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Encyclopedia > Rachel Corrie
Rachel Corrie
Rachel Corrie

Rachel Corrie (April 10, 1979March 16, 2003) was an American member of the International Solidarity Movement (ISM) who traveled to the Gaza Strip during the Al-Aqsa Intifada. She was killed when she tried to obstruct a Caterpillar D9 armoured bulldozer operated by the Israel Defense Forces (IDF). Rachel Corrie smiling in the USA Copyright In response to the wikipedia:boilerplate request for permission, Michael Hess, editor of BBS News, said: External links BBS News photos of Israel and Palestine File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this... Rachel Corrie smiling in the USA Copyright In response to the wikipedia:boilerplate request for permission, Michael Hess, editor of BBS News, said: External links BBS News photos of Israel and Palestine File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For information on the Polish trade union, see Solidarity. ... For other uses, see al-Aqsa (disambiguation). ... The Caterpillar D9 is a large track-type tractor designed and manufactured by Caterpillar Inc. ... World War 2 Armoured bulldozer. ... Emblem of the IDF The Israel Defense Forces are part of the Israeli Security Forces. ...


The circumstances of Corrie's death are disputed. Corrie was interfering with an IDF bulldozer operating in a Palestinian area of Rafah, close to the border with Egypt - an area the IDF had designated a security zone for operations designed to uncover the network of smuggling tunnels connecting Egypt to the Palestinian side of Rafah, used for smuggling weapons from Egypt to the Gaza strip.[1][2][3] The ISM says that the driver of the bulldozer deliberately ran her over twice while she was trying to prevent the demolition of the home of Samir Nasrallah, a local pharmacist.[1] The official Israeli Government Report and the IDF deny that, and state that she was killed by falling debris pushed over by a bulldozer whose driver did not see her, and that the bulldozer was clearing brush and not engaged in a demolition when Corrie impeded its path. Rafah (Arabic: رفح Hebrew: רפיח) is a town in the Gaza Strip, on the Egyptian border, and a nearby town on the Egyptian side of the border, on the Sinai Peninsula. ... Smuggling tunnels are secret tunnels, usually hidden underground, used for smuggling of goods, illegal weapons and people. ... Rafah (Arabic: رفح Hebrew: רפיח) is a town in the Gaza Strip, on the Egyptian border, and a nearby town on the Egyptian side of the border, on the Sinai Peninsula. ... A Palestinian home after demolition by Israeli security forces House demolition in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is a controversial tactic used by the Israeli Defence Forces (IDF) in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. ...

Contents

Early life

Raised in Olympia, Washington, Corrie was the daughter of Craig Corrie, an insurance executive, and Cindy Corrie, an amateur flautist.[2] She graduated from Capital High School then attended The Evergreen State College (TESC).[3] She initially joined the Olympia Movement for Justice and Peace then, in her senior year, the International Solidarity Movement (ISM). Following her graduation, she traveled to the Middle East to participate in ISM-organized demonstrations in Rafah. Coordinates: , County Incorporated January 28, 1859 Government  - Mayor Mark Foutch Area  - City 48. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... A flute-player demonstrates flute-playing A flautist, flutist, or flute-player is a musician who plays the flute. ... Capital High School (CHS), commonly referred to as Capital, is a public high school in Olympia, Washington, USA. It is one of two comprehensive high schools in the Olympia School District. ... The Evergreen signature clock tower The Evergreen State College is an accredited public liberal arts college and is a member of the Council of Public Liberal Arts Colleges. ...


Activities in Gaza

On January 18, 2003, Corrie traveled to the Gaza Strip, where she attended two days of training in non-violent resistance and serving as human shields. Through February and March, according to ISM activists and e-mails Corrie sent to her family, she took part in a mock trial of George W. Bush; a demonstration as part of the February 15, 2003 anti-war protest against the war in Iraq, where she burned a paper U.S. flag; and helped to occupy the area around local wells, an operation designed to protect the wells and Palestinian workers from the IDF, according to the ISM. is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nonviolent resistance (or nonviolent action) is the practice of applying power to achieve socio-political goals through symbolic protests, economic or political noncooperation, civil disobedience and other methods, without the use of physical violence. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... February 15, 2003 was a global day of protests against the imminent invasion of Iraq. ... This article is about the 2003 invasion of Iraq. ... Burning the Flag of the United States Flag desecration is a blanket term applied to various acts that intentionally deface a flag, most often a national flag (though other flags can be defaced as well). ... Union Jack. ...


