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Encyclopedia > Qur'an reading

Part of a series on the Qur'an The Qur’ān [1] (Arabic: , literally the recitation; also sometimes transliterated as Quran, Koran, or Al-Quran) is the central religious text of Islam. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 2. ...


Sura · Ayah A Mushaf is a Arabic word that literarly means cover, as in a book cover. ... Sura (sometimes spelt Surah , plural Suwar ) is an Arabic term literally meaning something enclosed or surrounded by a fence or wall. ... Ayah ( , plural Ayat ) is the Arabic word for sign or miracle. ...

Qur'an reading

Tajwid · Hizb · Tarteel · Qur'anic guardian · Manzil · Qari' · Juz' · Rasm TajwÄ«d (تجويد) is an Arabic word meaning proper pronunciation during recitation, as well as recitation at a moderate speed. ... A hizb (حزب , plural ahzab,احزاب) is one half of a juz and thus comprises roughly one 60th of the text of the Quran. ... Tarteel (Arabic: ترتيل ) is an Arabic term that is wide in meaning but is commonly translated in reference to the Quran as recitation. ... Hafiz or Hafez (Arabic: حافظ قرآن حافظ), literally meaning guardian, is a term used by Muslims for people who have completely memorized the Quran. ... A manzil (منزل, plural manazil, منازل) is one of seven parts of roughly equal length into which the Quran is divided for the purpose of reciting the entire text in one week. ... Qari (قَارٍئplural qurra), literally meaning reader, is a person who recites the Quran with the proper rules of recitation (tajweed). ... A juz (Arabic: ‎, plural اجزاء ajza ) literally means part. ... Rasm is an Arabic term that signifies: drawing, sketch, trace, graph, pictures, outline, pattern, mark, notes, design, regulation, form, rate. ...


List Translations of the Qurán are interpretations of the holy book of Islam in languages other than Arabic. ... This is a sub-article to Translation of the Quran. ...

Origin and development

Meccan revelations · Medinan revelations The study of the origins and development of the Qur’an can be said to fall into two major schools of thought, the first being a traditionalist Muslim view and the later being a more skeptic view. ... The Makkan suras are the chronologically earlier suras of the Quran that were revealed at Makka. ... The Madinan suras of the Quran are those suras which were revealed at Madina, after Muhammads hijra from Makka, when the Muslims were establishing a state rather than being, as at Makka, an oppressed minority. ...


Persons related to verses · Justice · Asbab al-nuzul · Naskh · Biblical narratives · Tahrif · Bakkah · Muqatta'at · Esoteric interpretation A tafsir ( (Arabic: تفسير) tafsÄ«r, Arabic explanation) is Quranic exegesis or commentary. ... Some of the Quranic verses are said to be revealed pertaining to some specific person. ... Justice, truth-telling, various virtues and sins the prohibition of purjury in the Quran are repeated many times: // And eat up not one another’s property unjustly (in any illegal way e. ... Asbāb al-nuzÅ«l, an Arabic term meaning occasions of revelation, is a a secondary genre of Qurānic exegesis (tafsir) directed at establishing the context in which specific verses of the Qurān were revealed. ... Naskh, an Arabic language word usually translated as abrogation and alternately appearing as the phrase al-nāsikh wal-mansÅ«kh (the abrogating and abrogated [verses]), is a technical term for a major genre of Islamic legal exegesis directed at the problem of seemingly contradictory material within or between the... The Quran, the central religious text of Islam, contains references to over fifty people also found in the Bible, typically in the same or similar narratives. ... Tahrif (Arabic: ‎ corruption, forgery; the stem-II verbal noun of the consonantal root , to make oblique) is an Arabic term used by Muslims with regard to words, and more specifically with regard to what Jews and Christians are supposed to have done to their respective Scriptures. ... Bakkah (Arabic: ‎) is a place mentioned in surah 3:96 of the Quran. ... Muqatta`at (Arabic: , literally abbreviated, translated as abbreviated letters, also called Fawatih (), initial letters or Hawamim (), isolated, disconnected or broken letters, after the common letter combination Ha Mim) are letters appearing in the beginning of 29 suras (chapters) of the Quran. ... An esoteric interpretation of the Qur’an is an interpretation of the Qur’an which includes attribution of esoteric or mystic meanings to the text by the interpretater and in this aspect its method is different from the conventional exegesis of the Qur’an called tafsir. ...

