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Encyclopedia > Réunion

Réunion is an island and overseas département (département d'outre-mer, or DOM) of France, located in the Indian Ocean east of Madagascar, about 200 km southwest of Mauritius. As the other DOMs, Réunion is also a région of France with much the same status as the parts of France situated on the European mainland. The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties and are now grouped into 22 metropolitan and four overseas régions. ... Under the 1946 Constitution of the Fourth Republic, the French colonies of Guadeloupe, Martinique and French Guiana in the Caribbean and Réunion in the Indian Ocean became départements doutre-mer (Overseas departments) or DOMs. ... A kilometre (American spelling: kilometer, symbol: km) is a unit of length equal to 1000 metres (from the Greek words khilia = thousand and metro = count/measure). ... France is divided into 26 régions, further subdivided into départements. ...

Réunion
Region Réunion
Number 974
Préfecture Saint-Denis
Sous-préfectures Saint-Benoît, Saint-Paul, Saint-Pierre
Area
 - Total
 - % water

2,512 km²
0.4%
Population


 - Total is divided into 26 régions, further subdivided into départements. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties and are now grouped into 22 metropolitan and four overseas régions. ... The term prefecture has been used to denote a self-governing body or area since the time of Constantine I, who divided the Roman Empire into 4 districts (each divided into dioceses). ... Saint-Denis de la Réunion, (or just Saint-Denis or St-Denis for short) is the préfecture (administrative capital) of the French overseas département Réunion. ... Subprefecture is an administrative level that is below prefecture or province. ... This article explains the meaning of area as a physical quantity. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ...


 - Density


706,300 (1999 census)
763,000 (1.1.2004 estimates) Density (symbol: ρ - Greek: rho) is a measure of mass per unit of volume. ... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


287/km²
Calling Code +262 (not required from metropolitan France or other overseas departments)
Internet TLD .re
Contents

This is a list of country calling codes, also known as international direct dialing (IDD) codes, which are needed to access international telephone services. ... A top-level domain (TLD) is the last part of an Internet domain name. ... .re is the Internet country code top-level domain ( ccTLD) for Réunion. ...

History

Arab sailors used to call this island Dina Morgabin ("Western island"). The Portuguese were the first Europeans to visit the island, finding it uninhabited in 1513. Events January 20 - Christian II becomes King of Denmark and Norway. ...


The island was then occupied by the French. In 1642, the King of France Louis XIII named it Île Bourbon. It was renamed Réunion during the French Revolution. Events January 4 - Charles I attempts to arrest five leading members of the Long Parliament, but they escape. ... Louis XIII (September 27, 1601 – May 14, 1643), called the Just (French: le Juste), was King of France from 1610 to 1643. ... The period of the French Revolution is very important in the history of France and the world. ...


From the 17th to the 19th centuries, French immigration supplemented by influxes of Africans, Chinese, Malays, and Malabar Indians gave the island its ethnic mix. The opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 cost the island its importance as a stopover on the East Indies trade route. 1881 drawing of the Suez Canal The Suez Canal (Arabic, Qanā al-Suways), west of the Sinai Peninsula, is a 163-km (118-mile) maritime canal in Egypt between Port Said (Būr Saīd) on the Mediterranean Sea and Suez (al-Suways) on the Red Sea. ... The Indies, on the display globe of the Field Museum, Chicago The Indies or East Indies (or East India) is a term used to describe lands of South and South-East Asia, occupying all of the former British India, the present Indian Union, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Maldives, and...


Réunion became an overseas département of France on March 19, 1946. The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties and are now grouped into 22 metropolitan and four overseas régions. ... March 19 is the 78th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (79th in leap years). ... 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ...

Map of Réunion

Map of Réunion, converted directly from CIA World Factbook GIF. File links The following pages link to this file: Geography of Réunion Réunion Categories: CIA World Factbook images | Réunion ...

Politics

Main article: Politics of Réunion Country name: conventional long form: Department of Réunion conventional short form: Réunion local long form: none local short form: Île de la Réunion Data code: RE Dependency status: overseas département of France Government type: NA Capital: Saint-Denis Administrative divisions: none (overseas department of France); there...


Administratively, Réunion is divided into 4 arrondissements, 24 communes, and 47 cantons. It is a French overseas department as well as a French region. An arrondissement is an administrative division in some francophone countries: France Paris Main article: Arrondissements of Paris The city of Paris, in France is divided into 20 arrondissements. ... A commune or comune is a system of social and economic organization which involves the common ownership of resources and/or shared obligations. ...