In e-mails to her family, Corrie described what she witnessed and expressed her frustration over it.[4] On March 14, 2003 in an interview with the Middle East Broadcasting network, she said: "I feel like I'm witnessing the systematic destruction of a people's ability to survive ... Sometimes I sit down to dinner with people and I realize there is a massive military machine surrounding us, trying to kill the people I'm having dinner with."[5] is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Responsibility for Corrie's death

An armored D9 Bulldozer used by the IDF.
An armored D9 Bulldozer used by the IDF.

Image File history File linksMetadata Caterpillar1133. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Caterpillar1133. ...

Background

Corrie was involved in protest actions against house demolitions, a controversial practice carried out by the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF). The Israeli military used armored bulldozers to demolish buildings in Rafah, within the security zone near the border with Egypt. The IDF stated that the demolitions were very successful in uncovering explosive devices, and destroying smuggling tunnels and firing positions[citation needed]. Palestinians who do not leave the area and who stay in the houses or are otherwise not seen by the Israeli military have been killed during these demolition operations, and Israeli soldiers are sometimes shot by Palestinians from inside these buildings. Critics regard the demolition of the buildings--and the deaths of Palestinians who do not leave these buildings--as a form of collective punishment, while proponents saw them as a legitimate and essential measure of self-defense. A Palestinian home after demolition by Israeli security forces House demolition in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is a controversial tactic used by the Israeli Defence Forces (IDF) in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. ... The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) (Hebrew: צבא ההגנה לישראל Tsva Ha-Haganah Le-Yisrael ([Army] Force [for] the Defense of Israel), often abbreviated צהל Tsahal, alternative English spelling Tzahal, is the name of Israels armed forces... Rafah (Arabic: رفح Hebrew: רפיח) is a town in the Gaza Strip, on the Egyptian border, and a nearby town on the Egyptian side of the border, on the Sinai Peninsula. ... Munitions rigged for an IED discovered by Iraqi police in Baghdad, November 2005. ... Smuggling tunnels are secret tunnels, usually hidden underground, used for smuggling of goods, illegal weapons and people. ... Collective punishment is the punishment of a group of people as a result of the behavior of one or more other individuals or groups. ... Self defense refers to actions taken by a person to defend onself, ones property or ones home. ...


On March 16, 2003, Corrie was in a group of seven ISM activists (three British and four Americans) attempting to disrupt the actions of the bulldozers. The Israeli Government Report found that it was not intending to demolish houses but was clearing debris and shrubbery to expose explosive devices. March 16 is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Two ISM eyewitness accounts

The following account is from Joe Carr, an ISM activist from Kansas City, Missouri, who used the assumed name of Joseph Smith during his time in Gaza. Nickname: Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ...

"[Between 13:00 and 13:30, activists] noticed that two Israeli Army bulldozers and one tank [had] entered onto Palestinian civilian property near the border and [were] demolishing farmland and other already damaged structures. The military machine was severely threatening near-by homes, so the 3 activists went up onto the roof of one home, and then called for others to come.
"[Between 13:30 and 14:00], I arrived, and one of the three activists at[sic] the house joined me on the ground ... [W]e began to disrupt the work of the bulldozers ... At this point, Rachel and the two other activists joined us ... Rachel and a British activist were wearing jackets that were fluorescent orange and had reflective stripping [sic] ... [Between 14:00 and 15:00], Rachel and two other activists began interfering with the other bulldozer, which was attempting to destroy grass and other plants on what used to be farmland. They stood and sat in its path, and though it would drive very close to them, and even move the earth on which they were sitting, it always stopped in time to avoid injuring them ... [Between 15:00 and 16:00], one bulldozer pushed Will, an American activist, up against a pile of barbed wire. Fortunately, the bulldozer stopped and withdrew just in time to avoid injuring him seriously, but we had to dig him out of the rubble, and unhook his clothing from the wire. The tank approached to see if he was ok. One soldier stuck his head out of the tank to see, and he looked quite shocked and dumbfounded, but said nothing ...
Corrie immediately after being injured
Corrie immediately after being injured
"[Between 16:45 and 17:00], [o]ne bulldozer, serial number 949623, began to work near the house of a physician who is a friend of ours ... Rachel sat down in the pathway of the bulldozer ... [It] continued driving forward headed straight for Rachel. When it got so close that it was moving the earth beneath her, she climbed onto the pile of rubble being pushed by the bulldozer. She got so high onto it that she was at eye-level with the cab of the bulldozer ... Despite this, he continued forward, which pulled her legs into the pile of rubble, and pulled her down out of view of the driver ... We ran towards him, and waved our arms and shouted, one activist with the megaphone. But [he] continued forward, until Rachel was underneath the central section of the bulldozer ... Despite the obviousness of her position, the bulldozer began to reverse, without lifting its blade, and drug [sic] the blade over her body again. He continued to reverse until he was on the boarder [sic] strip, about 100 meters away, and left her crushed body in the sand. Three activists ran to her and began administering first-responder medical treatment ... She said, "My back is broken!" but nothing else ..."[6]

