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Encyclopedia > RMS Queen Elizabeth

RMS Queen Elizabeth was a steam-powered ocean liner of the Cunard Steamship Company. She first entered service as a troopship for World War II, and later served in her intended role as an ocean liner until her retirement in 1968. A postcard of SS United States. ... The Cunard Line is the British cruise line that operates the RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 (QE2) and RMS Queen Mary 2 (QM2) cruise ships. ... USS John Land (AP-167) in San Francisco Bay sometime in 1945-46; soldiers crowd the decks in anticipation of homecoming. ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead...

Contents

Construction

The Queen Elizabeth was launched at the John Brown & Company shipyard at Clydebank, Scotland, on September 27, 1938, and retired from service in 1968. Queen Elizabeth was the largest passenger steamship ever constructed and held the record for the largest passenger ship of any kind until being surpassed in 1996 by the Carnival Destiny. The ship was named for Queen Elizabeth, the wife of King George VI of the United Kingdom and queen consort at the time it was built. HMS Indefatigable being launched at Clydebank. ... Small shipyard in Klaksvík (Faroe Islands), reparing fishing vessels Dockyards and shipyards are places which repair and build ships. ... The post 1975 local government re-organisation coat of arms, adopted in 1975 The red saltire on the white field is for the ancient province of Lennox and for the towns more recent historic links to Ireland which previously used the same flag. ... Motto: (Latin for No one provokes me with impunity)1 Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official language(s) English, Gaelic, Scots 2 Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen of the UK Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of the UK Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification... September 27 is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... Paddle steamers - Lucerne-Switzerland Left: original paddlewheel from a paddle steamer on the lake of Lucerne. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... External links Carnival. ... Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (Elizabeth Angela Marguerite; 4 August 1900 – 30 March 2002) was the Queen Consort of King George VI from 1936 until his death in 1952. ... George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George Windsor) (14 December 1895 - 6 February 1952) became the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Emperor of India, upon the unexpected abdication of his brother, Edward VIII. He reigned from 11 December 1936 until his death. ... King George V of the United Kingdom and his consort, Queen Mary A queen consort is the wife and consort of a reigning king. ...


"The Breakout"

Having been launched only a year before the outbreak of World War II, the ship was still being fitted out at the start of the war. Because of her vulnerability to being bombed while still on the Clyde, it was decided that the ship should be moved. It was announced that she would sail for Southampton to complete fitting out. On March 3, 1940, the Queen Elizabeth sailed - however, on opening his sealed orders, the ship's Master, Captain Townley, found he was to take the Queen Elizabeth to New York. At the time she was due in Southampton, the city was bombed by the Luftwaffe. On arrival in New York, the Queen Elizabeth found herself moored alongside her running mate Queen Mary and the Normandie, the only time all three of the world's biggest liners would be pictured together. Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... The River Clyde, looking eastwards upstream, as it passes beneath the Kingston Bridge in Central Glasgow. ... Southampton is a city and major port situated on the south coast of England. ... March 3 is the 62nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (63rd in leap years). ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... Nickname: Big Apple; City that never Sleeps; Gotham Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... RMS Queen Mary was a Cunard Line (then Cunard White Star Line) ocean liner that sailed the North Atlantic Ocean from 1936 to 1967. ... The poster Normandie (1935) is one of Cassandres most famous designs The Normandie was a French ocean liner built in Saint-Nazaire, France. ...


Troopship

Refitted for naval use in Singapore and Sydney, the Queen Elizabeth and its running mate, the Queen Mary, were used as troop transports during the war. Their high speeds allowed them to outrun hazards, foremostly German U-boats, allowing them to travel without a convoy. During its naval career, Queen Elizabeth carried more than 750,000 troops and sailed some 500,000 miles. The Sydney Opera House on Sydney Harbour Sydney (pronounced ) is the most populous city in Australia with a metropolitan area population of over 4. ... RMS Queen Mary was a Cunard Line (then Cunard White Star Line) ocean liner that sailed the North Atlantic Ocean from 1936 to 1967. ... U-boat is also a nickname for some diesel locomotives built by GE; see List of GE locomotives October 1939. ... A convoy is a group of vehicles traveling together for mutual support. ...


Liner

Following the end of the war, the Queen Elizabeth was able to be put to the use for which she was built; as part of Cunard's two ship, twice weekly service to New York. Together with the Queen Mary, and in competition with the SS United States, they dominated the transatlantic passenger trade until their fortunes began to decline with the advent of the faster and more economical jet airliner in the mid 1950s. For a short time, the Queen Elizabeth served a dual role; when not plying its usual transatlantic route, it operated as a cruise ship travelling between New York and Nassau. Cunard retired both ships by 1969 and replaced them with a single, smaller ship, the RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 (the QE2). Although christened by Queen Elizabeth II, the QE2 was actually named after Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, queen consort of George VI of the United Kingdom, being the second ship to bear the name. The SS United States (also known as The Big U) is an ocean liner built in 1952. ... For the similarly named rock band, see TransAtlantic. ... An Airbus A340 airliner operated by Air Jamaica An airliner is a large fixed-wing aircraft whose primary function is the transportation of paying passengers. ... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  Ranked 27th  - Total 54,520 sq mi (141,205 km²)  - Width {{{WidthUS}}} miles (455 km)  - Length 330 miles (530 km)  - % water 13. ... Map of the Bahamas Nassau is the capital city of the Bahamas. ... 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... The RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 (QE2) is a Cunard Line ocean liner named after the earlier Cunard liner Queen Elizabeth. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of 16 sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (Elizabeth Angela Marguerite; 4 August 1900 – 30 March 2002) was the Queen Consort of King George VI from 1936 until his death in 1952. ... George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George Windsor) (14 December 1895 - 6 February 1952) became the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Emperor of India, upon the unexpected abdication of his brother, Edward VIII. He reigned from 11 December 1936 until his death. ...


