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Encyclopedia > RMS Mauretania (1906)

The Mauretania
Career British Blue Ensign
Nationality: British
Owners: Cunard Line
Builders: Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson yards in Wallsend, Tyne and Wear
Laid down: 1904
Launched: September 20, 1906
Christened: September 20, 1906, by the Duchess of Roxburghe
Maiden voyage: November 16, 1907
Fate: Scrapped, 1935.
General Characteristics
Tonnage: 31,938
Length: 790 feet (240.8 m)
Beam: 88 feet (26.8 m)
Power: Steam turbines, 68,000 shaft horsepower (51 MW), designed speed 25 knots (46 km/h),
Propulsion: Four quadruple screw propellers
Speed: 27 knots
Passenger Capacity: 2165: 563 first class, 464 second class, 1138 third class
Crew: 802

RMS Mauretania (also known as "Maury"), sister ship of the Lusitania, was an ocean liner built by Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson at Wallsend, Tyne and Wear, and was launched on September 20, 1906. At the time, she was the largest and fastest ship in the world. Particularly notable was her steam turbine propulsion, which was a revolutionary development in ocean liner design. Mauretania became a favourite among the passengers because of her luxury, speed and safety. Image File history File links The RMS Mauretania at sea File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Government_Ensign_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Cunard Line, formerly Cunard White Star Line, is a British cruise line, operator of ocean liners RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 (QE2) and RMS Queen Mary 2 (QM2). ... Swan Hunter, formerly known as Swan Hunter & Wigham Richardson, is one of the best known shipbuilding companies in the United Kingdom. ... Wallsend is a town on the north bank of the River Tyne in North Tyneside, Tyne and Wear, England. ... Tyne and Wear is a metropolitan county in the North East of England around the mouths of the Rivers Tyne and Wear. ... September 20 is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years). ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... September 20 is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years). ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 45 days remaining. ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... Royal Mail Ship (or Steamer), usually seen in its abbreviated form RMS, is the ship prefix used of any seagoing vessel that carries mail under contract to the British Royal Mail. ... In Antiquity, Mauretania was originally an independent Berber kingdom on the Mediterranean coast of north Africa (named after the Maure tribe, after whom the Moors were named), corresponding to western Algeria, and northern Morocco. ... A sister ship is a ship of the same class as, or of virtually identical design to, another ship. ... The RMS Lusitania was a British ocean liner owned by the Cunard Steamship Line Shipping Company, built by John Brown and Company of Clydebank, Scotland, and launched on Thursday, June 7, 1906. ... A postcard of SS United States. ... Swan Hunter, formerly known as Swan Hunter & Wigham Richardson, is one of the best known shipbuilding companies in the United Kingdom. ... Wallsend is a town on the north bank of the River Tyne in North Tyneside, Tyne and Wear, England. ... Tyne and Wear is a metropolitan county in the North East of England around the mouths of the Rivers Tyne and Wear. ... September 20 is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years). ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... A rotor of a modern steam turbine, used in a power plant A steam turbine is a mechanical device that extracts thermal energy from pressurized steam, and converts it into useful mechanical work. ...


The name Mauretania was originated from a Berber kingdom on the Mediterranean coast of north Africa (named after the Maure tribe, after whom the Moors were named), not related to the modern Mauritania. The Berbers (also called Amazigh people or Imazighen (ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⴻⵏ), free men, singular Amazigh) are an ethnic group autochthonous to Northwest Africa and speak various Berber languages. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Moorish Ambassador to Queen Elizabeth I of England The Moors were the medieval Muslim inhabitants of al-Andalus (the Iberian Peninsula including present day Gibraltar, Spain and Portugal) as well as the Maghreb and western Africa, whose culture is often called Moorish. ...