Joe Smith said: "Rachel had two options. When the bulldozer started to dig in the dirt pile, the pile started to move, and she could have rolled sideways quickly or fallen backwards to avoid being hit. But Rachel leaned forward to climb to the top of the dirt pile. The bulldozer's digging drew her downward, and its driver could not see her anymore. So without lifting the scoop, he turned backward and she was already underneath the blade."[7] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


ISM activist Tom Dale was standing just yards away from Corrie. He told journalist Joshua Hammer, Jerusalem bureau chief for Newsweek:

"The bulldozer built up earth in front of it. Its blade was slightly dug into the earth. She began to stand up. The earth was pushed over her feet. She tried to climb on top of the earth, to avoid being overwhelmed. She climbed to the point where her shoulders were above the top lip of the blade. She was standing on this pile of earth. As the bulldozer continued, she lost her footing, and she turned and fell down this pile of earth. Then it seemed like she got her foot caught under the blade. She was helpless, pushed prostrate, and looked absolutely panicked, with her arms out, and the earth was piling itself over her. The bulldozer continued so that the place where she fell down was directly beneath the cockpit. I think she would have been between the treads. The whole [incident] took place in about six or seven seconds," (Mother Jones, Sept-October 2003).[8]

Visibility

The major points of dispute are whether the bulldozer driver saw Corrie, and whether she died after being hit by the blade or by falling debris, or whether she was crushed under the bulldozer tracks or the blade.


The photographic evidence is unclear. The ISM placed photographs on its website (including one taken several hours before Corrie's death) that ISM said showed the events leading up to Corrie's death. Reuters published these images in the same sequence as posted by the ISM, alongside a photograph of her in front of the bulldozer directly after being injured, thereby giving the impression that the photographs taken several hours before her death had, in fact, been taken immediately before it, and that the bulldozer driver had been able to see her but had driven over her anyway. When this was discovered, Reuters and ISM removed the images from their websites, but it was argued that the damage had already been done.[9] The images and the times they were taken can be viewed here.[10]


The IDF produced a video about Corrie's death that includes footage taken from inside the cockpit of a D9. It makes a "credible case," Joshua Hammer wrote in Mother Jones, that "the operators, peering out through narrow, double-glazed, bulletproof windows, their view obscured behind pistons and the giant scooper, might not have seen Corrie kneeling in front of them."[11] An armored Caterpillar D9 bulldozer used by the IDF. Armored bulldozers are a standard tool of combat engineering battalions, and the Israeli Defence Forces has gained notoriety for their use of armored bulldozers for urban warfare in the Al-Aqsa Intifada. ...


Because the Caterpillar D9 bulldozers have a restricted field of vision with several blind spots, Israeli army regulations normally require that other soldiers assist in directing bulldozer drivers, but the Israeli army commander of the Gaza Strip said in an interview broadcast on Israeli television that, on the day of Corrie's death, soldiers had to stay in their armored vehicles and were not able to direct the bulldozer, or arrest the protesters, because of the threat of Palestinian snipers. He also said that Israeli soldiers may have been handling other ISM activists instead of watching over the bulldozer. An armored Caterpillar D9 bulldozer used by the IDF. Armored bulldozers are a standard tool of combat engineering battalions, and the Israeli Defence Forces has gained notoriety for their use of armored bulldozers for urban warfare in the Al-Aqsa Intifada. ... A Caterpillar D10N bulldozer at work A bulldozer is a very powerful crawler (caterpillar tracked tractor) equipped with a blade. ... For other uses, see Sniper (disambiguation). ...


