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Encyclopedia > RKO General
The classic logo of RKO Radio Pictures.

RKO (Radio-Keith-Orpheum) Pictures is an American film company. RKO Radio Pictures logo This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... RKO Radio Pictures logo This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... Film refers to the celluloid media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as part of the entertainment industry. ...


The company was formed in 1929 from the merger of the Keith-Albee-Orpheum (KAO) theater company, Joe Kennedy's Film Booking Office (FBO), Pathé, and the Radio Corporation of America (RCA). Kennedy had bought the basis of FBO in 1925, RCA took a share in FBO in 1927 and Kennedy had acquired a share of KAO in the same year. Kennedy then forced the chairman of KAO out and took over before selling out the two companies to RCA, creating RKO. 1929 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... This page deals with the combination of two companies into one. ... Joseph Joe Patrick Kennedy, Sr. ... RCA, formerly an initialism for the Radio Corporation of America, is now a trademark used by two companies for products descended from that common ancestor: Thomson Consumer Electronics, which manufactures RCA-branded televisions, DVD players, video cassette recorders, direct broadcast satellite decoders, camcorders, audio equipment, telephones, and related accessories; and... Events January-May January 3 - Benito Mussolini announces he is taking dictatorial powers over Italy. ... Events January 7 - First transatlantic telephone call - New York City to London January 9 - Military rebellion crushed in Lisbon January 14 - Paul Doumer elected president of France January 19 - Britain sends troops to China February 12 - First British troops lad on Shanghai February 14 - Earthquake in Yugoslavia - 700 dead February...

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RKO Radio Pictures

RCA purchased its way into the motion picture business to have an outlet for its new variable density optical sound-on-film system, RCA Photophone. All of the major studios and their theater divisions had already signed exclusive contracts to use the other sound-on-film system, AT&T Western Electric division's Westrex variable area optical sound-on-film system. The term "RKO Radio Pictures" was in honor of the ownership by RCA. AT&T (formerly an abbreviation for American Telephone and Telegraph) Corporation (NYSE: T) is an American telecommunications company. ... Western Electric (sometimes abbreviated WECo) was a US electrical engineering company, the manufacturing arm of the Bell Telephone Company from 1881 to 1984 . ...


In the 1930s, RKO churned out movies at the rate of forty per year as RKO Radio Pictures, and signed a lucrative distribution deal with Walt Disney Productions in 1936 that would last until 1954. During this time the RKO Studio Club was founded by Errol Leslie "Sandy" Sanders. Events and trends Technology Jet engine invented Science Nuclear fission discovered by Otto Hahn, Lise Meitner and Fritz Strassmann Pluto, the ninth planet from the Sun, is discovered by Clyde Tombaugh British biologist Arthur Tansley coins term ecosystem War, peace and politics Socialists proclaim The death of Capitalism Rise to... Alternate meanings: Disney (disambiguation) The Walt Disney Company (also known as Disney Enterprises, Inc. ... 1936 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1954 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...


The studio produced movies with Katharine Hepburn, Cary Grant, Orson Welles, Johnny Weissmuller, Robert Mitchum, Bette Davis, Mary Pickford, John Ford, George Cukor, Douglas Fairbanks and Alfred Hitchcock. Katharine Hepburn Katharine Houghton Hepburn (May 12, 1907 – June 29, 2003) was an iconic star of American film and stage, widely recognized for her sharp wit, New England gentility and fierce independence. ... Cary Grant Cary Grant ( January 18, 1904 – November 29, 1986) was an English-born American film actor. ... Orson Welles, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1937 George Orson Welles (May 6, 1915 – October 10, 1985) is generally considered one of Hollywoods greatest directors, as well as a fine actor, broadcaster and screenwriter. ... Johnny Weissmuller (June 2, 1904 – January 20, 1984) was an American swimmer and actor. ... Robert Charles Duran Mitchum (August 6, 1917 - July 1, 1997) was an American film actor and native of Bridgeport, Connecticut who is largely remembered for his starring roles in several major works of the film noir genre. ... Ruth Elizabeth Davis (April 5, 1908 – October 6, 1989), better known as Bette Davis, was an Academy Award winning American actress. ... Mary Pickford Mary Pickford (April 8, 1892 – May 29, 1979) was a motion picture star, known as Americas Sweetheart and the girl with the curl. ... John Ford (February 1, 1894 - August 31, 1973) was one of the most accomplished American film directors of the 1930s to 1960s, known particularly as a director of the Westerns, although his tributes to the veterans of World War II and Americana are also equally effective. ... George Cukor (July 7, 1899 - January 23, 1983) was an American film director. ... Douglas Fairbanks is a name shared by two actors, father and son: Douglas Fairbanks, Sr. ... Alfred Hitchcock Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock, KBE (13 August 1899 – 29 April 1980) was a British film director closely associated with the suspense genre. ...


