FACTOID # 12: It's not the government they hate: Washington DC has the highest number of hate crimes per capita in the US.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "RER" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


RER
Paris public transport
Métro lines
line 1 line 7bis
line 2 line 8
line 3 line 9
line 3bis line 10
line 4 line 11
line 5 line 12
line 6 line 13
line 7 line 14
RER lines
line A line D
line B line E
line C
Suburban rail (Transilien)
Saint-Lazare Nord
La Défense Est
Montparnasse Lyon
Airport shuttles
CDGVAL Orlyval
Bus
Bus (RATP) Noctilien
  Bus (Optile)  
Tramway
Tramway T1 Tramway T2
Tramway T3 Tramway T4

The RER (Réseau Express Régional, IPA[ɛʀøɛʀ], "Regional Express Network") is a rapid transit system serving Paris, France. The RER is an integration of a modern city-centre subway and a pre-existing set of regional rail lines. Within the city of Paris, the RER serves as an express network, offering multiple connections with the Paris Métro. The central part of the RER was completed through a massive civil engineering effort between 1962 and 1977, and features some unusually spacious, deep stations. In 2007 the network consisted of five lines: A, B, C, D and E. The RER is still expanding — Line E was opened in 1999, and is a likely candidate for extension. Image File history File links RER_sign. ... Métro redirects here. ... Image File history File links Paris_m_1_jms. ... A line 1 train near pont de Neuilly Paris Métro Line 1 was the first metro line opened in Paris, France, in 1900. ... Image File history File links Paris_m_7bis_jms. ... Paris Métro Line 7bis is the second shortest line of the métro operating in Paris, France. ... Image File history File links Paris_m_2_jms. ... A line 2 train at Stalingrad Paris Métro Line 2 was the second metro line built in Paris, France. ... Image File history File links Paris_m_8_jms. ... Paris Métro Line 8 is one of 16 Métro lines in Paris, France. ... Image File history File links Paris_m_3_jms. ... Paris Metro Line 3 is one of 16 metro lines of the Paris, France metro. ... Image File history File links Paris_m_9_jms. ... Paris Métro Line 9 is one of 16 Métro lines in Paris, France. ... Image File history File links Paris_m_3bis_jms. ... Paris Métro Line 3bis is the shortest line of the Paris métro subway system. ... Image File history File links Paris_m_10_jms. ... Paris Métro Line 10 is one of 16 Métro lines in Paris, France. ... Image File history File links Paris_m_4_jms. ... Paris Métro Line 4 is the second busiest metro line serving Paris, France. ... Image File history File links Paris_m_11_jms. ... Paris Métro Line 11 is one of 16 Métro lines built in Paris, France. ... Image File history File links Paris_m_5_jms. ... Paris Métro Line 5 is one of the 16 metro lines built in Paris, France. ... Image File history File links Paris_m_12_jms. ... Paris Métro Line 12 is one of 16 Métro lines in Paris, France. ... Image File history File links Paris_m_6_jms. ... The line 6 is one of the 16 metro lines built in Paris, France. ... Image File history File links Paris_m_13_jms. ... Geographically accurate path of Paris Métro line 13. ... Image File history File links Paris_m_7_jms. ... Geographically accurate path of Paris metro line 7. ... Image File history File links Paris_m_14_jms. ... Line 14 of Paris Métro crosses the center of Paris and currently runs between the Saint Lazare and Bibliothèque François Mitterrand stations. ... Image File history File links Paris_rer_A_jms. ... An MI 2N at Charles de Gaulle - Étoile. ... Image File history File links Paris_rer_D_jms. ... The RER D is one of the five lines in the RER subway system serving Paris, France. ... Image File history File links Paris_rer_B_jms. ... The RER B is one of the five lines in the RER Rapid transit system serving Paris, France. ... Image File history File links Paris_rer_E_jms. ... People running to get in the RER Station Magenta on the RER E The RER E is one of the five lines in the RER subway system serving Paris, France. ... Image File history File links Paris_rer_C_jms. ... RER C train at St-Michel station. ... The Transilien is the brand name for railway services of the SNCF-owned railway network operating within Paris ÃŽle-de-France région. ... Image File history File links Paris_logo_banlieu_jms. ... Gare Saint-Lazare is Paris busiest railway station. ... Image File history File links Paris_logo_banlieu_jms. ... Transilien Paris – Nord is one of the sectors in the Paris Transilien suburban rail network. ... Image File history File links Paris_logo_banlieu_jms. ... Transilien La Défense is one of the sectors in the Paris Transilien suburban rail network. ... Image File history File links Paris_logo_banlieu_jms. ... Transilien Paris – Est is one of the sectors in the Paris Transilien suburban rail network. ... Image File history File links Paris_logo_banlieu_jms. ... Transilien Paris – Montparnasse is one of the sectors in the Paris Transilien suburban rail network. ... Image File history File links Paris_logo_banlieu_jms. ... Transilien Paris – Lyon is one of the sectors in the Paris Transilien suburban rail network. ... Image File history File links Paris_logo_orlyval_jms. ... CDGVAL is a system of internal automatic shuttle at the Charles de Gaulle International Airport, based on the VAL system. ... Image File history File links Paris_logo_orlyval_jms. ... Orlyval is a is a small automatic metro which runs a shuttle service to Pariss Orly Airport from the RER network, with which it connects at Antony station on line B. It was opened on October 2, 1991, the second line to use the VAL automatic metro. ... Image File history File links Paris_logo_bus_jms. ... RATP operate the majority of buses in central Paris. ... Image File history File links Paris_logo_noctilien_jms. ... Noctilien is the name of the night bus service in Paris and its agglomeration. ... Optile (Organisation Professionnelle des Transports dÃŽle-de-France, or Professional Transport Organisation of ÃŽle-de-France) is a public transport organisation, created in October 2000 from a merger between several private bus companies serving suburban Paris. ... Tram on line T1 in Bobigny. ... Image File history File links Paris_tram_1_jms. ... Tram on line T1 in Bobigny. ... Image File history File links Paris_tram_2_jms. ... Tramway line T2 (Trans Val-de-Seine) is a tramway just outside the limits of Paris proper, connecting La Défense with Issy-les-Moulineaux west of Paris. ... Image File history File links Paris_tram_3_jms. ... Tramway line T3 is the first modern tramway in Paris proper. ... Image File history File links Paris_tram_4_jms. ... Tramway line T4. ... “Mass Transit” redirects here. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Métro redirects here. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... An MI 2N at Charles de Gaulle - Étoile. ... The RER B is one of the five lines in the RER Rapid transit system serving Paris, France. ... RER C train at St-Michel station. ... The RER D is one of the five lines in the RER subway system serving Paris, France. ... People running to get in the RER Station Magenta on the RER E The RER E is one of the five lines in the RER subway system serving Paris, France. ...