Israeli government report

The Israeli government promised a "thorough, credible, and transparent investigation". An initial autopsy was performed at the National Center of Forensic Medicine in Tel Aviv. The Jerusalem Post, quoting an Israeli military spokesman, reported on June 26, 2003 that Corrie had not been run over and that the driver had not seen her: Post-mortem, postmortem and post mortem redirect here. ... Tel-Aviv was founded on empty dunes north of the existing city of Jaffa. ... The Jerusalem Post is an Israeli newspaper in the English language. ... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

"The driver at no point saw or heard Corrie. She was standing behind debris which obstructed the view of the driver and the driver had a very limited field of vision due to the protective cage he was working in.
"The driver and his commanders were interrogated extensively over a long period of time with the use of polygraph tests and video evidence. They had no knowledge that she was standing in the path of the tractor. An autopsy of Corrie's body revealed that the cause of death was from falling debris and not from the tractor physically rolling over her. It was a tragic accident that never should have happened.
"The International Solidarity Movement, to which Corrie belonged, was directly responsible for illegal behavior and conduct in the area of Corrie's death and their actions directly led to this tragedy."[12]

The Israeli army's report, which was seen by the The Guardian, said that Corrie was: "struck as she stood behind a mound of earth that was created by an engineering vehicle operating in the area and she was hidden from the view of the vehicle's operator who continued with his work. Corrie was struck by dirt and a slab of concrete resulting in her death ... The finding of the operational investigations shows that Rachel Corrie was not run over by an engineering vehicle but rather was struck by a hard object, most probably a slab of concrete which was moved or slid down while the mound of earth which she was standing behind was moved," (The Guardian, April 14, 2003).[13] The Guardian is a British newspaper owned by the Guardian Media Group. ... April 14 is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 261 days remaining. ...


The Israeli report also states that the army had not, in fact, intended to demolish a house, but was searching for explosives in the border area designated a security zone by Israel.


In later IDF operations, the house was damaged (a hole was knocked in a wall) and was later destroyed. By that time, the Nasrallah family had moved into a different house. The house is being rebuilt in part with funds from The Rebuilding Alliance.[4] The Rebuilding Alliance[1] (TRA) is a nonprofit organization that rebuilds homes and communities in regions of war and occupation. ...


A spokesman for the IDF told the Guardian that, while it did not accept responsibility for Corrie's death, it intended to change its operational procedures to avoid similar incidents in the future. The level of command of similar operations would be raised, said the spokesman, and civilians in the area would be dispersed or arrested before operations began. Observers will be deployed and CCTV cameras will be installed on the bulldozers to compensate for blind spots, which may have contributed to Corrie's death.


The IDF gave copies of the report, entitled "The Death of Rachel Corrie," to members of the U.S. Congress in April 2003, and Corrie's family released the document to the media in June 2003, according to the Gannett News Service.[14] However, in March 2004, the family maintained that the entire report had not been released, and that only they and two American staffers at the U.S. Embassy in Tel Aviv had been allowed to view it. The family say they were allowed to look at the report in the Israeli consulate in San Francisco.[15] The ISM rejected the Israeli report stating it was contrary to their members' eyewitness reports, and that the investigation had been far from credible and transparent.[16] Tel-Aviv was founded on empty dunes north of the existing city of Jaffa. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ...


Reaction

A Palestinian memorial
A Palestinian memorial
Vigil in Olympia, WA
Vigil in Olympia, WA
My Name Is Rachel Corrie at Playhouse Theatre, London, 2006.
My Name Is Rachel Corrie at Playhouse Theatre, London, 2006.

