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Encyclopedia > Raad van State

The Council of State is the name of an organ of government in many states, and especially in republics. The name Council of State is applied to different types of bodies in different states, from the formal name for the cabinet to a non-executive advisory body surrounding a head of state. It is sometimes (arguably erroneously) regarded as the republican equivalent of a privy council. The French for Council of State is "Conseil d'État". In a broad definition a republic is a state or country that is led by people who do not base their political power on any principle beyond the control of the people of that state or country. ... A privy council is a body that advises the head of state of a nation, especially in a monarchy. ...


Contemporary

  • Belgian Council of State - this is a judicial and advisory body. It assists the executive with legal advice and is the supreme court for administrative justice.
  • British Council of State - This body is the group of people who rule the United Kingdom when the Queen is on a short-term absence, e.g. Commonwealth tours, short-term illness, etc.
  • Cuban Council of State
  • Danish Council of State - this body is similar to a privy council. Its role is largely ceremonial and includes granting the royal assent and approving King's activities as head of state. It consists of all cabinet ministers and the Crown Prince or Heriditary Princess when he or she is of age.
  • Dutch Council of State - this is an advisory body to the government which consists of members of the royal family and Crown appointed members generally having political, commercial, diplomatic, or military experience. The Council of State must be consulted by the Dutch cabinet on proposed legislation before a law is submitted to the parliament and also serves as a channel of appeal for citizens against decisions of the executive branch.
  • Finnish Council of State - this is the Finnish cabinet. It consists of the prime minister and other ministers, and must enjoy the confidence of the Finnish parliament.
  • French Conseil d'État - this is a judicial and advisory body. It assists the executive with legal advice and is the supreme court for administrative justice.
  • Greek Council of State - this is the supreme administrative court of Greece and an administrative organ examining all presidential decrees before their issuing.
  • Irish Council of State - this body advises the President of Ireland in the exercise of most of her reserve powers. In practice it meets only rarely. The President is not obliged to heed its advice but must consult the body in certain circumstances.
  • Norwegian Council of State
  • Portuguese Council of State - an advisory body to the President of the Republic in the exercise of most of his or her reserve powers. It is summoned by the President whenever he wishes, and he is obliged to do so in case he dissolves the Assembly of the Republic or in case he declares war or peace. He or she is not bound by it.
  • Swiss Conseils d'État - In Switzerland a Conseil d'État heads the cantonal government of each French speaking canton.
  • Turkish Council of State
  • Vietnamese Council of State

In the United Kingdom, Counsellors of State are senior members of the British royal family to whom the Monarch, presently Queen Elizabeth II, delegates certain state functions and powers when she is abroad or unavailable for other reasons (such as short-term incapacity or sickness). ... The Council of State (Statsrådet) The Council of State (Statsrådet) is the Danish Privy Council. ... The granting of Royal Assent is the formal method by which the Sovereign of the United Kingdom, or the Sovereigns representative in Commonwealth Realms, completes the process of the enactment of legislation by formally assenting to an Act of Parliament. ... In the Netherlands, the Council of State is a constitutionally established advisory body to the government which consists of members of the royal family and Crown-appointed members generally having political, commercial, diplomatic, or military experience. ... The cabinet of the Netherlands or council of ministers plans and implements government policy. ... The executive is the branch of a government charged with implementing, or executing, the law and running the day-to-day affairs of the government or state. ... The Council of State (Finnish: Valtioneuvosto, Swedish: Statsrådet) is Finlands cabinet; it directs the Government of Finland. ... In France, the Conseil dÉtat (English: Council of State and sometimes Counsel of State) is an organ of the French national government. ... In Greece, the Counil of State (sometimes Counsel of State or State Council, Greek: Συμβούλιο της Επικρατείας) is, at the same time, an administrative organ (one of the three Big Bodies of the greek Public Administration) and the Supreme Administrative Court. ... The Council of State (Irish: Comhairle Stáit) is an organ established by the Constitution of Ireland to advise the President of Ireland in the exercise of many of her discretionary, reserve powers. ... The President of Ireland (Irish: Uachtarán na hÉireann) is the head of state of the Republic of Ireland. ... The Norwegian Council of State consists of the Monarch, a prime minister and at least seven ministers. ... The Council of State is an organ established by the Constitution of Portugal to advise the President of the Republic of Portugal in the exercise of many of his discretionary, reserve powers. ... Categories: Lists of office-holders | Portugal | Presidents of Portugal ... The Assembly of the Republic (Portuguese: Assembleia da República) is the Portuguese parliament; its building in Lisbon is referred to as Palácio de São Bento (Saint Benedicts Palace). ... The Turkish Council of State is the highest court in the Republic of Turkey and is based in Ankara. ...

Defunct

The English Council of State was first appointed by the Rump Parliament on 14 February 1649 after the execution of King Charles I. It was abolished on 25 April 1660 by the Convention Parliament just before the Restoration Charless execution on 30 January was delayed for several hours so... // Events January 30 - King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland is beheaded. ... Events Expulsion of the Carib indigenous people from Martinique by French occupying forces. ... The Council of State of the Republic of Poland was introduced by the 1947s Small Constitution. ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ...

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