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Encyclopedia > Qutb ud din Aybak

Qutb-ud-din Aybak was a ruler of Medieval India, the first Sultan of Delhi and founder of the Slave dynasty (also known as the Mamluk dynasty). He served as sultan for only four years, 1206-1210. The Delhi Sultanate, or Sulthanath-e-Hind/Sulthanath-e-Dilli refers to the various dynasties that ruled in India from 1210 to 1526. ... The Slave dynasty served as the first Sultans of Delhi in India from 1206 to 1290. ... An Ottoman Mamluk, from 1810 Mamluks (also Mameluks, Mamelukes) (the Arabic word usually translates as owned, singular: مملوك plural: مماليك) comprised slave soldiers used by the Muslim caliphs and the Ottoman Empire, and who on more than one occasion seized power for themselves. ... Events Temujin is proclaimed Genghis Khan of the Mongol people, founding the Mongol Empire Qutb ud-Din proclaims the Mameluk dynasty in India, the first dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Tsuchimikado of Japan Emperor Juntoku ascends to the throne of Japan Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor excommunicated by Pope Innocent III for invading southern Italy in 1210 Gottfried von Strassburg writes his epic poem Tristan about 1210 Beginning of Delhi Sultanate Births May...


Qutb-ud-din was a Turk of the Aybak tribe, and was born in Central Asia. As a child he was captured and sold as a slave (mamluk). He was purchased by the chief Qazi of Nishapur, who treated him like one of his own sons. Aibak received good education and was trained in archery and horsemanship. When his master died, his master's sons, who were jealous of Aibak, sold him to a slave merchant. Qutb-ud-din was a bought by Sultan Muhammad Ghori, who, from the Ghor region of central Afghanistan, had conquered present-day Afghanistan, Pakistan, Turkestan, and northern India by his death in 1206. Qutb-ud-din rose through the ranks to become Muhammad's most trusted general, and was increasingly left in charge of Muhammad's Indian campaigns and the administration of his Indian possessions as Muhammad's attention turned to affairs in Central Asia after 1192. Qutb-ud-din's greatest military successes occurred while still a subordinate. He was responsible for most of Muhammad's conquests in northern India, and was appointed as Muhammad's viceroy in India. Muhammad had no male heirs, and upon his death in 1206 Qutb-ud-din, after a brief power struggle, succeeded in establishing himself as Sultan of Muhammad's empire in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and northern India; Muhammad's Central Asian possessions had been captured by the Mongol leader Ghengis Khan. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Tomb of Omar Khayyam, Neishabur Nishapur (or Neyshâbûr; نیشابور in Persian) is a town in the province of Khorasan in northeastern Iran, situated in a fertile plain at the foot of the Binalud Mountains, near the regional capital of Mashhad. ... Muhammad of Ghor or Muhammad Ghori (originally named Muizz-ad-din) (1162 - 1206) was a Persian conqueror and sultan between 1171 and 1206. ... Ghowr province (sometimes spelled Ghor) is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan. ... Map of Turkestan (dark grey) with borders of modern states in white Turkestan (also spelled Turkistan or Türkistan) is a region in Central Asia, which today is largely inhabited by Turkic people. ... Events Temujin is proclaimed Genghis Khan of the Mongol people, founding the Mongol Empire Qutb ud-Din proclaims the Mameluk dynasty in India, the first dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Events The Third Crusade ends in disaster. ... Events Temujin is proclaimed Genghis Khan of the Mongol people, founding the Mongol Empire Qutb ud-Din proclaims the Mameluk dynasty in India, the first dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate. ... Honorary guard of Mongolia. ... Genghis Khan (Mongolian: Чингис Хаан, Jenghis Khan, Jinghis Khan, Chinghiz Khan, Jinghiz Khan, Chinggis Khan, Changaiz Khan, original name Temüjin, Temuchin, Mongolian: Тэмүүжин) (c. ...


Though his tenure as a ruler was only four years, and most of them were spend in dealing with the revolts of nobles like Taj-ud-din Ildiz, Nasir-ud-din Qubachah and a few Hindu chiefs, yet he established a firm administrative system. He restored peace and prosperity in the area under him and roads were free from thieves and robbers. Aibak was known as Lakh Baksh because of his generosity. He was also a pious Muslim. Historians have praised his evenhanded justice. He patronized Nizami and Fakh-i-Mudabbir, both of whom dedicated their works to Aibak. A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) is an adherent of Islam. ...


Qutb-ud-din moved the capital of the empire from Ghazni to Lahore, and later moved the capital to Delhi, and thus is considered as the first Muslim ruler of South Asia. He started construction of the city's earliest Muslim monuments, the Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque and the Qutub Minar, which was completed by his successor Iltutmish. Minaret, July 2001 Ghazni is a city in central Afghanistan, situated on a plateau at 7280 feet above sea level. ... Lahore (لاةور) is a major city in Pakistan and is the capital of the province of Punjab. ... This article deals with the city of Delhi. ... Composite satellite image of the Indian subcontinent Map of South Asia. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) is an adherent of Islam. ... The Qutb Minar The Qutb complex is an array of monuments and buildings in Delhi, India, the most famous of which is the Qutb Minar. ... Qutub Minar is the tallest brick minaret in the world, situated within the historic site known today as the Qutb complex in Mehrauli village of Delhi, India. ... Shams ud din Iltutmish, or Altamash, was the third Sultan of Delhi, and the only other significant ruler, besides the founder Qutb ud din Aibak, of the Slave Dynasty. ...


Qutb-ud-din died accidentally in 1210; while playing a game of polo, his horse fell, and he was impaled on the pommel of his saddle. He is buried near the Anarkali Bazaar in Lahore. His tomb was destroyed by the Mongol attack on Lahore in 1241, and a new tomb was constructed over his grave around 1970. He was succeeded as Sultan by Shams-ud-din Iltutmish, another ex-slave of Turkic ancestry, who married Qutb-ud-din's daughter. Events End of the reign of Emperor Tsuchimikado of Japan Emperor Juntoku ascends to the throne of Japan Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor excommunicated by Pope Innocent III for invading southern Italy in 1210 Gottfried von Strassburg writes his epic poem Tristan about 1210 Beginning of Delhi Sultanate Births May... Polo (also known as Cho-gan) is a team game played on a field with one goal for each team. ... Lahore (لاةور) is a major city in Pakistan and is the capital of the province of Punjab. ... Events April 5 - Mongols of Golden Horde under the command of Subotai defeat feudal polish nobility, including Knights Templar, in the battle of Liegnitz April 27 - Mongols defeat Bela IV of Hungary in the battle of Sajo. ... 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Shams ud din Iltutmish, or Altamash, was the third Sultan of Delhi, and the only other significant ruler, besides the founder Qutb ud din Aibak, of the Slave Dynasty. ...


See also

  • Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque

 
 

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