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Encyclopedia > Quixtar
Quixtar
Type Private
Founded 1999
Headquarters Ada, Michigan
Key people Steve Van Andel
Doug DeVos
Jim Payne
Industry Multi-level marketing
Website www.quixtar.com

Quixtar is a multi-level marketing or network marketing company, founded on September 1, 1999. It is privately owned by the families of Rich DeVos and Jay Van Andel through Alticor which is the holding company for businesses including Amway, Quixtar, and a manufacturing and distribution company called Access Business Group. After the launch of Quixtar, it replaced the Amway business in United States, Canada and the Caribbean, with the Amway business continuing to operate in other countries around the world. Company officials confirmed in June of 2007 that, over the subsequent 18 to 24 months, the Quixtar name would be dissolved and the Amway name would be revived in North America, reuniting it with its sister Amway organizations around the globe [1]. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... Image File history File links Quixtar_logo. ... The term privately held company refers to ownership of a business company in two different ways—first, referring to ownership by non-governmental organizations; and second, referring to ownership of the companys stock by a relatively small number of holders who do not trade the stock publicly. ... Ada Township is a township located in Kent County, Michigan, United States. ... Official language(s) None (English, de-facto) Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Largest metro area Metro Detroit Area  Ranked 11th  - Total 97,990 sq mi (253,793 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 491 miles (790 km)  - % water 41. ... Jim Payne (born c. ... Multi-level marketing (MLM) is a business model that combines direct marketing with franchising. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Multi-level marketing (MLM) is a business model that combines direct marketing with franchising. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Multi-level marketing. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Richard DeVos (1926-) is one of the founders of Amway, reorganized as Alticor in 2000, now distributes more than US$4. ... Jay Van Andel, (b. ... Alticor is a privately-held corporation, owned by members of the DeVos and Van Andel families. ... For the band, see Big Brother and the Holding Company. ... Headquarters in Ada, Michigan Amway is a multi-level marketing, or network marketing, company founded in 1959 by Jay Van Andel and Rich DeVos. ... Access Business Group is a company that provides logistics and manufacturing services. ... Headquarters in Ada, Michigan Amway is a multi-level marketing, or network marketing, company founded in 1959 by Jay Van Andel and Rich DeVos. ...


Quixtar is also a member of the Direct Selling Association and the Better Business Bureau. This article, image, template or category should belong in one or more categories. ... The Better Business Bureau (BBB), founded in 1912, is an organization based in the United States, Canada and Puerto Rico. ...

Contents

History

Rich DeVos and Jay Van Andel initially founded the Ja-Ri Corporation, a multi-level marketing distributorship for Nutrilite products, in 1949. Ja-Ri was incorporated in 1959, and changed its name to "Amway" in 1963. As of 2007, Amway operates in more than 80 countries around the world. In 1999, the founders of the Amway corporation launched a sister Internet-based company named Quixtar. The Alticor corporation owns both Amway and Quixtar, plus several other concerns. Quixtar replaced the North American business of Amway in 2001 after the majority of the distributors moved to Quixtar, with Amway operating in the rest of the world. Nutrilite is a brand of nutritional products manufactured by Access Business Group at its facilities in California. ...


On June 13, 2007, it was confirmed by the Associated Press that over the next 18 to 24 months, the Quixtar business will be under global Amway brand in North America. According to Chairman Steve Van Andel and President Doug DeVos, "We are going through a global transformation of our business; this includes rethinking our global approach to products, training, brands, and how we operate in all the countries in which Alticor operates. As part of that, in 18 to 24 months, we're planning to begin using the Amway name in North America to unite our business opportunity under a single global brand."[1]


Products

Quixtar is the exclusive distributor of Alticor products in the United States and Canada, including Nutrilite dietary supplements, XS Energy Drinks, air and water purifiers [2] and Artistry cosmetics. Nutrilite is a brand of nutritional products manufactured by Access Business Group at its facilities in California. ... In the United States, a dietary supplement is defined under the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994 as a product taken by the mouth that contains a dietary ingredient that is intended as a supplement to the diet. ... XS Energy Drink is an energy drink manufactured by a California-based company Logic Nutrition. ... Artistry is a brand of skin care and colour cosmetics, produced by Access Business Group and marketed by the direct sales and multi-level marketing company Quixtar in North America and Amway in more than 60 countries and territories worldwide. ...


