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Encyclopedia > Quito
San Francisco de Quito
Skyline of San Francisco de Quito
Official flag of San Francisco de Quito
Flag
Official seal of San Francisco de Quito
Seal
Nickname: Luz de América (Light of America)
Map of Ecuador showing location of Quito
Coordinates: 00°15′00″S 78°35′00″W / -0.25, -78.583333
Country Ecuador
Province Pichincha
Canton Quito
Government
 - Mayor Paco Moncayo
Area approx
 - City 290 km²  (112 sq mi)
 - Land 290 km² (112 sq mi)
 - Water 0 km² (0 sq mi)
Elevation 2,800 m (9,200 ft)
Population (2005, est.)
 - City 1,865,541
 - Density 5,190/km² (13,400/sq mi)
 - Metropolitan District 2,007,767
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EST (UTC-5)
Website: http://www.quito.gov.ec

Quito, officially San Francisco de Quito, is the capital city of Ecuador in northwestern South America. It is located in northern Ecuador in the Guayllabamba river basin, on the eastern slopes of the Pichincha [1], an active stratovolcano in the Andes mountains. With an estimated population of about 2.1 million people as of 2007[2], Quito is the second most populous city in Ecuador, after Guayaquil. It is also the seat of the Quito Metropolitan District, home to 2 million residents, and the capital of the Pichincha province. As the headquarters of the newly-formed Union of South American Nations, Quito is also the de facto capital of South American integration. Quito (official name: San Francisco de Quito) is the capital city of Ecuador Quito Square is a public square in Bucharest, Romania Quito is the name of a track on The Mountain Goats album We Shall All Be Healed. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 585 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) View of the Northern part of Quito. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Quito. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_Arms_of_Quito. ... This article or section seems to contain too many examples (or of a poor quality) for an encyclopedia entry. ... Ecuador Overview Map derived from CIA - The World Factbook 2002 File links The following pages link to this file: Ecuador Geography of Ecuador Talk:Ecuador Talk:Geography of Ecuador Categories: CIA World Factbook images ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Provinces of Ecuador Ecuador is divided into 22 provinces (Spanish: provincias, singular - provincia): Province (Capital) Azuay (Cuenca) Bolívar (Guaranda) Cañar (Azogues) Carchi (Tulcán) Chimborazo (Riobamba) Cotopaxi (Latacunga) El Oro (Machala) Esmeraldas (Esmeraldas) Galápagos (Puerto Baquerizo Moreno) Guayas (Guayaquil) Imbabura (Ibarra) Loja (Loja) Los Ríos (Babahoyo... Pichincha is a province in Ecuador. ... Pichincha is a province in Ecuador. ... Quito is a canton in Pichincha. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Paco Moncayo Gallegos was born in Quito in 1940, he is a retired General of the Army of the Ecuadorian Army and a very important politician of Ecuador. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... ‹ The template below (Unit of length) is being considered for deletion. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Quito is a canton in Pichincha. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Metronome, a public art installation showing the time in New York City The Eastern Time Zone (ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of Northern America and the west coast of South America. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Metronome, a public art installation showing the time in New York City The Eastern Time Zone (ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of Northern America and the west coast of South America. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Not to be confused with capitol. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... The Guayllabamba is a river that originates in the east of Pichincha in northern Ecuador and flows into Esmeraldas. ... For the term related to television programmes, see watershed (television). ... Pichincha is an active volcano in the country of Ecuador whose capital Quito wraps around its eastern slopes. ... A cutaway diagram of a stratovolcano Mount Damavand, a stratovolcano in Māzandarān, Iran Mount St. ... This article is about the mountain system in South America. ... This article is about the city of Guayaquil. ... Quito is a canton in Pichincha. ... Pichincha is a province in Ecuador. ... Pro Tempore Secretariat Brasília Official languages 4 Spanish Portuguese English Dutch Member states 12 Argentina Bolivia Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Guyana Paraguay Peru Suriname Uruguay Venezuela Leaders  -  President Rodrigo Borja  -  Tempore Secretary Jorge Taunay Filho Formation  -  Cuzco Declaration 8 December 2004  Area  -  Total 17,715,335 km² (1st2)  sq... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without...


The city's elevation is, on average, 2,800 m (about 9,200 ft), making Quito the second highest capital city in the world. There is some confusion about this claim because La Paz, Bolivia, which is higher, is the governmental capital of Bolivia (where the Bolivian government functions). However, Sucre, which is lower, is the legal capital of Bolivia. ‹ The template below (Unit of length) is being considered for deletion. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Central La Paz La Paz is the administrative capital of Bolivia, as well as the departmental capital of La Paz Department. ... Sucre, the constitutional capital of Bolivia Sucre (population 247,300 in 2006) is the constitutional capital of Bolivia, seat of the Supreme Court (Corte Suprema de Justicia), and capital of the Chuquisaca department. ...