The RER currently serves 258 stops and runs over 587 km (365 miles) of track, including 76.5 km (48 miles) underground. Thirty-three stops are within the city of Paris. Each line crosses the city almost exclusively underground and on dedicated tracks. Some parts of RER lines are operated by the city transport authority that operates the Métro (RATP) and others by the national rail company (SNCF); the differences are of little concern to riders during normal operations because of the seamless fare structure and absence of transfers at SNCF/RATP boundaries. In 2004, 782.9 million journeys were made on the RER.[citation needed] Typical RATP métro access turnstiles The Régie Autonome des Transports Parisiens (RATP/Autonomous Transport Region of Paris) is the major transit authority responsible for public transportation in Paris and its environs. ... SNCF (Société Nationale des Chemins de fer Français) (French National Railway Company) is a French public enterprise. ...


The RATP operates 66 RER stations, Line B south of Gare du Nord, (all south branches) and line RER A (all east branches), and the west branch to Saint Germain en Laye from Nanterre Prefecture. All RER track on lines RER A and RER B within Paris are maintained and operated by RATP.


SNCF RER D interlaces with RER B RATP rolling stock by sharing RATP track slots on line RER B between Gare du Nord and Chatelet. On the sections of shared track, each company operates separately. Therefore, the SNCF RER operates on RFF track and the RATP on its own. Of these RATP RER stations, 9 possess interchanges with Metro lines, and 9 with the Transilien SNCF service.[1]


The RATP celebrated the 30th anniversary of the opening of the RER A and RER B junction December 8, 2007.

Contents

History

Origins

The origins of the RER can be traced back to the 1936 Ruhlmann-Langewin plan of the Compagnie du chemin de fer métropolitain de Paris (Metropolitan Railway Company of Paris) for a wide-bodied "métropolitain express" (express metro). The CMP's post-war successor, the RATP, revived the scheme in the 1950s, and in 1960 an interministerial committee decided to go ahead with construction of a first, east-west, line. As its instigator, the RATP was granted authority to run the new link and the SNCF ceded operation of the Saint-Germain-en-Laye line (to the west of Paris) and the Vincennes line (to the east). The embryonic (and as yet unnamed) RER was not properly conceived until the 1965 Schéma directeur d'aménagement et d'urbanisme, which foresaw an "H"-shaped network with two north-south routes. Only a single north-south axis crossing the Left Bank has so far come to fruition, although the Métro's Line 13 has been extended to perform a similar function. This article is a translation of the French article Compagnie du chemin de fer métropolitain de Paris. ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway — usually in an urban area — with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... Typical RATP métro access turnstiles The Régie Autonome des Transports Parisiens (RATP/Autonomous Transport Region of Paris) is the major transit authority responsible for public transportation in Paris and its environs. ... Typical RATP métro access turnstiles The Régie Autonome des Transports Parisiens (RATP/Autonomous Transport Region of Paris) is the major transit authority responsible for public transportation in Paris and its environs. ... SNCF (Société Nationale des Chemins de fer Français) (French National Railway Company) is a French public enterprise. ... Coordinates Administration Country Region ÃŽle-de-France Department Yvelines (sous-préfecture) Arrondissement Saint-Germain-en-Laye Canton Chief town of 2 cantons Intercommunality none as of 2005 Mayor Emmanuel Lamy (2001-2008) Statistics Altitude 22 m–107 m (avg. ... Métro redirects here. ...


