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Encyclopedia > RAF Regiment
The Royal Air Force Regiment

Badge of the RAF Regiment
Active 1 February 1942-Present
Country United Kingdom
Branch Royal Air Force
Type Ground Defence
Role Ground Defence/Low Level Air Defence
Size 10 Squadrons
Part of Royal Air Force
Garrison/HQ Depot - RAF Honington
No 1 Sqn - RAF Honington
No 2 Sqn - RAF Honington
No 3 Sqn - RAF Wittering
No 15 Sqn - RAF Honington
No 26 Sqn - RAF Waddington
No 27 Sqn - RAF Honington
No 34 Sqn - RAF Leeming
No 51 Sqn - RAF Lossiemouth
No 63 Sqn (QCS) - RAF Uxbridge
Nickname The Rock Apes
Motto Per Ardua (Through Adversity)
March Quick - Holyrood
Commanders
Air Commodore-in-Chief HM The Queen
Insignia
Tactical Recognition Flash

The Royal Air Force Regiment (RAF Regt) is a specialist corps within the Royal Air Force, responsible for capturing and defending airfields and associated installations. Effectively, its members are the RAF's soldiers. Members of the Regiment are known within the RAF as 'Rock Apes' or 'Rocks' and the corps itself is simply known as 'The Regiment'. Image File history File links RAFRegtbadge. ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... RAF Honington (IATA: BEQ, ICAO: EGXH) is a Royal Air Force station 6 miles south of Thetford near Ixworth in Suffolk, England. ... RAF Honington (IATA: BEQ, ICAO: EGXH) is a Royal Air Force station 6 miles south of Thetford near Ixworth in Suffolk, England. ... RAF Honington (IATA: BEQ, ICAO: EGXH) is a Royal Air Force station 6 miles south of Thetford near Ixworth in Suffolk, England. ... RAF Wittering is a Royal Air Force station near Stamford, Lincolnshire. ... Waddington-based Hawker-Siddeley (now BAE Systems) Nimrod R.1 RAF Waddington is a Royal Air Force station in Lincolnshire England. ... RAF air defence bases RAF Leeming is a Royal Air Force station in North Yorkshire, England. ... RAF Lossiemouth (IATA: LMO, ICAO: EGQS) is a Royal Air Force station to the west of the town of Lossiemouth in Moray, Scotland. ... The Queens Colour Squadron is a unit of the RAF Regiment. ... RAF Uxbridge is a Royal Air Force station in Uxbridge in the London Borough of Hillingdon. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... A corps (plural same as singular; a word that migrated from the French language, pronounced IPA: (cor), but originating in the Latin corpus, corporis meaning body) is either a large military unit or formation, an administrative grouping of troops within an army with a common function (such as artillery or... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... For other uses, see Airport (disambiguation). ... This article is about a military rank. ...

Contents

History

The genesis of the RAF Regiment was with the creation of No 1 Armoured Car Company RAF in 1921 for operations in Iraq, followed shortly afterwards by Nos II and 3 companies. These were equipped with Rolls Royce Armoured Cars and were highly successful in ground combat operations throughout the Middle East in the 1920s and 30s. The RAF Regiment came into existence, in name, on 1 February 1942. From the start it had both field squadrons and light anti-aircraft squadrons, the latter originally armed with Hispano-Suiza and Bofors automatic cannon. Its role was originally purely defensive, but later in the war it took on offensive tasks such as capturing enemy airfields and frequently worked as line infantry in all theatres of war. Several parachute squadrons were formed to assist in the capture of airfields and the recovery of downed aircrew, and No II Squadron retains this capability. 284 Field Squadron was the first RAF unit to arrive in West Berlin in 1945, to secure RAF Gatow. The Rolls-Royce armoured car was a British armoured car developed in 1914 and used in World War I and in the early part of World War II. // Production history The Royal Naval Air Service raised the first British armoured car squadron during the First World War. ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hispano-Suiza is a French engineering firm best known for their engine and weapon designs in the pre-World War II period, work that developed out of their earliest work in luxury automobile design. ... The Bofors 40 mm gun is a famous anti-aircraft auto-cannon designed by the Swedish firm of Bofors. ... The Apollo 15 capsule landed safely despite a parachute failure. ... Boroughs of West Berlin West Berlin was the name given to the western part of Berlin between 1949 and 1990. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Gatow Airport is an airport in the city of Berlin, Germany. ...