Contents

Beginning

Mauretania during her speed trials off St. Abbs Head

In 1897 the German liner Kaiser Wilhelm der Große became the largest and fastest ship in the world. With a speed of 22 knots, it snatched the Blue Riband from Cunard Line's Campania and Lucania. At around the same time American financier J. P. Morgan’s International Mercantile Marine Co. was attempting to monopolize the shipping trade, and had already acquired Britain's other major transatlantic line White Star. In the face of these threats Cunard Line was determined to regain the prestige of ocean travel back not only to the company, but also to Great Britain. In 1903, Cunard Line and the British government reached an agreement to build two superliners, the Lusitania and Mauretania, which would be not only the fastest ships in the world, but also the largest and the most luxurious of all. The British government were to lend £ 2,600,000 for the construction with a stipulation that the ships could be converted to Armed Merchant Cruisers if needed. In 1906, Mauretania was launched by the Duchess of Roxburghe. The main difference between the Mauretania and the Lusitania was that the Mauretania was five feet longer and had different vents (Mauretania had cowl vents and the Lusitania had oil drum shaped vents). Mauretania was also fitted with propellers of larger diameter and with more blades, making her slightly faster than the Lusitania. The Mauretania and Lusitania were the only ships with direct-drive steam turbines to hold the Blue Riband; later ships had reduction-geared turbines. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 504 pixelsFull resolution (3275 × 2062 pixel, file size: 782 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) RMS Mauretania (1906) during her speed trials, heading south past St. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 504 pixelsFull resolution (3275 × 2062 pixel, file size: 782 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) RMS Mauretania (1906) during her speed trials, heading south past St. ... Kaiser Wilhelm der Große, (Kaiser William the Great), named after the then Kaisers grandfather, Kaiser Wilhelm I, was a German ocean liner of the Norddeutscher Lloyd shipping line. ... The Blue Riband is an award held by the ship with the record for a transatlantic crossing. ... John Pierpont Morgan (April 17, 1837 – March 31, 1913) was an American financier, banker, philanthropist, and art collector who dominated corporate finance and industrial consolidation during his time. ... The International Mercantile Marine Co. ... White Star Line logo and burgee. ... The United Kingdom is a unitary state and a democratic constitutional monarchy. ... Auxiliary cruisers were merchant ships taken over for conversion into a vessel armed with cruiser-size guns, and employed either for convoy protection against true cruisers, or for commerce-raiding missions, where its appearance was used to trick merchant ships into approaching. ... Anne Emily, Duchess of Roxburghe (14 November 1854-20 June 1923) was born Anne Emily Spencer-Churchill, and was the daughter of the seventh Duke of Marlborough, who served in Conservative governments as Lord President of the Council and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. ...

This picture shows the Mauretania. (The caption on the original postcard is incorrect.)

She left Liverpool on her maiden voyage on 16 November 1907, and later that month captured the record for the fastest eastbound crossing of the Atlantic with an average speed of 23.69 knots (43.87 km/h). In September, 1909, the Mauretania captured the Blue Riband for the fastest westbound crossing - a record that was to stand for more than 20 years. Her record was broken by the German ocean liner, Bremen, in 1929. In January 26, 1914, while Mauretania was in the middle of annual refit in Liverpool, four men were killed and six were injured when a gas cylinder exploded while they were working on one of her steam turbines. Fortunately, the damage was minimal and she returned to service two months later. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Liverpool skyline. ... The maiden voyage of a ship or aircraft is the first cruise or flight in revenue service, typically following a series of shakedown cruises or test-flights. ... November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 45 days remaining. ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... A knot is a unit of speed, abbreviated kt or kn. ... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Blue Riband is an award held by the ship with the record for a transatlantic crossing. ... Image:SS Bremen 1920 profile NYC.png The profile of the Bremen as originally built - the funnels were raised by five meters in 1930. ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...

World War I

Shortly after Great Britain declared war on Germany in August 4, 1914, Mauretania and her sister Lusitania were requested by the British government to become an armed merchant cruiser, but their huge size and massive fuel consumption made them unsuitable for the duty; leading to them resuming their civilian service on August 11. Later, due to lack of passengers crossing the Atlantic, Mauretania was laid up in Liverpool until May of 1915, when her sister ship Lusitania was sunk by U-boat. Mauretania was about to fill the void left by Lusitania, but she was ordered by the British government to serve as a troopship to carry British troops during the Gallipoli campaign. She avoided becoming prey for German U-boats because of her high speed and the seamanship of her crew. When combined forces from the British empire and France began to suffer heavy casualties, Mauretania was ordered to serve as a hospital ship, along with her fellow Cunarder Aquitania and White Star's Britannic, in order to treat the wounded until January 25, 1916. Seven months later, Mauretania once again became a troop ship when requestioned by the Canadian government to carry Canadian troops from Halifax to Liverpool. Her war duty was not yet over when the United States declared war on Germany in 1917, and she carried thousands of American troops until the end of the war. August 4 is the 216th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (217th in leap years), with 149 days remaining. ... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... USS John Land (AP-167) in San Francisco Bay sometime in 1945-46; soldiers crowd the decks in anticipation of homecoming. ... Battle of Gallipoli Conflict First World War Date 19 February 1915 - 9 January 1916 Place Gallipoli peninsula, Turkey Result Ottoman victory The Battle of Gallipoli took place on the Turkish peninsula of Gallipoli in 1915 during the First World War. ... The Aquitania was an ocean liner built by John Brown and Company, Clydebank, Scotland, for the Cunard Line. ... HMHS Britannic (1914), the third Olympic-class ocean liner of the White Star Line, sister ship of RMS Olympic and RMS Titanic, sank in 1916 after hitting a mine with the loss of 30 lives. ... January 25 is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... System of government Canada is a constitutional monarchy as a Commonwealth Realm (see Monarchy in Canada) with a federal system of parliamentary government, and strong democratic traditions. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = E Mari Merces (Wealth from the Sea) Logo: Location City Information Established: April 1, 1996 Area: (former city) 79. ...


