO capabilities. Among other details, the majority of Radeon HD 2000/3000 series graphics cards features dual-link DVI output with HDCP, and provides a specially designed DVI-to-HDMI dongle for HDMI output that carries both audio and video. HDMI cable and HDMI official logo Type Digital audio/video connector Production history Designer The HDMI group Designed December 2002 Manufacturer Various Produced 2003-Present Specifications Hot pluggable Yes External Yes Audio signal PCM, DVD-Audio, Super Audio CD, Dolby TrueHD, DTS-HD Master Audio Video signal 480i, 480p, 576i... Video In Video Out, usually seen as the acronym VIVO, enables video cards to have bidirectional (input and output) video transfer through one connector, by using a specialised splitter cable. ... DVI redirects here. ... High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection (HDCP) is a form of Digital Rights Management (DRM) developed by Intel Corporation to control digital audio and video content as it travels across Digital Visual Interface (DVI) or High-Definition Multimedia Interface (HDMI) connections. ...


The later members, RV630 and RV610 as well as the half-generation update RV670, RV635 and RV620, feature ATI's Unified Video Decoder for hardware decoding for MPEG4 and VC-1 video streams, which itself being the major part of AVIVO HD technology. In terms of functionality, NVIDIA's Purevideo 2 offer similar hardware video-acceleration, with UVD going one step further thanks to greater VC-1 offloading. The Unified Video Decoder, previously called Universal Video Decoder, or UVD in short, is the video decoding unit from ATI Technologies to support hardware decode of H.264 and VC-1 video codec standards, and being a part of AVIVO HD technology. ... MPEG-4, introduced in 1998, is the designation for a group of audio and video coding standards agreed upon by the Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG). ... VC-1 is the informal name of the SMPTE 421M video codec standard initially developed by Microsoft. ... AVIVO is a video platform ATI first introduced with its R520-based line of GPUs. ... NVIDIAs PureVideo is an MPEG-2 decoder designed to offload MPEG-2 decoding work from the CPU and software to NVIDIAs GPU series GeForce 6, GeForce 7, and enthusiast-class GeForce 8. ...


All Radeon HD 2000/3000 series graphics cards support native CrossFire. CrossFire efficiency has improved with the R600 core and shows performance approaching the theoretical maximum of twice the performance of a single card.[2][8] CrossFire (also CrossFire X after release of the Spider desktop platform on November 19, 2007) is a brand name for ATI Technologies multi-GPU solution, which competes with its rival nVidias Scalable Link Interface (SLI). ...


While some of the architecture of R600 is similar to Xenos, R600 does not feature the embedded DRAM (eDRAM) frame buffer used with Xenos. Xenos' eDRAM is designed tightly around the limited resolutions at which the Xbox 360 operates. Personal computers operate at maximum efficiency at a much wider range of resolutions, which would require a significantly larger amount of eDRAM to be effective. eDRAM stands for embedded DRAM, a capacitor-based dynamic random access memory usually integrated on the same die or in the same package as the main ASIC or processor, as opposed to external DRAM modules and transistor-based SRAM typically used for caches. ... The framebuffer is a part of RAM in a computer allocated to hold the graphics information for one frame or picture. ...


Documentation release

On June 11, 2008 AMD has released the R600-Family Instruction Set Architecture guide. [9]


Lineup

Desktop products

The R600 family is called the Radeon HD 2000 series, with the enthusiast segment being the "Radeon HD 2900 series" which currently comprise the Radeon HD 2900 XT with GDDR3 memory released on May 14, and the higher clocked GDDR4 version in early July. The mainstream and value segment products are the "Radeon HD 2600" and the "Radeon HD 2400" series respectively, both launched June 28th, 2007.[10] Previously there were no HD 2000 series products being offered in the performance segment while AMD using models from the previous generation to address that target market, the situation has not been changed until the release of variants of the Radeon HD 2900 series, the Radeon HD 2900 Pro and GT, which filled the gap of the performance market for a short period of time. ATI Radeon is a brand of graphics processing units (GPU) that has been manufactured by ATI Technologies since 2000 and the successor to their Rage line. ... GDDR3 (Graphics Double Data Rate, version 3) is a graphics card-specific memory technology, designed by ATI Technologies. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The desktop product lineup was refreshed as the arrival of the performance market-oriented Radeon HD 3800 series based on the "die shrink" version of R600 on a 55 nm process. Two variants, the Radeon HD 3850 and the 3870, became available mid-November 2007. An enthusiast variant, the Radeon HD 3870 X2, with two RV670 cores on single PCB, was launched on January 28, 2008. ATI Radeon is a brand of graphics processing units (GPU) that has been manufactured by ATI Technologies since 2000 and the successor to their Rage line. ... The term die shrink (sometimes optical shrink) refers to a simple semiconductor scaling of semiconductor devices. ... Part of a 1983 Sinclair ZX Spectrum computer board. ...


Further, the half-generation refresh will span to the mainstream and value market with the codenamed RV635 and the RV620 GPU cores, based on the die shrink version of the RV630 and the RV610 cores, on 55 nm fabrication process.


An odd variant, the Radeon HD 3690, was released early February 2008 for the China market only. What makes it odd is the GPU core it carries. The Radeon HD 3690 is actually based on an RV670 core with half of the memory interface bit width and memory amount to that of an Radeon HD 3850/3870 graphics card. A further announcement was made that there will be an Radeon HD 3830 variant bearing the same features as Radeon HD 3690, but with unique device ID and does not allow add-in card partners in China to re-enable the burnt out portion of the GPU core for more memory bandwidth.


Mobile products

All Mobility Radeon HD 2000/3000 series share the same feature set support as their desktop counterparts, as well as the addition of the battery conserving PowerPlay 7.0 features which is augmented from the previous generation's PowerPlay 6.0. It should be noted that several products, branded the Radeon X2000 series, are in fact based on the older R520 architecture and spotting the support of DirectX 9.0c only and do not have UVD on die. ATI PowerPlay is a collective name for a set of technologies implemented in a series graphics adapters manufactured by ATI, including Mobility Radeon, Imageon handheld chipset and Radeon family of desktop GPUs. ... ATIs R520 core (codenamed Fudo) is the foundation for a line of DirectX 9. ...