Geography

Main article: Geography of Réunion Location: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar Geographic coordinates: 21°06′ S 55°36′ E Map references: World Area: total: 2,512 km² land: 2,502 km² water: 10 km² Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Rhode Island Land boundaries: 0 km Coastline: 207 km Maritime claims...


The island is 39 miles (63 kilometers) long, is 28 miles (45 kilometers) wide, and covers 970 square miles (2150 square kilometres). The island is similar to the big island of Hawaii because both are located above hot spots in the Earth's crust. A mile is any of several units of distance, or, in physics terminology, of length. ... A kilometre (American spelling: kilometer) (symbol: km) is a unit of length equal to 1000 metres (from the Greek words khilia = thousand and metro = count/measure). ... This article is about the unit of measure. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... State nickname: The Aloha State Other U.S. States Capital Honolulu Largest city Honolulu Governor Linda Lingle Official languages Hawaiian and English Area 28,337 km² (43rd)  - Land 16,649 km²  - Water 11,672 km² (41. ... In geology, a hotspot is a location on the Earths surface that has experienced active vulcanism for a long period of time. ...


Piton de la Fournaise, a shield volcano on the eastern end of Réunion Island, rises more than 8565 feet (2611 meters) above sea level and is sometimes called a sister to Hawaiian volcanoes because of the similarity of climate and volcanic nature, has erupted more than 100 times since 1640 and is under constant monitoring. It most recently erupted on August 13, 2004. La Fournaise is created by a hot spot volcano, which also created the Piton des Neiges and the islands of Mauritius and Rodrigues. Categories: Stub | Shield volcanoes | Hotspot volcanoes | Volcanoes of France | Volcanoes of the Indian Ocean ... Mauna Kea, a shield volcano, on the Island of Hawai‘i with a light dusting of snow. ... August 13 is the 225th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (226th in leap years), with 140 days remaining. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... In geology, a hotspot is a location on the Earths surface that has experienced active vulcanism for a long period of time. ... A 3069m high volcano on the island of La Réunion, one of the volcanic islands in the Mascarene Archipelago in the southwestern Indian Ocean. ... Map of Rodrigues Rodrigues (or Rodriguez) is one of the Mascarene Islands and a dependency of Mauritius. ...


Piton des Neiges volcano, the highest point on the island at 10069 feet (3070 meters) above sea level, is northwest of Piton de la Fournaise volcano. Collapsed calderas and canyons are southwest of the mountain. Like Mauna Kea on the big island of Hawaii, Piton des Neiges is extinct. Despite its name, snow practically never falls on the summit. A 3069m high volcano on the island of La Réunion, one of the volcanic islands in the Mascarene Archipelago in the southwestern Indian Ocean. ... Mauna Kea is a dormant volcano in the Hawaiian Islands, one of five volcanic peaks that together form the Island of Hawaii. ... Image of Hawai‘i (island) taken by NASA. The Island of Hawai‘i is the largest of the Hawaiian Islands. ... This page is about the form of precipitation. ...


The slopes of both volcanoes are heavily forested. Cultivated land and cities like the capital city of Saint-Denis are concentrated on the surrounding coastal lowlands. Saint-Denis de la Réunion, (or just Saint-Denis or St-Denis for short) is the préfecture (administrative capital) of the French overseas département Réunion. ...


Réunion also has three cirques, which are similar to corries: the cirque of Salazie, the cirque of Cilaos and the cirque of Mafate. The latter is accessible only by foot or helicopter. Categories: Geographical term stubs | Geology | Glaciology ... A corrie on Ben Lui in Scotland In geography, a corrie, is a terrain feature created by glaciation in high mountains. ... Cilaos is a town and French island of Réunion in the Indian Ocean. ...

a map showing the location of Reunion and (the rest of) France, hopefully I picked the right dot on the blank map File links The following pages link to this file: Réunion Categories: GPL images ...

Economy

Main article: Economy of Réunion Economy - overview: The economy has traditionally been based on agriculture. ...


Sugar is the chief agricultural product and export, and tourism is also an important source of income. The territory has a large gap in income and standard of living between the wealthier communities of European and Indian descent, and the poorer African and other communities. Metropolitan France provides substantial financial support to Réunion. A sugar is a form of carbohydrate used in the food and drinks industries, and important in biochemistry. ... A tourist boat travels the River Seine in Paris, France Tourism can be defined as the act of travel for the purpose of recreation, and the provision of services for this act. ...