Quixtar also markets through their website products from partner stores whose list can be found at Quixtar website. Quixtar utilizes the Employee & Affiliates Purchase Program discount pricing structure for purchases from most of these third-party partner stores. Purchases from some of them ( generally called discount-only partner stores ) may not gain the P/V & B/V (measures of sales volumes, used for calculating bonuses to be paid) normally associated with an IBO's purchases.[3]


Business model

Quixtar relies on person-to-person referral rather than advertisements for sale of products.[citation needed] A large part of the marketing budget is spent on paying bonuses to distributors. IBOs were paid more than $370.1 million in bonuses and incentives in fiscal year 2006.[5]. Bonuses are paid for individual sales and sales generated by people one sponsors but not for sponsoring itself. [4][5] Quixtar is owned by same owners as the Amway business in the United States and Canada. In 2001, after the majority of Amway IBOs ("Independent Business Owners" is the term used by Quixtar for business owners who choose to participate in Quixtar business model to refer customers and other IBOs) had transferred to the new company, Quixtar completely replaced Amway as the marketing venture for Amway/Alticor products in North American regions. The Quixtar business model differs from the Amway business model in many aspects, such as the way distribution is performed as well as the products and services offered through partner stores. Rather than ordering product from a distributor who delivers them in person, Quixtar customers can place orders online and have the products shipped to them directly. Headquarters in Ada, Michigan Amway is a multi-level marketing, or network marketing, company founded in 1959 by Jay Van Andel and Rich DeVos. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ...


The way to buy products at Quixtar's web site is with a referral number from an IBO. In addition Quixtar gives IBOs the option to create free personal websites to help grow their business. Quixtar offers site pages that can be personalized to create Health, Beauty, Health & Beauty, and/or Gift & Incentive e-commerce sites. The referring IBO then receives the retail/wholesale difference (usually 30%), and a percentage ("bonus") of the cost of the sold goods (from 3% up to 25% depending on total PV generated), with Quixtar-exclusive products yielding a higher bonus per dollar in PV/BV Point Value and Business Value. Quixtar offers a wide range of products for its IBOs to purchase for personal use and/or to sell to customers through Quixtar.com and IBO personal e-commerce sites.


IBOs pay a registration fee and build their businesses through retail sales to customers, referring business to Quixtar.com, and by helping other IBOs build similar businesses. Their earnings are based on their business' sales and the volume of sales and purchases of IBOs registered by them.


The structure of a Quixtar's IBO organization is hierarchical, but an individual can earn more than those who bring them into the organization.[citation needed] Pin levels are similar as in Amway. There are several major pin levels in the model [6] [4] denoting particular level of success in building their IBO business.


Income of Quixtar IBOs

Quixtar IBOs earn income in different forms in various categories including IGP ( Immediate Gross Profit ), Performance Bonus, Leadership Bonus, and other Growth incentives. IGP is the profit made when customers of an IBO buy products and services from Quixtar at retail price. A majority of IBOs who make income in the beginning are in this category only [citation needed]. Performance bonus on a scale of 3% to 25% of the group volume ( total BV of the sale made by the group ) is paid if the PV level of the IBO is more than 100 PV in a month. Leadership bonus is paid at 4% of BV of each qualified leg who is at 25% or 7500 PV. Growth incentives are announced by Quixtar every year in the form of bonuses and paid trips at various levels. These bonuses are awarded to IBOs who are at Platinum or higher achievement levels.


The average annual Quixtar income for an IBO that qualified at the Platinum level in 2005 (0.1683% of IBOs) was $47,472 and for a Diamond (.0120% of IBOs) it was $146,995. The largest single annual bonus (in addition to monthly incomes) for a Diamond was $1,083,421.[7][8]


However Quixtar reports that the average income for an active Quixtar IBO in 2005 was $115 a month. It is documented in The Quixtar IBO Compensation Plan[6] and on a Quixtar website.[7]


As mentioned on IBO Registration form[9], Based on an independent survey during 2001, “Active ” means an IBO attempted to make a retail sale, or presented the Independent Business Ownership Plan, or received bonus money, or attended a company or IBO meeting in the year 2000. Approximately 66% of all IBOs of record were found to be "Active"


IBOAI

The IBOAI (IBO Association International) [6] was founded with the goal of advising Quixtar of the interests of IBOs. It works through elected representatives from among the IBOs. In August of 2007, 8 out of 20 IBOAI members resigned from the board and sued Quixtar alleging Quixtar was operating as an illegal pyramid scheme. Among the those that resigned were Don Wilson (two time IBOAI president) and Billy Florence (three time IBOAI president). Quixtar sued the former board members alleging they stole Quixtar's proprietary information with the intent of promoting a competing business.