Quito is located about 15 miles (25 km) south of the equator. A monument and museum marking the general location of the equator is known locally as la mitad del mundo (the middle of the world). “Miles” redirects here. ... Southeastern view of the monument The Mitad del Mundo (Spanish for Middle of the World) is a monument located in San Antonio de Pichincha, Ecuador, to the north of Quito, that marks one of the points where the equator goes through the country. ...


Due to its high altitude and position on the equator, Quito has a constant, mild to cool climate year 'round. The typical high temperature at noon is 26°C (78ºF) and the typical night-time low is 7°C (55ºF). The average temperature is 15° C (64ºF) [3]. The city experiences only two seasons: dry and wet. The dry season, June through September, is referred to as summer; the wet season, October through May, is referred to as winter. Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ...


Because of its location at the equator, Quito does not experience variations in daylight hours during the course of a year. Except for a few minutes resulting from a slight wobble in the earth as it rotates, sunrise and sunset are always at 6:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m., respectively.

Contents

History

Iglesia de San Francisco
Iglesia de San Francisco
The Presidential Palace
The Presidential Palace

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 314 KB) Photographer: Martin Zeise, Berlin Date: 16. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 314 KB) Photographer: Martin Zeise, Berlin Date: 16. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 146 KB) Photographer: Martin Zeise, Berlin Date: 16. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 146 KB) Photographer: Martin Zeise, Berlin Date: 16. ...

Pre-Hispanic

Quito's origins date back to the first millennium when the Quitu tribe occupied the area and eventually formed a commercial center. The Quitu were conquered by the Caras tribe, who founded the Kingdom of Quito about 980 CE. In 1462 the Incas conquered the Kingdom of Quito. In 1533, Rumiñahui, an Inca war general, burned the city to prevent the Spanish from taking it, thereby destroying any traces of the ancient prehispanic city. The Quitu were the aboriginal occupants of the now capital of Ecuador, Quito. ... The Caras tribe flourished in coastal Ecuador, in what is now Manabí Province, in the first millennium CE. In the 10th Century CE they followed the Esmeraldas River up to the high Andean valley now known as the city San Francisco de Quito, where they defeated the local Quitu tribe... Events Births Emperor Ichijo of Japan Humbert I of Savoy Avicenna Godiva, Countess of Mercia Deaths Categories: 980 ... Events Settlers from Portugal begin to settle the Cape Verde islands. ... For other meanings of Inca, see Inca (disambiguation). ... Events January 25 - King Henry VIII of England marries Anne Boleyn, his second Queen consort. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Colony

Indigenous resistance to the Spanish conquest continued during 1534, with Francisco Pizarro founding San Francisco de Quito on August 15 of that same year. On December 6, 1534 [4], the city was officially founded by 204 settlers led by Sebastián de Benalcázar, who captured Rumiñahui and effectively ended any organized resistance. Rumiñahui was then executed on January 10, 1535. On March 14, 1541, Quito was declared a city, and on February 14, 1556, was given the title Muy Noble y Muy Leal Ciudad de San Francisco de Quito ("Very Noble and Loyal City of San Francisco of Quito"). In 1563, Quito became the seat of a royal audiencia (administrative district) of Spain, and part of the Vice-Royalty of Peru with its capital in Lima (see Audiencia Real de Quito). The Spanish colonization of the Americas began with the arrival in the Western Hemisphere of Christopher Columbus (Cristóbal Colón) in 1492. ... 1534 (MDXXXIV) was a common year in the 16th century. ... “Pizarro” redirects here. ... is the 227th day of the year (228th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... December 6 is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1534 (MDXXXIV) was a common year in the 16th century. ... Sebastián de Belalcázar was a Spanish conquistador. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 18 - Lima, Peru founded by Francisco Pizarro April - Jacques Cartier discovers the Iroquois city of Stadacona, Canada (now Quebec) and in May, the even greater Huron city of Hochelaga June 24 - The Anabaptist state of Münster (see Münster Rebellion) is conquered and disbanded. ... is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events The first official translation of the entire Bible in Swedish February 12 - Pedro de Valdivia founds Santiago de Chile. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 16 - Abdication of Emperor Charles V. His son, Philip II becomes King of Spain, while his brother Ferdinand becomes Holy Roman Emperor January 23 - The Shaanxi earthquake, the deadliest earthquake in history, occurs with its epicenter in Shaanxi province, China. ... Events February 1 - Sarsa Dengel succeeds his father Menas as Emperor of Ethiopia February 18 - The Duke of Guise is assassinated while besieging Orléans March - Peace of Amboise. ... Nickname: Motto: Hoc signum vere regum est Lima Province and Lima within Peru Coordinates: , Country  Peru Region Lima Region Province Lima Province Settled January 18, 1535 Government  - Mayor Luis Castañeda Lossio Area  - City 804. ... Real Audiencia de Quito, Real Cédula de 1563 The Royal Audience of Quito or Audiencia Real de Quito (1563-1822) was created August 29, 1563 by the King Philip II of Spain in the city of Guadalajara. ...