Final years

The wreck of the Seawise University, the former Queen Elizabeth.
The wreck of the Seawise University, the former Queen Elizabeth.

In 1968, the Queen Elizabeth was sold to a group of Philadelphia businessmen who intended to operate the ship as a hotel and tourist attraction (similar to the RMS Queen Mary in Long Beach, California) in Port Everglades, Florida. Losing money and forced to close after being declared a fire hazard, it was sold in 1970 to Hong Kong tycoon C.Y. Tung. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1412x1059, 682 KB) RMS Queen Elizabeth in Victoria Harbour (Hong Kong), photo taken July 1972 by Barry Loigman, M.D. File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): RMS... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1412x1059, 682 KB) RMS Queen Elizabeth in Victoria Harbour (Hong Kong), photo taken July 1972 by Barry Loigman, M.D. File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): RMS... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the City That Loves You Back, the Quaker City, The Birthplace of America Motto: Philadelphia maneto - Let brotherly love continue Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D... RMS Queen Mary was a Cunard Line (then Cunard White Star Line) ocean liner that sailed the North Atlantic Ocean from 1936 to 1967. ... Port Everglades, in Broward County, Florida, is one of the United Statess top container ports with more than 5,400 ships at call in a year, a major petroleum storage and distribution hub, and a United States Navy liberty port. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... A business magnate, sometimes referred to as a mogul or a tycoon, is a person who controls a large portion of a particular industry and whose wealth derives primarily from said control. ... Tung Chao Yung (董兆榮 better known as 董浩雲, pinyin: Dōng Hàoyún, born 18th of the eighth lunar month in 1912; died April 15, 1982), also known as C. Y. Tung, was a Chinese shipping magnate, the founder of the Orient Overseas Line (now Orient Overseas Container Line or OOCL). ...


Tung, head of the Orient Overseas Line, intended to convert the ship into a university for the World Campus Afloat program (later reformed and renamed as Semester at Sea). Following tradition of the Orient Overseas Line, the ship was renamed Seawise University, as a play on Tung's initials. OOCL Shenzen, the first of twelve Worlds Largest SX-class Container Ships, 8063 TEU Capacity The Orient Overseas Container Line (OOCL) is a Hong Kong-based containerized shipping and logistics service company. ... Representation of a university class, 1350s. ... Semester at Sea is a study abroad program managed by the Institute for Shipboard Education (ISE) at the University of Pittsburgh in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ...


However, during the conversion, the vessel was gutted by a fire that broke out at different places onboard, believed to be arson, and toppled in shallow water on January 9, 1972. The wreckage was scrapped on the spot in 1974-1975, before the project could ever be truly realised. The Skyline Parkway Motel in Afton, Virginia after an arson fire on July 9, 2004. ... January 9 is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ...


The wreck was featured in the 1974 James Bond movie The Man with the Golden Gun, and was portrayed in the film as a covert base of operations for the British secret service. The James Bond 007 gun logo James Bond, codenamed 007, is a fictional British agent (the Bond character is usually referred to as a spy, but was actually a counter-agent and a professional assassin) created by writer Ian Fleming in 1952. ... The Man with the Golden Gun is the ninth film in the EON Productions James Bond series and the second to star Roger Moore as British Secret Service agent, Commander James Bond 007. ...