A recruiting poster from the 1950's
A recruiting poster from the 1950's

The Regiment has a museum at RAF Honington near Bury St Edmunds. The RAF Regiment frequently mounts the King's Guard/Queen's Guard at Buckingham Palace, St James's Palace, Windsor Castle and the Tower of London, with the first occasion being on 1 April 1943. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (963x1631, 810 KB)This is a digital representation of a WW2 British Government poster designed to encouraging men to join the Royal Air Force Regiment. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (963x1631, 810 KB)This is a digital representation of a WW2 British Government poster designed to encouraging men to join the Royal Air Force Regiment. ... RAF Honington (IATA: BEQ, ICAO: EGXH) is a Royal Air Force station 6 miles south of Thetford near Ixworth in Suffolk, England. ... Bury St Edmunds is a town in the county of Suffolk, England. ... Sentry of the Grenadier Guards posted outside St Jamess Palace The Queens Guard and Queens Life Guard are the names given to contingents of infantry and cavalry soldiers charged with guarding the official royal residences in London. ... Buckingham Palace and the Victoria Memorial. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


During World War II, the RAF Regiment grew to a force of 66,000 men in 280 Squadrons of 185 men each (each squadron including five officers). Each squadron consisted of a Headquarters Flight, three Rifle Flights, an Air-Defence Flight, and an Armoured-Car Flight. The flights were grouped together into Wings as needed. It also operated six Armoured Car Squadrons to provide an area response capability to several RAF stations. Light Armoured Squadrons, equipped with FV101 Scorpion and FV107 Scimitar light tanks, continued to be operated into the 1980s. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Wing is a term used by different air forces for a unit of command. ... The FV101 Scorpion is a British light tank, part of the Combat Vehicle Reconnaissance (Tracked) or, CVR(T) family. ... This refers to the armoured vehicle, for other uses see Scimitar (disambiguation) FV107 Scimitar is an armoured reconnaissance vehicle, although sometimes classed as a light tank used by the British Army. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Formerly the RAF's firefighters were also members of the RAF Regiment, although they are now independent of it. A Canadian firefighter A firefighter or fireman or Nathaniel is trained and equipped to extinguish fires. ...


Further information on the history of the RAF Regiment: 'Through Adversity' by Kingsley M Oliver


Organisation and current role

The RAF Regiment comes under command of 2 Group, Air Command. Its members are organised into ten regular squadrons. There are three Ground-Based Air Defence squadrons. These are responsible for defending airfields and other high value assets against air attack and are equipped with Rapier vehicle-portable surface-to-air missiles. The remainder of the regiment consists of nine Field squadrons including three Royal Auxiliary Air Force (RAuxAF) squadrons, responsible for defending against ground attack. Whilst apparently similar to British Army infantry, they are trained, equipped and manned to deal with the requirements of protecting high-value air assets during operations across the spectrum of conflict. They are particularly equipped with a range of direct and indirect fire systems and specialist surveillance and night vision equipment. Unlike the infantry, each member of a field squadron is required to master a wide range of skills that include covert observation and target acquisition, and dismounted close combat. The unique nature of air operations is such that RAF Regiment personnel must have a specific understanding of its requirements in order to ensure that the tactics, techniques and procedures employed do not disrupt those operations. Additionally, because air bases are fixed and supporting elements are unable to redeploy quickly, field squadrons must engage an attacking adversary at the earliest opportunity to prevent air operations from being disrupted. This requires RAF Regiment personnel to operate in small groups and to be trained and prepared to engage the adversary in combat frequently without the level of support that would be commonplace on an infantry battlegroup. Number 2 Group of the Royal Air Force is one of the two groups in RAF Strike Command. ... The formation of Royal Air Force Air Command was announced to Parliament by the Defence Secretary, Rt Hon Des Browne on 15 March 2007. ... A Squadron is a small unit or formation of cavalry, aircraft (including balloons), or naval vessels. ... American troops man an anti-aircraft gun near the Algerian coastline in 1943 Anti-aircraft warfare, or air defense, is any method of engaging military aircraft in combat from the ground. ... A Squadron is a small unit or formation of cavalry, aircraft (including balloons), or naval vessels. ... Type SAM Surface-to-air missile Nationality UK Era Cold War Launch platform vehicle Target aircraft History Builder British Aerospace now MBDA (UK) Ltd Date of design Production period Service duration Operators United Kingdom, Indonesia, Turkey, Iran, Malaysia, Switzerland, Singapore, Australia Variants Mk1 (Hittile), Mk2B (Missile) Number built ? Specifications Type... The Royal Auxiliary Air Force (RAuxAF) is the volunteer reserve part of the Royal Air Force. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. Infantry are soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, bicycles, or other means. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Night-vision is seeing in the dark. ...