Accreditation

In 2006, Quixtar, in partnership with the IBOAI (IBO Association International) launched the "Quixtar Accreditation" program in order to address concerns about the companies that provide BSM to Quixtar IBOs. North American Diamonds (high-level IBOs) and their associated training companies may apply to Quixtar to be accredited by the corporation. Among other things, accreditation specifically states that promotion of particular religious or political viewpoints is unacceptable. Additionally, accredited programs must agree to a range of other guidelines, including "full" transparency in any compensation paid for Business Support Materials. The "full" transparency only applies to the IBO's who are participants in the BSM income, for most groups this means Platinums and above, representing a very small percentage of IBO's. Accreditation lasts two years and is enforced through reviews of materials and surveys of IBOs. The full guidelines are listed in the IBO Communications Platform. [10] In April of 2006 eFinity [7] became the first Quixtar affiliated support organization to receive accredited status. Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Sales and Ranking

Forbes ranked Alticor, as the 27th largest privately owned company with estimated revenue of $7.29 billion [11]. In 2006, Internet Retailer ranked Quixtar.com as the number one site in the "health and beauty" category [8] and 18th largest e-commerce site (for revenue) overall. In a survey of the top 40 e-commerce sites, ForSeeResults ranked Quixtar.com equal 5th for customer satisfaction.[12] This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Alticor is a privately-held corporation, owned by members of the DeVos and Van Andel families. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Electronic commerce, EC, e-commerce or ecommerce consists primarily of the distributing, buying, selling, marketing, and servicing of products or services over electronic systems such as the Internet and other computer networks. ...


Since 1999, IBOs powered by Quixtar have earned more than $2.2 billion in bonuses and other incentives by generating sales of more than $6.8 billion at www.quixtar.com, and another $500 million for Quixtar Partner Stores.


Quixtar-powered IBOs generated revenues of $1.118 billion for Quixtar for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2006, the fourth consecutive year in which the company surpassed the billion-dollar mark. IBOs also generated record $84.6 million in revenues for Quixtar’s Partner Stores in 2006.[13] is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Quixtar is a member in good standing of the Direct Selling Association and in full compliance with the organization's code of ethics. This article, image, template or category should belong in one or more categories. ...


Promotion

Athletes who have promoted Quixtar or its products include Jamaican sprinter Asafa Powell, heavyweight boxer Evander Holyfield and the NFL player Emmitt Smith[citation needed]. Tim Foley, a member of the undefeated 1972 Miami Dolphins, is a Quixtar Founders Crown Ambassador.[14] Asafa Powell (born 23 November 1982) is a Jamaican sprinter who currently holds the 100 m world record with a time of 9. ... Evander The Real Deal Holyfield (born October 19, 1962 in Atmore, Alabama) is a professional boxer from the United States and a multiple world champion in both the cruiserweight and heavyweight divisions. ... Emmitt James Smith III (born May 15, 1969 in Pensacola, Florida) is a former American football player, who played for the Dallas Cowboys and Arizona Cardinals. ... Thomas David Tim Foley (born January 22, 1948 in Evanston, Illinois) is a retired American football player. ... City Miami Gardens, Florida Other nicknames The Fins Team colors Aqua, Coral, White and Navy Head Coach liljimjim Owner Wayne Huizenga General manager Randy Mueller Mascot T.D. League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1966-1969) Eastern Division (1966-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present...


Author and leadership expert John C. Maxwell, who writes leadership books including The 21 Irrefutable Laws of Leadership, is known to support Quixtar affiliated organizations such as Worldwide DreamBuilders [citation needed] and co-authored a book, Becoming a Person of Influence, with Jim Dornan, Quixtar Founders Crown Ambassador and founder of Quixtar support organization Network TwentyOne. Paul Harvey, a radio broadcaster, known for his 'The rest of the story' tagline, has long been associated with the Quixtar program that is advertised on his show.[citation needed] John C. Maxwell (born 1947) is an American author, speaker and leadership expert. ... Network TwentyOne, also known as N21 or Network 21, is an education and training company supplying Professional Development Programs to Independent Business Owners (IBOs) working with the Quixtar and Amway network marketing business opportunities. ... For the Stuckist artist, see Paul Harvey (artist). ...