Qur'an and Sunnah

Literalism · Miracles · Science · Women This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Ibn Baz was a follower of the Muslim scholars Muhammad ibn Abd al Wahhab and Ibn Taymiyya; he belonged to that current of Muslim thought sometimes called Salafism and sometimes called Wahabbism. ... This is a sub-article to Quran and Islamic view of miracles. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...

Views on the Qur'an

Shi'a · Criticism · Desecration · Surah of Wilaya and Nurayn · Satanic Verses · Tanazzulat · Qisas Al-Anbiya · Beit Al Qur'an This is a sub-article to Shia Islam and Quran The Shia view of the Quran has some differences from the Sunni view. ... Muslims believe that the Quran is the literal word of God (Allah) as recited to Muhammad through the Angel Gabriel. ... Quran desecration means insulting the Quran, the holy book of Islam, by defiling or disfacing it. ... There are two verses named Surah of Wilaya and Nurayn that are claimed to be included in the Quran. ... For the novel by Salman Rushdie, see The Satanic Verses. ... Tanazzulat, or descents (Arabic تنزلات, plural of Tanazzul, تنزل), refers to the act of descent of the pre-existing Quran through different Realms. ... The Qisas al-anbiya (قصص الأنبياء) or Stories of the Prophets refers to various collections of tales adapted from the Quran. ... Beit Al Quran, Hoora Beit Al Quran (Arabic: بيت القرآن) means House of Quran in Arabic. ...

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Qur'an reading is the reading (tarteel, tajwid, or taghbir) aloud, reciting, or chanting of portions of the Qur'an. It is not considered music by Muslims and when recited the style is structurally dissimilar from music (even secular Arab music). The reciter is called a muqri' , tālī, murattil, mujawwid, or most commonly a qari. (Touma 1996, p.153-154) Tarteel (Arabic: ترتيل ) is an Arabic term that is wide in meaning but is commonly translated in reference to the Quran as recitation. ... TajwÄ«d (تجويد) is an Arabic word meaning proper pronunciation during recitation, as well as recitation at a moderate speed. ... Recitation means a repetition of what has been said before. ... A chant is the rhythmic speaking or singing of words or sounds, either on a single pitch or with a simple notes and often including a great deal of repetition or statis. ... The Qur’ān [1] (Arabic: , literally the recitation; also sometimes transliterated as Quran, Koran, or Al-Quran) is the central religious text of Islam. ... Islamic music is Muslim religious music, as sung or played in public services or private devotions. ... Arab music is the music of Arabic-speaking people or countries, especially those centered around the Arabian Peninsula. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Qari. (Discuss) Qari is an Arabic word meaning reciter. A qari is a person who recites the Quran with correct pronunciation and proper Tajwid. ...

Recitation (singing of the Qur'an is strictly forbidden in Islam[citation needed]) must be done according to rules of pronunciation, intonation, and caesuras established by the Prophet Muhammad, though first recorded in the eighth century CE. The most popular reading is that of Hafs on the authority of `asim. Qur'an reading may be based on one to three tones only. Similarly, each melodic passage centers on a single tone level, but the melodic contour and melodic passages are largely shaped by the reading rules, creating passages of different lengths whose temporal expansion is defined through caesuras. Skilled readers may read professionally for mosques in cities, although being paid for reciting the Qur'an is disliked by Islam[citation needed]. Look up pronunciation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Intonation, in linguistics, is the variation of pitch when speaking. ... A caesura, in poetry, is an audible pause that breaks up a line of verse. ... Muhammad in a new genre of Islamic calligraphy started in the 17th century by Hafiz Osman. ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ...

The Qur'an is marked with twenty-six symbols, circles, rectangles, dashes and letters, some in color. These are written above, below, or beside the letters of the alphabet . They indicate the pronunciation of consonants, whether the blending of neighboring or adjacent consonants is allowed, and where recitation pauses and caesuras are forbidden and possible (ibid, p.155). In this last respect their function is analogous to that of Biblical cantillation marks, but unlike these they do not constitute a word-for-word notation of musical motifs. In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a sound in spoken language that is characterized by a closure or stricture of the vocal tract sufficient to cause audible turbulence. ... A pause is a rest, break, or temporary stop. ... Gen. ...