Corrie's death sparked controversy and led to international media coverage, in part because she was an American, and in part because of the highly politicized nature of the conflict itself. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Copyright In response to the wikipedia:boilerplate request for permission, Martin W. Kane - Photographer for the Photo Production Services of The Evergreen State College - stated that The Evergreen State College would see no problem is using the images from the Peace Vigil / Rachel Corrie memorial in the way described in... Copyright In response to the wikipedia:boilerplate request for permission, Martin W. Kane - Photographer for the Photo Production Services of The Evergreen State College - stated that The Evergreen State College would see no problem is using the images from the Peace Vigil / Rachel Corrie memorial in the way described in... State Capitol and waterfront, Olympia, Washington. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1760x1168, 630 KB) Summary The second season of Royal Court Theatres production of My Name Is Rachel Corrie at Playhouse Theatre, London. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1760x1168, 630 KB) Summary The second season of Royal Court Theatres production of My Name Is Rachel Corrie at Playhouse Theatre, London. ...


Capt. Jacob Dallal, a spokesman for the Israeli army, called Corrie's death a "regrettable accident" and said that she and the other ISM activists were "a group of protesters who were acting very irresponsibly, putting everyone in danger — the Palestinians, themselves and our forces — by intentionally placing themselves in a combat zone."


The University of Maryland, College Park's campus newspaper The Diamondback published a cartoon referring to Corrie's "stupidity" for "sitting in front of a bulldozer to protect a gang of terrorists." In response, some student protesters sat outside the newspaper's offices overnight demanding an apology, which they did not receive.[17][18] The University of Maryland, College Park (also known as UM, UMD, or UMCP) is a public university located in the city of College Park, in Prince Georges County, Maryland, just outside Washington, D.C., in the United States. ...


Amnesty International USA called for an independent inquiry, with Christine Bustany, their advocacy director for the Middle East, saying that "U.S.-made bulldozers have been 'weaponized' and their transfer to Israel must be suspended."[19] U.S. Representative Brian Baird introduced House Concurrent Resolution 111 in the U.S. Congress on March 25, 2003, calling on the U.S. government to "undertake a full, fair, and expeditious investigation" into Corrie's death. The House of Representatives took no action on the resolution.[20](pdf) The Corrie family joined Representative Baird in calling for a U.S. investigation.[21] Baird, though reelected in 2004 and again in 2006, has not reintroduced the resolution in the Congress. Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Amnesty international Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is an international non-governmental organization which defines its mission as to undertake research and action focused on preventing and ending grave abuses of the rights to physical and mental integrity, freedom of conscience... The House of Representatives is the larger of two houses that make up the U.S. Congress, the other being the United States Senate. ... Third Congressional District of Washington Brian Lenis Baird (born December 19, 1984 in Denver, Colorado) is an American politician. ... Congress in Joint Session. ... is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Human Rights Watch, a group which has repeatedly criticized Israeli actions in the West Bank and Gaza, on a web page devoted to a number of non-natives of the area who have been killed by IDF action, questioned the quality of the investigation, stating that its own communication with Palestinian and ISM individuals involved "indicates that the impartiality and professionalism of the Israeli investigation into Corrie’s death are highly questionable."[22] Human Rights Watch Banner Human Rights Watch is a United States-based international non-government organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights. ...


There were claims that her death attracted attention only because she was an American. The Observer wrote that: "On the night of Corrie's death, nine Palestinians were killed in the Gaza Strip, among them a four-year-old girl and a man aged 90. A total of 220 people have died in Rafah since the beginning of the intifada. Palestinians know the death of one American receives more attention than the killing of hundreds of Muslims." A Hamas activist told the newspaper: "[Corrie's] death serves me more than it served her. Going in front of the tanks was heroic. Her death will bring more attention than the other 2,000 martyrs."[23] Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


The same article also contains an account of the scene as mourners gathered to commemorate Corrie at the spot where she was fatally injured. "The desolate sandy stretch is now strewn with the rubble from the demolition of houses which she could not prevent. As the memorial service got under way, the Israeli army sent its own representative. A tank pulled up beside the mourners and sprayed them with tear gas. A bizarre game of cat-and-mouse began as the peace activists chased the tank around to throw flowers on it, and the Israeli soldiers inside threatened, in return, to run them down."


Her photograph has been used in protests, including in Rafah, against Israel's actions in Gaza and the West Bank. On July 15, 2003, the Chicago Tribune reported that "to the people of Rafah, Rachel Corrie will always remain a very special martyr, their American martyr." is the 196th day of the year (197th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... // The Chicago Tribune is a major daily newspaper based in Chicago, Illinois and owned by the Tribune Company. ... For other uses, see Martyr (disambiguation). ...