The Mobility Radeon HD 2300 is a value product which includes UVD "in silica" but lacks unified shader architecture and DirectX 10.0 / SM 4.0 support, limiting support to DirectX 9.0c / SM 3.0 using the more traditional architecture of the previous generation. A high-end variant, the Mobility Radeon HD 2700, with higher core and memory frequencies as the Mobility Radeon HD 2600 was released in mid-December 2007. Microsoft DirectX is a collection of application programming interfaces for handling tasks related to multimedia, especially game programming and video, on Microsoft platforms. ... The High Level Shader Language (HLSL) is a shader language developed by Microsoft for use with DirectX, and is very similar to Cg. ... Microsoft DirectX is a collection of application programming interfaces for handling tasks related to multimedia, especially game programming and video, on Microsoft platforms. ...


The Mobility Radeon HD 2400 is offered in two model variants; the standard HD 2400 and the HD 2400 XT.[11]


The Mobility Radeon HD 2600 is also available in the same two flavours; the plain HD 2600 and at the top of the current mobility lineup the HD 2600 XT.[12]


The half-generation update treatment had also applied to mobile products. Announced prior to CES 2008 is the Mobility Radeon HD 3000 series. Planned to be released in the first quarter of 2008, the Mobility Radeon HD 3000 series consists of two families, the Mobility Radeon HD 3400 series and the Mobility Radeon HD 3600 series, all featuring DirectX 10.1 support while the GPU was made on 55 nm process. The Mobility Radeon HD 3600 series also features industry's first implementation of 128-bit GDDR4 memory on-board. The International Consumer Electronics Show (CES) is a trade show held each January in Las Vegas, Nevada, and is sponsored by the Consumer Electronics Association. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


About the time of late March to early April, 2008, AMD renewed the device ID list on its website [13] with the inclusion of Mobility Radeon HD 3850 X2 and Mobility Radeon HD 3870 X2 and their respective device IDs. Later in Spring IDF 2008 held in Shanghai, a development board of Mobility Radeon HD 3870 X2 was demonstrated alongside a Centrino 2 platform demonstration system. [14] The Mobility Radeon HD 3870 X2 are based on two M88 GPUs with the addition of a PCI Express bridge chip on a single PCB. The demonstrated development board is on PCI Express 2.0 x16 bus, while the final product is expected to be on AXIOM/MXM modules. For other uses, see March (disambiguation). ... This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... Intel Developer Forum (IDF), is a twice yearly gathering of technologists to discuss Intel products and products based around Intel products. ... Components of the Centrino platform. ... A Mobile PCI Express Module (MXM) is an interconnect standard for GPUs in laptops using PCI Express. ...


Variants

Radeon HD 2900

The Radeon HD 2900 series was ATI's high-end product with 320 stream processors, spanning a 420 mm² die size.[15] The Radeon HD 2900 XT is the first graphics card product to implement digital PWM onboard, specifically 7-phase PWM. Pulse-width modulation of a signal or power source involves the modulation of its duty cycle to either convey information over a communications channel or control the amount of power sent to a load. ...


The R600 core used in the HD 2900 lacks the ATI Unified Video Decoder (UVD) required for hardware acceleration of certain types of HD video.[16] Nonetheless, the card is fully capable of playing any HD video format; however, shaders are utilized for the decoding process. Initially there was much confusion as to whether or not the product included dedicated video processor hardware, due in part to statements that it supported the software program AVIVO HD. Many reviewers and subsequent readers/consumers interpreted this as meaning the HD2900 incorporated the same UVD hardware as found in the HD 2400 & HD 2600 series, despite some sites noting this difference at launch time,[17] weeks before the issue first gained traction as a result of a TechReport article.[18] This confusion and subsequent discussions prompted AMD to make a formal statement designed to clarify exactly what UVD was available in which models.[19][20] The HD 2900 XT video playback capabilities are similar to those of the previous X1000 cards with AVIVO capabilities. The Unified Video Decoder, previously called Universal Video Decoder, or UVD in short, is the video decoding unit from ATI Technologies to support hardware decode of H.264 and VC-1 video codec standards, and being a part of AVIVO HD technology. ... ATIs R520 core (codenamed Fudo) is the foundation for a line of DirectX 9. ... AVIVO is a video platform ATI first introduced with its R520-based line of GPUs. ...


Starting August, 2007 some system builders including Falcon Northwest received the 1 GB GDDR4 (with Samsung 0.9 ns (K4U52324QE-BC09) GDDR4) version of the Radeon HD 2900 XT. This was incorrectly referred to as the "Radeon HD 2900 XTX".[21] In the computer industry, a System Builder is a person or company who is in the practice of creating (generally from scratch) a personal computer system from individual components. ... Falcon Northwest is a personal computer manufacturing company located in Medford, Oregon, USA which was founded in 1992 by its current President Kelt Reeves. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Variants of the series include the Radeon HD 2900 Pro and the Radeon HD 2900 GT. The Radeon HD 2900 Pro uses the same R600 GPU, but is clocked lower at 600 MHz core and 800 MHz memory (1600 MHz effective). This variant is configured with 512 MB or 1 GB (GDDR3/GDDR4) of video memory and the same 512-bit memory controller as the Radeon HD 2900 XT instead of the previously rumoured 256-bit memory controller.[22] The Radeon HD 2900 GT is a 240 stream processor variant clocked the same as the HD 2900 Pro with 256 MB of video memory on a 256-bit interface. GDDR3 (Graphics Double Data Rate, version 3) is a graphics card-specific memory technology, designed by ATI Technologies. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Radeon HD 2600

The Radeon HD 2600 series is a line of mainstream products with 120 stream processors, GDDR4 support, AVIVO HD with UVD, 128-bit memory ring bus and 4-phase digital PWM,[23] spanning a die size of 153 mm².[24] Neither the GDDR3 nor GDDR4 reference PCI-E designs require additional power connectors whereas the HD 2600 Pro and XT AGP variants require additional power through either 4-pin or 6-pin power connectors.[25] Official claims state the Radeon HD 2600 series consumes as little as 45 W of power.[citation needed] AVIVO is a video platform ATI first introduced with its R520-based line of GPUs. ... The Unified Video Decoder, previously called Universal Video Decoder, or UVD in short, is the video decoding unit from ATI Technologies to support hardware decode of H.264 and VC-1 video codec standards, and being a part of AVIVO HD technology. ... For other uses, see Watt (disambiguation). ...