The Spanish promptly established the Catholic religion in Quito, with the first church (El Belén) built even before the city had been officially founded. In January of 1535, the San Francisco Convent was constructed, the first of about 20 churches and convents built during the colonial period. The Spanish actively evangelized to the indigenous people, but they also used them as slave labor for construction, especially in the early colonial years. The Diocese of Quito was established in 1545 and was elevated to the Archdiocese of Quito in 1849. Events February 27 - Battle of Ancrum Moor - Scots victory over superior English forces December 13 - Official opening of the Council of Trent (closed 1563) Battle of Kawagoe - between two branches of Uesugi families and the late Hojo clan in Japan. ... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...

Main doorway to the Cathedral
Main doorway to the Cathedral

In 1809, after nearly 300 years of Spanish colonization, Quito was a city of about 10,000 inhabitants. On August 10, 1809, a movement was started in Quito that aimed for political independence from Spain. On that date a plan for government was established that placed Juan Pío Montúfar as president with various other prominent figures in other positions of government. However, this initial movement was ultimately defeated on August 2, 1810, when Spanish forces came from Lima, Peru, and killed the leaders of the uprising along with about 200 inhabitants of the city. A chain of conflicts concluded on May 24, 1822 when Antonio José de Sucre, under the command of Simón Bolívar, led troops into the Battle of Pichincha. Their victory marked the independence of Quito and the surrounding areas. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 593 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Main doorway to the Catedral Primada (Main Cathedral) in Quito. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 593 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Main doorway to the Catedral Primada (Main Cathedral) in Quito. ... Year 1809 (MDCCCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1809 (MDCCCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Nickname: Motto: Hoc signum vere regum est Lima Province and Lima within Peru Coordinates: , Country  Peru Region Lima Region Province Lima Province Settled January 18, 1535 Government  - Mayor Luis Castañeda Lossio Area  - City 804. ... is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1822 (MDCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Antonio José de Sucre (February 3, 1795 – June 4, 1830) was a South American independence leader. ... “Bolívar” redirects here. ... Combatants Combined Patriot Forces Spain Commanders Antonio José de Sucre Melchor Aymerich Strength 2,971 men 1,894 men Casualties 200 killed 140 wounded 400 killed 190 wounded 1,260 prisoners The Battle of Pichincha took place on 24 May 1822, on the slopes of the Pichincha volcano, 3,500...


Gran Colombia

Just days after the Battle of Pichincha, on May 24, 1822, the leaders of the city proclaimed their independence and allowed the city to be annexed to the Republic of Gran Colombia. Simón Bolívar went to Quito on June 16, 1822 and was present at the signing of the Colombian Constitution on June 24, 1822. is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1822 (MDCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Capital Bogotá Created 1819 Dissolved 1830 Demonym Colombian Departments of the Republic Great Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, was a short-lived republic in South America consisting of present-day Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, and Panama. ... is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1822 (MDCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1822 (MDCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Rebellious City

Quito has been the scene of demonstrations and political violence since the early years of the republic. In 1833, members of the Society of Free Inhabitants of Quito were assassinated by the government after they conspired against it, and on March 6, 1845, the Marcist Revolution began. Later, in 1875, the country's president, Gabriel García Moreno, was assassinated in Quito. Two years later, in 1877, archbishop José Ignacio Checa y Barba was killed by poisoning. is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Flag of the Marcist Revolution and the Republic of Ecuador from 1845-1860. ... Gabriel García Moreno (1821 — 1875) was an Ecuadorian statesman who twice served as President of that country (1859-1865 and 1869-1875). ...


In 1882, insurgents arose against the regime of dictator Ignacio de Veintemilla, however this did not end the violence that was occurring throughout the country. On July 9, 1883, the liberal commander Eloy Alfaro participated in the Battle of Guayaquil, and later, after more conflict, became the president of Ecuador on September 4, 1895. Upon completing his second term in 1911, he moved to Europe, but upon his return to Ecuador in 1912 and attempted return to power, he was arrested on January 28, 1912, thrown in prison, and assassinated by a mob that had stormed the prison. His body was dragged through the streets of Quito to a city park, where it was burned. Ignacio de Veintemilla was President of Ecuador 8 September 1876 to 26 January 1878 and 25 March 1882 to 9 July 1883. ... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Eloy Alfaro Eloy Alfaro Delgado (June 25, 1842-January 28, 1912) was president of Ecuador from 1895 to 1901 and from 1906 to 1911. ... is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


In 1932, the Four Days' War broke out, a civil war that followed the election of Neptalí Bonifaz and the subsequent realization that he carried a Peruvian passport. Workers at a major textile factory went on strike in 1934, and similar unrest continues to the present day. On February 12, 1949, a realistic broadcast of H. G. Wells' novel The War of the Worlds led to citywide panic and the deaths of six people who died in fires set by mobs [5]. Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Herbert George Wells (September 21, 1866 – August 13, 1946), better known as H. G. Wells, was an English writer best known for such science fiction novels as The Time Machine, The War of the Worlds, The Invisible Man, The First Men in the Moon and The Island of Doctor Moreau. ... The War of the Worlds (1898), by H. G. Wells, is an early science fiction novel (or novella) which describes an invasion of England by aliens from Mars. ...