Demographics

Main article: Demographics of Réunion Population: 720,934 (July 2000 est. ...


Culture

Main article: Culture of Réunion


See also: Music of Réunion Réunion is a departement of France, and its population is mostly Francophone blacks, with some Indians and French minorities. ...


Reunionese culture is a blend of European, African, Indian and Pakistani and islander characteristics. The traditional language, Creole, derives from French, with many idiosyncracies. Creole is now taught in schools, but an official written transcription is not agreed upon yet. Food and music blend influences from Africa, India and Europe. This article is about the continent. ... World map showing location of Africa A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second_largest continent in both area and population, after Asia. ... A creole is a language descended from a pidgin that has become the native language of a group of people. ...


Miscellaneous topics

Telephones - main lines in use: 236,500 (1997) Telephones - mobile cellular: 42,000 (1998) Telephone system: adequate system; principal center is Saint-Denis domestic: modern open wire and microwave radio relay network international: radiotelephone communication to Comoros, France, Madagascar; new microwave route to Mauritius; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Indian... The following is a list of the 24 communes of the Réunion département of France. ... Military branches: Regular French forces (including Army, Navy, Air Force, and Gendarmerie) Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 194,485 (2002 est. ... Railways: 0 km (Except a short touristic line, part of the old network. ...

External links

Réunion from space (NASA image). The three cirques, forming a kind of 3-leafed clover shape, are visible in the central north of the image. Piton de la Fournaise, in the south east, is covered by cloud
  • CIA World Factbook - Reunion (http://www.odci.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/re.html)
  • Weather forecast (http://actualite.re/#meteo)
  • General Council web site (http://www.cg974.fr/)
  • Régional council web site (http://www.region-reunion.com)
  • Daniel Lacouture's site (http://perso.wanadoo.fr/daniel.lacouture/uk_index.htm)

Blog From [1], in the public domain File links The following pages link to this file: Réunion ... From [1], in the public domain File links The following pages link to this file: Réunion ...

  • LSZ Blog (http://lionel.suz.free.fr/)

Tourism

  • Travel guide to Réunion from Wikitravel
  • Official Tourism web site (http://www.la-reunion-tourisme.com/)
  • Images of Reunion  (http://www.travel-images.com/reunion.html)
  • WillGoTo - Réunion Travel Guide and Directory (http://www.willgoto.com/categories.aspx?Destination=3&Langue=1)
  • Lonely Planet - World Guide: Reunion (http://www.lonelyplanet.com/destinations/africa/reunion/)


Wikitravel logo Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...

Countries in Africa

Algeria | Angola | Benin | Botswana | Burkina Faso | Burundi | Cameroon | Cape Verde | Central African Republic | Chad | Comoros | Democratic Republic of the Congo | Republic of the Congo | Côte d'Ivoire | Djibouti | Egypt | Equatorial Guinea | Eritrea | Ethiopia | Gabon | The Gambia | Ghana | Guinea | Guinea-Bissau | Kenya | Lesotho | Liberia | Libya | Madagascar | Malawi | Mali | Mauritania | Mauritius | Morocco | Mozambique | Namibia | Niger | Nigeria | Rwanda | São Tomé and Príncipe | Senegal | Seychelles | Sierra Leone | Somalia | Somaliland | South Africa | Sudan | Swaziland | Tanzania | Togo | Tunisia | Uganda | Zambia | Zimbabwe | Western Sahara This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Africa is the worlds second-largest continent in both area and population, after Asia. ... Côte dIvoire (often called Ivory Coast in English; see below about the name) is a country in West Africa. ... Look up São Tomé and Príncipe in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Government Assembleia Nacional de São Tomé e Príncipe official site São Tomé and Príncipe Government & Political Resources Page News allAfrica - São Tomé and Principe Overviews BBC News - Country Profile: Sao Tome and... Somaliland (Somali: Soomaaliland) is a former British territory located in the northwest region of Somalia in the Horn of Africa. ...