Another variant incorporates two RV630 cores onto a single PCB with a PCI-E bridge splitting the PCI-E x16 bandwidth into two groups of PCI-E x8 lanes (each 2.0 Gb/s). This functionally provides a CrossFire configuration on one video card with a total of four DVI output (HDMI output via dongle) with HDCP. AMD calls this product the "Radeon HD 2600 X2" as seen by some vendors and as observed inside the INF file of Catalyst 7.9 version 8.411. Sapphire and other vendors including PowerColor and GeCube have either announced or demonstrated their respective "Crossfire on a card" products.[26] Catalyst 7.9 added support for this hardware in September 2007. However, AMD did not provide much publicity to promote it. A vendor may offer cards containing 256 MB, 512 MB, or 1 GB of video memory. Although the memory technology utilized is at a vendor's discretion, most vendors have opted for GDDR3 and DDR2 due to lower manufacturing cost and positioning of this product for the mainstream rather than performance market segment. Part of a 1983 Sinclair ZX Spectrum computer board. ... PCI Express (formerly known as 3GIO for 3rd Generation I/O, not to be mistaken with PCI-X) is an implementation of the PCI computer bus that uses existing PCI programming concepts and communications standards, but bases it on a much faster serial communications system. ... For other meanings of DVI, please see DVI (disambiguation). ... The High-Definition Multi-media Interface (HDMI) is an industry-supported, uncompressed, all-digital audio/video interface. ... HDCP (High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection) is a specification developed by Intel Corporation to protect digital audio and video content as it travels across Digital Visual Interface (DVI) or High Definition Multimedia Interface (HDMI) connections. ... An INF file (or Setup Information file) is a plain text file used by Microsoft Windows for installation of software/hardware. ... GDDR3 (Graphics Double Data Rate, version 3) is a graphics card-specific memory technology, designed by ATI Technologies. ... DDR-II SDRAM (Double Data Rate Two Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory) is a computer memory technology that is expected to become a mainstream solution at some point late in 2004. ...


Radeon HD 2400

Low-end products with 40 stream processors with AVIVO HD and UVD, not implemented with a ring bus memory interface, and a 64-bit memory bus width,[23] spanning a die size of 85 mm².[27] The official PCB design implements only a passive cooling heatsink instead of a fan, and official claims of power consumption are as little as 35 W.[citation needed] The RV610 core used in Radeon HD 2400 series has 16 KB unified vertex/texture cache away from dedicated vertex cache and L1/L2 texture cache used in HD 2600 and HD 2900 products. AVIVO is a video platform ATI first introduced with its R520-based line of GPUs. ...


Reports has that the first batch of the RV610 core (silicon revision A12), only being released to system builders, has a bug that hindered the UVD from working properly, but other parts of the die operated normally. Those products were officially supported with the release of Catalyst 7.10 driver, which the cards were named as Radeon HD 2350 series. [28] In the computer industry, a System Builder is a person or company who is in the practice of creating (generally from scratch) a personal computer system from individual components. ... The Unified Video Decoder, previously called Universal Video Decoder, or UVD in short, is the video decoding unit from ATI Technologies to support hardware decode of H.264 and VC-1 video codec standards, and being a part of AVIVO HD technology. ...


Radeon HD 3800

Radeon HD 3870

The Radeon HD 3800 series is based on the RV670 graphics chip, manufactured on a 55 nm fabrication process with 256-bit memory controller, die size at 192 mm² and packed with 666 million transistors,[29] with the same 320 Stream Processing Units as the R600 core. The Radeon HD 3000 series supports DirectX 10.1 and Shader Model 4.1 with double-precision floating-point operations support,[30] the UVD has also been implemented on-die, providing full hardware decoding of VC-1 and H.264 video streams. AMD claims that the support of DirectX 10.1 can bring improved performance and processing efficiency with reduced rounding error (0.5 ulp compared with average error 1.0 ulp as tolerable error), better image details and quality, global illumination, a technique used in many animated films such as Shrek 3, and more improvements to consumer gaming systems therefore giving more realistic gaming experience.[31] Further, the Radeon HD 3800 series also sees the implementation of power state controller as well as the PowerPlay technology for the desktop graphics, allowing Catalyst Control Center to monitor GPU utilizations and further reduce power draw of the graphics by switching states of the GPU core for different usage scenarios with different performance settings.[32] Microsoft DirectX is a collection of application programming interfaces for handling tasks related to multimedia, especially game programming and video, on Microsoft platforms. ... The High Level Shader Language (HLSL) is a shader language developed by Microsoft for use with DirectX, and is very similar to Cg. ... The Unified Video Decoder, previously called Universal Video Decoder, or UVD in short, is the video decoding unit from ATI Technologies to support hardware decode of H.264 and VC-1 video codec standards, and being a part of AVIVO HD technology. ... VC-1 is the informal name of the SMPTE 421M video codec standard initially developed by Microsoft. ... H.264 is a high compression digital video codec standard written by the ITU-T Video Coding Experts Group (VCEG) together with the ISO/IEC Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) as the product of a collective partnership effort known as the Joint Video Team (JVT). ... ULP, an acronym for Unit in the Last Place, is the smallest increment or decrement that a particular computers floating point unit can make. ... Global illumination algorithms used in 3D computer graphics are commonly used to add realistic lighting to 3D scenes. ... Shrek 3 is a film planned for release on May 18, 2007. ... ATI PowerPlay is a collective name for a set of technologies implemented in a series graphics adapters manufactured by ATI, including Mobility Radeon, Imageon handheld chipset and Radeon family of desktop GPUs. ...