In recent years, Quito has been the focal point of large demonstrations that led to the ousting of presidents Abdalá Bucaram (February 5, 1997), Jamil Mahuad (January 21, 2000) and Lucio Gutiérrez (April 20, 2005). Abdalá Jaime Bucaram Ortiz (born February 20, 1952 in Guayaquil) is an Ecuadorian lawyer and politician, He was also a sprinter in the 1972 Olympic team, the police chief of Guayas and the president of Barcelona Sporting Club, a soccer team from his hometown. ... is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Jamil Mahuad Witt (born 1949) was President of Ecuador from August 10, 1998 to January 21, 2000. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Lucio Edwin Gutiérrez Borbúa (born March 23, 1957), Ecuadorian soldier and politician. ... is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Geography: mountains and volcanoes

Quito is in the northern Sierra of Ecuador in the Guayllabamba river basin high in the Andes. The entire country, which is roughly the size of the U.S. state of Colorado, contains 19 volcanoes, and the eastern part of the basin in which Quito lies is surrounded by eight of them: Cotopaxi, Antisana, Sincholagua and Cayambe (volcano) to the east; Illiniza, Atacazo, Pichincha and Pululahua to the west. Of particular interest is Cayambe, which is situated east-northeast of Quito. Although it hasn't erupted since 1786, it is the only mountain or volcano on earth that lies directly on the equator (the southern flank, at least) and has a permanent snow cap and glaciers. Look up sierra in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Guayllabamba (Quechua for green plain) is a town located 29 kilometres north of Quito, Ecuador. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Cotopaxi is a volcano located about 50 km south of Quito, Ecuador. ... Antisana is a volcano of the northern Andes, in Ecuador, 5,753 m high; also a village on its flanks, 13,000 ft high, the highest village in the world. ... For other uses of Cayambe, see Cayambe (disambiguation page) Cayambe (or Volcán Cayambe) is the name of a volcano located in the Cordillera Oriental, a branch of the Ecuadorian Andes. ... Pichincha is an active volcano in the country of Ecuador whose capital Quito wraps around its eastern slopes. ...


Quito is the only capital in the world to be directly menaced by an active volcano. Guagua Pichincha, only 13 miles (21 km) west, has continuing activity and is under constant monitoring. The largest eruption occurred in 1660 when over 10 inches (25 cm) of ash covered the city. The latest eruption was recorded on October 5 and 7, 1999, when a large amount of ash was deposited on the city. Although not devastating, the eruption caused significant disruption of activities, including closing of the international airport. Pichincha is an active volcano in the country of Ecuador whose capital Quito wraps around its eastern slopes. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... A centimetre (American spelling centimeter, symbol cm) is a unit of length that is equal to one hundredth of a metre, the current SI base unit of length. ...


Activity in other nearby volcanoes also can affect the city. In November 2002, after an eruption in the volcano Reventador, the city was showered with ash for several days with greater accumulation than the 1999 eruption of Guagua Pichincha. [6] Reventador is an active volcano which lies in the eastern Andes in Ecuador. ...


The region also is vulnerable to earthquakes. The worst known earthquake to have hit Quito occurred in 1797 and killed 40,000 people. The most recent major seismic event, with a magnitude of 7 on the Richter scale, occurred in 1987 with an epicentre about 50 miles (80 km) from the city. It killed an estimated 1,000 near the epicenter, but Quito itself suffered only minor damage. On October 16, 2006, the city felt a quake measuring 4.1 on the Richter scale, but no major damage was reported. An earthquake is the result of a sudden release of stored energy in the Earths crust that creates seismic waves. ...


Demographics

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

2001 census

  • population: 1,865,541 [7]
  • number of households: 555,928 [8]
  • illiteracy rate: 3.6% [9]
  • unemployment rate: 8.9%
  • underemployment rate: 43.8% [10]
  • average monthly income: $387 [11]

See also Cantón Quito (= "Distrito Metropolitano de Quito"). This article does not cite any references or sources. ... In economics, the term underemployment has at least three different distinct meanings and applications. ... ...


Topographical zones

Hill of El Panecillo that separates the old downtown from the southern part of the city
Hill of El Panecillo that separates the old downtown from the southern part of the city

Quito is divided into three areas, separated by hills: Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 576 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Hill of El Panecillo that separates the old city downtown from the southern part of Quito. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 576 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Hill of El Panecillo that separates the old city downtown from the southern part of Quito. ...

  1. the center houses the colonial old city
  2. the southern part is mainly industrial and residential, a working-class housing area.
  3. The northern part is modern Quito, with high-rise buildings, shopping centers, the financial district and upper class residential areas. Mariscal Sucre International Airport [12] is in the northern part.

For other uses, see Quito (disambiguation). ... Mariscal Sucre International Airport (IATA: UIO, ICAO: SEQU) is an airport in Quito, Ecuador, named after Antonio José de Sucre, a hero of Ecuadorian and Latin American independence. ...