As a guest speaker at the Quixtar LIVE! conference in 2003, Dr Phillip McGraw reportedly described Quixtar as "one of the greatest success stories in American business history."[9]. In a 2006 settlement involving a class-action lawsuit brought against McGraw and his Shape-Up diet products, plaintiffs could receive a share of $6.0 million in Quixtar-brand Nutrilite vitamins and $4.5 million in cash.[15][16] Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the person. ... Nutrilite is a brand of nutritional products manufactured by Access Business Group at its facilities in California. ...


Litigations

Quixtar is currently involved in litigation with the tools businesses of former Crown Distributor Kenny Stewart and Double Diamond Brig Hart.[17] A class action lawsuit was filed in 2007 against Quixtar, Britt World Wide and World Wide Dream Builders in California, alleging that the products business and the tools business are pyramid schemes[18]. Bill Britt is one of the most successful Independent Business Owners (IBOs) in the Amway/Quixtar business. ... The unsustainable geometric progression of a classic pyramid scheme A pyramid scheme is a non-sustainable business model that involves the exchange of money primarily for enrolling other people into the scheme, usually without any product or service being delivered. ...


According to one Quixtar website, Eric Scheibeler is a former emerald IBO who has been extremely vocal in his criticism of Quixtar. He is a former federal auditor who chronicled his near ten years as a high level leader in Amway/Quixtar in a free book, Merchants of Deception available at no charge from www.merchantsofdeception.com. He accuses the company of fraud and filed a suit against Quixtar, which was referred to the company's gagged arbitration proceeding. He resigned his distributorship on ethical reasons. His web site has become a global epicenter for vicitms of deception with thousands sending in detailed testimonials (http://merchantsofdeception.com/news.html) from 20 nations. These testimonials have been provided to the UK government, who has filed a legal action that may result in Amway being shut down in the country http://merchantsofdeception.com/AmwayUKvsDTI.html. Scheibeler has also assisted law enforcement in India in their investigation of Amway's business practices http://merchantsofdeception.com/AmwayIndia.html


In his online book "Merchants of Deception" Scheibeler states that he and his family received death threats from his uplines during a business meeting and from an anonymous phone call. In 2006, some magazines published statements attributed to him giving the impression that Amway/Quixtar employees were responsible for these threats. Scheibeler issued a clarification on February 9, 2007 that the threats came from an Amway distributor and an anonymous person [19]. Amway and Quixtar sued him on February 27, 2007 for defamation [20]. In July 2007, Scheibeler wrote a letter to an attorney for Amway and Quixtar clarifying among other things that, to his knowledge, Dick DeVos or Amway/Quixtar employees never made any death threats to him. [21]. He apologized for any misleading statements attributed to him in printing publications. [citation needed]


Controversies

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ...

FTC investigation for Pyramid Scheme

The Federal Trade Commission offers advice for potential MLM members to help them identify those which are likely to be pyramid schemes.[22] [23] | logo_caption = | seal = US-FederalTradeCommission-Seal. ...


In the 1979 ruling In re. Amway Corp., the Federal Trade Commission determined that Quixtar predecessor Amway was not an illegal pyramid scheme because no payments were made for recruitment. In addition, Amway (and later Quixtar) rules required distributors to sell to at least 10 retail customers per month, or have $100 in product sales, or a total of 50PV from customer purchases in order to qualify for bonuses on downline volume. Quixtar IBOs are required to report this customer volume on Quixtar.com or they do not receive bonuses on downline volume. Furthermore, an IBO must also personally sell or use at least 70% of the products personally purchased each month.[4] The FTC established that these rules help prevent inventory loading and other potential abuses of the marketing model. In re. ... | logo_caption = | seal = US-FederalTradeCommission-Seal. ... The unsustainable geometric progression of a classic pyramid scheme A pyramid scheme is a non-sustainable business model that involves the exchange of money primarily for enrolling other people into the scheme, usually without any product or service being delivered. ...


The FTC has required the information on average income to be provided to all prospective Quixtar business owners since the above 1979 FTC ruling clearing the Amway business model as legal. However, the order was violated with a 1986 ad campaign, resulting in a $100,000 fine [24].


Income from Tools and Business Support Materials

In 1983, Rich DeVos, one of Amway's founders, made recordings which, among other things, communicated his displeasure with several issues regarding some of the high ranking distributors/IBO's. These recordings are entitled "Directly Speaking"[25][26] and were addressed to Direct Distributors (now called Platinums), who are considered leaders with various responsibilities for their downline group. Rich DeVos expressed concern about the level of income on BSM's (tapes, CDs, books, and functions) compared to the income on Amway products that the high level distributors were making. He stated his legal team was concerned if the tool income exceeded 10% of their Amway income, but he could accept twice that amount.