The Radeon HD 3800 series has one more variant, the Radeon HD 3870 X2 (codenamed R680) released on January 28, 2008, featuring two RV670 cores with a maximum of 1024 MiB GDDR3, targeting the enthusiast market and replacing the Radeon HD 2900 XT, the card implements ATI PowerPlay technology to reduce power consumption and digital PWM, to provide steady current for each GPU core. The card is able to achieve a peak single-precision floating point performance of just over 1 TFLOPS, at 1.06 TFLOPS, being the world's first single-PCB graphics product breaking the 1 TFLOP mark.[33] formula here</math></math></math></math></math>The three-letter acronym MIB may refer to any of several concepts: Management Information Base, a computing information repository used (for example) by Simple Network Management Protocol An abbreviation for mebibyte (MiB) or mebibit (Mib) Men in Black, a group of mysterious agents... GDDR3 (Graphics Double Data Rate, version 3) is a graphics card-specific memory technology, designed by ATI Technologies. ... ATI PowerPlay is a collective name for a set of technologies implemented in a series graphics adapters manufactured by ATI, including Mobility Radeon, Imageon handheld chipset and Radeon family of desktop GPUs. ... An example of PWM: the supply voltage (blue) modulated as a series of pulses results in a sine-like flux density waveform (red) in a magnetic circuit of electromagnetic actuator. ... For other uses, see Flop. ...


The Radeon HD 3870 X2 uses the same approach for communications between the two GPU cores as the previous generations of products, the Sapphire Radeon X1950 Pro Dual and the Radeon HD 2600 X2, the two GPU cores were able to communicate to each other through an onboard PCI-E switch,[34] providing each core with x8 (Radeon X1950 Pro Dual) to x16 (Radeon HD 2600 X2) PCI-E bandwidth and becoming a software CrossFire setup and thus allow to plug in two hardware CrossFire bridges. While the Radeon HD 3870 X2 will implement PEX8547 PCI-E switch,[35] each core sharing x16 PCI-E bandwidth, the card will only see one CrossFire bridge being placed onboard and between the cores, thus only allows one CrossFire bridge to be plugged onto the card.[36]


AMD stated the possibility that the Radeon HD 3870 X2 of supporting four card CrossFire, to reach 8 GPU scalability on several motherboards, including the MSI K9A2 Platinum and Intel D5400XS, due to the fact that these motherboards have sufficient spaces between PCI-E slots for dual-slot cooler video cards, presumably as a combination of two separate hardware CrossFire setups with a software CrossFire setup bridging the two, but currently with no driver support.[37] Intels Skulltrail is an enthusiast gaming platform that was released on February 19, 2008. ...


New model numbering scheme

The numbering scheme for Radeon HD 3000 series as well as Mobility Radeon HD 3000 series was notably changed. While previous PRO, XT, GT, and XTX suffixes will be eliminated, products will be differentiated by changing the last two digits of the product model number (for instance, HD 3850 and HD 3870, giving the impression that the HD 3870 model having higher performance than HD 3850).[38] Similar changes to the IGP naming were spotted as well, for the previously launched AMD M690T chipset with side-port memory, the IGP is named "Radeon X1270", while for the AMD 690G chipset, the IGP is named "Radeon X1250", as for AMD 690V chipset, the IGP is clocked lower and having fewer functions and thus named "Radeon X1200". The new numbering scheme of video products are shown below: This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The AMD 690 chipset series or AMD 690 series chipset by AMD is a chipset family developed and manufactured by AMD subsidiary ATI for the AMD platform, focusing on both desktop and mobile computing markets. ... The AMD 690 chipset series or AMD 690 series chipset by AMD is a chipset family developed and manufactured by AMD subsidiary ATI for the AMD platform, focusing on both desktop and mobile computing markets. ... The AMD 690 chipset series or AMD 690 series chipset by AMD is a chipset family developed and manufactured by AMD subsidiary ATI for the AMD platform, focusing on both desktop and mobile computing markets. ...

Product Category Model number
range (steps of 10)1
Price range
(USD)
Shader amount
(VS/PS/SPU)2
Memory Outputs Product(s)
Type Width
(bit)
Size (MiB)
Enthusiast
Dual GPU
800 X2-990 X23 >$250 200% GDDR3,
GDDR4
2x 256-bit 512/1024 2 DVI,
HDMI, DP (Dongle)
HD 3870 X2/HD 3850 X2
Enthusiast
/high-end
800-990 >$150 75-100% GDDR3,
GDDR4
256-bit 256/512/1024 2 DVI,
HDMI, DP (Dongle)
HD 3870/3850
Mainstream 600-790 $100–$150 37.5-75% DDR2,
GDDR3,
GDDR4
128-bit 128/256/512 D-Sub, DVI
HD 3650, HD 3690
DVI, 2 DP,
HDMI (Dongle)
Budget/Value 350-590 <$99 25-50% DDR2,
GDDR3
64-bit 64/128
(HM: 768/1024)
D-Sub, DVI,
HDMI, DP (Dongle)
HD 3450/3470
IGP 000-300 N/A 25-50% UMA,
side-port memory
(GDDR2/GDDR3)
UMA + 32-bit
(side-port) 4
64/1284 + UMA
(OS dependent)
D-Sub, DVI,
HDMI, DP
Component (YCbCr)
X1270/X1250/X1200
HD 3200/HD 3100/2100
  • 1 The last two digits denotes variant, similar to the previous suffixes, which "70" is in essence the "XT" variant while "50" is actually the "Pro" variant [29], while "90" appeared once in the lineup and can be seen as the "XTX" variant.
  • 2 Stream Processors only applicable to Direct3D 10-class video components (Radeon HD 2000/3000 series).
  • 3 All Dual-GPU solutions will have an X2 suffix after the model number.
  • 4 Side-port memory as local frame buffer is only available on selected IGP models only, not all IGP models has this feature.