Pioneering

In the first phase of construction, the Saint-Germain and Vincennes lines became the ends of the east-west Line A, whose central section was opened station by station between 1969 and 1977. On its completion Line A was joined by the initial southern leg of the north-south Line B. During this first phase, six new stations were built, three entirely underground and all on a grand scale. An MI 2N at Charles de Gaulle - Étoile. ... The RER B is one of the five lines in the RER Rapid transit system serving Paris, France. ... For other uses, see RER (disambiguation). ...


Construction was ceremonially inaugurated by Robert Buron, Minister for Public Works, at the Pont de Neuilly on 6 July 1961, four years before the publication of the official network blueprint. The rapid expansion of the La Défense business district in the west made this western section of the new east-west route a priority. Such was the scale of the work that it was not until 12 December 1969 that the first new station — and the RER name — was inaugurated, at Nation on the eastern section. Nation thus became temporarily the new terminus of the Vincennes line from Boissy. A few weeks later came the long-awaited opening of the western line from Étoile (not yet renamed after Charles de Gaulle) to La Défense. A simple shuttle service, this western section was extended eastward to the newly-built central Auber station on 23 November 1971, and westward on 1 October 1972 to Saint-Germain-en-Laye through a connection to the Saint-Germain-en-Laye line, the oldest railway line into Paris, at Nanterre. Robert Buron was a French politician and Minister of Finance from 20 January 1955 to 23 February 1955 and Minister of Public Works, Transport, and Tourism during De Gaulles third term from 9 June 1958 to 8 January 1959. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... La Défense viewed across the Bois de Boulogne. ... is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... List of stations of the Paris Métro Nation is a station of the Paris Métro and of ÃŽle-de-Frances regional RER. It serves lines 1, 2, 6 and 9 of the Paris Métro and line A of the RER. It is named for the Place... List of stations of the Paris Métro Charles de Gaulle – Étoile is a station of the Paris Métro and of the RER urban rail network. ... This article is about the person. ... List of stations of the Paris Métro La Défense is a station of the Paris Métro, RER, and Transilien suburban rail lines. ... Auber is an RER station in Paris, and a feat of underground engineering. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar, known as the year of cyclohexanol. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... St Germains old station. ... Société Générale twin towers, located in Nanterre in the district of La Défense. ...


The RER network truly came into being on December 9, 1977 with the joining of the Nation-Boissy and Auber-Saint-Germain-en-Laye segments as the eastern and western halves of the RER Line A at Châtelet - Les Halles in the heart of Paris. The southern Ligne de Sceaux was simultaneously extended from Luxembourg to meet Line A at Châtelet – Les Halles, becoming the new Line B. The system of line letters was introduced to the public on this occasion, though it had been used internally at RATP and SNCF for some time. is the 343rd day of the year (344th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... List of stations of the Paris Métro Nation is a station of the Paris Métro and of ÃŽle-de-Frances regional RER. It serves lines 1, 2, 6 and 9 of the Paris Métro and line A of the RER. It is named for the Place... Auber is an RER station in Paris, and a feat of underground engineering. ... St Germains old station. ... Châtelet - Les Halles is a major subway hub in Paris. ... La Ligne de Sceaux is the traditional (unofficial) designation of a railway line connecting Paris with some of its southern suburbs. ...


Completion

A second phase, from the end of the 1970s, was of more soberly paced completion. The SNCF gained the right to operate its own routes, which became lines C, D and E. Extensive sections of suburban track were added to the network but only four new stations were built. Of these, two were comparable in audaciousness to those of the 1970s. The network was completed in the following stages:

  • Line C (following the Left Bank of the Seine) was added in 1979, involving the construction of a short cut-and-cover link between Invalides and Musée d'Orsay.
  • Line B extension to the Gare du Nord (1981) and the north (1983) was effected by a new deep tunnel from Châtelet - Les Halles.
  • Line D (north to south-east, via Châtelet – Les Halles) was completed in 1995, using a new deep tunnel between Châtelet – Les Halles and Gare de Lyon. No new building work was necessary at Châtelet – Les Halles, since, in an example of superb planning, additional platforms for Line D had been built at the time of the station's construction 20 years earlier.
  • Line E was added in 1999, connecting the north-east with Gare Saint-Lazare by means of a new deep tunnel from Gare de l'Est.