Field Squadrons employ a tactic of aggressive defence, seeking to dominate the wider area around the station by mounting observation posts and employing patrols to locate and neutralize the enemy before it can come within striking distance. Field Squadrons are divided into Flights, which are larger than an army platoon. Each squadron contains several Rifle Flights, whose task is to engage and destroy the enemy at close range, and a Support Weapons Flight, which provides fire support to the Rifle Flights by using machine guns, mortars, portable anti-tank weapons, and snipers. In military tactics, to patrol, or conduct a patrol, is to conduct reconnaissance of a designated area or route. ... A flight is a military unit in an air force, naval air service, or army air corps. ... Platoon of the German Bundeswehr. ... A machine gun is a fully-automatic firearm that is capable of firing bullets in rapid succession. ... US soldier loading a M224 60-mm mortar. ... Arkansas Army National Guard soldiers practice sniper marksmanship at their firing range near Baghdad, Iraq in 2005. ...


The Ground-Based Air Defence Squadrons are 108 strong and the field squadrons are 166 strong (increasing soon to 171 strong) making them considerably larger than an infantry company in the army. All RAF Regiment personnel are male, in line with the British Government policy that women cannot serve in front line close-combat units. There are approximately 2,000 regular airmen (i.e. Other Ranks), 300 regular officers, and 500 reservists. Since 1990, the RAF Regiment has taken part in operations in Afghanistan, Bosnia, Croatia, Cyprus, Falkland Islands, Iraq, Kosovo, Kuwait, Northern Ireland, Saudi Arabia and Sierra Leone. Furthermore, RAF Regiment officers have been seconded as United Nations Monitoring Officers in support of UN peace-keeping mission in places such as Iraq, Cambodia and Republic of Georgia. RAF Regiment units have frequently been tasked to form part of Army and other formations to make use of their specialist skills and 51 Squadron RAF Regiment Standard NATO code for a friendly infantry company. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Northern Ireland (Irish: ) is a part of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... No. ...