A 1985 Forbes magazine article quoted Dexter Yager, an IBO, as stating that about 2/3 of his income is from BSM's.[27] This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


In 2004, Dateline NBC aired a report, alleging that some high-level Quixtar IBOs make most of their money from selling motivational materials rather than Quixtar products.[28] Quixtar declined to respond on Dateline camera accusing Dateline of biased reporting, instead publishing an official Quixtar Response website[29] where it showed '"Interviews Dateline Didn't Do"'. Quixtar also states on its response site that Dateline declined their request to link to the site. Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Dateline NBC, or Dateline, is a U.S. weekly television newsmagazine broadcast by NBC similar to ABCs 20/20 or CBSs 60 Minutes. ...


During the registration process for a new IBO, Quixtar contracts clearly inform prospective IBOs that BSM are optional and that the producers and sellers of the BSM may make profit or loss from their sale (like any other business).[9] This is also publicized on Quixtar websites.[30] Quixtar's rules of conduct also require the buy-back of BSMs upon request within a reasonable time frame, on commercially reasonable terms which should be communicated to the purchaser. [4]


Disputes with TEAM

On August 9, 2007, a group of Quixtar distributors, including founders of the TEAM training organization filed a lawsuitseeking to enjoin Quixtar from enforcing its distributor contracts, including the non-competition and non-solicitation provisions. The plaintiffs alleged that the company knowingly operates as a pyramid scheme, and prevents its distributors from leaving the organization through the aforementioned provisions. TEAM, formerly known as Team of Destiny, is a multi-level marketing organization consisting of Independent Business Owners (IBOs) that buy and sell business training materials and Quixtar products. ...


On August 10, 2007, Quixtar announced that it had terminated the businesses of fifteen of the plaintiffs involved in the lawsuit, and sought and received a temporary restraining order and preliminary order of injunction[31] in a Michigan court preventing them from interfering with the LOS, soliciting IBOs for their new company, or disparaging Quixtar or the business in any way. In mid October of 2007, Quixtar argued that the former distributors were in violation of the court order since Team continued to have meetings and sell motivational materials. In Grand Rapids, Michigan, Quixtar argued that Team was using Quixtar's proprietary information to promote its meetings and sell materials. The court held in favor of Woodward and Brady and allowed Team to continue to operate.


In an effort to ensure its injunction wasn't being violated, Quixtar filed an action against 30 anonymous bloggers. Specifically, Quixtar is seeking to discover if Woodward and Brady are involved in a blogging campaign to disparage the company. The California lawsuit was dismissed on October 5, 2007.[32]


Google Bombing

In the summer of 2004, some Quixtar leaders allegedly launched a Web initiative designed to make their web pages more prominent in search results, aka Google Bombing. Quixtar denies wrongdoing and states that its practices are in accordance with search engine rules.[33] Many of the comments and websites that are claimed to be part of a Google Bomb by Quixtar are actually attributed to IBO leaders who do not officially speak for, or make public relations decisions for the Quixtar Corporation [citation needed]. Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A Google bomb or Google wash is an attempt to influence the ranking of a given site in results returned by the Google search engine. ...