RER C train at St-Michel station. ... Invalides is a station of the Paris Métro and RER, located near and named after Les Invalides. ... Musée dOrsay is a station of the Paris RER. Lines serving this station RER Line C Adjacent stations Assemblée Nationale Solférino See also List of stations of the Paris RER List of stations of the Paris Métro ... Châtelet - Les Halles is a major subway hub in Paris. ... The RER D is one of the five lines in the RER subway system serving Paris, France. ... Inside the Gare de Lyon. ... People running to get in the RER Station Magenta on the RER E The RER E is one of the five lines in the RER subway system serving Paris, France. ... Gare Saint-Lazare is Paris busiest railway station. ... An RER train at Gare de lEst. ...

Finance

Two aspects of the RER's pioneering phase in the 1960s and 1970s are particularly noteworthy. The first is the spectacular scale and expense of the enterprise. For example, FRF 2 billion were committed to the project in the budget of 1973 alone. This equates to roughly € 1.37 billion in 2005 terms, and closer to double that as a proportion of the region's (then much smaller) economic output.[2] This and subsequent spending is partly explained by the regional transport contribution, a small levy made on businesses that evidently benefit from the vast labour market put at their disposal by the RER. This peculiarly French invention was passed by a law in June 1971 and has been a permanent source of revenue for transport investment ever since. ISO 4217 Code FRF User(s) Monaco, Andorra, France except New Caledonia, French Polynesia, and Wallis and Futuna ERM Since 13 March 1979 Fixed rate since 31 December 1998 Replaced by €, non cash 1 January 1999 Replaced by €, cash 1 January 2002 € = 6. ...


Second, it is striking how little public consultation was made over such expenditures and tax innovations. Contrary to the lively public debate that accompanied the building of the Métro 70 years previously, the RER aroused little media attention and was essentially decided behind the closed doors of cabinet meetings. The will, and even idealism, of a handful of people, notably Pierre Giraudet, Director-General of the RATP, proved decisive in persuading ministers to grant credits. So too did the united front presented by the RATP and SNCF and their success at keeping within their budgets. Given the subsequent success of the RER, the investment can be considered money well spent.[citation needed]


Maps

Central network of the RER at a geographically accurate scale
Vector map of the network
Vector map of the network

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (914x706, 343 KB) Summary Geographically accurate map of the central network of the RER in Paris, France. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (914x706, 343 KB) Summary Geographically accurate map of the central network of the RER in Paris, France. ... Image File history File links Paris_RER.svg‎ You can zoom! Use a software like http://www. ... Image File history File links Paris_RER.svg‎ You can zoom! Use a software like http://www. ...

Trains

The RER B at La Plaine - Stade de France.
The RER B at La Plaine - Stade de France.

The predominance of suburban SNCF track on the RER network explains why RER trains drive on the left, like SNCF trains (except in Alsace-Moselle), contrary to the Métro where trains drive on the right. RER trains run by the two different operators share the same track infrastructure, a practice called interconnection. On the RER, interconnection required the development of specific trains (MI 79 series for Materiel d'Interconnexion 1979, and MI 2N series for Materiel d'Interconnexion à 2 niveaux (double-deck interconnection stock)) capable of operating under both 1.5 kV direct current on the RATP network and 25 kV / 50 Hz alternating current on the SNCF network. The MS 61 series (Matériel Simple 1961) can be used only on the 1.5 kV DC network. Image File history File links RER-B_La-Plaine. ... Image File history File links RER-B_La-Plaine. ... The RER B is one of the five lines in the RER Rapid transit system serving Paris, France. ... The Alsace-Moselle is the current legal name of the France that was part of Germany from 1871 to 1919 (and then from 1940 to 1944_1945), consisting of the départements of Haut-Rhin and Bas-Rhin (both of which make up Alsace), and the département of Moselle (itself... MI 2N (Matériel dInterconnexion à 2 Niveaux in French, literally Double-decker Interconnection Hardware) is a type of electric multiple unit running on the French RER rail network, built by GEC Alstom and ANF for SNCF and RATP. Even the SNCF and RATP versions look very similar, they are... Typical RATP métro access turnstiles The Régie Autonome des Transports Parisiens (RATP/Autonomous Transport Region of Paris) is the major transit authority responsible for public transportation in Paris and its environs. ...