Specialist squadrons and units

  • I Squadron took part in the Berlin Airlift, the 1991 Gulf War, and the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
  • II Squadron is a parachute-trained Field Squadron which is capable of inserting by parachute and securing forward airfields.
  • 3 Squadron is a Field Squadron which until recently has been deployed to guarantee the security of RAF Aldergrove and Belfast International Airport in Northern Ireland. The squadron relocated to RAF Wittering in February 2007 after a 7 month tour in Basra, Iraq.
  • 27 Squadron is a specialist unit that forms half of the Joint CBRN Regiment together with 1st Royal Tank Regiment.
  • In addition, the Regiment has a ground extraction unit attached to No. 28 Squadron RAF, which provides Combat Search and Rescue teams to recover downed RAF Aircrew.
  • 51 Squadron also took part in the 1991 Gulf War, and the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
  • 63 Squadron, known as the Queen's Colour Squadron, is a Field Squadron which represents the RAF at high profile ceremonial occasions (including mounting the Queen's Guard at Buckingham Palace), and is also responsible for guarding the Queen's Colour of the Royal Air Force. It was formerly purely a ceremonial squadron, the Queen's Colour Squadron (with no number), with no other duties, but it has now become a fully fledged field squadron.
  • The RAF Regiment provides training teams for all RAF stations, which are responsible for training station personnel in Force Protection and operational deployment skills.
  • The Regiment is also responsible for the Defence CBRN Centre at Winterborne Gunner which trains personnel from all 3 services and the civilian police in CBRN defence skills. It also provides CBRN specialist advice and support to other organisations.
  • RAF Regiment personnel man a number of Tactical Air Control Parties, including 3 in the Army's 16 Air Assault Brigade. These parties contain RAF Regiment Forward Air Controllers who are responsible for directing fire support from fast jet attack aircraft in support of ground combat forces.
  • A handful of RAF Regiment personnel are deployed as part of the tri-service Special Forces Support Group which provides support to the United Kingdom Special Forces.

No. ... The Soviet Union blocked Western rail and road access to West Berlin from June 24, 1948 - May 11, 1949. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Combatants United States Saudi Arabia Egypt United Kingdom & US-led Coalition Republic of Iraq Commanders Norman Schwarzkopf Khalid bin Sultan Saddam Hussein Strength 883,863 360,000 Casualties 240 killed in action, 776 wounded, 30 taken prisoner At least 183,000 victims of the Gulf War syndrome Est. ... The subject of this article is the 2003 invasion of Iraq. ... No. ... Aldergrove Crest USAF C-17 operating from Aldergrove in support of U.S. Presidential visit, 2003. ... Belfast International Airport or Aerfort Eadarnáisiunta Bhéal Feirste in Irish (IATA: BFS, ICAO: EGAA) is an airport located some 21 kilometres (13 miles) northwest of Belfast in Northern Ireland. ... Northern Ireland (Irish: ) is a part of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... The Joint CBRN Regiment is a specialist unit of the British armed forces. ... The Royal Tank Regiment is a unit of the British Army. ... No. ... No. ... The Queens Colour Squadron is a unit of the RAF Regiment. ... Sentry of the Grenadier Guards posted outside St Jamess Palace The Queens Guard and Queens Life Guard are the names given to contingents of infantry and cavalry soldiers charged with guarding the official royal residences in London. ... Buckingham Palace and the Victoria Memorial. ... CBRN is an acronym used extensively by the UK security services and the UK emergency services. ... The 16 Air Assault Brigade (16 AAB) is a unit of the British Army It was formed as part of the defence reforms implemented by the Strategic Defence Review on 1 September 1999 by the merging of 24th Airmobile Brigade and elements of 5th Airborne Brigade. ... The Special Forces Support Group (SFSG) is a unit of the United Kingdom Special Forces. ... The United Kingdom Special Forces (UKSF) is an umbrella directorate overseeing the Special Forces units of the British Armed Forces. ...

Recent news

On 12 July 2004, it was announced by Geoff Hoon that the RAF Regiment will relinquish the Ground-Based Air Defence role as the threat from air attack had diminished. This role will now only be carried out by the Royal Artillery, and the four RAF Regiment squadrons will be disbanded by 1 April 2008. The four squadrons to be disbanded are: is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Geoff Hoon (right) at Pentagon briefing Geoffrey William Geoff Hoon (born December 6, 1953) is a British politician. ... Tactical Recognition Flash of the Royal Artillery The Royal Regiment of Artillery, generally known as the Royal Artillery (RA), is, despite its name, a corps of the British Army. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

  • 15 Squadron (March 2008)
  • 16 Squadron (March 2007)
  • 26 Squadron (March 2008)
  • 37 Squadron (March 2006)