Dependencies: Canary Islands | Ceuta and Melilla | Madeira Islands | Mayotte | Réunion | Saint Helena and dependencies


Capitals Las Palmas de Gran Canaria Santa Cruz de Tenerife Area  – Total  – % of Spain Ranked 13th  7 447 km²  1,5% Population  – Total (2003)  – % of Spain  – Density Ranked 8th  1 843 755  4,4%  247,58/km² Demonym  – English  – Spanish  Canary Islander  canario/a Statute of Autonomy August 16, 1982... Ceuta is a Spanish exclave in North Africa, located on the northernmost tip of Maghreb, on the Mediterranean coast near the Straits of Gibraltar. ... Melilla, known in Arabic as مليلة, and in Tamazight as Tamlit is a Spanish autonomous city on the coast of eastern Morocco, in North Africa. ... ... Saint Helena refers to both an island and administrative unit in the South Atlantic Ocean 2,800 km off the west coast of Angola, and to the British Overseas territory that includes it and the dependencies of Ascension and Tristan da Cunha; this article describes both. ...

Régions of France
Alsace | Aquitaine | Auvergne | Bourgogne | Bretagne | Centre | Champagne-Ardenne | Corsica | Franche-Comté | Île-de-France | Languedoc-Roussillon | Limousin | Lorraine | Midi-Pyrénées | Nord-Pas de Calais | Lower Normandy | Upper Normandy | Pays-de-la-Loire | Picardie | Poitou-Charentes | Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur | Rhône-Alpes
Overseas Régions
Guadeloupe | Guyane | Martinique | Réunion