The RER's tunnels have unusually large cross-sections. This is due to a 1961 decision to build according to a standard set by the Union Internationale des Chemins de Fer, with space for overhead catenary power supply to trains. Single-track tunnels measure 6.30 m across and double-track tunnels up to 8.70 m, meaning a cross-sectional area of up to 50 square metres, larger than that of the stations on many comparable underground rail networks.[3] The International Union of Railways (French: Union Internationale des Chemins de Fer; abbreviation: UIC) is the name for the international rail transport industry body. ... For the railroad term see Overhead lines For its use in ring theory, see Catenary ring. ...


Lines

RER B station of Aéroport Charles de Gaulle 2.
RER B station of Aéroport Charles de Gaulle 2.
Paris RER lines
Line Name Opened Last
extension
Stations
served
Length Average
Interstation
Journeys made
(per annum)
Line A 1977 1994 46 108.5 km / 67.5 miles 2,411 m 272,800,000
Line B 1977 1981 47 80.0 km / 49.8 miles 1,739 m 165,100,000
Line C 1979 2000 85 185.6 km / 115.5 miles 2,184 m 140,000,000
Line D 1987 1995 59 160.0 km / 99.6 miles 2,807 m 145,000,000
Line E 1999 2003 21 52.3 km / 32.5 miles 2,615 m 60,000,000

The RER B is one of the five lines in the RER Rapid transit system serving Paris, France. ... Aéroport Charles de Gaulle 2 TGV is a railway station located in terminal two of Charles de Gaulle Airport in Tremblay-en-France, France, near Paris. ... Image File history File links Paris_rer_A_jms. ... An MI 2N at Charles de Gaulle - Étoile. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Image File history File links Paris_rer_B_jms. ... The RER B is one of the five lines in the RER Rapid transit system serving Paris, France. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Paris_rer_C_jms. ... RER C train at St-Michel station. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Image File history File links Paris_rer_D_jms. ... The RER D is one of the five lines in the RER subway system serving Paris, France. ... This article is about the year 1987. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Image File history File links Paris_rer_E_jms. ... People running to get in the RER Station Magenta on the RER E The RER E is one of the five lines in the RER subway system serving Paris, France. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Stations

Ten new stations have been built under the heart of Paris since the 1960s as part of the RER project. The six stations of Line A opened between 1969 and 1977 are: An MI 2N at Charles de Gaulle - Étoile. ...

  • Nation (1969): deep construction at the Place de la Nation
  • Charles de Gaulle - Étoile (1970): deep construction at the Arc de Triomphe
  • La Défense (1970): near-surface construction beneath the site of the yet-to-be-built Grande Arche de la Défense, just outside the Paris city boundary
  • Auber (1971): deep construction near Gare Saint-Lazare; once the largest underground station in the world[citation needed]
  • Châtelet - Les Halles (1977): near-surface construction on the site of the former marketplace, today perhaps the largest underground station in the world[citation needed]
  • Gare de Lyon (1977): near-surface construction beneath and alongside the main-line SNCF station

Some controversy followed the construction of the Line A. Using the model of the existing Métro, and unlike any other underground network in the world, engineers elected to build the three new deep stations (Étoile, Auber and Nation) as single monolithic halls with lateral platforms and no supporting pillars. A hybrid solution of adjacent halls was rejected on the grounds that it "completely sacrificed the architectural aspect" of the oeuvre.[4] The scale in question was vast: the new stations cathédrales were up to three times longer, wider and taller than Métro stations, and hence 20 or 30 times more voluminous. Most importantly, unlike the Métro they were to be constructed entirely underground. The decision turned out to be expensive - around FFr 8 billion for the three stations, equivalent to € 1.2 billion in 2005 terms, with the two-level Auber the costliest of the three.[5] The comparison was obvious and unfavourable with London's Victoria Line, a deep line of 22 km constructed during the same period using a two-tunnel approach at vastly lower cost. However, the three stations represent undeniable engineering feats and are noticeably less claustrophobic than traditional underground stations. List of stations of the Paris Métro Nation is a station of the Paris Métro and of ÃŽle-de-Frances regional RER. It serves lines 1, 2, 6 and 9 of the Paris Métro and line A of the RER. It is named for the Place... List of stations of the Paris Métro Charles de Gaulle – Étoile is a station of the Paris Métro and of the RER urban rail network. ... This article is about the monument in Paris. ... List of stations of the Paris Métro La Défense is a station of the Paris Métro, RER, and Transilien suburban rail lines. ... The Grande Arche, La Défense district The Grande Arche de la Fraternité is a monument in the business district of La Défense to the west of Paris. ... Auber is an RER station in Paris, and a feat of underground engineering. ... Gare Saint-Lazare is Paris busiest railway station. ... Châtelet - Les Halles is a major subway hub in Paris. ... Inside the Gare de Lyon. ... Métro redirects here. ... List of stations of the Paris Métro Charles de Gaulle – Étoile is a station of the Paris Métro and of the RER urban rail network. ... Auber is an RER station in Paris, and a feat of underground engineering. ... List of stations of the Paris Métro Nation is a station of the Paris Métro and of ÃŽle-de-Frances regional RER. It serves lines 1, 2, 6 and 9 of the Paris Métro and line A of the RER. It is named for the Place... Auber is an RER station in Paris, and a feat of underground engineering. ... London Transport Portal The Victoria Line is a line of the London Underground, coloured light blue on the Tube map. ...

