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Encyclopedia > Région in France
This article is part
of the series:
Administrative divisions of France
Regional level
Régions
(incl. Overseas régions)
Departmental level
Départements
(incl. Overseas départements)
Arrondissement level
Arrondissements
Cantonal level
Cantons
Intercommunal level
Communautés urbaines
Communautés d'agglomération
Communautés de communes
Syndicats d'agglomération nouvelle
Communal level
Communes
Municipal arrondissements
Others
Collectivités d'outre-mer
Collectivité sui generis
Pays d'outre-mer
Territoire d'outre-mer
Scattered Islands
Clipperton Island

France is divided into 26 régions: 21 of these are in the continental part of metropolitan France, one is Corse on the island of Corsica (although strictly speaking Corse is in fact a "territorial collectivity", not a région, but is referred to as a région in common speech), 4 are overseas. Régions are further subdivided into départements. Metropolitan (i. ... Région doutre-mer, or Overseas regions, is a recent designation given to the départements doutre-mer which have similar powers to those of the régions of metropolitan France. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties and are now grouped into 22 metropolitan and four overseas régions. ... Under the 1946 Constitution of the Fourth Republic, the French colonies of Guadeloupe, Martinique and French Guiana in the Caribbean and Réunion in the Indian Ocean became départements doutre-mer (Overseas departments) or DOMs. ... The 100 French départements are divided into 342 arrondissements. ... The canton is an administrative division of France. ... A communauté urbaine (Urban Communauty in English) is the higher degree of intercommunal cooperation in France. ... A communauté dagglomération is an administrative division in France, larger than a commune, but smaller than a département. ... The commune is an administrative division of France. ... The municipal arrondissement (French: arrondissement municipal), more simply referred to as arrondissement, is a level of administrative division in France lower than the commune. ... A Territoire doutre-mer (TOM, French for Overseas territory) is an administrative divisions of France. ... The Scattered Islands in the Indian Ocean (in French Îles éparses de locéan indien) are five islands of the Indian Ocean with no permanent population, Bassas da India, Europa, Juan de Nova, Glorioso, and Tromelin. ... The term Metropolitan France (French: la France métropolitaine, or just la Métropole) refers to the part of France in Europe, including Corsica, as opposed to the overseas departments and overseas territories, which, while integral parts of the French Republic, are regarded as Overseas France (French: la France d... This article is about the Mediterranean island. ... Capital Ajaccio Area 8,680 km² Regional President Camille de Rocca-Serra Population  - 2004 estimate  - 1999 census  - Density 272,000 260,196 30/km² Arrondissements 5 Cantons 52 Communes 360 Départements Corse-du-Sud Haute-Corse Corsica (Corsican: Corsica; French: Corse) is the fourth largest island in the Mediterranean Sea... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties and are now grouped into 22 metropolitan and four overseas régions. ...


Role

Régions do not have legislative autonomy, nor can they issue regulations. They do levy taxes (or, rather, the national government gives them a portion of the taxes it levies) and have sizeable, though not considerable budgets.


Their main legal attribution is to build and pay equipment costs for high schools; in March 2004, the French national government announced a controversial plan to transfer to the régions some categories of non-teaching school personnel. Critics of this plan contend that it is doubtful than sufficient fiscal resources for these additional charges will be transferred, and that such measures will increase inequalities between régions.


Apart from these legal attributions, régions have considerable discretionary spending for infrastructure (education, public transportation systems, aid to universities and research, support for entrepreneurs). Because of this, being president of a wealthy région such as Île-de-France or Rhône-Alpes may be quite a high profile position. An entrepreneur is, in its most general sense, a person who creates or starts a new project, opportunity, or venture. ... This article is about the French administrative région of Île-de-France. ... Capital Lyon Area 43,698 km² Regional President Jean-Jack Queyranne ( PS) (since 2004) Population   - 2004 estimate   - 1999 census   - Density (Ranked 2nd) 5,893,000 5,645,407 135/km² (2004) Arrondissements 25 Cantons 335 Communes 2,879 Départements Ain Ardèche Drôme Isère Loire Rhône...


There are, from time to time, discussions about giving limited legislative autonomy to the régions, but such proposals are controversial. There are also proposals to suppress the local governments of the départements and to folding them into the régions, keeping the départements only as administrative subdivisions.


List

  1. Alsace
  2. Aquitaine
  3. Auvergne
  4. Basse-Normandie
  5. Bourgogne
  6. Bretagne
  7. Centre
  8. Champagne-Ardenne
  9. Corse (special status)
  10. Franche-Comté
  11. Haute-Normandie
  1. Île-de-France
  2. Languedoc-Roussillon
  3. Limousin
  4. Lorraine
  5. Midi-Pyrénées
  6. Nord-Pas-de-Calais
  7. Pays de la Loire
  8. Picardie
  9. Poitou-Charentes
  10. Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur
  11. Rhône-Alpes
  • Régions which are also départements d'outre-mer (DOM)
    (Overseas departments), each of them consisting of a single département coterminous with a région:

Capital Strasbourg Area 8,280 km² Regional President Adrien Zeller Population  - 2004 estimate  - 1999 census  - Density 1,793,000 1,734,145 209/km² Arrondissements 13 Cantons 75 Communes 903 Départements Bas-Rhin Haut-Rhin Alsace (French: Alsace; Alsatian/German: Elsaß) is a région and also a traditional province of... Capital Bordeaux Area 41,309 km² Regional President Alain Rousset ( PS) (since 1998) Population   - 2004 estimate   - 1999 census   - Density (Ranked 6th) 3,049,000 2,908,359 74/km² (2004) Arrondissements 18 Cantons 235 Communes 2,296 Départements Dordogne Gironde Landes Lot-et-Garonne Pyrénées-Atlantiques Aquitaine... This article is about the French administrative région of Auvergne. ... Capital Caen Area 31,582 km² Regional President Philippe Duron Population  - 2004 estimate  - 1999 census  - Density 1,443,000 1,422,193 81/km² Arrondissements 11 Cantons 141 Communes 1,812 Départements Calvados Manche Orne Basse-Normandie is a region of France. ... This article is about the French administrative région of Bourgogne. ... This article is about the French administrative région of Bretagne. ... Capital Orléans Area 39,151 km² Regional President Michel Sapin Population  - 2004 estimate  - 1999 census  - Density 2,480,000 2,440,329 62/km² Arrondissements 20 Cantons 198 Communes 842 Départements Cher Eure-et-Loir Indre Indre-et-Loire Loir-et-Cher Loiret Centre (Val de Loire) is... Capital Châlons-en-Champagne Area 25,606 km² Regional President Jean-Paul Bachy Population  - 2004 estimate  - 1999 census  - Density 1,342,363 52/km² Arrondissements 15 Cantons 146 Communes 1,947 Départements Aube Ardennes Haute-Marne Marne Champagne-Ardenne is a French région. ... This article is about the Mediterranean island. ... Capital Besançon Area 16,202 km² Regional President Raymond Forni ( PS) (since 2004) Population   - 2004 estimate   - 1999 census   - Density (Ranked 20th) 1,133,000 1,117,059 70/km² (2004) Arrondissements 8 Cantons 116 Communes 1,786 Départements Doubs Haute-Saône Jura Territoire de Belfort Franche-Comt... Capital Rouen Area 12,317 km² Regional President Alain Le Vern Population  - [[As of |]] estimate  - 1999 census  - Density 1,780,192 145/km² Arrondissements 6 Cantons 112 Communes 1,420 Départements Eure Seine-Maritime Haute-Normandie is a région of France. ... This article is about the French administrative région of Île-de-France. ... Capital Montpellier Area 27,376 km² Regional President Georges Frêche ( PS) (since 2004) Population   - 2004 estimate   - 1999 census   - Density (Ranked 10th) 2,458,000 2,295,648 90/km² (2004) Arrondissements 14 Cantons 186 Communes 1,545 Départements Aude Gard Hérault Lozère Pyrénées-Orientales... Capital Limoges Area 16,942 km² Regional President Jean-Paul Denanot Population  - 2004 estimate  - 1999 census  - Density 710,939 42/km² Arrondissements 8 Cantons 106 Communes 747 Départements Corrèze Creuse Haute-Vienne Limousin is a former province of France and now a region of France, around the city... Capital Metz Area 23,547 km² Regional President Jean-Pierre Masseret Population  - 2005 estimate  - 1999 census  - Density 2,310,376 98/km² Arrondissements 19 Cantons 157 Communes 2,337 Départements Meurthe-et-Moselle Meuse Moselle Vosges Lorraine ( German: Lothringen) is a historical area in present-day northeast France. ... Capital Toulouse Area 45,348 km² Regional President Martin Malvy ( PS) (since 1998) Population   - 2004 estimate   - 1999 census   - Density (Ranked 8th) 2,687,000 2,551,687 59/km² (2004) Arrondissements 22 Cantons 293 Communes 3,020 Départements Ariège Aveyron Gers Haute-Garonne Hautes-Pyrénées Lot Tarn Tarn-et-Garonne... Capital Lille Area 12,414 km² Regional President Daniel Percheron ( PS) (since 2001) Population   - 2004 estimate   - 1999 census   - Density (Ranked 4th) 4,026,000 3,996,588 324/km² (2004) Arrondissements 13 Cantons 156 Communes 1,546 Départements Nord Pas-de-Calais The administrative region of Nord-Pas-de... Capital Nantes Area 32,082 km² Regional President Jacques Auxiette ( PS) (since 2004) Population   - 2004 estimate   - 1999 census   - Density (Ranked 5th) 3,344,000 3,222,061 104/km² (2004) Arrondissements 17 Cantons 192 Communes 1,503 Départements Loire-Atlantique Mayenne Maine-et-Loire Sarthe Vendée Pays-de... Capital Amiens Area 19,399 km² Regional President Claude Gewerc Population  - 2005 estimate  - 1999 census  - Density 1,857,481 96/km² Arrondissements 13 Cantons 129 Communes 2,292 Départements Aisne Oise Somme For use in music, see Picardy third. ... Categories: Stub | Regions of France ... Capital Marseilles Area 31,400 km² Regional President Michel Vauzelle (PS) (since 1998) Population   - 2004 estimate   - 1999 census   - Density (Ranked 3rd) 4,666,000 4,506,151 149/km² (2004) Arrondissements 18 Cantons 237 Communes 963 Départements Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Alpes-Maritimes Bouches-du-Rhône Hautes-Alpes... Capital Lyon Area 43,698 km² Regional President Jean-Jack Queyranne ( PS) (since 2004) Population   - 2004 estimate   - 1999 census   - Density (Ranked 2nd) 5,893,000 5,645,407 135/km² (2004) Arrondissements 25 Cantons 335 Communes 2,879 Départements Ain Ardèche Drôme Isère Loire Rhône... File links The following pages link to this file: Région in France List of subnational entities Ranked list of French regions Categories: NowCommons ... Under the 1946 Constitution of the Fourth Republic, the French colonies of Guadeloupe, Martinique and French Guiana in the Caribbean and Réunion in the Indian Ocean became départements doutre-mer (Overseas departments) or DOMs. ... Réunion is an island, as well as an overseas département (département doutre-mer, or DOM) of France, located in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar, about 200 km southwest of Mauritius. ...

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