Artistic tributes

Dawud Wharnsby Ali has written a song in tribute to Rachel Corrie's efforts and her death. In 2003, the American folk singer David Rovics wrote a song entitled "The Death of Rachel Corrie."[5] Also in 2003, American composer Alice Shields composed Mioritza: Requiem for Rachel Corrie, for trombone and computer music on tape.[6] The Irish folk-singer Christy Moore dedicated his 2005 album Burning Times to Corrie's memory. In 2006 Belfast Northern Ireland Singer, songwriter and activist Pol MacAdaim released a song Rachel Corrie on his Forsaken Land CD.[[7]. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... David Rovics sings at the A16 rally in Washington DC in early 2005. ... Alice Shields (born Alice F. Shields, Manhattan, New York, February 18, 1943) is an American composer. ... Folk music can have a number of different meanings, including: Traditional music: The original meaning of the term folk music was synonymous with the term Traditional music, also often including World Music and Roots music; the term Traditional music was given its more specific meaning to distinguish it from the... Christopher Andrew Christy Moore (born on May 7, 1945, in Newbridge, County Kildare) is a very popular Irish folk singer, songwriter, and guitarist. ... Burning Times is an album by Irish folk singer Christy Moore. ...


My Name is Rachel Corrie, a play composed from Corrie's journals and e-mails from Gaza and directed by British actor Alan Rickman, was presented in London in early 2005. It was later revived in October 2005. The play was to be transported to the New York Theatre Workshop, but when it was postponed indefinitely, the English producers denounced the decision as "censorship" and withdrew the show.[24][25] It finally opened Off-Broadway on October 15, 2006, for an initial run of 48 performances.[26] My Name is Rachel Corrie is a controversial play based on the diaries and emails of Rachel Corrie. ... Alan Sidney Patrick Rickman (born February 21, 1946) is an acclaimed, award-winning English film, television and stage actor. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The New York Theatre Workshop (NYTW) is a non-profit off-Broadway theater in New York City. ... Off-Broadway plays or musicals are performed in New York City in smaller theatres than Broadway, but larger than Off-Off-Broadway, productions. ... is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


The play has since been published as a paperback, also entitled My Name is Rachel Corrie.


Klimt 1918, an Italian rock band, has a song called "Rachel" on their 2005 album "Dopoguerra". The song is dedicated to Corrie's life. Klimt 1918 is an alternative rock band from Rome, Italy. ...


Ten Foot Pole, an American punk rock band, wrote a song entitled "Rachel Corrie" celebrating Corrie's life and beliefs. It can be found on their 2005 release "Subliminable Messages". Ten Foot Pole is a U.S. melodic punk band, formerly on Epitaph Records. ...


The widespread media coverage of Corrie's death, and the London play in particular, sparked criticism of what British journalist Tom Gross called "the cult of Rachel Corrie." In an article called "The Forgotten Rachels," published in The Spectator on October 22, 2005, Gross tells the stories of six other women called Rachel, Jewish victims of the Arab-Israeli conflict whose deaths, he wrote, received little, if any, coverage outside Israel.[27] Gross went on to argue that "Partly thanks to the efforts of Corrie and her fellow activists, the flow of explosives from Egypt into Gaza continued – and were later used to kill children in southern Israel." The article prompted a National Review editorial arguing that "Corrie’s death was unfortunate, but more unfortunate is a Western media and cultural establishment that lionizes 'martyrs' for illiberal causes while ignoring the victims those causes create."[28] Cover of the Nov 12, 2005 issue of The Spectator magazine. ... is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ... National Review (NR) is a biweekly magazine of political opinion, founded by author William F. Buckley, Jr. ...


Lawsuits

Corrie's family filed a lawsuit against Caterpillar Inc. alleging liability over the death of Corrie and in connection with the equipment used in the home demolitions, which they say is a violation of international law. The case was dismissed by a Federal judge in November 2005 who found that Israeli law offered adequate available remedies.[29] Caterpillar Inc. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...


The ruling was appealed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.[30] On September 17, 2007, the Ninth Circuit affirmed the dismissal.[31] The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts: District of Alaska District of Arizona Central District of California Eastern District of California Northern District of California Southern District of California District of Hawaii... is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


Claims were previously filed against the Israel Defense Forces and the Israeli Defense Ministry.[32] Emblem of the IDF The Israel Defense Forces are part of the Israeli Security Forces. ...