Haussmann - Saint-Lazare on the RER E.
Haussmann - Saint-Lazare on the RER E.

Only two stations were inaugurated to complete Lines B, C and D: Image File history File links RER-E_Haussmann_2. ... Image File history File links RER-E_Haussmann_2. ... Haussmann - Saint-Lazare is a station on the RER in Paris. ... People running to get in the RER Station Magenta on the RER E The RER E is one of the five lines in the RER subway system serving Paris, France. ... The RER B is one of the five lines in the RER Rapid transit system serving Paris, France. ... RER C train at St-Michel station. ... The RER D is one of the five lines in the RER subway system serving Paris, France. ...

  • Gare du Nord (1982): near-surface construction on two levels
  • St-Michel - Notre-Dame (1988): deep construction on an existing stretch of the Line B between Luxembourg and Châtelet - Les Halles with two tunnels, common in all other deep underground systems but unique in Paris. The station was actually built when the Luxembourg_Châtelet tunnel was dug as an enlargement of the tunnel itself. As this station is under the Seine river, it has a very narrow platform much alike London Underground stations, and does not sport the usual architectural expanse of other stations.

Two stations were added to the network as part of Line E in the 1990s. They are notable for their lavishly spacious deep construction, a technique not used since Auber. Although similar to the three 1960s "cathedral stations" of Line A, their passenger traffic has so far proved vastly lower. Main entrance to the Gare du Nord The Gare du Nord (English: North Station) is one of the six large terminus stations of the SNCFs main line network in Paris. ... St-Michel - Nôtre-Dame is a station of the Paris RER. It is named after the nearby St-Michel area and Notre Dame de Paris. ... Châtelet - Les Halles is a major subway hub in Paris. ... Châtelet can refer to: The city of Châtelet, Belgium. ... This article is about the river in France. ... The London Underground is a rapid transit system that serves a large part of Greater London and some neighbouring areas of Essex, Hertfordshire and Buckinghamshire. ... People running to get in the RER Station Magenta on the RER E The RER E is one of the five lines in the RER subway system serving Paris, France. ... Auber is an RER station in Paris, and a feat of underground engineering. ...

  • Haussmann - Saint-Lazare (1999): deep construction serving Gare Saint-Lazare and Auber

Magenta is a station of the Paris RER. Lines serving this station RER Line E Adjacent stations Gare du Nord La Chapelle See also List of stations of the Paris RER List of stations of the Paris Métro ... An RER train at Gare de lEst. ... Haussmann - Saint-Lazare is a station on the RER in Paris. ... Gare Saint-Lazare is Paris busiest railway station. ...

Usage

The social and economic impact of the RER is difficult to overstate. Journey times, particularly on east-west and north-south routes, have been cut spectacularly (and thanks to the cross-platform connection at Châtelet - Les Halles, even "diagonal" trips are rapid). As a result, the network has been an extraordinary popular success since its opening. Châtelet - Les Halles is a major subway hub in Paris. ...


Lines A and B reached saturation relatively quickly, exceeding by far all traffic expectations: up to 55,000 passengers per hour in each direction on Line A, the highest such figure in the world outside Japan.[6] Despite a frequency of more than one train every two minutes, made possible by the installation of digital signalling in 1989, and the partial introduction of double-decker trains since 1998, the central stations of Line A are critically crowded at peak times.[7] Since both Métro and surface transport are equally congested at these times (and significantly slower), the RER's value to the economy of Île de France cannot be in doubt. An MI 2N at Charles de Gaulle - Étoile. ... The RER B is one of the five lines in the RER Rapid transit system serving Paris, France. ... Capital Paris Land area¹ 12,011 km² Regional President Jean-Paul Huchon (PS) (since 1998) Population  - Jan. ...


Used for leisure journeys, the RER represents no less of a revolution. By bringing far-flung suburbs within easy reach of central Paris, the network has significantly aided the reintegration of the traditionally insular capital with its periphery. The evidence of this social impact can be seen at Châtelet - Les Halles, whose neighbourhood is now crowded with suburbanites on evenings and weekends. Châtelet - Les Halles is a major subway hub in Paris. ...


