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Encyclopedia > Quisling

Quisling, after Norwegian fascist politician Vidkun Quisling, is a term used to describe traitors and collaborationists. It was most commonly used for fascist political parties and military and paramilitary forces in occupied Allied countries which collaborated with Axis occupiers in World War II Europe, as well as for their members and other collaborators. Fascism is a political ideology and mass movement that seeks to place the nation, defined in exclusive biological, cultural, and/or historical terms, above all other sources of loyalty, and to create a mobilized national community. ... Vidkun Abraham Lauritz Jonssøn Quisling, (July 18, 1887 – October 24, 1945) was a Norwegian army officer and fascist politician. ... Traitor redirects here. ... Collaborationism, as a pejorative term, can describe the treason of cooperating with enemy forces occupying ones country. ... Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, was the authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... The Allies of World War II were the countries officially opposed to the Axis Powers during the Second World War. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Combatants Allied Powers Axis Powers Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000,000 Total dead: 50,000,000 Military dead: 8,000,000 Civilian dead: 4,000,000 Total dead 12,000,000 World War II (abbreviated WWII), or the Second World War, was a worldwide conflict... World map exhibiting the location of Europe. ...


That Quisling's name should be applied to denote the whole phenomenon of collaborationism is probably due to the place of Norway on the list of countries occupied by the Third Reich. There were few Polish collaborators, other than the Volksdeutsche, and Denmark fell within a few hours. It was in Norway where local, non-German, fascist parties took a part in the conquest of the country.


In contemporary usage, "Quisling" is synonymous with "traitor", and particularly applied to politicians who appear to favour the interests of other nations or cultures over their own.


In popular culture

In a wartime Norwegian cartoon "Audience with Hitler" Quisling says: "I am Quisling" and Hitler replies: "And the name?". [1] Hitler redirects here. ...


In John Steinbeck's novel/play The Moon Is Down, written for the OSS as propaganda to encourage resistance efforts and underground movements, there is a Quisling character named George Corell. John Ernst Steinbeck (February 27, 1902 – December 20, 1968) is one of the best-known and most widely read American writers of the 20th century. ... This article is about the novel. ... The Office of Strategic Services (OSS) was a United States intelligence agency formed during World War II. It was the wartime intelligence agency and was a lineage precursor to the Central Intelligence Agency, as well as for the Special Forces and Navy Seals, who have traced their lineage back to...


In Max Brook's novel World War Z, quisling refers to a human that has begun acting like a zombie. These humans are traitors and will attack other humans mindlessly, but will not fight zombies despite zombies attacking quislings. It has been suggested that Battle of Yonkers be merged into this article or section. ...


In an episode of the TV series House MD, House jokes angrily with Cuddy saying, "You know, there is a new biography on "Quisling" you might find interesting." Though Cuddy doesn't understand, requiring House to explain and losing the pun of the joke. House, M.D. (commonly promoted as just House) is an American television series produced by the Fox Broadcasting Company. ...


In an episode of the British TV series "Filthy, Rich and Catflap," Richie Rich calls the milkman "Quisling" while accusing him of carrying knowledge that could "put back the British game show 50 years." Filthy, Rich and Catflap was a BBC sitcom produced in 1987. ... A milkman is a person — traditionally male — who delivers milk in milk bottles or cartons. ...


Quislings in World War II Europe

Quisling forces were formed in most occupied European countries. They were used by the Axis to control the local population and free German forces for major military operations against Allies. However, as they were unpopular, German forces had to stay behind anyway.


European Quisling organizations of World War II included:


Germany's early central European conquests:

Austia
Czechoslovakia

-Sudetenland Austrian National Socialism was a Pan-Germanic movement that was formed at the beginning of the 20th century. ...

-Slovakia The Sudetendeutsche nationalsozialistische Partei or Sudeten German National Socialist Party was created when the new state of Czechoslovakia outlawed the DNSAP, the German National Socialist Workers Party. At the end of World War I, the Austro-Hungarian Empire broke up into its constituent nation states, and the new Czech-dominated...