Political division

As of the October 2004 political elections, Quito was divided into 19 urban electoral parishes (parroquias electorales urbanas). These parishes are not the same as the municipal parishes, whose boundaries are determined by the municipality of Quito instead of electoral organizations. Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A parish is a subdivision of a diocese or bishopric within the Roman Catholic Church, the Anglican Communion, the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Church of Sweden, and of some other churches. ...


These are the 19 electoral parishes of the city:

  1. Alfaro
  2. Benalcázar
  3. Chaupicruz
  4. Chillogallo
  5. Cotocollao
  6. El Salvador
  7. González Suárez
  8. Guápulo
  9. La Floresta
  10. La Libertad
  11. La Magdalena
  12. La Vicentina
  13. San Blas
  14. San Marcos
  15. San Roque
  16. San Sebastián
  17. Santa Bárbara
  18. Santa Prisca
  19. Villa Flora

Transportation

Domestic and international flights are handled by the Mariscal Sucre International Airport in the northern part of the city, although a new airport is being built in Tababela parish, to the east. Mariscal Sucre International Airport (IATA: UIO, ICAO: SEQU) is an airport in Quito, Ecuador, named after Antonio José de Sucre, a hero of Ecuadorian and Latin American independence. ...


The public transportation system, with a total ridership of 1.8 million passenger trips per day, includes an extensive network of privately-operated commuter bus routes; a trolleybus line (the Trole), in operation since 1995; and two bus rapid transit systems: Ecovía and Metrobus. Additionally, there are about 8,800 registered taxicabs.[13] A Polish Solaris trolleybus in Landskrona, Sweden. ... Busways redirects here. ... For specific countries see Taxicabs around the world. ...


Although public transportation is the primary form of travel in the city, including fleets of taxis that constantly cruise the roadways, the use of private vehicles has increased substantially during the past decade.[14] This has happened despite the fact that vehicles cost twice their price in the U.S., due to import tariffs and taxes. Because of growing road congestion in many areas, there are plans to replace the Trole with a light rail system, with construction expected to begin in 2008.[15] This article is about light rail systems in general. ...


Points of interest

Northern Quito

Northeastern Quito near Avenida González Suárez
In the background are the volcanoes Cotopaxi, Pasochoa and Rumiñahui.
In the background are the volcanoes Cotopaxi, Pasochoa and Rumiñahui.
View from the northeastern side of the Pichincha volcano.
View from the northeastern side of the Pichincha volcano.

The northern part of Quito is the site of the main business district as well as upper-middle-class neighborhoods and a substantial number of buildings. It is also where the international airport (UIO) and major recreational areas are located. Image File history File links Quito_North. ... Image File history File links Quito_North. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Quito_dusk. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Quito_dusk. ... Cotopaxi is a volcano located about 50 km south of Quito, Ecuador. ... Pasochoa is mountain located in the Guayabamba river basin in the ecuadorain andes. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x536, 133 KB) northern Quito as seen from Pichincha, by User:Gerd Breitenbach 2003, File links The following pages link to this file: Quito ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x536, 133 KB) northern Quito as seen from Pichincha, by User:Gerd Breitenbach 2003, File links The following pages link to this file: Quito ... Pichincha is an active volcano in the country of Ecuador whose capital Quito wraps around its eastern slopes. ...


Museo del Banco Central

This museum [16] is a showcase of Ecuadorian art, history and culture. The ground floor features an extensive collection of pre-colonial (including pre-Incaic) potteries, sculptures, gold, lithics, and other artifacts such as a mummified body. There also are remarkable (if somewhat distorted) models to show the way various parts of Ecuador may have looked at the time, from the Pambamarca fort to the Cochasquí tumuli complex. The highlight of this collection is a golden sun mask of the La Tolita culture. The second floor is dedicated to Colonial art, and paintings and sculptures with religious themes are exhibited. The third floor is devoted to contemporary Ecuadorean art. GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... A mummy is a preserved corpse that, due to shielding from decomposition by either natural or artificial means, has retained its physical form. ... The Pambamarca is an eroded stratovolcano in the Central Cordillera of the northern Ecuadorian Andes in the northeast of Pichincha. ... Alternate meanings of barrow: see Barrow-in-Furness for the town of Barrow in Cumbria, England; also Barrow, Alaska in the U.S.; also River Barrow in Ireland. ...