USD redirects here. ... Vertex and pixel (or fragment) shaders are shaders that run on a graphics card, executed once for every vertex or pixel in a specified 3D mesh. ... Vertex and pixel (or fragment) shaders are computer programs that run on a graphics card, executed once for every vertex or pixel in a specified 3D mesh. ... A relatively new, yet very successful paradigm to allow parallel processing at never-seen-before efficiency with minimal effort. ... This article is about the unit of information. ... A mebibyte (a contraction of mega binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, abbreviated MiB. 1 MiB = 220 bytes = 1,048,576 bytes = 1,024 kibibytes 1 MiB = 1024 (= 210) kibibytes (KiB), and 1024 MiB equal one gibibyte (GiB). ... GDDR3 (Graphics Double Data Rate, version 3) is a graphics card-specific memory technology, designed by ATI Technologies. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other meanings of DVI, please see DVI (disambiguation). ... The High-Definition Multi-media Interface (HDMI) is an industry-supported, uncompressed, all-digital audio/video interface. ... DisplayPort is a new digital display interface standard (approved May 2006, current version 1. ... The graphics processing unit (GPU) codenamed R600 is the foundation of the Radeon HD 2000/3000 series and the FireGL 2007 series video cards developed by ATI Technologies. ... GDDR3 (Graphics Double Data Rate, version 3) is a graphics card-specific memory technology, designed by ATI Technologies. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other meanings of DVI, please see DVI (disambiguation). ... The High-Definition Multi-media Interface (HDMI) is an industry-supported, uncompressed, all-digital audio/video interface. ... DisplayPort is a new digital display interface standard (approved May 2006, current version 1. ... The graphics processing unit (GPU) codenamed R600 is the foundation of the Radeon HD 2000/3000 series and the FireGL 2007 series video cards developed by ATI Technologies. ... DDR-II SDRAM (Double Data Rate Two Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory) is a computer memory technology that is expected to become a mainstream solution at some point late in 2004. ... GDDR3 (Graphics Double Data Rate, version 3) is a graphics card-specific memory technology, designed by ATI Technologies. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... DA, DB, DC, DD, and DE sized connectors The D-subminiature or D-sub is a common type of electrical connector used particularly in computers. ... For other meanings of DVI, please see DVI (disambiguation). ... The graphics processing unit (GPU) codenamed R600 is the foundation of the Radeon HD 2000/3000 series and the FireGL 2007 series video cards developed by ATI Technologies. ... For other meanings of DVI, please see DVI (disambiguation). ... DisplayPort is a new digital display interface standard (approved May 2006, current version 1. ... The High-Definition Multi-media Interface (HDMI) is an industry-supported, uncompressed, all-digital audio/video interface. ... DDR-II SDRAM (Double Data Rate Two Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory) is a computer memory technology that is expected to become a mainstream solution at some point late in 2004. ... GDDR3 (Graphics Double Data Rate, version 3) is a graphics card-specific memory technology, designed by ATI Technologies. ... HyperMemory is ATI Technologies method of using a PCs main system RAM as part of or all of the video cards framebuffer memory on their line of Radeon video cards and motherboard chipsets. ... DA, DB, DC, DD, and DE sized connectors The D-subminiature or D-sub is a common type of electrical connector used particularly in computers. ... For other meanings of DVI, please see DVI (disambiguation). ... The High-Definition Multi-media Interface (HDMI) is an industry-supported, uncompressed, all-digital audio/video interface. ... DisplayPort is a new digital display interface standard (approved May 2006, current version 1. ... The graphics processing unit (GPU) codenamed R600 is the foundation of the Radeon HD 2000/3000 series and the FireGL 2007 series video cards developed by ATI Technologies. ... Shared memory refers to a (typically) large block of Random access memory that can be accessed by several different central processing units (CPUs) in a multiple-processor computer system. ... DA, DB, DC, DD, and DE sized connectors The D-subminiature or D-sub is a common type of electrical connector used particularly in computers. ... For other meanings of DVI, please see DVI (disambiguation). ... The High-Definition Multi-media Interface (HDMI) is an industry-supported, uncompressed, all-digital audio/video interface. ... DisplayPort is a new digital display interface standard (approved May 2006, current version 1. ... Three cables, each with RCA plugs at both ends, are often used to carry analog component video Component video is a video signal that has been split into two or more components. ... The AMD 690 chipset series or AMD 690 series chipset by AMD is a chipset family developed and manufactured by AMD subsidiary ATI for the AMD platform, focusing on both desktop and mobile computing markets. ... The AMD 690 chipset series or AMD 690 series chipset by AMD is a chipset family developed and manufactured by AMD subsidiary ATI for the AMD platform, focusing on both desktop and mobile computing markets. ... The AMD 690 chipset series or AMD 690 series chipset by AMD is a chipset family developed and manufactured by AMD subsidiary ATI for the AMD platform, focusing on both desktop and mobile computing markets. ... The AMD 700 chipset series (also called as AMD 7-Series Chipsets) is a set of upcoming chipsets designed by ATI to be sold under the AMD brand and is scheduled to launch between the end of 2007 to the first half of 2008. ... The AMD 700 chipset series (also called as AMD 7-Series Chipsets) is a set of upcoming chipsets designed by ATI to be sold under the AMD brand and is scheduled to launch between the end of 2007 to the first half of 2008. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

Radeon HD 3600

The Radeon HD 3600 series features the RV635 core, the die shrink of the previous generation RV630 core on 55 nm process with 378 million transistors and 120 Stream Processing Units. The Radeon HD 3600 series will see the first GPU supporting DisplayPort natively, a new integrated audio-video interface developed solely to suit the usage of computer systems, but at the same time natively supporting a DVI port. Features of DisplayPort (abbreviated DP) is the ability of daisy chain multiple monitors using only one connection to only one DP port, while the cable can transmit 8-channel 24-bit audio simultaneously with video. The support for HDMI and D-Sub ports will also be achieved through separate dongles[39]. Beside the DisplayPort implementations, there also exists other display output layouts as dual DVI port or DVI with D-Sub display output layout. The term die shrink (sometimes optical shrink) refers to a simple semiconductor scaling of semiconductor devices. ... DisplayPort is a new digital display interface standard (approved May 2006, current version 1. ... For other meanings of DVI, please see DVI (disambiguation). ... The elementary meaning of daisy chain is a garland created from the daisy flower, generally as a childrens game. ... The High-Definition Multi-media Interface (HDMI) is an industry-supported, uncompressed, all-digital audio/video interface. ... DA, DB, DC, DD, and DE sized connectors The D-subminiature or D-sub is a common type of electrical connector used particularly in computers. ...