Possible attempt to kidnap Corrie's parents

On January 4, 2006, two Palestinians, one carrying a gun, entered the home of Samir Nasrallah, whose former home Rachel Corrie was trying to protect when she was killed. Corrie's parents were staying overnight there, and it was reported that the gunmen had tried[33][34] to kidnap them, but had abandoned their plans when told who his guests were. In response, the ISM issued a statement denying that the Corries were the targets of an intended kidnapping.[35] The Jerusalem Post reported Craig Corrie as saying: "there was never a threat made against us and the gun was never pointed at anyone." According to the Post, Craig Corrie said that when he entered the room and saw the man with the gun, he feared it might be a kidnapping attempt, but that the situation was never described to him that way by his host. Corrie added that the media accounts over-dramatized the incident.[36] is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


According to Nasrallah, the gunmen were seeking Americans as bargaining chips to secure the release of Alaa al-Hams, a Palestinian militia leader arrested by Palestine intelligence on suspicion of ordering the abduction of British human-rights activist Kate Burton and her parents.[37][38][39] Kate Burton is a Scottish aid worker who was kidnapped together with her parents from the town of Rafah in the Gaza Strip on 28 December 2005. ...


See also

Brian Avery (born 1979) is a former volunteer for the International Solidarity Movement (ISM), who was injured in the face on April 5, 2003 while working for the ISM in the West Bank town of Jenin. ... Thomas Tom Hurndall (November 29, 1981 – January 13, 2004) was a British photography student, member of the International Solidarity Movement (ISM), and an activist against the Israeli occupation of the Palestinian territories. ... James Miller. ...

Video

References

Footnotes

  1. ^ http://bsd.motherjones.com/news/feature/2003/09/ma_497_01.html
  2. ^ http://criticalconcern.com/standing-tall.htm
  3. ^ http://web.archive.org/web/20030402045523/http://photoarchives.evergreen.edu/dcs/orders/Community-Interest/Rachel_Corrie_Memorial+-Peace_Vigil/
  4. ^ http://www.guardian.co.uk/israel/Story/0,2763,916299,00.html
  5. ^ http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1329/is_5_28/ai_107897303/
  6. ^ http://www.ccmep.org/2003_articles/Palestine/032003_the_moments_before.htm
  7. ^ http://israelbehindthenews.com/Archives/Mar-21-03.htm#image
  8. ^ http://bsd.motherjones.com/news/feature/2003/09/ma_497_01.html
  9. ^ http://israelbehindthenews.com/Archives/Mar-21-03.htm#image
  10. ^ http://electronicintifada.net/v2/article1248.shtml
  11. ^ http://bsd.motherjones.com/news/feature/2003/09/ma_497_01.html
  12. ^ http://www.honestreporting.com/articles/45884734/critiques/Bulldozer_Accident.asp
  13. ^ http://www.guardian.co.uk/israel/Story/0,2763,936327,00.html
  14. ^ http://www.theolympian.com/home/news/20030614/frontpage/28005.shtml
  15. ^ http://www.boston.com/news/globe/editorial_opinion/oped/articles/2004/03/18/seeking_answers_from_israel/
  16. ^ http://palestinechronicle.com/article.php?story=20030415073448759
  17. ^ http://www.diamondbackonline.com/News/Diamondback/archives/2003/03/20/news4.html
  18. ^ http://www.diamondbackonline.com/News/Diamondback/archives/2003/03/20/news1.html
  19. ^ http://www.amnestyusa.org/regions/middleeast/document.do?id=DF899DD539B2344385256CEC007008D5
  20. ^ http://www.ci.berkeley.ca.us/citycouncil/2003citycouncil/packet/090903/2003-09-09%20Item%2047a-42a.pdf
  21. ^ http://www.criticalconcern.com/seeking_answers_from_israel_by_cynthia.htm
  22. ^ http://hrw.org/reports/2005/iopt0605/8.htm
  23. ^ http://observer.guardian.co.uk/focus/story/0,6903,919973,00.html
  24. ^ http://www.thenation.com/doc/20060403/weiss
  25. ^ http://www.counterpunch.org/davis03062006.html
  26. ^ Rachel Corrie Has Her Say as New York Premiere of Controversial Play Opens Oct. 15
  27. ^ http://www.tomgrossmedia.com/TheForgottenRachels.html
  28. ^ http://www.looksmartbonds.com/p/articles/mi_m1282/is_9_57/ai_n15630994
  29. ^ Corrie v. Caterpillar, Inc., 403 F.Supp.2d 1019 (W.D.Wash. 2005)
  30. ^ http://www.theolympian.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20060324/NEWS01/60324055
  31. ^ http://www.ca9.uscourts.gov/ca9/newopinions.nsf/6DFD4322CA06B5FA88257359005660A6/$file/0536210.pdf?openelement Text of the opinion by the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit (PDF file)
  32. ^ http://www.democracynow.org/article.pl?sid=05/03/16/1458237
  33. ^ http://www.ctv.ca/servlet/ArticleNews/story/CTVNews/20060104/egypt_gaza_060104?s_name=&no_ads=
  34. ^ http://web.israelinsider.com/Articles/Security/7453.htm
  35. ^ http://www.palsolidarity.org/main/2006/01/04/no-attempt-to-kidnap-rachel-corries-parents/
  36. ^ http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1136361016016&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull
  37. ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2006/01/05/wmid105.xml&sSheet=/news/2006/01/05/ixworld.html
  38. ^ http://www.ctv.ca/servlet/ArticleNews/story/CTVNews/20060104/egypt_gaza_060104?s_name=&no_ads=
  39. ^ http://news.independent.co.uk/world/middle_east/article336553.ece