Post-war and demise

Mauretania returned to civilian service on September 21, 1919. Her busy sailing schedule prevented her from having a massive overhaul scheduled in 1920. However, in 1921, Cunard Line forced her out of the service when the fire broke out in the first class cabin and decided to give her a much needed overhaul. Like the RMS Olympic, her boilers were converted from coal to fuel oil. In 1922 she returned to service and later she broke her own Atlantic record with a speed of 26 knots. In 1928 Mauretania was modernised with new interior design and in the next year her speed record was broken by a German liner SS Bremen with a speed of 28 knots. On August 27, 1929, Mauretania collided with a train ferry near Robbins Reef; fortunately, no one was killed or injured and her damage was quickly repaired. In 1930, with a combination of the Great Depression and newer competition, Mauretania became a dedicated cruise ship to keep her busy. When Cunard Line merged with White Star Line in 1934, Mauretania, along with Olympic, Majestic and other aging ocean liners, had to be retired in order to make room for 81,000 tonnes Queen Mary. September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years). ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... RMS Olympic was the first of her class of ocean liners built for the White Star Line, which also included the ill-fated liners Titanic and Britannic. ... August 27 is the 239th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (240th in leap years), with 126 days remaining. ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Great Depression was a time of economic down turn, which started after the stock market crash on October 29, 1929, known as Black Tuesday. ... Pacific Sky sails under Sydney Harbour Bridge A cruise ship or a cruise liner is a passenger ship used for pleasure voyages, where the voyage itself and the ships amenities are considered an essential part of the experience. ... White Star Line logo and burgee. ... RMS Queen Mary was a Cunard Line (then Cunard White Star Line) ocean liner that sailed the North Atlantic Ocean from 1936 to 1967. ...


The Mauretania is remembered in a song "Firing the Mauretania", with versions collected separately by Redd Sullivan and Hughie Jones. They both start "In 19 hundred and 24, I… got a job on the Mauretania"; but then go on to say "shovelling coal from morn till night" (not possible in 1924 as she was oil-fired by then); the number of "fires" is said to be either 64 or 34; but perversely the last verse on Hughie's version says "trimmers" not "stokers", so perhaps this is a reference to oil.


Cunard withdrew the Mauretania from service following a final eastward crossing from New York to Southampton in September, 1934. The ship was laid up, her furnishings were sold at auction, and in July, 1935, the Mauretania headed for the breaker's yard at Rosyth. The Cunard Line, formerly Cunard White Star Line, is a British cruise line, operator of ocean liners RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 (QE2) and RMS Queen Mary 2 (QM2). ... NY redirects here. ... Southampton is a city, unitary authority and major port situated on the south coast of England. ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... Rosyth (pronounced Ross-sythe) (Scottish Gaelic: Ros Saoithe) is located on the Firth of Forth on Scotlands east coast, a mile (1. ...


Some of the furnishings from the RMS Mauretania were installed in a bar/restaurant complex in Bristol called the Mauretania Bar (now Bar III), situated at the bottom of Park Street (the hill leading to the Wills Memorial Building of Bristol University) behind the Council House on College Green. The lounge bar was paneled with mahogany, which came from her 1st class library. The neon sign on the south wall still advertises the "Mauretania". View from Cumberland Basin of the Clifton Suspension Bridge and the Avon Gorge Bristol (IPA: ) is a city, unitary authority and ceremonial county in South West England, 115 miles (185 km) west of London and between the cities of Bath, Gloucester and Newport. ... The Mauretania Public House is on Park Street, Bristol. ... The Wills Memorial Building Park Street in Bristol runs from College Green, Bristol up a steep incline northwards to join Park Row at the southern apex of the Clifton Triangle. ... The Wills Memorial Building The Wills Memorial Building is situated at the top of Park Street in Queens Road in Bristol, United Kingdom. ... The University of Bristol was founded in 1876 as the University College, Bristol. ... The Council House. ... College Green is a public open space in Bristol, England. ...


See also

The RMS Lusitania was a British ocean liner owned by the Cunard Steamship Line Shipping Company, built by John Brown and Company of Clydebank, Scotland, and launched on Thursday, June 7, 1906. ...

Sources

External links

Preceded by
Lusitania
Holder of the Blue Riband (Westbound)
1909–1929
Succeeded by
Bremen
Preceded by
Lusitania
Holder of the Blue Riband (Eastbound)
1907–1929
Succeeded by
Bremen
Preceded by
Lusitania
World's Largest Passenger Ship
1907–1911
Succeeded by
Olympic

  Results from FactBites:
 
Hospital Ships - Mauritania - Aquitania - Rohilla (478 words)
She was launched on 20th September 1906 by the Duchess of Roxburge.
Her name "Mauretania" originated from a Berber kingdom on the coast of North Africa.
She was then refitted as a passenger liner until the RMS Queen Mary made her obsolete on 30 th June 1934 and was scrapped in 1935.
Wikipedia search result (5856 words)
RMS Titanic was a British Olympic class passenger liner that became famous for her collision with an iceberg on 14 April 1912 and dramatic sinking on 15 April 1912.
Photograph of an iceberg in the vicinity of the RMS Titanic’s sinking taken on April 15, 1912 by the chief steward of the liner Prinz Adelbert.
RMS Titanic Inc., a subsidiary of Premier Exhibitions Inc., and its predecessors have conducted seven expeditions to the wreck between 1987 and 2004 and salvaged over 5,500 objects.
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