Titles produced include King Kong, Citizen Kane, It's a Wonderful Life, Gunga Din, Suspicion, The Hunchback of Notre Dame, Hitler's Children, The Bells of St. Mary's, The Best Years of Our Lives, The Magnificent Ambersons and nine Fred Astaire-Ginger Rogers musicals. King Kong is a classic 1933 Hollywood horror/adventure film from RKO about a gigantic prehistoric gorilla, brought from a remote island to New York City to be exhibited as a natural wonder, that escapes to cause mass destruction. ... Citizen Kane is the first feature film directed by Orson Welles (he had directed two short films previously), and is loosely based on the life of the newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst and the reclusive aerospace and movie mogul Howard Hughes. ... Its a Wonderful Life is a 1946 Frank Capra film, released originally by RKO Radio Pictures. ... Gunga Din (1892) is one of the more famous poems by Rudyard Kipling. ... Suspicion (1941) is a film noir directed by Alfred Hitchcock starring Cary Grant and Joan Fontaine as a married couple. ... The Hunchback of Notre Dame (in French, Notre-Dame de Paris) was a novel first published in 1831 by the French literary giant Victor Hugo. ... The Bells of St. ... The Best Years of Our Lives is a 1946 movie about three servicemen (an airman, a soldier, and a sailor) trying to piece their lives back together after coming back home from WWII. It is based on a novel by MacKinlay Kantor, Glory for Me. ... The Magnificent Ambersons is a 1918 novel by Booth Tarkington. ... Fred Astaire Fred Astaire (May 10, 1899 – June 22, 1987), born Frederick Austerlitz in Omaha, Nebraska, was an American film and Broadway ballroom dancer and actor. ... Virginia Katherine McMath (July 16, 1911 – April 25, 1995), better known as Ginger Rogers, was an American actress and dancer. ...


During the Great Depression the studio suffered and was not very profitable, but made a comeback in the 1940s. --209. ... Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century Decades: 1890s 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s - 1940s - 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s Years: 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 Events and trends Technology First nuclear bomb First cruise missile, the V1 flying bomb and the first ballistic missile, the...


RKO General

In 1948, a majority of RKO's stock was bought by Howard Hughes. During his tenure as owner the previously resurgent RKO suffered from Hughes' meddling and red-hunting. Hughes would shut down production for weeks or months at a time for various reasons. He ended his RKO association by selling the company to the General Tire and Rubber Company in 1955 for $25 million.The theater chain was separated during this period because of an antitrust case,eventually merging into the Century Circuit before the whole was taken over by Cineplex Odeon. 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Howard Robard Hughes (December 24, 1905–April 5, 1976) was at times a pilot, a movie producer, a playboy, an eccentric, a recluse, and one of the wealthiest persons in the world. ... The General Tire and Rubber Company was founded in 1915 in Akron, Ohio by William ONeill. ... 1955 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... The Hollywood Anti-trust Case of 1948 (or, in legal terms, the case of ) was a landmark court case that forever changed the way studios are run. ...


General Tire already owned several broadcasting interests, having purchased New England's Yankee Network in 1943 and General Teleradio (formed by the merger of the Don Lee Broadcasting System and Bamberger Broadcasting Service in 1950) in 1952. Thomas O'Neill, son of General Tire's founder William O'Neill and chairman of it broadcasting holdings, felt that General Tire's TV stations would need programming and the RKO film library would be the perfect asset. 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ... 1950 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1952 - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ...


General Tire was not interested in operating a studio lot, so it sold the production lot to Desilu Productions in 1957 for $6 million and RKO ceased film production entirely. The former RKO lot would be operated by Desilu until 1966, when Desilu was acquired by Gulf+Western and merged into G+W's Paramount Pictures unit to serve as the Paramount Television studios. It remains the Paramount Television lot to this day. Desilu Productions was a company jointly owned by American actors Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz. ... 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1966 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ...


Under General Tire the merged company first became RKO Teleradio Pictures, Inc. in 1956, then RKO Teleradio, Inc., in 1957, and finally settled on RKO General in 1958. 1956 was a leap year starting on Sunday. ... 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1958 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


RKO General had large radio and television holdings including KHJ Los Angeles, KFRC San Francisco, WHBQ Memphis, CKLW Detroit/Windsor, and WOR New York before a series of scandals involving illegal activities brought about forced divestiture of the stations starting with WNAC-TV Boston (now WHDH-TV) in 1982 and ending with KHJ-TV Los Angeles (now KCAL-TV) in 1989. KHJ Radio in Los Angeles, California was one of Americas most formidable Top 40 radio stations in the 1960s and 1970s as 93 KHJ. KHJ went on the air in 1922 with a frequency of 930 kHz. ... Griffith Observatory and the Downtown Los Angeles skyline. ... This article is about the city in California. ... City nickname: The River City or The Bluff City Location in the state of Tennessee County Shelby County, Tennessee Area  - Total  - Water 763. ... CKLW is a 50,000 watt AM radio station located in Windsor, Ontario. ... City motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes) City nicknames: The Motor City and Motown Location in the state of Michigan Founded July 24, 1701 County Wayne County Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick (Dem) Area  - Total  - Water 370. ... Motto: The river and the land sustain us. ... WOR is the callsign currently used by one broadcaster in New York, New York, and formerly used by two others: WOR AM WOR-FM is now WRKS-FM WOR-TV is now WWOR-TV This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share... Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the state of New York and the entire United States. ... WHDH-TV is the NBC affiliate in the Boston, Massachusetts television market. ... 1982 is a number and represents a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar Events January-February January 6 - William Bonin is convicted of being the freeway killer. January 8 - AT&T agrees to divest itself of twenty-two subdivisions January 11 - Mark Thatcher, son of the British... A calorie refers to a unit of energy. ... 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Licensing scandals

