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Encyclopedia > Rabat
Mausoleum of Mohammed V through mosque ruins
Mausoleum of Mohammed V through mosque ruins
NASA image of Rabat
NASA image of Rabat

Rabat (Arabic الرباط, transliterated ar-Rabāṭ or ar-Ribāṭ), population 1.2 million (2005 estimate), is the capital of the Kingdom of Morocco. It is also the capital of the Rabat-Salé-Zemmour-Zaer region. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 470 KB) Rabat (Maroc) Mausole de Mohammed V Auteur : Fabos 1/4/05 File links The following pages link to this file: Rabat ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 470 KB) Rabat (Maroc) Mausole de Mohammed V Auteur : Fabos 1/4/05 File links The following pages link to this file: Rabat ... Mausoleum of Mohammed V through mosque ruins The Mausoleum of Mohammed V contains the tombs of the Moroccan king and that of his two sons, Hassan II the former king and Abd allah. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1876x1064, 1795 KB) Image courtesy of Earth Sciences and Image Analysis Laboratory, NASA Johnson Space Center. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1876x1064, 1795 KB) Image courtesy of Earth Sciences and Image Analysis Laboratory, NASA Johnson Space Center. ... Arabic ( or just ) is the largest living member of the Semitic language family in terms of speakers. ... Transliteration is the practice of transcribing a word or text written in one writing system into another writing system. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about a city that serves as a center of government and politics. ... Rabat-Salé-Zemmour-Zaer Rabat-Salé-Zemmour-Zaer is one of the sixteen regions of Morocco. ...


The city is located on the Atlantic Ocean at the mouth of the river Bou Regreg. On the facing shore of the river lies Salé, Rabat's bedroom community. Together the two cities account for a population of 1.3 million. Rabat is located at 34°1'60" North, 6°49'60" West (34.0333, -6.8333). [1] Unfortunately, silting problems have diminished the city's role as a port; however, Rabat and Salé still maintain relatively important textile, food processing and construction industries; some are from sweatshop labor by major multinational corporations (see Salé). The Bou Regreg is a river located in Morocco, between Rabat and Sale. ... Salé (from the Berber word asla, meaning rock) is the twin city to Rabat, capital of Morocco. ... Commuters waiting for the morning train in Maplewood, New Jersey A bedroom community, dormitory town, or commuter town is a community that is primarily residential in character, with most of its workers commuting to a nearby town or city to earn their livelihood. ... Salé (from the Berber word asla, meaning rock) is the twin city to Rabat, capital of Morocco. ... Sunday textile market on the sidewalks of Karachi, Pakistan. ... Food processing is the set of methods and techniques used to transform raw ingredients into food for consumption by humans or animals. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Salé (from the Berber word asla, meaning rock) is the twin city to Rabat, capital of Morocco. ...


In addition, tourism and the presence of all foreign embassies in Morocco serve to make Rabat the second most important city in the country after the larger and more economically significant Casablanca. A diplomatic mission is a group of people from one nation state present in another nation state to represent the sending state in the receiving State. ... For other uses, see Casablanca (disambiguation). ...

Contents

History

Rabat's history began with a settlement, known as Chellah on the banks of the Oued Bou Regreg in the third century BC. In 40 AD, Romans took over Chellah and converted it to the Roman settlement of Sala Colonia. Rome held the colony until 250 AD when they abandoned it to Berber rulers. The Berbers played an important role in Muslim Spain. In 1146, the Almohad ruler Abd al-Mu'min turned Rabat's ribat into a full scale fortress to use as a launching point for attacks on Spain. In 1170, due to its military importance, Rabat acquired the title Ribatu l-Fath, meaning "stronghold of victory," from which it gets its current name. The Necropolis of Chellah or Chella is a complex of ancient and medieval ruins that lie on the outskirts of the Rabat, Morocco’s Ville Nouvelle, or modern section. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... The Amazighs (also called Berber people or Imazighen (ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⴻⵏ), free men, singular Amazigh) are an ethnic group autochthonous to Northwest Africa and speak various Berber languages. ... Al-Andalus is the Arabic name given the Iberian Peninsula by its Muslim conquerors; it refers to both the Caliphate proper and the general period of Muslim rule (711–1492). ... Events Saint Bernard of Clairvaux preaches the Second Crusade at Vezelay, Burgundy First written mention of Bryansk. ... The Almohad Dynasty (From Arabic الموحدون al-Muwahhidun, i. ... Abd al-Mumin (1094-1163) was the first Caliph of the Almohad Empire. ... December 29: Assassination of Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, in Canterbury cathedral City of Dublin captured by the Normans According to folklore, the Welsh prince Madoc sailed to North America and founded a colony. ...

