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Encyclopedia > Quranic guardian

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Qur'an

The Qurān [1] (Arabic: ‎ , literally the recitation; also called The Noble Quran; also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and Al-Quran), is the central religious text of Islam. ...

Mus'haf
Qur'an reading
Qur'an translations
Origin and development
Tafsir
Qur'an and Sunnah
Views on the Qur'an
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For other uses, see Hafiz (disambiguation).

Hafiz or Hafez (Arabic: "حافظ قرآن" حافظ), literally meaning 'guardian', is a term used by Muslims for people who have completely memorized the Qur'an. A Mushaf is a Arabic word that literarly means cover, as in a book cover. ... Sura (sometimes spelled as Surah) ( ) is an Arabic term literally meaning to enclose something, or to surround it with a wall. ... Quran reading is the reading (tartil, tajwid, or taghbir) aloud, reciting, chanting, or singing of portions of the Quran. ... TajwÄ«d (تجويد) is an Arabic word meaning proper pronunciation during recitation, as well as recitation at a moderate speed. ... Tarteel (Arabic: ترتيل ) is an Arabic term that is wide in meaning but is commonly translated in reference to the Quran as recitation. ... A manzil (منزل, plural manazil, منازل) is one of seven parts of roughly equal length into which the Quran is divided for the purpose of reciting the entire text in one week. ... A juz (جزء, plural ajza, اجزاء) is one of thirty parts of roughly equal length into which the Quran is divided for the purpose of reciting the entire text in one month. ... A hizb (حزب , plural ahzab,احزاب) is one half of a juz and thus comprises roughly one 60th of the text of the Quran. ... Qari, literally meaning reader, is a person who recites the Quran with some sort of recitation rule (tajweed). ... Definition - Revenue per Available Seat Mile. ... Translations of the Qurán are versions of the holy book of Islam in languages other than Arabic. ... // By first printing date 1100s Lex Mahumet pseudoprophete - circa 1143, Latin, by Robert of Ketton 1900s The Holy Quran -1917, English, by Ahmadiya Maulana Muhammad Ali, ISBN 0913321117. ... Regarding the origin and development of the Quran, Islamic scholars proceed with the assumption that the Quran is a divine, uncreated text which is exactly the same today as when it was revealed to the Islamic prophet Muhammad. ... The Madinan suras of the Quran are those suras which were revealed at Madina, after Muhammads hijra from Makka, when the Muslims were establishing a state rather than being, as at Makka, an oppressed minority. ... The Makkan suras are the chronologically earlier suras of the Quran that were revealed at Makka. ... A tafsir ( (Arabic: تفسير )tafsÄ«r, also transliterated tafseer, Arabic explanation) is Quranic exegesis or commentary. ... Some of the Quranic verses are said to be revealed pertaining to some specific person. ... Justice, truth-telling, various virtues and sins the prohibition of purjury in the Quran are repeated many times: // And eat up not one another’s property unjustly (in any illegal way e. ... Asbāb al-nuzÅ«l, an Arabic term meaning occasions of revelation, is a a secondary genre of Qurānic exegesis (tafsir) directed at establishing the context in which specific verses of the Qurān were revealed. ... Naskh, an Arabic word meaning abrogation, is a technical term for a major genre of Islamic exegesis dealing with the problem of seemingly contradictory verses in the Quran. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Tahrif (Arabic: ‎ corruption, forgery; the stem-II verbal noun of the consonantal root , to make oblique) is an Arabic term used by Muslims with regard to words, and more specifically with regard to what Jews and Christians are supposed to have done to their respective Scriptures. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Alexander in the Quran is a theory that holds that the character of Dhul-Qarnayn, mentioned in the Quran, is in fact Alexander the Great. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Bakkah (Arabic: ‎) is a place mentioned in surah 3:96 of the Quran. ... A tree diagram of the Quranic initial letters, labelled with the respective numbers of occurrences. ... An esoteric interpretation of the Qur’an is an interpretation of the Qur’an which includes attribution of esoteric or mystic meanings to the text by the interpretater and in this aspect its method is different from the conventional exegesis of the Qur’an called tafsir. ... Quran and Sunnah is an often quoted Islamic term regarding the sources of Islam. ... Ibn Baz was a follower of the Muslim scholars Muhammad ibn Abd al Wahhab and Ibn Taymiyya; he belonged to that current of Muslim thought sometimes called Salafism and sometimes called Wahabbism. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... This is a sub-article to Shia Islam and Quran The Shia view of the Quran has some differences from the Sunni view. ... Muslims believe that the Quran is the literal word of God as recited to Muhammad through the Angel Gabriel. ... Quran desecration means insulting the Quran, the holy book of Islam, by defiling or disfacing it. ... There are two verses named Surah of Wilaya and Nurayn that are claimed to be included in the Quran. ... Satanic Verses is an expression coined by the historian Sir William Muir in reference to several verses allegedly interpolated into an early version of the Qurān and later expunged. ... Tanazzulat, or descents (Arabic تنزلات, plural of Tanazzul, تنزل), refers to the act of descent of the pre-existing Quran through different Realms. ... The Qisas al-anbiya (قصص الأنبياء) or Stories of the Prophets refers to various collections of tales adapted from the Quran. ... Beit Al Quran, Hoora Beit Al Quran (Arabic: بيت القرآن) means House of Quran in Arabic. ... Hafiz or Hafez can have religious or popular meanings. ... The Arabic language ( ), or simply Arabic ( ), is the largest member of the family of Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew, Amharic, and Aramaic. ... For computer memory, see computer storage. ... The Qurān [1] (Arabic: ‎ , literally the recitation; also called The Noble Quran; also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and Al-Quran), is the central religious text of Islam. ...


