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Encyclopedia > Qutuz

Saif ad-Din Qutuz (died October 24, 1260) was the Mamluk sultan of Egypt from 1259 until his death. October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 68 days remaining. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Fukakusa of Japan Emperor Kameyama ascends to the throne of Japan September 3 - Mongols defeated by Mameluks at Battle of Ain Jalut Samogatians and Curonians defeats Teutonic knights in Battle of Durbe Births Maximus Planudes, Byzantine grammarian and theologian Deaths Monarchs/Presidents... An Ottoman Mamluk, from 1810 Mamluks (also Mameluks, Mamelukes) (the Arabic word usually translates as owned, singular: مملوك plural: مماليك) comprised slave soldiers used by the Muslim caliphs and the Ottoman Empire. ... For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ...


Qutuz was appointed regent in Egypt in 1253, under sultan Aybak. Aybak was assassinated in 1257 and Qutuz remained regent for Aybak's son al-Mansur Ali. In November 1257 and April 1258 he defeated Bahrid raids from Palestine, causing a dispute among the Mamluks, some of whom wished to support their Bahrid lords in Egypt. After the Mongols arrived in 1258, Qutuz overthrew al-Mansur Ali on November 12, 1259, and took power for himself. Hulegu Khan demanded that Qutuz surrender, but he refused, and executed Hulegu's ambassadors. Qutuz and the Mamluk general Baibars marched out from Cairo, passing through the remnant of the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem, and camping outside Acre. The nobles in Acre offered their support, although the Knights Templar preferred to support the Mongols. Baibars wanted to capture Acre at the same time but Qutuz refused to attack an ally. On September 3 Qutuz, with Baibars leading his army, defeated the Mongol army under Kitbuqa at the Battle of Ain Jalut. Syria soon fell back under Mamluk control; Baibars wanted Aleppo but Qutuz instead gave it to Ala al-Din Ali. On the way back to Cairo, Baibars killed Qutuz on October 24, and claimed the sultanate for himself. For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ... Aybak was the first of the Mameluke sultans of Egypt. ... Jack Ruby murdered the assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, in a very public manner. ... Events La Sorbonne, the famous university in Paris, is founded Eutin in Schleswig-Holstein is given its city rights Henry III of England orders the production of a coinage of pure gold location of city Cracow Births Sancho IV king of Castile and León Deaths Pho Khun Si Indrathit... The Bahri dynasty or Bahriyya Sultante المماليك البحرية was a Mamluk dynasty that ruled Egypt from 1250 to 1382 when they were succeeded by the Burji dynasty, another group of Mamluks. ... Map of the British Mandate of Palestine. ... The Mongols are an ethnic group that originated in what is now Mongolia, Russia, and China, particularly Inner Mongolia. ... Events= February 10 - Mongols overrun Baghdad, burning it to the ground and killing 800,000 citizens Llywelyn the Last declares himself Prince of Wales. ... November 12 is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 49 days remaining. ... For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ... Hulagu Khan (also known as Hülegü, and Hulegu) (1217–8 February 1265) was a Mongol ruler who conquered much of Southwest Asia. ... al-Malik al-Zahir Ruk al-Din Baibars al-Bunduqdari (also spelled Baybars) (1223 – July 1, 1277) was a Mamluk Sultan of Egypt and Syria. ... Although technically in Giza, The Great Pyramids have become a symbol of Cairo internationally Cairo (Arabic: القاهرة; transliterated: al-Qāhirah) is the capital city of Egypt (and previously the United Arab Republic) and has a metropolitan area population of approximately 15. ... This article is about the medieval Crusades . ... Official language Latin, French, Italian, and other western languages; Greek and Arabic also widely spoken Capital Jerusalem, later Acre Constitution Various laws, so-called Assizes of Jerusalem The Kingdom of Jerusalem was a Christian kingdom established in the Levant in 1099 by the First Crusade. ... The Old City of Akko in the 19th or early 20th century, looking south-west from atop the Land Wall Promenade, the open space now a parking lot. ... The Seal of the Knights — the two riders have been interpreted as a sign of poverty or the duality of monk/soldier. ... September 3 is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years). ... Kitbuqa Noyen was the Christian lieutenant and confidant of Hulagu Khan, assisting him in his conquests in Persia and the Middle East. ... The Battle of Ain Jalut (or Ayn Jalut, the Spring of Goliath) took place on September 3, 1260 between the Mameluks and the Mongols in Palestine. ... Old Town Aleppo viewed from the Citadel Aleppo is also the name of two townships in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ...


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Qutuz - Definition, explanation (0 words)
Qutuz was appointed regent in Egypt in 1253, under sultan Aybak.
Aybak was assassinated in 1257 and Qutuz remained regent for Aybak's son al-Mansur Ali.
Qutuz and the Mamluk general Baibars marched out from Cairo, passing through the remnant of the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem, and camping outside Acre.
Saif ad-Din Qutuz (1668 words)
When Qutuz's reply reached the Tatars through their spies in Egypt, they realised that they were facing a different type of leader, with whom they have not dealt before.
Qutuz, knowing the important role scholars play and their influence on the masses, seeked their help and support, asking them to supplicate for victory, and to urge the people to stand for their religion, taking the scholars as his close counselors and advisers.
Qutuz rewarded the Muslim Ameers who helped achieve this victory, by returning to some of the Ayyoubi kings their states, and appointing some of his bravest chiefs as governors.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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