Parks

  1. Parque Metropolitano [17], with its 1,376 acres (5.57 km²) is the largest urban park in South America. (As reference, New York's huge Central Park is 843 acres (3.4 km²).) The park is located in the north of Quito, on the hillside, behind the Atahualpa Olympic (Soccer) Stadium. The park is suited for mountain biking, walking, or running. Most of it is eucalyptus forest with trails, but there also are numerous sculptures on display. The park has four sites that can be used for picnics or barbecues, and the eastern section has a view of Cotopaxi, Antisana [18] and the Guayllabamba river basin.
  2. La Carolina [19] is a 165.5 acre (670,000 m²) park in the Benalcázar parish in the middle of Quito's business and shopping district, bordered by three major streets: Avenida Amazonas, Avenida Shyris, and Avenida Naciones Unidas. Quiteños gather at La Carolina mostly on weekends to play fútbol (soccer), básket (basketball), ecua-volley (an Ecuadorean variation of volleyball. With less emphasis on spiking, the sport allows more of a throw and allows using the feet, much like soccer. Other activities include aerobics, kite flying, running, snacking, and people watching. The southern part of the park has a small pond where paddle boats can be rented, and a skatepark for bicyclists and skateboarders. Artists are known to perform on weekends at the park. In the western part of the park visitors will find the Quito Exhibition Center [20] with different exhibits every month, the Quito botanical gardens, and a Vivarium.
  3. El Ejido [21] is situated between the old part of the city and the modern section. This park is known for handicrafts available for sale every Saturday and Sunday, with all pricing subject to negotiation (i.e. haggling). Local painters sell copies of paintings by Oswaldo Guayasamín [22], Eduardo Kingman or Gonzalo Endara Crow. Otavaleños sell traditional sweaters, ponchos, carpets and jewelry.
  4. La Alameda [23] park has the oldest astronomical observatory [24] in South America as well as a monument of Simón Bolívar and a small lake where boats can be rented.

An acre is the name of a unit of area in a number of different systems, including Imperial units and United States customary units. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... Central Park is a large public, urban park (843 acres, 3. ... This article is about the plant genus. ... Cotopaxi is a volcano located about 50 km south of Quito, Ecuador. ... Antisana is a volcano of the northern Andes, in Ecuador, 5,753 m high; also a village on its flanks, 13,000 ft high, the highest village in the world. ... The Guayllabamba is a river that originates in the east of Pichincha in northern Ecuador and flows into Esmeraldas. ... For the term related to television programmes, see watershed (television). ... Football is a ball game played between two teams of eleven players, each attempting to win by scoring more goals than their opponent. ... This article is about the sport. ... Volleyball is an Olympic sport in which two teams separated by a high net use their hands, arms or (rarely) other parts of their bodies to hit a ball back and forth over the net. ... Skatepark in Davis, California. ... Oswaldo Guayasamín (July 6, 1919 – March 10, 1999) was an Ecuadorian modern artist. ... ņOne of Ecuadors greatest 20th century artists, Eduardo Kingman (1913 - 1998) first studied under Victor Mideros at the Escuela de Bellas Artes, in Quito. ... Endara Crows, Untitled, acrillic on canvas, 1982. ... Otavalo with Imbabura in the background. ... Typical Andes poncho in a flea market in Genoa, Italy Actor Clint Eastwood as The Man With No Name, wearing his famous green poncho (Due to film aging, it appears brown in this photo) A poncho is a simple garment designed to keep the body warm, or if made from...

Old Town

Street of the old town (Centro Histórico) at night (García Moreno street).
Street of the old town (Centro Histórico) at night (García Moreno street).

The "centro histórico", historical center, as it is called, was appointed [25], along with the historic center [26] of Kraków (Cracovia) [27], Poland, as the first UNESCO World Heritage Cultural Site [28] in 1978 and has many appealing plazas (the Independence Plaza being the most important) and manierist and baroque churches, including: the Cathedral, the convent and church of St. Francis, which is the largest building of the Colonial era built by the Spaniards in South America; the church of El Sagrario; convent and church of Santo Domingo; and the church of the Society of Jesus, or "La Compañía," which was built after the model of the Church of the Gesu in Rome. The Sucre Theater, where concerts by the National Symphony Orchestra of Ecuador are held, is in the vicinity. There also are several museums, many dedicated to Colonial art and history. The most renowned are the City Museum ("Museo de la Ciudad") [29], the Metropolitan Cultural Center [30] and the museum of the Convent of St. Francis. Markets are scattered throughout the area. ImageMetadata File history File links Quito_CCM.jpg Summary Street of Centro Histórico (Historic Center, old town) of Quito showing the building of Centro Cultural Metropolitano (Metropolitan Cultural Center) at night. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Quito_CCM.jpg Summary Street of Centro Histórico (Historic Center, old town) of Quito showing the building of Centro Cultural Metropolitano (Metropolitan Cultural Center) at night. ... Motto: Ex navicula navis (From a boat, a ship) Coordinates: , Country Poland Voivodeship Lesser Poland Powiat city county Gmina Kraków City Rights June 5th, 1257 Government  - Mayor Jacek Majchrowski Area  - City 326. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... Saint Francis of Assisi (September 26, 1181 – October 3, 1226) was a Roman Catholic friar and the founder of the Order of Friars Minor, more commonly known as the Franciscans. ... Seal of the Society of Jesus. ... The Church of the Gesù. The Church of the Gesù is home to the famous painting of Madonna Della Strada, venerated by millions of Roman Catholics. ...


El Panecillo

Main article: El Panecillo
'La Virgen del Panecillo', located on the top of the Panecillo hill, at night.
'La Virgen del Panecillo', located on the top of the Panecillo hill, at night.