Overview

The prophet Muhammad lived in the 7th century CE, in Arabia. In those times, many people were not literate. The Arabs preserved their histories, genealogies, and poetry by memory alone. When Muhammad proclaimed the verses later collected as the Qur'an, his followers naturally preserved the words by memorizing them.


Early accounts say that the literate Muslims also wrote down such verses as they heard. However, the Arabic writing of the time was a scripta defectiva, an incomplete script, that did not include vowel markings or other diacritics needed to distinguish between words. Hence if there was any question as to the pronunciation of a verse, the memorized verses were a better source than the written ones. The hafiz were also highly appreciated as reciters, whose beautifully intoned words were accessible even to the illiterate crowd. Memorization required no expensive raw materials (in an age when there was no paper in the Muslim world, only vellum). Memorization was also considered more secure -- a manuscript could easily be destroyed, but if the Qur'an were memorized by many huffaz (plural), it would never be lost. Piece of A4 paper Paper is a thin material produced by the amalgamation of plant fibres, which are subsequently held together without extra binder, largely by hydrogen bonds and to a large degree by fiber entanglement. ... Vellum (from the Latin for wool or pelt) is a sort of parchment, a material for the pages of a book or codex, characterized by its thin, smooth, durable properties. ...


Even after the Caliph Uthman ibn Affan collected and organized the Qur'an circa 650-656 CE, oral recitation of the Qur'an was still honored and encouraged. There are numerous traditions of oral recitation. Most huffaz know only one version, but true experts can recite in several traditions. Leave this page if youre under 18!! - Page contains huge lies and hardly has any facts > it will surely misguide you! Uthman ibn Affan (Arabic: عثمان بن عفان) (c. ...


Huffaz are highly respected within the Islamic community. They are privileged to use the title "Hafiz" before their names. They win this title by passing one or more tests. In one test, they are asked to continue the recitation of a passage taken randomly from the Qur'an. As they do not know which passage will be chosen, they must know the whole text in order to be sure of passing. In another test, a would-be hafiz might be asked to recite verses containing a specific word or phrase.


Most huffaz have studied as children in special Islamic schools or madrasahs, being instructed in tajweed (rules of recitation) and vocalisation as well as committing the Qur'an to memory. To give some idea as to the nature of this undertaking: The Qur'an is divided into 114 Surahs (chapters), containing approximately 6,200 verses (comprising some 80,000 words or 330,000 individual characters). A Madrasah complex in The Gambia Ulugh Beg Madrasa, Samarkand, ca. ... Quran reading is the reading (tartil, tajwid, or taghbir) aloud, reciting, chanting, or singing of portions of the Quran. ... See also: Sura (disambiguation). ...


During the holy month of Ramadan, special daily prayers called Tarawih are read in the mosques every evening. Tarawih prayers often include Qur'an recitation. One juz' (1/30th of the Qur'an) is recited by a hafiz on each of the thirty days of Ramadan. If the audience is at all large, several huffaz will be present. Any hafiz who stumbles is sure to be corrected and this is called luqma, a correction done by another hafiz. The fourth pillar of Islam which is fasting is also called Ramadan (in Arabic: رمضان, Ramadhan) – or Ramzan in several countries – and it is the ninth month of the Islamic (Hijri) calendar, established in the year 638. ... Tarawih (تراويح) is an Arabic phrase referring to extra prayers given at night in the Islamic month of Ramadan. ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ...


A number of scholars point to hadiths that state that a hafiz will be rewarded on Qiyamah (Judgement Day), as will his or her parents, and will be granted the ability to intercede on behalf of ten family members. Hadith ( translit: ) are traditions relating to the words and deeds of Muhammad. ... Yawm al-Qīyāmah (Arabic: ‎ literally: Day of the Resurrection) is the Arabic name for the Last Judgement. ...

"He who learns the Qur’an and practices upon it, his parents will be made to wear a crown on the day of Qiyamah, the brilliance of which will excel that of the sun if the same were within your worldly houses. Hence, what do you think about the person who himself acts upon it?" (Abu Dawood).


"Whoever reads the Qur’an and memorises it, while he regards what it makes lawful as lawful and its unlawful as forbidden (i.e. he practices according to it), Allah Ta’ala will admit him into Jannah and will accept his intercession on behalf of ten such persons of his family who were doomed to the fire of Jahannam" (Tirmidhi). Jahannam is the Islamic equivalent to Hell. ...

See also

Qari, literally meaning reader, is a person who recites the Quran with some sort of recitation rule (tajweed). ... The Qurān [1] (Arabic: ‎ , literally the recitation; also called The Noble Quran; also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and Al-Quran), is the central religious text of Islam. ...

External links

  • Qur'an and Hafiz Number on islam101.com
  • Qur'an recitation on YouTube
  • Recitation by Sh. Abu Bakr ash-Shatry

 
 

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