La Réunion is also the name of a commune in the Lot-et-Garonne département in France. France is divided into 26 régions: 21 of these are in the continental part of metropolitan France, one is Corse on the island of Corsica (although strictly speaking Corse is in fact a territorial collectivity, not a région, but is referred to as a région in common... Tricolore of France Created by User:Anthony S. Tsoumbris French Tricolore flag File links The following pages link to this file: Austria Arsenal F.C. Ajax Amsterdam A.S. Roma A.C. Milan Belgium Czech Republic Cyprus Economy of the Czech Republic Corsica Chelsea F.C. European Union Estonia European... Capital Strasbourg Area 8,280 km² Regional President Adrien Zeller Population  - 2004 estimate  - 1999 census  - Density 1,793,000 1,734,145 209/km² Arrondissements 13 Cantons 75 Communes 903 Départements Bas-Rhin Haut-Rhin Alsace (French: Alsace; Alsatian/German: Elsaß) is a région and also a province of France. ... Capital Bordeaux Area 41,309 km² Regional President Alain Rousset ( PS) (since 1998) Population   - 2004 estimate   - 1999 census   - Density (Ranked 6th) 3,049,000 2,908,359 74/km² (2004) Arrondissements 18 Cantons 235 Communes 2,296 Départements Dordogne Gironde Landes Lot-et-Garonne Pyrénées-Atlantiques Aquitaine... This article is about the French administrative région of Auvergne. ... Missing image Location of Bourgogne Capital Dijon Area 31,582 km² Regional President François Patriat (PS) (since 2004) Population   - 2004 estimate   - 1999 census   - Density (Ranked 16th) 1,616,000 1,610,067 51/km² (2004) Arrondissements 15 Cantons 174 Communes 2,045 Départements Yonne Côte-dOr... Missing image Location of Bretagne Capital Rennes Area 27,209 km² Regional President Jean-Yves Le Drian (PS) (since 2004) Population   - 2004 estimate   - 1999 census   - Density (Ranked 7th) 3,011,000 2,906,197 111/km² (2004) Arrondissements 15 Cantons 201 Communes 1,268 Départements Côtes-dArmor... Capital Orléans Area 39,151 km² Regional President Michel Sapin Population  - 2004 estimate  - 1999 census  - Density 2,480,000 2,440,329 62/km² Arrondissements 20 Cantons 198 Communes 842 Départements Cher Eure-et-Loir Indre Indre-et-Loire Loir-et-Cher Loiret Centre (Val de Loire) is... Capital Châlons-en-Champagne Area 25,606 km² Regional President Jean-Paul Bachy Population  - 2004 estimate  - 1999 census  - Density 1,342,363 52/km² Arrondissements 15 Cantons 146 Communes 1,947 Départements Aube Ardennes Haute-Marne Marne Champagne-Ardenne is a French région. ... Capital Ajaccio Area 8,680 km² Regional President Camille de Rocca-Serra Population  - 2004 estimate  - 1999 census  - Density 272,000 260,196 30/km² Arrondissements 5 Cantons 52 Communes 360 Départements Corse-du-Sud Haute-Corse Corsica (Corsican: Corsica; French: Corse) is the fourth largest country in the Mediterranean Sea... Capital Besançon Area 16,202 km² Regional President Raymond Forni (PS) (since 2004) Population   - 2004 estimate   - 1999 census   - Density (Ranked 20th) 1,133,000 1,117,059 70/km² (2004) Arrondissements 8 Cantons 116 Communes 1,786 Départements Doubs Haute-Saône Jura Territoire de Belfort Franche-Comt... This article is about the French administrative région of Île-de-France. ... Capital Montpellier Area 27,376 km² Regional President Georges Frêche ( PS) (since 2004) Population   - 2004 estimate   - 1999 census   - Density (Ranked 10th) 2,458,000 2,295,648 90/km² (2004) Arrondissements 14 Cantons 186 Communes 1,545 Départements Aude Gard Hérault Lozère Pyrénées-Orientales... Capital Limoges Area 16,942 km² Regional President Jean-Paul Denanot (PS) (since 2004) Population   - 2004 estimate   - 1999 census   - Density (Ranked 22nd) 712,000 710,939 42/km² (2004) Arrondissements 8 Cantons 106 Communes 747 Départements Corrèze Creuse Haute-Vienne Limousin (Occitan: Lemosin) is one of the 26... Capital Metz Area 23,547 km² Regional President Jean-Pierre Masseret Population  - 2005 estimate  - 1999 census  - Density 2,310,376 98/km² Arrondissements 19 Cantons 157 Communes 2,337 Départements Meurthe-et-Moselle Meuse Moselle Vosges Lorraine ( German: Lothringen) is a historical area in present-day northeast France. ... Capital Toulouse Area 45,348 km² Regional President Martin Malvy (PS) (since 1998) Population   - 2004 estimate   - 1999 census   - Density (Ranked 8th) 2,687,000 2,551,687 59/km² (2004) Arrondissements 22 Cantons 293 Communes 3,020 Départements Ariège Aveyron Gers Haute-Garonne Hautes-Pyrénées Lot Tarn Tarn-et-Garonne... Capital Lille Area 12,414 km² Regional President Daniel Percheron (PS) (since 2001) Population   - 2004 estimate   - 1999 census   - Density (Ranked 4th) 4,026,000 3,996,588 324/km² (2004) Arrondissements 13 Cantons 156 Communes 1,546 Départements Nord Pas-de-Calais Nord-Pas de Calais is one of... Région Basse-Normandie Missing image Coat of Arms of Basse-Normandie Details Information Capital: Caen Population  - Total  - Density 1,422,193 (1999 census) 1,443,000 (1. ... Région Haute-Normandie Missing image Blason de la Haute-Normandie Détails Information Capital: Rouen Population  - Total  - Density 1 780 192 (1999) 145 /km² Area 12 317 km² Arrondissements 6 Cantons 112 Communes 1 420 President of the regional council Alain Le Vern Départements Categories: Regions of France... Région Pays-de-la-Loire Information Capital: Nantes Population  - Total  - Density 3 222 061 (1999) 100 /km² Area 32 082 km² Arrondissements 17 Cantons 203 Communes 1 502 President of the regional council Jacques Auxiette Départements Categories: Regions of France | Stub ... Capital Amiens Area 19,399 km² Regional President Claude Gewerc Population  - 2005 estimate  - 1999 census  - Density 1,857,481 96/km² Arrondissements 13 Cantons 129 Communes 2,292 Départements Aisne Oise Somme For use in music, see Picardy third. ... Categories: Stub | Regions of France ... Capital Marseilles Area 31,400 km² Regional President Michel Vauzelle ( PS) (since 1998) Population   - 2004 estimate   - 1999 census   - Density (Ranked 3rd) 4,666,000 4,506,151 149/km² (2004) Arrondissements 18 Cantons 237 Communes 963 Départements Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Alpes-Maritimes Bouches-du-Rhône Hautes-Alpes... Capital Lyon Area 43,698 km² Regional President Jean-Jack Queyranne ( PS) (since 2004) Population   - 2004 estimate   - 1999 census   - Density (Ranked 2nd) 5,893,000 5,645,407 135/km² (2004) Arrondissements 25 Cantons 335 Communes 2,879 Départements Ain Ardèche Drôme Isère Loire Rhône... Région doutre-mer, or Overseas regions, is a recent designation given to the départements doutre-mer which have similar powers to those of the régions of metropolitan France. ... Lot-et-Garonne is a département in the southwest of France named after the Lot and Garonne rivers. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties and are now grouped into 22 metropolitan and four overseas régions. ...


 
 

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