El Panecillo is a hill located in the middle west of the city with an altitude of about 9,895 feet (3,016 m) above sea level. The monument to Virgin Mary located on top of El Panecillo is visible from most of the city of Quito. This monument is based on a sculpture made by Bernardo de Legarda in the Spanish Colony time known as 'La Virgen de Quito'. Virgen de Quito Statue at night seen from downtown Quito El Panecillo (from Spanish panecillo small piece of bread, diminutive of pan bread) is a 200-meter-high volcanic-origin hill with loess soil, between southern and central Quito. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (960x1280, 541 KB) Summary La Virgen del Panecillo at night, on top of the Panecillo mount, center of Quito. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (960x1280, 541 KB) Summary La Virgen del Panecillo at night, on top of the Panecillo mount, center of Quito. ... Virgen de Quito Statue at night seen from downtown Quito El Panecillo (from Spanish panecillo small piece of bread, diminutive of pan bread) is a 200-meter-high volcanic-origin hill with loess soil, between southern and central Quito. ...


In 1976, the Spanish artist Agustín de la Herrán Matorras was commissioned by the religious order of the Oblates to build a 134½ foot (41 m)-tall aluminum monument of a madonna, which was assembled on a high pedestal on the top of Panecillo. Made of 7,000 pieces of aluminum, the monument was inaugurated on March 28, 1976, by the 11th archbishop of Quito, Pablo Cardinal Munoz Vega. An Oblate in Christian monasticism (especially Roman Catholic and Anglican; the Orthodox Christian equivalent is called a Rasophore) is any person who has been offered to God, or have dedicated themselves to His service, in holy religion. ... See also Mary (mother of Jesus) Andrey Rublevs Virgin of Vladimir, 1410(?). Madonna is a medieval Italian term for a noble or otherwise important woman. ... In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop. ... His Eminence Pablo Cardinal Muñoz Vega S.J. (23 May 1903 - 3 June 1994) was an Ecuadorian prelate of the Roman Catholic Church and Archbishop of Quito. ...


The figure stands on top of a globe, stepping on a snake (classic madonna iconography). What is not so traditional, however, is her wings. The people of Quito proudly claim that she is the only such figure in the world with wings like those of an angel. The monument was inspired by the famous "Virgen de Quito" (Quito's Madonna), also known as "the dancer" sculpted by Bernardo de Legarda in 1734, which now decorates the main altar at the Church of St. Francisco. This madonna represents a turning point of the Quito School of Art (one of the most renowned of the Americas) because it shows a figure with great movement (practically dancing) as a contrast with the traditional static madonnas produced during the 18th century. Look up Iconography in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Events January 8 - Premiere of George Frideric Handels opera Ariodante at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden. ...


Aerial tramway to Cruz Loma

Northern Quito as seen from the Telefériqo (Aerial tramway) Station at Cruz Loma (part of the Pichincha mountain complex at about 13,123 ft; 4,000 m, ). Lots of buildings (10 or more stories) have been constructed around the financial center of the city throughout the last 35 years.
Northern Quito as seen from the Telefériqo (Aerial tramway) Station at Cruz Loma (part of the Pichincha mountain complex at about 13,123 ft; 4,000 m, ). Lots of buildings (10 or more stories) have been constructed around the financial center of the city throughout the last 35 years.

Since July 2005, Quito has an aerial tramway, known as the "Telefériqo," from the city center to the hill known as Cruz Loma on the east side of the Pichincha volcano. The ride takes visitors to an altitude of about 13,400 feet (over 4,100 m) where they find a number of restaurants, coffee shops and a variety of stores. There are also trails for hiking and areas where pictures can be taken of Quito. Due to the increased altitude and the wind on the mountain, it is considerably cooler. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 599 KB) Summary View of Northern Quito taken from the Teleférico station in Cruz Loma at 4000 m (13123 ft) above sea level. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 599 KB) Summary View of Northern Quito taken from the Teleférico station in Cruz Loma at 4000 m (13123 ft) above sea level. ... Aerial tramway suspended on two track cables with an additional haulage rope Cable car at Zell am See in the Austrian Alps. ...


Besides the aerial tramway to Cruz Loma, the Telefériqo as a whole is a visitor center that includes an amusement park (Vulqano Park), fine dining restaurants, Go Karts, Paint Ball, shopping malls, extensive food court, and other attractions. Vulqano Park is an amusement park in Quito, Ecuador. ...


Outside the city

La Mitad del Mundo [31] (the middle of the world) is a small village administered by the prefecture of the province of Pichincha, 22 miles (35 km) north of Quito. The village features a large monument, built on the site where the equator was thought to have crossed the area in the early 1980s. There is also a museum that contains a model of Quito, a planetarium, various exhibits, several restaurants, an open arena that is occasionally used for dance, and a small chapel where couples can marry with one spouse standing in the northern hemisphere and the other in the southern [it has since been determined that the actual equator is some 200 meters north of the monument area]. Southeastern view of the monument The Mitad del Mundo (Spanish for Middle of the World) is a monument located in San Antonio de Pichincha, Ecuador, to the north of Quito, that marks one of the points where the equator goes through the country. ...


