FACTOID # 11: Oklahoma has the highest rate of women in State or Federal correctional facilities.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Quraish" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Quraish

Quraish (Arabic: قريشtranslit: Quraysh) is the Meccan tribe that the Islamic prophet Muhammad belonged to before he received the revelations of Islam. The Arabic alphabet is the script used for writing in the Arabic language. ... Due to the fact that the Arabic language has a number of phonemes that have no equivalent in English or other European languages, a number of different transliteration methods have been invented to represent certain Arabic characters, due to various conflicting goals: A desire to stay consistent with traditional usage... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... The Quran identifies a number of men as prophets of Islam. ... For other people named Muhammad, see Muhammad (disambiguation). ... Islam (Arabic: ; ) is a monotheistic religion based on the Quran. ...


Ironically, it was his own tribe that was his chief opponent for most of his life. The Quraish was composed of ten clans. [1] Quraish branched out into various tribes, the most famous of whom were Jumah, Sahm, ‘Adi, Makhzum, Tayim, Zahra and the three septs of Qusai bin Kilab: ‘Abdud-Dar bin Qusai, Asad bin ‘Abdul ‘Uzza bin Qusai and ‘Abd Manaf bin Qusai. ‘Abd Manaf branched out into two houses : ‘Umayyah (Umayyad) and Hashim. From the family of Hashim came Muhammad ibn Abdullah ibn Abd al-Muttalib ibn Hashim. [2]


A list of them follows:

Arab lineages allegedly originate from three groups: Banu Hashim (Arabic: بنو هاشم) is a clan in the Quraish tribe. ... For other people named Muhammad, see Muhammad (disambiguation). ... Ali ibn Abu Talib (Arabic: علي بن أبي طالب translit: ‘AlÄ« ibn Abu Ṭālib Persian: علی پسر ابو طالب) ‎ (599 – 661) is an early Islamic leader. ... The Courtyard of the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, one of the grandest architectural legacies of the Umayyads. ... Abu Sufyan ibn Harb was the leader of the Banu Abd Shams clan of the Quraish tribe, and was the chieftain of the entire Quraish tribe, making him one of, if not the most powerful men in Mecca during the lifetime of Muhammad. ... Leave this page if youre under 18!! - Page contains huge lies and hardly has any facts > it will surely misguide you! Uthman ibn Affan (Arabic: عثمان بن عفان) (c. ... Banu Makhzum (Arabic: بنو مخزوم) is one of the tribes of Arabia descending from the tribe of Quraish, which branched out into various tribes, the most famous being Jumah, Sahm, ‘Adi, Makhzum, Tayim, Zahra. ... Walid ibn Mughira was the chief of the Banu Makhzum clan of the Quraish Tribe. ... Banu Zuhrah is a clan of the Quraish tribe. ... Saad was from the Banu Zuhrah clan of the Quraish tribe. ... Banu Taim is a clan of the Quraish tribe. ... Abu Bakr As Siddiq (Arabic ابو بكر الصديق, alternative spellings, Abubakar, Abi Bakr, Abu Bakar) (c. ... Banu Adi is a clan of the Quraish tribe. ... For other uses of the name, see Umar (disambiguation). ... The Banu Asad are an ancient Arab clan from the tribe of Quraish. ... Abd Allah al-Zubayr or Ibn Zubayr or Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr (624 - 692) (Arabic: عبد الله بن الزبير) was the son of Zubair, who was the nephew of Khadija, and Asma bint Abu Bakr. ... Amr ibn al-Ās (Arabic: عمرو بن العاص) (d. ...


Perished Arabs (العرب البائدة): These are the ancients of whose history little is known. They include ‘Ad, Thamûd, Tasam, Jadis, Imlaq and others. Ad (also called Aad) is the great-grandson of Shem, son of Noah (Arabic: sam ibn Nuh سام بن نوح) who came from the northeast and was the progenitor of the Adites. ...


Pure Arabs (العرب العاربة): They allegedly originated from the progeny of Ya‘rub bin Yashjub bin Qahtan so were also called Qahtanian Arabs.


Arabized Arabs: They allegedly originated from the progeny of Ishmael and were also called ‘Adnanian Arabs. The Quraish are a branch of the "Arabized Arabs". Ishmael (יִשְׁמָעֵאל God hears or obeys, Standard Hebrew , Tiberian Hebrew , Arabic إسماعيل Ismāīl) is Abrahams eldest son, born by his servant Hagar. ...


The Quraish had become a prominent tribe in Mecca before the birth of Muhammad and essentially ruled the city. Before Muhammad's birth, the tribe had split into different clans, each with different responsibilities. There were some rivalries among the clans, but these became especially pronounced during Muhammad's lifetime. Some clan leaders did not appreciate Muhammad's claim of prophethood and tried to silence him by putting pressure on his uncle, Abu Talib. Many of the clans also began to persecute the followers of Muhammad, for example by boycotting them. This response led Muhammad to initially send some Muslims to Ethiopia, and later would lead to his own emigration to Medina. This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... For other people named Muhammad, see Muhammad (disambiguation). ... Abu Talib ibn Abd al-Muttalib (d. ... A boycott is an action undertaken to abstain from using, buying, or dealing with someone or some organisation as an expression of protest or as a means of coercion. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish:Müslüman, Persian:مسلمان, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of Islam. ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ...


After Muhammad's conquest of Mecca in 630, he pardoned many of those who had oppressed him before, and peace among the different clans was maintained. After Muhammad's death, clan rivalries reignited, playing central roles in the conflicts over the Caliphate and contributing to the Shi'a-Sunni divide. Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... An Anglicized/Latinized version of the Arabic word خليفة or Khalīfah, Caliph (  listen?) is the term or title for the Islamic leader of the Ummah, or community of Islam. ... Shia Islam, also Shi`ite Islam or Shi`ism (Arabic: ‎ translit: Persian: ‎ ) is the second largest denomination of the religion of Islam. ... Sunni Muslims are the largest denomination of Islam. ...

