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Encyclopedia > Racibórz

Racibórz (Ratiboř in Czech) is a town in south Poland with 65,100 inhabitants (1995).

Situated in the Silesian Voivodship (since 1999), previously in Katowice Voivodship (1975-1998). Silesian voivodship since 1999 Silesia or Silesian Voivodship(1) is an administrative region and local government unit in Poland, established in 1999 out of Katowice, Czętochowa and Bielsko-Biała voivodships as a result of Local Government Reorganisation Act of 1998 (effective 1 January 1999). ... Katowice Voivodship (Polish: województwo katowickie) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in years 1975-1998, superseded by Silesian Voivodship. ...

The roots of a city go back to the deep history. Name of Raciborz is of Slavic (Polish) origin and comes from the name of Duke Racibor, the city founder. Raciborz was one of 5 strongholds of Slavic (proto Polish) tribe called Golezyce (Golenshitse). Raciborz, as a stronghold, was mentioned in a work of "Bavarian Geographer" in 845 AC. It was a first historical capitol of Upper Silesia. The Duchy of Raciborz was established by Duke Mieszko Platonogi in 1172 AC. The city was granted municipal privileges in 1217 AC. From 1299 AC Raciborz was ruled by its own city council. The last Polish Duke of Piast dynasty died in 1336 AC and from that time till 1521 AC the Duchy and the city was ruled by Czech dynasty of Dukes. Shortly Raciborz was ruled by Polish Duke of Opole. The first coin with Polish description "MILOST" was issued in Raciborz, in 1211 AC as well the first Polish, national anthem "Gaude Mater Polonia" which was written ca. 1260-70 AC in Latin language by Dominican frater from the Dominican monastery in Raciborz. Proto-Indo-European Indo-European studies The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages), a group of closely related languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup of Indo-European languages, have speakers in most of Eastern Europe, in much of the Balkans, in parts of Central Europe, and in the...

External Links

  • Official website (in Polish) (http://www.raciborz.pl/)



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