Future developments

Utopic vision for the RER in 2025
Utopic vision for the RER in 2025

Extensions to the RER focus on Line E, which ends at Haussmann - Saint-Lazare, serving only one side of Paris, unlike all other RER lines. Various Line E extensions have been proposed:[citation needed] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1583x1097, 500 KB) Description: de: Möglicher Endausbauzustand des Pariser RER-Systems Source: Own drawing Illustrator: Maximilian Dörrbecker, Dez. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1583x1097, 500 KB) Description: de: Möglicher Endausbauzustand des Pariser RER-Systems Source: Own drawing Illustrator: Maximilian Dörrbecker, Dez. ... Haussmann - Saint-Lazare is a station on the RER in Paris. ...

  • eastwards from Chelles-Gournay to Esbly and Meaux
  • eastwards from Tournan to Coulommiers
  • westwards from Haussmann - St Lazare to Saint-Nom-la-Bretèche and Versailles Rive-Droite, via a new station at Champs-Elysées - Clémenceau and Gare Montparnasse.

A new Line E station has been proposed at Rue de l'Évangile on the approach to Gare de l'Est, with a tentative opening date of 2014.[8] Saint-Nom-la-Bretèche is a town and commune west of Paris, in the Yvelines département, in the ÃŽle-de-France région, in France. ... This article is about the city of Versailles. ...


Older plans existed for a line F, which would connect Argenteuil to Rambouillet via existing tracks of the Saint-Lazare and Montparnasse rail networks. A new tunnel would be bored below Paris, with the creation of a station at Invalides. The cost of the new tunnel, and the fact that Saint-Lazare and Montparnasse networks form a loop makes this project unlikely to happen. Argenteuil is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France. ... Rambouillet is a commune in the metropolitan area of Paris, France. ... Invalides is a station of the Paris Métro and RER, located near and named after Les Invalides. ...


International comparison

RER
Locale Paris
Transit type Rapid transit Regional rail
Began operation 1977
System length 587 km (365 mi)
Number of lines 5
Number of stations 256
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8½ in) (standard gauge)
Operator(s) RATP, SNCF

The RER is often compared with other urban rail networks that serve outer suburbs while fully crossing the city. Examples included the German and Austrian S-Bahnen, the Spanish Cercanías, and the RER networks of French-speaking Switzerland and (in construction) Brussels. This article is about the capital of France. ... “Mass Transit” redirects here. ... A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ... The dominant rail gauge in each country shown Rail gauge is the distance between the inner sides of the two parallel rails that make up a railway track. ... As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge (the distance between the two rails of the track) which should be used. ... Typical RATP métro access turnstiles The Régie Autonome des Transports Parisiens (RATP/Autonomous Transport Region of Paris) is the major transit authority responsible for public transportation in Paris and its environs. ... SNCF (Société Nationale des Chemins de fer Français) (French National Railway Company) is a French public enterprise. ... S-Bahn refers to suburban metro railways in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. ... Cercanías are commuter train networks that cover major metropolitan areas in Spain. ... This article is about the settlement itself. ...


However, there are two characteristics of the Paris RER that are not found in most other systems. Firstly, each RER line runs on independent dedicated track (except the tunnel between Gare du Nord and Châtelet, used by both lines B and D), with dedicated platforms in stations that are shared with other networks. This feature allows a high frequency, which on some lines exceeds that of the Paris Métro — a situation which in Europe is unique to Paris. Métro redirects here. ...


Secondly, the Paris RER serves almost exclusively the Paris urban area, reaching very few satellite towns. The exceptions are the Southern branch of line C and the outer sections of line D. The compactness of the Paris conurbation can account for a good deal of the RER's more limited reach, as can the sprawling nature of the suburban SNCF network. This also explains why the scheduled train frequencies on the RER central network are as high as on the Paris métro network; one train every 120 seconds on RER A during rush hour [9]. An MI 2N at Charles de Gaulle - Étoile. ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

A train approaching a London Underground station This is a list of rapid transit systems around the world. ... This is a list of the stations of the Paris RER urban rail network. ... The following is a list of all stations of the Paris Métro, sorted by lines. ... This article contains material from the CIA World Factbook (2003 edition) which, as a US government publication, is in the public domain. ...

Bibliography

  • Gaillard, M. (1991). Du Madeleine-Bastille à Météor: Histoire des transports Parisiens, Amiens: Martelle. ISBN 2-87890-013-8. (French)
  • Gerondeau, C. (2003). La Saga du RER et le maillon manquant, Paris: Presse de l'École nationale des ponts et chaussées. ISBN 2-85978-368-7. (French)

Notes

  1. ^ Statistiques Annuelles 2006, Départiment Commercial Tarification, Vente Résultats LAC A73 54,quai de la Rapée-75599 Paris
  2. ^ Gerondeau C, 2003, p77 : FRF 2bn "corresponding to around 9 billion francs in 2000", using the former FRF-€ exchange rate of 6.55957
  3. ^ Gerondeau C, 2003, p29
  4. ^ Internal RATP journal #226, October 1966, cited in Gerondeau C, 2003, p31
  5. ^ Gerondeau C, 2003, p34
  6. ^ RATP figures for 1992, cited in Gerondeau C, 2003, p61
  7. ^ (French) SACEM signalling on the French Wikipedia
  8. ^ STIF page for Evangile project
  9. ^ RER A Timetable. RATP. Retrieved on 2008-01-09.