Other features including the implementation of Direct3D 10.1, AVIVO HD with second generation of UVD and hardware surface tessellation. One variant, the Radeon HD 3650 was released on January 23, 2008. Reference design with dual DisplayPort and single DVI-D port was revealed [39]. The Unified Video Decoder, previously called Universal Video Decoder, or UVD in short, is the video decoding unit from ATI Technologies to support hardware decode of H.264 and VC-1 video codec standards, and being a part of AVIVO HD technology. ... For other meanings of DVI, please see DVI (disambiguation). ...


Radeon HD 3400

The Radeon HD 3400 series features the RV620 core, the die shrink of the RV610 core on 55 nm process with 181 million transistors and 40 Stream Processing Units. The products natively support DisplayPort [40] and DVI, with support of HDMI and D-Sub via dongles. Other features including the implmentation of Direct3D 10.1, AVIVO HD with second generation of UVD and hardware surface tessellation. Products will be available in full height ATX cards and low profile cards. DisplayPort is a new digital display interface standard (approved May 2006, current version 1. ...


One of the notable features is that the Radeon HD 3400 series (including Mobility Radeon HD 3400 series) video cards support ATI Hybrid Graphics. [41] The AMD 700 chipset series (also called as AMD 7-Series Chipsets) is a set of upcoming chipsets designed by ATI to be sold under the AMD brand and is scheduled to launch between the end of 2007 to the first half of 2008. ...


Two variants, the Radeon HD 3450 and Radeon HD 3470 were released on January 23, 2008.


Driver support

Main article: ATI Catalyst Drivers

The ATI Catalyst Drivers are the software drivers by AMD/ATI that include drivers and control software for most modern ATI chipsets and video cards. ...

Windows

The latest driver is package version 8.493, Catalyst 8.5 [42]. New features include component video with 480i and 480p resolutions, SECAM TV output support, 1080p HDTV custom mode via HDMI, 1080p24 (1080p resolution at 24 fps) support, HDMI Audio for non-standard TV modes (CEA 861b), support for adaptive anti-aliasing under OpenGL, Windows XP SP3 support and un-install utility enhancements. The driver also includes performance improvements and fixes some instability issues and rendering issues on some games. Three cables, each with RCA plugs at both ends, are often used to carry analog component video Component video is a video signal that has been split into two or more components. ... 480i is the shorthand name for a video mode. ... 480p is the shorthand name for a video mode. ... SECAM, also written SÉCAM (Séquentiel couleur à mémoire, French for Sequential Color with Memory), is an analog color television system first used in France. ... 1080p is the shorthand name for a category of display resolutions. ... High-definition television (HDTV) means broadcast of television signals with a higher resolution than traditional formats (NTSC, SECAM, PAL) allow. ... 1080p is the shorthand name for a category of video modes. ... OpenGL (Open Graphics Library) is a standard specification defining a cross-language cross-platform API for writing applications that produce 2D and 3D computer graphics. ... Windows XP is a line of operating systems developed by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, and media centers. ...


The Purple Pill tool issue, which could allow unsigned drivers to be loaded into Windows Vista and tamper with the operating system kernel,[43] was resolved in the Catalyst 7.8 release (version 8.401).[44] The AVIVO video converter for Windows Vista, and color temperature control in Catalyst Control Center was added with the release of Catalyst 7.9, package version 8.411. Software CrossFire was enabled for HD 2600 and HD 2400 series video cards with the release of Catalyst 7.10 (package version 8.421) Windows Vista (pronounced ) is a line of operating systems developed by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, laptops, Tablet PCs, and media centers. ... A kernel connects the application software to the hardware of a computer. ... AVIVO is a video platform ATI first introduced with its R520-based line of GPUs. ... Windows Vista (pronounced ) is a line of operating systems developed by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, laptops, Tablet PCs, and media centers. ... The CIE 1931 x,y chromaticity space, also showing the chromaticities of black-body light sources of various temperatures, and lines of constant correlated color temperature Color temperature is a characteristic of visible light that has important applications in photography, videography, publishing and other fields. ...


The Catalyst 8.1, package version 8.451, supports for MultiView technology for accelerated OpenGL rendering on multiple video card setup (CrossFire). The driver also allows CrossFire configurations for Radeon HD 3850 and HD 3870 video cards.[45][46]


The Catalyst 8.3 is described by AMD as a milestone release,[47] supporting DirectX 10.1, ATI CrossFire X technology and allowing the mixing of different Radeon HD 3800 series video cards to form a CrossFire X setup with 2 to 4 GPUs. Catalyst 8.3 introduced to new video controls to further enhance the video playback quality, these controls includes edge enhancement and noise reduction settings. There is also the support for extended desktop in CrossFire X mode. The anti-aliasing support for Unreal Engine 3.0 in DirectX 9.0 games, support for CFAA filters (wide tent and box tent) to be enabled when Super AA is enabled, and other features as developer support for Hardware surface tessellation, hardware accelerated wide aspect ratio LCD scaling, HydraVision support for Windows Vista allowing to add maximum 9 virtual desktops and new Folding@Home client (version 6.10) are also officially supported in this release. The AMD 700 chipset series (also called as AMD 7-Series Chipsets) is a set of upcoming chipsets designed by ATI to be sold under the AMD brand and is scheduled to launch between the end of 2007 to the first half of 2008. ... A tessellated plane seen in street pavement. ... Windows Vista (pronounced ) is a line of operating systems developed by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, laptops, Tablet PCs, and media centers. ... Folding@Home (also known as FAH or F@H) is a distributed computing project designed to perform computationally intensive simulations of protein folding and other molecular dynamics. ...


Note that Catalyst drivers 7.10, 7.11 and 7.12 do not yet support the AGP versions of Radeon HD 2000 series cards with RIALTO bridge. Installing Catalyst drivers 7.10, 7.11 or 7.12 on those cards will yield the following error message: "setup did not find a driver compatible with your current hardware or operating system." or simply fail outright. As of June 2008, the cards in question are supported unofficially by ATI/AMD with an AGP-friendly "hotfixed" Catalyst 8.5 driver-set[48]. Their PCI vendor IDs are listed below:[49]

GPU core Product PCI device ID
RV610 Radeon HD 2400 Pro 94C4
RV630 Radeon HD 2600 Pro 9587
RV630 Radeon HD 2600 XT 9586

Linux

The official closed-source ATI Linux driver was named fglrx, then renamed as Catalyst drivers for Linux, currently version 8.5.[50] fglrx (possibly an abbreviation for FireGL and Radeon X driver) is the name of the Linux display driver used for ATI Radeon and ATI FireGL family video adapters. ...