However, as part of the same re-organisation, it was announced that the RAF Regiment would make up part of the new unit called the Special Forces Support Group designed to support the Special Forces. The RAF Regiment provides 40 personnel to this unit. In addition, a large number of personnel from the disbanding squadrons will be employed on other specialist tasks. The Special Forces Support Group was declared operational in April 2006. 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Special Forces Support Group (SFSG) is a unit of the United Kingdom Special Forces. ... The Special Forces Support Group (SFSG) is a unit of the United Kingdom Special Forces. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


As a result of the deletions of the GBAD squadrons, No 3 Squadron and No 63 (QCS) Squadron will each receive an additional 40 personnel, in order to match their operational capabilities with the four other field squadrons, while another two Force Protection Wing HQs have been formed (No 5 FP Wing at Lossiemouth and No 6 FP Wing at Leuchars). In addition, No 1 Squadron has moved from RAF St Mawgan to RAF Honington, which has resulted in No 2625 Squadron, RAuxAF Regt being disbanded. A QCS sentry relieves a Coldstream Guards sentry at the Tower of London The Queens Colour Squadron is a unit of the RAF Regiment. ... No. ... RAF St Mawgan (IATA: NQY, ICAO: EGDG) is a Royal Air Force station near Newquay in Cornwall. ... RAF Honington (IATA: BEQ, ICAO: EGXH) is a Royal Air Force station 6 miles south of Thetford near Ixworth in Suffolk, England. ...


Current RAF Regiment units

  • Field Squadrons
  • Ground Based Air Defence Squadrons
    • 15 Squadron
    • 26 Squadron
  • CBRN Squadrons
    • 27 Squadron (Joint CBRN Regiment)
  • Other Units
    • Force Protection
      • RAF Force Protection Force Headquarters - RAF Honington
      • No 1 RAF Force Protection Wing HQ
      • No 2 RAF Force Protection Wing HQ
      • No 3 RAF Force Protection Wing HQ
      • No 4 RAF Force Protection Wing HQ
      • No 5 RAF Force Protection Wing HQ
      • No 6 RAF Force Protection Wing HQ
    • Combat Recovery
      • Ground Extraction Force, E Flight, No 28 (AC) Squadron
  • Royal Auxiliary Air Force Regiment Squadrons
    • 2503 Squadron (Ground Defence)
    • 2620 Squadron (Ground Defence)
    • 2622 Squadron (Ground Defence)
    • 2623 Squadron (CBRN)

No. ... No. ... No. ... The Queens Colour Squadron is a unit of the RAF Regiment. ... RAF Honington (IATA: BEQ, ICAO: EGXH) is a Royal Air Force station 6 miles south of Thetford near Ixworth in Suffolk, England. ... Number 3 Royal Air Force Force Protection Wing Headquarters (3 FP Wg HQ) is based at RAF Marham. ...

Origin of the 'Rock Ape' nickname

In the past the nickname 'Rock Ape' has been attributed to their traditional role guarding areas of Gibraltar, but this is not so. The term came into use after an accident in the Western Aden Protectorate in November 1952. Two Regiment officers serving with the APL at Dhala decided to amuse themselves by going out to shoot some of the baboons (locally referred to as "rock apes"). The officers drew rifles and split up to hunt the apes yet in the semi-darkness one of the officers fired at a moving object in the distance. When he reached the target he discovered he had shot the other officer. After emergency treatment Flight Lieutenant Mason survived to return to service a few months later. When asked why he had fired at his friend by a board of inquiry the officer replied that his target had 'looked just like a rock ape' in the half light. The remark soon reverberated around the RAF and it was not long before the term was in general use. Aden Protectorate (Arabic: ‎ []) (ca. ... Type species Simia hamadryas Linnaeus, 1758 Species Papio hamadryas Papio papio Papio anubis Papio cynocephalus Papio ursinus The five baboon species are some of the largest non-hominid members of the primate order; only the Mandrill and the Drill are larger. ... A Flight Lieutenants sleeve/shoulder insignia Flight Lieutenant (abbreviated as Flt Lt and pronounced as flight lef-tenant, see Lieutenant) is a junior commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many Commonwealth countries. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
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