List of notable recitors

Listed below are some notable recitors of the Qur'an:

  • Abd Al-Basit Abd Al-Samad
  • Abu Ainayn Syu'aisya'
  • Ahmad Na'ina'
  • Ali Jabbir
  • Hilmy Jamal
  • Mahmood Khalil Al Husary
  • Muhammad Abd Al-Wahhab Tantawy
  • Muhammad Rif'at
  • Mustafa Ismail
  • Raaghib Mustafa
  • Sayyid Mitwalli Abd Al-Aal
  • Syihaat Muhammad Anwar
  • Sayyid Muhammad Nur
  • Sayyid Saeed
  • Sha'ban Abd Al-Aziz Al-Siyad
  • Hasanain Muhammedali Jum'ua
  • Ismail Hashim (Malaysia)
  • Saad Saeed Ghamidy
  • Muhammad Jibreel
  • Sheikh Ali As-Suwaisy
  • Sheikh Ahmed Amir
  • Sheikh Mohamed Mahmoud Buheiri
  • Sheikh Mohamed Salamah
  • Sheikh Mohamed Siddiq El-Minshawi
  • Mustafa Özcan Güneşdoğdu
  • Qari Shakir Qasmi
  • Sheikh Abdul Rahman Al-Sudais
  • Sheikh Saud Al-Shuraim
  • Sheikh Ahmed bin Ali Ajmy
  • Salmaan Ali Al-Utaybi
  • Hajjah Maria Ulfah
  • [Abdulrashid Shiekh Ali Suufi]

Sheikh Muhammad Rifat Sheikh Muhammad Rifat (sometimes spelled Rifat or Rifaat, 1882 - 1950) is considered by many the greatest reciter of this century. ... (1888 - 1982) Sheikh Mohamed Salamah was a student at Al-Azhar University, and at the age of nineteen was encouraged to become a reciter. ... Sheikh Mohamed Siddiq El-Minshawi (January 1, 1920-June 20, 1969) was an Egyptian reciter. ... Qari Shakir Qasmi is one of the most renound Qurra (Quran reciters) of South Asia. ... Abdul Rahman Ibn Abdul Aziz as-Sudais an-Najdi (Arabic: عبد الرحمن السديس (ʕabd ar-Raxman ibn ʕabd al-Aziz as-Sudais an-Najdi), born Riyadh, Saudi Arabia in 1961)[1] is the leading imam of the Grand mosque in the Islamic holy city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia and the Islamic Personality Of... Saud Ibn Ibrahim Al-Shuraim is The Imam of The Kaba ...

Recitation styles

Pani patti style of recitation. Pani patti is an alternate accent/style of reciting the Holy Quran, compared with the traditional Arabic or Egyptian accent. ...

Recitation Maqams

  • Bayati maqam [1]
  • hijaz or hujaz or hicaz maqam [2]
  • Nahavand or nihavend maqam
  • Makam ajam or acem [3]
  • Makam sika [4] or siqa makam
  • Makam saba [5]

Hejaz (also Hijaz, Hedjaz) is a region in the northwest of present-day Saudi Arabia; its main city is Jeddah, but it is probably better-known for the holy city of Mecca. ... Nahavand (also spelled Nahawand in some texts) is a town in Hamadan Province in Iran. ... Ajami redirects here. ...

See also


  • Habib Hassan Touma (1996). The Music of the Arabs, trans. Laurie Schwartz. Portland, Oregon: Amadeus Press. ISBN 0-931340-88-8.

External links

  • Quran reading and (phonetic) live-search Engine
  • Recitors and their readings, in Arabic
  • Explanation of Tajweed
  • Pronunciation diagram, in Arabic
  • Example of Qur'an recitation - Surah Maryam (Chapter Mary) Flash
  • List of various reciters
  • Reading Quran
  • Recite.TV - Quran Recitation

  Results from FactBites:
Holy Quran Education, Live Quran Tutoring - Quran Reading (0 words)
The Quran is an amazingly sophisticated manuscript which is the essence of Islam.
The holy Quran has the remedy to all human afflictions and so its education is necessary for us.
Quran education teaches a lesson to mankind and guides us in all our activities and helps us associate our entire self with God’s name and attributes.
Quranic References, incl. Some Suras (1515 words)
Surely this Quran guides to that which is most upright and gives good news to the believers who do good that they shall have a great reward.
5) Whoever is an expert in reciting the Holy Quran is with the Kiraman Katebeen and whoever reads the Quran with pauses and it is difficult for him, that is, his tounge does not move easily and he recites with difficutly for him there are two rewards.
Lastly, learn how to read the Quran in the company of a Qualified Sunni Alim [and mature sisters must go to a Qualified Sister] who can teach them how to read as this is necessary.
  More results at FactBites »



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