Another Linux driver is the RadeonHD driver, an open-source ATI R500/600 display driver, it is developed in part by specifications that AMD has openly published. To date, AMD has released over register specifications for M56, M76, RV630 and RS690 GPUs and 3D programming guide for R500 and R300 family of GPUs.[51] AMD has committed to releasing their R500 and R600 GPU documentation along with publishing their specifications for past generations of GPUs.[52] ATIs R520 core (codenamed Fudo) is the foundation for a line of DirectX 9. ... The AMD 690 chipset series or AMD 690 series chipset by AMD is a chipset family developed and manufactured by AMD subsidiary ATI for the AMD platform, focusing on both desktop and mobile computing markets. ...


Chipset table

This page contains general information about ATIs GPUs and video cards based on official ATI specifications in table form. ...

See also

A video card, also referred to as a graphics accelerator card, display adapter, graphics card, and numerous other terms, is an item of personal computer hardware whose function is to generate and output images to a display. ... GPU redirects here. ... The GeForce 8 Series is the eighth generation of NVIDIAs GeForce graphics cards. ...

References

  1. ^ Radeon HD 2900 product page, last line: "OpenGL 2.0 support"
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Wasson, Scott. AMD Radeon HD 2900 XT graphics processor: R600 revealed, Tech Report, May 14, 2007
  3. ^ a b c d e f Beyond3D review: AMD R600 Architecture and GPU Analysis, retrieved June 2, 2007.
  4. ^ a b ExtremeTech review
  5. ^ Witheiler, Matthew. ATi TRUFORM Technology - Powering the next generation Radeon, AnandTech, May 29, 2001.
  6. ^ a b The Future of DirectX presentation, slide 24-29
  7. ^ nVidia GeForce3 SDK WhitePaper
  8. ^ Wilson, Derek. ATI Radeon HD 2900 XT: Calling a Spade a Spade: Multi-GPU Performance - Prey, AnandTech, May 14, 2007.
  9. ^ Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. R600-Family Instruction Set Architecture, X.org website, June 11, 2008.
  10. ^ HD2400 & HD2600 Press release
  11. ^ Mobility Radeon HD 2400 specifications and Mobility Radeon HD 2400 XT specifications
  12. ^ HD 2600 specifications and HD 2600 XT specifications
  13. ^ ATI Vendor ID page
  14. ^ Hexus.net report: Welcome to the world's fastest laptop, brought to you by Intel and ATI, retrieved April 8, 2008
  15. ^ Beyond3D R600 review, retrieved September 25, 2007
  16. ^ AnandTech image showing AVIVO HD consists of UVD and Advanced Video Processor (AVP)
  17. ^ EliteBastards' HD2000 preview, retrieved July 23, 2007.
  18. ^ TechReport UVD article
  19. ^ AMD press release, the third paragraph.
    AMD also wishes to clarify any confusion that may exist regarding the presence of the Unified Video Decoder (UVD) in its ATI Radeon HD 2000 series graphics processors. UVD is present in the ATI Mobility Radeon HD 2300, the ATI Radeon HD 2400, and the ATI Radeon HD 2600 series products, but is not present in the ATI Radeon HD 2900 series products as it is not needed due to the usage model of this high end product.
     
    — AMD Press release
  20. ^ Huynh, Anh T. & Kubicki, Kristopher. Whoops, ATI Radeon HD 2900 XT Lacks UVD, DailyTech, May 25, 2007.
  21. ^ Falcon Northwest President Blog on 1GB GDDR4 2900 XT
  22. ^ Kowaliski, Cyril. "AMD launches the $249 Radeon HD 2900 Pro", The Tech Report, 2007-09-25. Retrieved on 2007-09-26. 
  23. ^ a b AMD official press release
  24. ^ Beyond3D RV630 chip reference, retrieved September 25, 2007
  25. ^ Sapphire HD2K Product Matrix
  26. ^ Beyond3D report, retrieved September 13, 2007
  27. ^ Beyond3D RV610 chip reference, retrieved September 25, 2007
  28. ^ Fudzilla report, retrieved October 31, 2007
  29. ^ a b (Spanish) MadboxPC thread, retrieved November 10, 2007
  30. ^ RV670 Cards & Specs Revealed. VR-Zone (August 22, 2007).
  31. ^ ATI DirectX 10.1 whitepaper, retrieved December 7, 2007
  32. ^ (Spanish) MadboxPC coverage, retrieved November 10, 2007
  33. ^ Hexus.net review, retrieved January 30, 2007
  34. ^ Fudzilla review, retrieved December 7, 2007
  35. ^ PEX8547 product brief, retrieved January 22, 2008
  36. ^ Hexus.net image, retrieved January 30, 2008
  37. ^ Fudzilla report, retrieved November 27, 2007
  38. ^ RV670 is Radeon HD 3800 Series. VR-Zone (October 17, 2007).
  39. ^ a b DailyTech report, retrieved December 7, 2007
  40. ^ AMD official low-profile deisgn with DisplayPort, retrieved January 23, 2008
  41. ^ (Japanese)PC Watch report, retrieved January 23, 2008
  42. ^ Catalyst 8.4 release notes, retrieved April 17, 2008
  43. ^ DailyTech report
  44. ^ The Inquirer report
  45. ^ Fudzilla review, retrieved February 15, 2008
  46. ^ Legit Reviews review, retrieved February 15, 2008
  47. ^ Catalyst 8.3 release notes, retrieved March 5, 2008
  48. ^ Unofficial AGP support in Catalyst 8.5 from ATI/AMD
  49. ^ guru3D discussion thread
  50. ^ Linux Catalyst 8.5 release notes
  51. ^ AMD Open GPU documentations page, retrieved February 13, 2008
  52. ^ Phoronix report

The Tech Report is a web site dedicated to covering the latest trends in computer hardware, technology, and gaming. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