General references

  • "Bulldozer accident" no byline, HonestReporting.com, March 20, 2003
  • "You may remember Rachel Corrie, the 23-year-old American radical who was crushed to death when she jumped in front of an Israeli army bulldozer" no byline, National Review, May 23, 2005
  • "Palestinians bulldoze Gaza crossing, enter Egypt", no byline, Associated Press, January 4, 2006
  • "Report: Palestinians bulldoze border fence, try to kidnap Corrie parents", no byline, Israelinsider, January 4, 2006
  • Bedein, David. "When Reuters Miscaptioned a Photo, They Changed an Accidental Death into a Murder", Israel Resource Review, March 21, 2003
  • Corrie, Rachel. "You Just Can't Imagine It", Common Dreams News Center, released March 19, 2003
  • Gross, Tom. "The Forgotten Rachels: Anti-Israel propaganda sells out on the London stage", The Spectator, October 22, 2005
  • Hammer, Joshua. "The death of Rachel Corrie: martyr, idiot, dedicated, deluded. Why did this American college student crushed by an Israeli bulldozer put her life on the line? And did it matter?", Mother Jones, Sept-October 2003
  • Jordan, Sandra. "Making of a martyr", The Observer, March 22, 2003
  • Overington, Caroline. "Bulldozer maker sued for role in peace activist's death", Sydney Morning Herald, March 17, 2005
  • Urquart, Conal. "Israeli report clears troops over US death", The Guardian, April 14, 2003
  • Viner, Katherine. "Let me fight my monsters", The Guardian, April 8, 2005
  • Weiss, Philip. Too Hot for New York The Nation, March 16, 2006

is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Nation (ISSN 0027-8378) is a weekly [1] U.S. periodical devoted to politics and culture, self-described as the flagship of the left. [2] Founded on July 6, 1865 as an Abolitionist publication, it is the oldest continuously published weekly magazine in the United States. ...

Further reading

Persondata
NAME Corrie, Rachel
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION activist
DATE OF BIRTH April 10, 1979
PLACE OF BIRTH Olympia, Washington, United States
DATE OF DEATH March 16, 2003
PLACE OF DEATH Rafah, Gaza Strip

  Results from FactBites:
 
ei: CORRIE, Rachel -- Peace Activist (816 words)
Rachel Corrie was a 23-year-old American peace activist from Olympia, Washington, who was crushed to death by an Israeli bulldozer on 16 March 2003, while undertaking nonviolent direct action to protect the home of a a Palestinian doctor, his wife, and three children from demolition.
On 16 March 2003, Photo story: Israeli bulldozer driver murders American peace activist, a report about the killing of Rachel Corrie was progressively published by EI founders Nigel Parry and Arjan El Fassed, as details of the events unfolded.
Rachel Corrie: On the Anniversary of a Death, Alison Weir (16 March 2005)
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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