Yaqub al-Mansur (known as Moulay Yacoub in Morocco), another Almohad Caliph, moved the capital of his empire to Rabat. He built Rabat's city walls and began construction on what would have been the world's largest mosque. However, Yaqub died and construction stopped. The ruins of the unfinished mosque, including the Hassan Tower, still stand today. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 737 KB) Rabat (Maroc) Tour Hassan Auteur : Fabos 1/4/05 File links The following pages link to this file: Rabat Hassan Tower ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 737 KB) Rabat (Maroc) Tour Hassan Auteur : Fabos 1/4/05 File links The following pages link to this file: Rabat Hassan Tower ... The Hassan Tower The Giralda, the Hassan Towers sister Hassan Tower or Tour Hassan (Arabic: برج حسان; transliterated: Burj Hassan) is the minaret of an incomplete mosque in Rabat, Morocco. ... Abu Yusuf Yaqub al-Mansur (c. ... The Hassan Tower The Giralda, the Hassan Towers sister Hassan Tower or Tour Hassan (Arabic: برج حسان; transliterated: Burj Hassan) is the minaret of an incomplete mosque in Rabat, Morocco. ...


Yaqub's death initiated a period of decline. The Almohad empire lost control of its possessions in Spain and much of its African territory, eventually leading to its total collapse. In the 13th century, much of Rabat's economic power shifted to Fez. In 1515 a Moorish explorer, El Wassan, reported that Rabat had declined so much that only 100 inhabited houses remained. An influx of Moriscos, who had been expelled from Spain, in the early 17th century helped boost Rabat's growth. This article is about the city Fez in Morocco. ... 1515 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the terrain type see Moor Moors is used in this article to describe the medieval Muslim inhabitants of al-Andalus and the Maghreb, whose culture is often called Moorish. For other meanings look at Moors (Meaning) or Blackamoors. ... Morisco (Spanish Moor-like) or mourisco (Portuguese) is a term referring to a kind of New Christian in Spain and Portugal. ...


Rabat and neighboring Salé united to form the Republic of Bou Regreg in 1627. The republic was run by Barbary pirates who used the two cities as base ports for launching attacks on shipping. The pirates did not have to contend with any central authority until the Alaouite Dynasty united Morocco in 1666. They attempted to establish control over the pirates, but failed. European and Muslims authorities continued to attempt to control the pirates over many years, but the Republic of Bou Regreg did not collapse until 1818. Even after the republic's collapse, pirates continued to use the port of Rabat, which led to the shelling of the city by Austria in 1829 after an Austrian ship had been lost to a pirate attack. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Alaouite Dynasty is the name of the current Moroccan royal family. ... 1666 is often called Annus Mirabilis. ... 1818 (MDCCCXVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


The French invaded Morocco in 1912 and established a protectorate. The French administrator of Morocco, General Hubert Lyautey, decided to relocate the country's capital from Fez to Rabat. Among other factors, rebellious Berbers (native Moroccans) had made Fez an unstable place. Sultan Moulay Youssef followed the decision of the French and moved his residence to Rabat. In 1913, Gen. Lyautey hired Henri Prost who designed the Ville Nouvelle (Rabat's modern quarter) as an administrative sector. When Morocco achieved independence in 1956, Mohammed V, the then King of Morocco, chose to have the capital remain at Rabat. 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Louis Hubert Gonzalve Lyautey (1854 - 1934), made Marshal of France in 1921, was the first French Resident-General in Morocco from 1912 to 1925. ... Sultan Yusef ben Hassan (1882–November 17, 1927) ruled the French Protectorate of Morocco from 1912 until his death. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mohammed V may refer to: Mohammed V of Morocco Mohammed V Stadium in Casablanca, Morocco Mohammed V International Airport in Casablanca, Morocco Mehmed V, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (Mohammed V is an obsolete transliteration) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might... This is a partial list of Kings of Morocco. ...


Major sites

Mausoleum of Mohammed V through mosque ruins The Mausoleum of Mohammed V contains the tombs of the Moroccan king and that of his two sons, Hassan II the former king and Abd allah. ... Mohammed V University (Rabat, Morocco) is- with the exception of Al Karaouiyine in Fes, the first modern university in Morocco. ... The Hassan Tower The Giralda, the Hassan Towers sister Hassan Tower or Tour Hassan (Arabic: برج حسان; transliterated: Burj Hassan) is the minaret of an incomplete mosque in Rabat, Morocco. ... The Necropolis of Chellah or Chella is a complex of ancient and medieval ruins that lie on the outskirts of the Rabat, Morocco’s Ville Nouvelle, or modern section. ...

Reference

  • Travel in Rabat-History

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Rabat
  • Rabat Touristic Portal
  • Rabat Portal
  • Entry in Lexicorient
  • rabatcity for more information
  • Rabat at "goruma" (german)

Coordinates: 34°02′N, 6°50′W Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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