AMD redirects here. ... ATI Technologies Inc. ... This page contains general information about ATIs GPUs and video cards based on official ATI specifications in table form. ... The ATI Mach was one of the first GPU series developed by ATI Technologies Inc. ... Direct3D is part of Microsofts DirectX API. Direct3D is only available for Microsofts various Windows operating systems (Windows 95 and above) and is the base for the graphics API on the Xbox and Xbox 360 console systems. ... The ATI Rage is a series of graphics chipsets offering 2D GUI acceleration, video acceleration, and 3D acceleration. ... Development Radeon 256 The first-generation Radeon GPU was launched in 2000, and was initially code-named Rage 6, (later R100), as the successor to ATIs aging Rage 128 which was unable to compete with the GeForce 256. ... The Radeon 8500 (a. ... The Radeon R300 (introduced August 2002) is the third generation of Radeon graphics chips from ATI Technologies. ... The Radeon R420 core from ATI Technologies was the companys basis for its 3rd-generation DirectX 9. ... ATIs R520 core (codenamed Fudo) is the foundation for a line of DirectX 9. ... Direct3D is part of Microsofts DirectX API. Direct3D is only available for Microsofts various Windows operating systems (Windows 95 and above) and is the base for the graphics API on the Xbox and Xbox 360 console systems. ... The Radeon R700 is the engineering codename for an upcoming Graphics Processing Unit series which is in development by AMD graphics division, to be sold under the ATI brand. ... The Radeon R800 series is a set of GPUs currently scheduled for future release, developed by AMD graphics products division. ... This is a comparison of chipsets, manufactured by ATI Technologies. ... Development Radeon 256 The first-generation Radeon GPU was launched in 2000, and was initially code-named Rage 6, (later R100), as the successor to ATIs aging Rage 128 which was unable to compete with the GeForce 256. ... The Radeon 8500 (a. ... Ati Radeon 200 Logo The Xpress 200 is a computer chipset released by ATi. ... The Xpress 3200 is a new revision of the Xpress 200 computer chipset released by ATI. The chipset supports AMD64 processors of the Socket 939 and also of the Socket AM2. ... This is a comparison of chipsets sold under the brand AMD, manufactured before May 2004 by the company itself, before the adoption of open platform approach as well as chipsets manufactured by ATI Technologies (ATI) after July 2006 as the completion of the ATI acquisition. ... AMD 580 chipset series is a computer chipset series designed by AMD subsidairy ATI Technologies, for the AMD processors. ... The AMD 690 chipset series or AMD 690 series chipset by AMD is a chipset family developed and manufactured by AMD subsidiary ATI for the AMD platform, focusing on both desktop and mobile computing markets. ... The AMD 700 chipset series (also called as AMD 7-Series Chipsets) is a set of upcoming chipsets designed by ATI to be sold under the AMD brand and is scheduled to launch between the end of 2007 to the first half of 2008. ... ATI Technologies Inc. ... AMR (ATi Multi-Rendering) is a three year old (as of 2005) technology which enables a single computer to use more than one video processor. ... CrossFire (also CrossFire X after release of the Spider desktop platform on November 19, 2007) is a brand name for ATI Technologies multi-GPU solution, which competes with its rival nVidias Scalable Link Interface (SLI). ... Sun SPARCstation 1+, 25 MHz RISC processor from early 1990s A workstation, such as a Unix workstation, RISC workstation or engineering workstation, is a high-end desktop or deskside microcomputer designed for technical applications. ... The field of high performance computing (HPC) comprises computing applications on (parallel) supercomputers and computer clusters. ... FireGL 4 video card FireGL was a company in Germany that built workstation-class graphics accelerator cards based on IBM geometry and rasterizer chips. ... The FireMV graphics card is marketed as a 2D video card, with 3D capabilities at the level of Radeon X300 (as specified in manual), aimed at the corporate environment who require several displays attached to a single computer. ... The AMD FireStream (previously branded as ATI FireStream, also AMD Stream Processor [1]) is a stream processor developed by ATI Technologies. ... This articles Limitations section does not cite any references or sources. ... Consumer electronics is a term used to describe the category of electronic equipment intended for everyday use by people, the consumers. ... The ATI All-In-Wonder (also abbreviated to AIW) is a hybrid graphics card and TV/Radio Tuner. ... Imageon with Imageon TV The Imageon (previously ATI Imageon) is a line of media processor line developed by ATI providing graphics acceleration and other multimedia features for handheld devices such as mobile phones and Personal Digital Assistants (PDA). ... Xilleon chip internal layout The ATI Xilleon video processor is a 32-bit system-on-a-chip MIPS processor, for use in set-top boxes and digital TVs, providing MPEG2 decoding and other functions for major worldwide broadcast networks (including PAL, NTSC, SECAM and ATSC). ... The Unified Video Decoder, previously called Universal Video Decoder, or UVD in short, is the video decoding unit from ATI Technologies to support hardware decode of H.264 and VC-1 video codec standards, and being a part of AVIVO HD technology. ... AVIVO is a video platform ATI first introduced with its R520-based line of GPUs. ... HLSL2GLSL is a command line tool that translates DirectX 9 High Level Shader Language (HLSL) shaders into the OpenGL Shading Language (GLSL). ... HyperMemory is ATI Technologies method of using a PCs main system RAM as part of or all of the video cards framebuffer memory on their line of Radeon video cards and motherboard chipsets. ... ATI PowerPlay is a collective name for a set of technologies implemented in a series graphics adapters manufactured by ATI, including Mobility Radeon, Imageon handheld chipset and Radeon family of desktop GPUs. ... Truform is a graphics texture technology created by ATI and employed in DirectX 8 and OpenGL, on both Mac and PC. The technology was first employed on Radeon 8500. ... Game console redirects here. ... GPU redirects here. ... The Nintendo GameCube (GCN) is Nintendos fourth home video game console, belonging to the sixth generation era. ... The Nintendo GameCube (GCN) is Nintendos fourth home video game console, belonging to the sixth generation era. ... Radeon R500 redirects here. ... It has been suggested that Xbox 360 Elite be merged into this article or section. ... ATI Hollywood GPU within the Wii console Hollywood is the name of the Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) used in Nintendos Wii video game console. ... The Wii (pronounced as the pronoun we, IPA: ) is the fifth home video game console released by Nintendo. ...

 
 

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