Pululahua is a volcano a few miles northwest from La Mitad del Mundo. Its caldera (crater) is visible from a spot easily accessible by car, and is believed to be one only a few in the world with human inhabitants. It is also the site of a Geo Botanical Reserve. Satellite image of Santorini. ...


Quito Zoo [32] located near the village of Guayllabamba, about 12 miles (20 km) outside Quito, has the biggest collection of native fauna in Ecuador, including several kinds of animals that are sometimes targeted in Ecuador in the illegal fur trade. Guayllabamba (Quechua for green plain) is a town located 29 kilometres north of Quito, Ecuador. ...


Other nearby natural attractions include:

  • Pasochoa Volcano reserve
  • Cotopaxi Volcano National Park
  • Illinizas Peaks Ecological reserve
  • Antisana volcano reserve
  • Rucu and Guagua Pichincha volcanoes
  • Papallacta and Oyacachi Thermal springs
  • Cayambe Volcano - Coca National Park
  • Mojanda Cajas lakes
  • Mindo Nambillo Cloud forest reserve

Schools

According to the National Council for Higher Education of Ecuador (CONESUP [33]), here is a list of Schools founded before the year 2000 in the Quito and surrounding area:

University Foundation Date
Escuela Politecnica Javeriana del Ecuador 29/11/1995
Ecuela Politecnica Nacional 27/08/1869
Potifice Universidad Catolica del Ecuador 04/11/1946
Universidad Central del Ecuador 18/03/1826
Universidad de las Americas 29/11/1995
Universidad Internacional del Ecuador 30/08/1996
Universidad Particular Internacional SEK 30/06/1993
Universidad San Francisco de Quito 25/10/1995
Universidad Tecnologica America 20/08/1997
Universidad Tecnologica Equinoccial 18/02/1986
Universidad Tecnologica Israel 16/11/1999
Escuela Politecnica del Ejercito 20/12/1977

Professional Football (Soccer) teams

  1. Liga Deportiva Universitaria
  2. Club Deportivo El Nacional
  3. Sociedad Deportiva Aucas
  4. Sociedad Deportivo Quito
  5. Club Deportivo Universidad Católica del Ecuador

Liga Deportiva Universitaria (LDU) is a professional futbol club from the city of Quito, the capital of Ecuador. ... The Club Deportivo El Nacional is a professional football (soccer) team from Quito, the capital of Ecuador in northwestern South America. ... The Sociedad Deportiva Aucas is a soccer club from the city of Quito in northern Ecuador. ... The Sociedad Deportivo Quito is a soccer club based in Quito, Ecuador. ...

Sister cities

Quito has seven sister cities: Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Motto: (Spanish for From Madrid to Heaven) Location Coordinates: , Country Spain Autonomous Community Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid Province Madrid Administrative Divisions 21 Neighborhoods 127 Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón Jimémez (PP) Area  - Land 607 km² (234. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nicaragua. ... Coordinates: Country Nicaragua Department Managua Municipality Managua Founded 1819 Seat of the Government 1852 Capital of the Nation 1857  - Mayor Dionisio Marenco Area    - City 544 km²  - Urban 173. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... “Louisville” redirects here. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Coral Gables is a city located in Miami-Dade County, Florida, southwest of Miami. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami metropolitan area Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English (de facto) Government - Lieutenant-Governor David C. Onley - Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 106 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...

See also

Ecuador Portal

Image File history File links Ecuador_COA.svg‎ Coat of arms of Ecuador Extraced from Image:Flag_of_Ecuador. ... This article is about the city of Guayaquil. ... HCJB is one of the most popular and far-reaching radio networks in the world. ... Virgen de Quito Statue at night seen from downtown Quito El Panecillo (from Spanish panecillo small piece of bread, diminutive of pan bread) is a 200-meter-high volcanic-origin hill with loess soil, between southern and central Quito. ... Southeastern view of the monument The Mitad del Mundo (Spanish for Middle of the World) is a monument located in San Antonio de Pichincha, Ecuador, to the north of Quito, that marks one of the points where the equator goes through the country. ... Charles-Marie de La Condamine Charles Marie de La Condamine (January 28, 1701 - February 4, 1774) was a French geographer and mathematician. ... Cuarenta is the national card game of Ecuador. ... A list of Latin American artists (painters, sculptors, photograhers, video artists, etc. ...

References

External links

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Quito
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Travel links
  • Quito Visitors' Bureau

  Results from FactBites:
 
Quito, Ecuador (1567 words)
Quito, capital of Ecuador, is located on a horizontal strip of land which extends from North to South.
Three years later, in 1978, Quito was declared Cultural Heritage of Humanity with the intention of preserving its colonial architecture in convents, churches, and the historical centre in general.
Quito, capital city of the Republic of Ecuador, is today an enterprising metropolis, site of the government, and political centre of the country.
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