Timeline

  • January 31, 1968 – Cunard officially announces that the Queen Elizabeth will be retired by the end of the year.
  • April 16, 1968 – It is officially announced that the Queen Elizabeth will become a tourist attraction in Port Everglades, Florida similar to the Queen Mary in Long Beach, California. The Queen Elizabeth would be moored between piers 24 and 25 for approximately six months before being towed stern first to its final home along Ellen Drive, about a mile south of piers 24 and 25. This would be completed by January 1969.
  • November 28, 1968 – The Queen Elizabeth departs Southampton on her last voyage to Port Everglades.
  • December 7, 1968 – The Queen Elizabeth arrives off the coast of Florida, but takes a tour along the coast so final preparations can be made for the piers at which she will be moored.
  • December 8, 1968 – In the morning hours, the Queen Elizabeth arrives with great fanfare into Port Everglades. At 11:54AM EST, the Queen Elizabeth is completely settled into her temporary six month home between piers 24 and 25.
  • January 1969 – The Queen Elizabeth settles into her permanent home along a parking lot that runs parallel to Ellen Drive in Port Everglades.
  • February 14, 1969 – The Queen Elizabeth officially opens her doors to the public, incidentally on Valentine's Day.
  • May 1969 – Cunard, who still oversaw operations of the Queen Elizabeth in Port Everglades, becomes displeased with revenue and offers the Queen Elizabeth to the highest bidder to break even from debt.
  • July 19, 1969 – Cunard officially departs as the "parent" of the Queen Elizabeth, selling it to the group of men who originally oversaw the original founding of the Queen Elizabeth with Cunard in Port Everglades.
  • August 1969 – It is discovered that a security guard aboard the Queen Elizabeth set four fires during the month of August inside the ship to receive attention for discovering them. The small fires were all put out with little damage to the interior of the ship.
  • October 31, 1969 – A fifth fire is discovered and extinguished on the Queen Elizabeth.
  • November 11, 1969 – Port Everglades Fire Chief John Gerkin is shocked by the poor safety measures in place after touring the Queen Elizabeth, which could endanger the welfare of the ship, staff, and tour groups. Days later he orders the Queen Elizabeth closed to the public.
  • December 1969 – The Queen Elizabeth reopens to the public.
  • Winter 1970 – The owners of the Queen Elizabeth are faced with a multitude of debt.
  • May 25, 1970 – Approximately 70 mph winds during a hurricane cause the Queen Elizabeth to snap her mooring lines and drift approximately one hundred feet into the Intracoastal Waterway before being warped back into her berth by Navy crews of nearby vessels.
  • September 9, 1970 – The Queen Elizabeth is put up for auction. Its owners are buried in debt.
  • September 16, 1970 – The Queen Elizabeth is opened for the last time to the public in Port Everglades.
  • September 17, 1970 – After being purchased by C.Y. Tung of Hong Kong, the Queen Elizabeth is officially closed to the public.
  • January 1, 1971 – After a change in ownership and in crew, the Queen Elizabeth is prepared for its journey to Hong Kong.
  • February 10, 1971 – The Queen Elizabeth, now renamed the Seawise University, departs Port Everglades for Hong Kong. The voyage will take six months due to mechanical problems on the ship.
  • August 1971 – The Seawise University arrives in Hong Kong's Victoria Harbour and is docked in water outside the harbour's piers as it is converted into a floating university.
  • January 9, 1972 – Early in the day several fires break out almost simultaneously, and attempts to put them out flood the ship. It is believed the fires were arson because of the number and their suspicious origins. No culprits were ever found. Seawise University rolls over onto her starboard side by the afternoon.
  • 1973 – Footage is filmed of the wreck of the Seawise University for the James Bond movie The Man with the Golden Gun as the secret location of MI6 headquarters.
  • 1974 – The Man with the Golden Gun debuts in theaters worldwide.
  • 1975 – Seawise University - The Queen Elizabeth - is scrapped on the spot. Portions of the hull that were not salvaged were left at the bottom of the bay and were later incorporated into landfill for the new Hong Kong airport.

January 31 is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... April 16 is the 106th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (107th in leap years). ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... Port Everglades, in Broward County, Florida, is one of the United Statess top container ports with more than 5,400 ships at call in a year, a major petroleum storage and distribution hub, and a United States Navy liberty port. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Nickname: The International City (on flag), Friendly City (in Latin on citys seal), or the LBC Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: Country United States State California County Los Angeles County Mayor Bob Foster Area    - City 170. ... November 28 is the 332nd day (333rd on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... Southampton is a city and major port situated on the south coast of England. ... December 7 is the 341st day (342nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... December 8 is the 342nd day (343rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... Public is of or pertaining to the people; belonging to the people; relating to, or affecting, a nation, state, or community; opposed to private; as, the public treasury, a road or lake. ... July 19 is the 200th day (201st in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 165 days remaining. ... 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... October 31 is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 61 days remaining. ... 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... May 25 is the 145th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (146th in leap years). ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... Cyclone Catarina, a rare South Atlantic tropical cyclone viewed from the International Space Station on March 26, 2004 Hurricane and Typhoon redirect here. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... September 9 is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years). ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... September 16 is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years). ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... September 17 is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years). ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ... February 10 is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ... January 9 is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... The Skyline Parkway Motel in Afton, Virginia after an arson fire on July 9, 2004. ... The James Bond 007 gun logo James Bond, codenamed 007, is a fictional British agent (the Bond character is usually referred to as a spy, but was actually a counter-agent and a professional assassin) created by writer Ian Fleming in 1952. ...

References

  • Butler, D. A. (2002). Warrior Queens: The Queen Mary and Queen Elizabeth in World War II (1st ed.). Mechanicsburg: Stackpole Books.
  • Galbraith, R. (1988). Destiny's Daughter: The Tragedy of RMS Queen Elizabeth. Vermont: Trafalgar Square.

External links

  • RMS Queen Elizabeth story and picture
  • Maritimematters.com: The ELIZABETH in Florida
  • An Empress Incognito

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