RKO General's licensing saga began in 1962 when the license for KHJ-TV 9 Los Angeles was challenged. During the FCC comparative hearings accusations of secret contracts requiring General Tire retailers to advertise with RKO General stations in their market and not to reveal the connection were made. The RKO General and General Tire executives who testified before the Federal Communications Commission rejected the accusations and the license was renewed without any direct documentary evidence of the offenses. 1962 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...


It would have ended there, but the next license to be challenged was for WNAC-TV 7 Boston, Massachusetts in 1969. During the discovery process for the hearings on WNAC-TV at the FCC, it was discovered that the accusations about secret contracts were in fact true and that General Tire had not revealed that information to the FCC when it was discovered by the company. Under FCC rules, those actions alone warranted RKO General being found to be unfit to be an FCC licensee, but RKO General then fought the license revocations for another 10 years and committed a number of other legal offenses during the process. The actual loss of licenses started with WNAC-TV on May 22, 1982 (becoming WNEV-TV) to New England Television and ended with the loss of KHJ-TV in 1989 to Young Broadcasters. It was the largest loss of licenses by any American broadcasting company in the history of American broadcasting. 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... May 22 is the 142nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (143rd in leap years). ... 1982 is a number and represents a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar Events January-February January 6 - William Bonin is convicted of being the freeway killer. January 8 - AT&T agrees to divest itself of twenty-two subdivisions January 11 - Mark Thatcher, son of the British... 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The FCC decision "...was not based on the quality of broadcast service...but on the question of RKO General's corporate integrity," Fortune noted (April 21, 1980). "General Tire was maintaining slush funds for such uses as improper overseas payments and questionable campaign contributions," Time later reported (August 24, 1987), and "allegedly filed false and misleading financial statements." Of particular concern was RKO General's lack of candor in reporting these wrongdoings to the FCC. April 21 is the 111th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (112th in leap years). ... 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... August 24 is the 236th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (237th in leap years), with 129 days remaining. ... 1987 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


RKO General was stripped of one station (Boston's WNAC-TV) without compensation, and was forced to sell other stations for less than full market value, resulting in major financial losses.


One other interesting item is the legislative maneuver RKO General attempted to keep at least one of its licenses. At the behest of General Tire, the United States Congress passed a law that would require the FCC to automatically renew the license of any VHF television station that voluntary relocated to the State of New Jersey. At that point, RKO General officially moved WOR-TV's license from New York City to Secaucus, NJ. It only gained enough time for one more license renewal, and the license for WOR-TV was sold to the MCA Universal Studio division in 1987 in a bidding war against Westinghouse, becoming WWOR-TV Secaucus. It is interesting to note that WOR Radio began in 1922 at the L. Bamberger & Company department store in downtown Newark, New Jersey. Bribery is the practice of offering a professional money or other favours in order to circumvent ethics in a variety of professions. ... 1987 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1922 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


In the middle of the RKO General legal process the parent company reorganized into a holding company, becoming GenCorp in 1984. General Tire and Rubber became an operating division, as did RKO General. 1984 is a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


RKO Pictures

RKO General was spun off by GenCorp in 1987, and renamed RKO Pictures in 1989 when it was acquired by Dina Merrill and Ted Hartley to once again make movies. 1987 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nedenia Marjorie Hutton (born 9 December 1925) is a United States actress known as Dina Merrill. ...


Some rights to a majority of the RKO film library were sold in the 1960s to United Artists, and later incorporated into MGM/UA, and in turn became part of the holdings of Turner Entertainment, where the rights stand today via Warner Bros., although RKO itself still holds some theatrical distribution rights. The United Artists Corporation (aka United Artists Pictures and United Artists Films) was formed on February 5, 1919 by four Hollywood greats: Charles Chaplin, Douglas Fairbanks, Mary Pickford and D. W. Griffith. ... For alternate meanings of MGM, see MGM (disambiguation). ... Turner Entertainment Company was established August 4, 1986 to oversee Turner Broadcastings film library after its acquisition of MGM/UA. In addition to the studio, Turner got its library, which included all of MGMs films, Warner Bros. ... The WB Shield, used from 2001 to late 2003. ...


RKO is famous for its "Globe and Radio Tower" logo.


External links

  • RKO Pictures (http://www.rko.com/)

 
 

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