The French Wikipedia is the French language edition of Wikipedia, spelled Wikipédia. ... Typical RATP métro access turnstiles The Régie Autonome des Transports Parisiens (RATP/Autonomous Transport Region of Paris) is the major transit authority responsible for public transportation in Paris and its environs. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

BBC News website in June 2007. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Main entrance to the Gare du Nord The Gare du Nord (English: North Station) is one of the six large terminus stations of the SNCFs main line network in Paris. ... An RER train at Gare de lEst. ... Inside the Gare de Lyon. ... The Gare de Bercy is a railway station and terminus in Paris, France, run by the SNCF. It specialises in “auto-trains”, which transport travellers vehicles, such as cars, motorbikes, scooters and so on, to another station which also specialises in auto-trains. ... Image File history File links RER_sign. ... SNCF (Société Nationale des Chemins de fer Français) (French National Railway Company) is a French public enterprise. ... An MI 2N at Charles de Gaulle - Étoile. ... List of stations of the Paris Métro Charles de Gaulle – Étoile is a station of the Paris Métro and of the RER urban rail network. ... Auber is an RER station in Paris, and a feat of underground engineering. ... Châtelet - Les Halles is a major subway hub in Paris. ... Inside the Gare de Lyon. ... List of stations of the Paris Métro Nation is a station of the Paris Métro and of Île-de-Frances regional RER. It serves lines 1, 2, 6 and 9 of the Paris Métro and line A of the RER. It is named for the Place... The RER B is one of the five lines in the RER Rapid transit system serving Paris, France. ... Main entrance to the Gare du Nord The Gare du Nord (English: North Station) is one of the six large terminus stations of the SNCFs main line network in Paris. ... Châtelet - Les Halles is a major subway hub in Paris. ... St-Michel - Nôtre-Dame is a station of the Paris RER. It is named after the nearby St-Michel area and Notre Dame de Paris. ... Port-Royal is an RER station in Paris, France. ... Denfert-Rocherau is a station on the Paris Metro and RER systems. ... Cité Universitaire is a station of the Paris RER. Lines serving this station RER Line B Adjacent stations Denfert-Rochereau Gentilly See also List of stations of the Paris RER List of stations of the Paris Métro Category: ... RER C train at St-Michel station. ... The following is a list of all stations of the Paris Métro, sorted by lines. ... The 1900 station with the Celestial Globe in the background. ... Invalides is a station of the Paris Métro and RER, located near and named after Les Invalides. ... Musée dOrsay is a station of the Paris RER. Lines serving this station RER Line C Adjacent stations Assemblée Nationale Solférino See also List of stations of the Paris RER List of stations of the Paris Métro ... St-Michel - Nôtre-Dame is a station of the Paris RER. It is named after the nearby St-Michel area and Notre Dame de Paris. ... Bibliothèque François Mitterrand is a station of the Paris Métro and RER, named after former French president François Mitterrand and serving the area surrounding the new building of the Bibliothèque nationale de France (BnF), whose site near the station is also named after Mitterrand. ... The RER D is one of the five lines in the RER subway system serving Paris, France. ... Main entrance to the Gare du Nord The Gare du Nord (English: North Station) is one of the six large terminus stations of the SNCFs main line network in Paris. ... Châtelet - Les Halles is a major subway hub in Paris. ... Inside the Gare de Lyon. ... People running to get in the RER Station Magenta on the RER E The RER E is one of the five lines in the RER subway system serving Paris, France. ... Haussmann - Saint-Lazare is a station on the RER in Paris. ... Magenta is a station of the Paris RER. Lines serving this station RER Line E Adjacent stations Gare du Nord La Chapelle See also List of stations of the Paris RER List of stations of the Paris Métro ... The following is a list of all stations of the Paris Métro, sorted by lines. ... Tram on line T1 in Bobigny. ... Paris transportation network is very diverse and exists literally over many levels. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Paris - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (7902 words)
A comprehensive express subway network, the RER, was built to complement the Métro and serve the distant suburbs, while a network of freeways was developed in the suburbs, centered on the Périphérique expressway circling around the city.
Because of the short distance between stations on the Métro network, lines were too slow to be extended further in the suburbs as is the case in most other cities.
Members of the syndicate include the RATP, which operates the Parisian and some suburban buses, the Métro, and sections of the RER; the SNCF, which operates the suburban rail lines and the other sections of the RER ; and other private operators managing some suburban bus lines.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m