Clans and the Caliphate

The split between the Shi'a and Sunni branches of Islam centers over the successor to Muhammad. The Sunnis believe Abu Bakr was elected as Muhammad's successor while the Shi'a (literally "party of Ali") believe Muhammad appointed Ali ibn Abi Talib as his successor. Abu Bakr As Siddiq (Arabic ابو بكر الصديق, alternative spellings, Abubakar, Abi Bakr, Abu Bakar) (c. ... ‘AlÄ« ibn AbÄ« Ṭālib (Arabic: ‎ Persian: ‎ )‎ (599 – 661) is an early Islamic leader. ... Ali ibn Abu Talib (Arabic: علي بن أبي طالب translit: ‘AlÄ« ibn Abu Ṭālib Persian: علی پسر ابو طالب) ‎ (599 – 661) is an early Islamic leader. ...


Part of Shi'a belief stems from the fact that Ali was a member of Muhammad's clan, the Banu Hashim. Abu Bakr, while a close companion of Muhammad, came from the Banu Taim clan. Banu Hashim (Arabic: بنو هاشم) is a clan in the Quraish tribe. ... Banu Taim is a clan of the Quraish tribe. ...


The second Caliph, Umar ibn al-Khattab, was from the Banu Adi clan. Caliph is the term or title for the Islamic leader of the Ummah, or community of Islam. ... For other uses of the name, see Umar (disambiguation). ... Banu Adi is a clan of the Quraish tribe. ...


The third Caliph, Uthman ibn Affan, was from the Umayyad clan. Leave this page if youre under 18!! - Page contains huge lies and hardly has any facts > it will surely misguide you! Uthman ibn Affan (Arabic: عثمان بن عفان) (c. ... The Courtyard of the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, one of the grandest architectural legacies of the Umayyads. ...


When Ali was made caliph after the death of Uthman, the Caliphate was in the hands of the Banu Hashim, but he was almost immediately challenged by Muawiyah, who was a member of the Umayyad clan. After Ali's assassination at the hands of the Kharajites, the Shi'a hoped his son Hasan would become Caliph, but he deferred to Muawiyah, who established the Umayyad line of Caliphs. An Anglicized/Latinized version of the Arabic word خليفة or Khalīfah, Caliph (  listen?) is the term or title for the Islamic leader of the Ummah, or community of Islam. ... Muˤāwiyya I, or Muˤāwiyya ibn AbÄ«-Sufyān (Arabic: ). (602 - May 6, 680) was the fifth Muslim Caliph and founder of the Umayyad Dynasty of Islamic caliphs. ... Hasan ibn Ali ibn Abu Talib (c. ...


After the death of Muawiyah, his son Yazid became Caliph but was almost immediately challenged by Ali's younger son, Hussein, who would not swear allegiance to Yazid for a number of reasons, among which that the Caliphate was not supposed to be hereditary, and that Yazid was said to be corrupt.[citation needed] Yazid's forces were stronger than those of Hussein and Hussein was killed at the Battle of Karbela. This event would ultimately lead to a full schism between Shi'a Islam and Sunni Islam. Yazid Ibn Muawiyah Ibn Abu Sufyan (645 - 683) (Arabic: يزيد بن معاوية بن أبي سفيان) was the sixth Muslim Caliph and the second of the Umayyad dynasty. ... Imaginary portrait of Husayn ibn Ali, by contemporary Iranian artist. ... The Battle of Karbala took place on October 10, 680, in Iraq. ...


The fact that Muhammad's descendants through Ali would be persecuted by Umayyad Caliphs did not help the matter. It seems that initially, the difference between Shi'a Islam and Sunni Islam was purely political. Only under the later Abbasid Caliphs would actual doctrinal religious differences arise. ‘Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib (Arabic: ‎ Persian: ‎ )‎ (599 – 661) is an early Islamic leader. ... Abbasid provinces during the caliphate of Harun al-Rashid Abbasid (Arabic: العبّاسيّون Abbāsīyūn) was the dynastic name generally given to the caliphs of Baghdad, the second of the two great Sunni dynasties of the Islamic empire, that overthrew the Umayyad caliphs. ...


See also

Quraishi (also rendered as Qoraishi, Koraishi or Kureishi), is a family family name claiming ancestory from Quraish (Arabic: ) tribe that Prophet Muhammad belonged to. ... Hashemi (Arabic: ہاشمی ) is a clan of Meccan tribe Quraish (Arabic: قریش ) that the Islamic prophet Muhammad belonged to before he received the revelations of Islam. ...

External link


  Results from FactBites:
 
Quraish - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (767 words)
Quraish is also the name of a Surah in the Qur'an.
Quraish (Arabic: قريش‎ translit: Quraysh) is the Meccan tribe that the Islamic prophet Muhammad belonged to before he received the revelations of Islam.
The Quraish are a branch of the "Arabized Arabs".
USC-MSA Compendium of Muslim Texts (1018 words)
The tribe of Quraish was scattered throughout Hijaz until the time of Qusayy bin Kilab, the ancestor of the Holy Prophet (upon whom be Allah's peace).
As against the other Arabian caravans, the Quraish had the advantage that the tribes on the route held them in high esteem on account off their being keepers of the Ka'bah.
That is how the four brothers became famous as traders and began to be called ashab al-ilaf (generators of love and affection) on account of their friendly relations with the tribes and states of the surrounding lands.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m