References

  1. ^ a b "Amway brand name coming back", June 15, 2007. 
  2. ^ Exclusive distributor of air and water purifiers from espring.com
  3. ^ A current list of Quixtar partner stores
  4. ^ a b c d Quixtar's Biz Reference Guide (PDF) hosted by quixtar.com
  5. ^ Quixtar Business Model from thisbiznow.com
  6. ^ a b The Quixtar IBO Compensation Plan (PDF) from quixtarfacts.com
  7. ^ a b IBO Statistics from thisbiznow.com
  8. ^ Quixtars Opportunity: Earnings and Success in the Quixtar Business hosted by quixtarfacts.com.
  9. ^ a b IBO Registration form with BSM Agreement (PDF) hosted by quixtar.com
  10. ^ http://www.quixtaraccreditation.com/digitalassets/pdfs/us-en/14981C_Plat_F.pdf IBO Communications Platform
  11. ^ http://www.forbes.com/lists/2006/21/biz_06privates_The-Largest-Private-Companies_Rank_2.html Forbes list of Largest private companies
  12. ^ The 2006 Online Holiday Shopping Season: Winners and Losers
  13. ^ Retail statistics from ThisBizNow.com
  14. ^ A Quixtar IBO, Tim Foley, comments "About the Quixtar business opportunity" at People Are Talking: IBOs hosted by thisbiznow.com
  15. ^ http://www.lawyersandsettlements.com/case/shape_up_settlement
  16. ^ http://www.metrotimes.com/%5Ceditorial%5Cstory.asp?id=9791
  17. ^ Federal Complaint: Nitro et.al. v Alticor et.al. (PDF) hosted by msnbc.com
  18. ^ Stephen Barrett (2007) Quixtar Facing Class Action Suit hosted by casewatch.org
  19. ^ Eric Scheibeler's clarification on death threats [1]
  20. ^ Amway/Quixtar defamation suit against Eric Scheibeler [2]
  21. ^ Eric Scheibeler's letter to Amway/Quixtar attorney [3]
  22. ^ Multilevel Marketing Plans (November 1996). Retrieved on 2007-04-26.
  23. ^ http://www.ftc.gov/speeches/other/dvimf16.shtm Federal Trade Commission on Pyramid vs Legitimate Marketing
  24. ^ Amway Corp. To Pay $100,000 Civil Penalty, Settling FTC Charges [4]
  25. ^ Directly Speaking, January 1983, Rich DeVos Amway Cassette Series VA-2160
  26. ^ mp3 Listen to Directly Speaking II
  27. ^ Behar, Richard. "Cleaning up", Forbes Magazine, March 25, 1985. 
  28. ^ Chris Hansen (2004) In pursuit of the almighty dollar Dateline investigation: Inside story of business that attracts people with promise of easy money hosted by NBC News
  29. ^ Dateline : Quixtar Response to Dateline NBC hosted by quixtarresponse.com
  30. ^ Quixtar's IBO's: The Role of Business Support Materials hosted by quixtarfacts.com
  31. ^ Quixtar Takes Swift Action to Protect Business hosted by QuixtarNewsroom.com
  32. ^ [http://digital50.com/news/items/PR/2007/10/05/CLF064/federal-district-court-in-california-dismisses-class-action-suit-against-quixtar.html Federal District Court in California Dismisses Class-Action Suit Against Quixtar
  33. ^ Glaser, Mark. "Companies subvert search results to squelch criticism." June 1, 2005. USC Annenberg Online Journalism Review. Accessed December 1, 2006.

Stephen J. Barrett, M.D. (born 1933), is a retired American psychiatrist and author best known as the founder of the National Council Against Health Fraud (NCAHF) and the webmaster of Quackwatch. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

Alticor is a privately-held corporation, owned by members of the DeVos and Van Andel families. ... Headquarters in Ada, Michigan Amway is a multi-level marketing, or network marketing, company founded in 1959 by Jay Van Andel and Rich DeVos. ... Bill Britt is one of the most successful Independent Business Owners (IBOs) in the Amway/Quixtar business. ... Access Business Group is a company that provides logistics and manufacturing services. ... Network TwentyOne, also known as N21 or Network 21, is an education and training company supplying Professional Development Programs to Independent Business Owners (IBOs) working with the Quixtar and Amway network marketing business opportunities. ... TEAM, formerly known as Team of Destiny, is a multi-level marketing organization consisting of Independent Business Owners (IBOs) that buy and sell business training materials and Quixtar products. ...

External links

Corporate Site

Media articles

Government documents


  Results from FactBites:
 
Quixtar - Quixtar Wiki (1574 words)
Quixtar and its predecessor Amway have been controversial for years because of allegations that these companies are pyramid schemes.
The sales made through the Quixtar website, however, does allow the IBO to distinguish personal consumption and retail sales but it is based on an honor system; in the sense that the IBO can label the goods purchased for personal use to retail sales at their discretion.
Quixtar and the AMOs, such as WorldWide Dream Builders, claim that the business skills of IBOs are honed by the business support materials (BSM), or "tools", that are sold by the motivational organizations, and that the support material can be of help to an IBO if he wants to build a big business.
Quixtar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1329 words)
Quixtar is a multi-level marketing company, founded in 1999 by the families of Dick DeVos and Jay Van Andel.
Quixtar sales for fiscal year 2003-2004 were over $1.1 billion with over $373 million paid out in bonuses and incentives.
Quixtar and its predecessor Amway have been controversial for years because of allegations that these companies are pyramid schemes despite the 1979 FTC ruling (93 F.T.C. that legitimized the Amway business.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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