Poland

Countries occupied in the 1940 Blitzkrieg: The Slovak Peoples Party (Slovak: Slovenská ľudová strana, SĽS, after 1925 Hlinkas Slovak Peoples Party / Hlinkova slovenská ľudová strana/ HSĽS, after 1938 Hlinkas Slovak Peoples Party - Party of Slovak National Unity/Hlinkova. ... Selbstschutz (German: ) was a name used by a number of paramilitary organisations created out of ethnic Germans in Central Europe. ...

Denmark
Norway
The Netherlands
Belgium
France
  • Mouvement Franciste
  • Légion Française des Combattants
  • Amis de la Légion
  • Légion Française des Combattants et des volontaires de la Révolution Nationale
  • Service d'Ordre Légionnaire
  • Parti Populaire Français
  • Rassemblement National Populaire

Countries occupied and partitioned during the 1941 Balken Campaign: DNSAPs logo. ... Nasjonal Samling (Norwegian for National Gathering or National Unification) was a fascist party in Norway before and during World War II, founded on May 17, 1933 by Vidkun Quisling and Johan Bernhard Hjort. ... The Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging (NSB, National Socialist Movement) was a Nazi political party in the Netherlands during the 1930s and during the German occupation in World War II, when it was the only allowed political party. ... The VNV flag The Flemish National Union (Dutch: Vlaamsch Nationaal Verbond, VNV) was a Nationalist Flemish political party in Belgium, founded by Staf de Clerq on October 8, 1933. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Service dordre légionnaire (SOL) was a collaborationist militia created by Joseph Darnand, a far right veteran from the First World War. ... Parti Populaire Français (French Popular Party) was a far right political party led by Jacques Doriot before and during World War Two. ...

Greece
Yugoslavia
  • Bela garda (Slovenian "White Guard")
  • Domobranci (Slovenian "Homeland Defense")
  • Ustasha
  • Domobrani (Croatian "Homeland Defense")
  • Forces of Dimitrije Ljotić and Milan Nedić
  • Forces of Kosta Milovanović Pećanac

The Greek National Socialist Party was a minor Nazi party founded in Greece in 1932 by George S. Mercouris, a former Cabinet minister. ... The National Union of Greece (Greek: Εθνική Ενωσις Ελλάς, Ethniki Enosis Ellas EEE) was an anti-Semitic nationalist party established in the Thessaloniki, Greece, in 1927. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... The Security Battalions (Greek: Τάγματα Ασφαλείας, Tágmata Asfalías) were Greek collaborationist military groups, formed during World War II in order to support the German occupation troops. ... Konstantinos Logothetopoulos was a distinguished Greek medical doctor who became Prime Minister of a quisling government during the Axis occupation of Greece. ... Ioannis Rallis (1878-1946) was the third Nazi collaborator prime minister of Greece, from 7 April 1943 to 12 October 1944, succeeding Konstantinos Logothetopoulos in the Nazi-held puppet government in Athens. ... The Ustaše (often spelled Ustashe in English; singular Ustaša or Ustasha) was a Croatian right-wing organisation put in charge of the Independent State of Croatia by the Axis Powers in 1941. ... Croatian Home Guard (Croatian: Hrvatsko domobranstvo, often abbr. ... Dimitrije Ljotić (August 12, 1891, Belgrade - April 22, 1945, Ajdovščina) was a Serbian politician and German collaborationist during World War II. Although born in Belgrade he spent most of his life in Smederevo. ... Milan Nedić Serbian Cyrillic Милан Недић (September 2, 1878 – 1946) was a Serbian soldier and politician who was a major collaborator during World War II. Nedić was born in Grocka, Serbia. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Vidkun Quisling - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (677 words)
Quisling had low popular support, and the Quisling government lasted only five days, after which Josef Terboven was installed as Reichskommissar, the highest official in Norway, reporting directly to Hitler.
The relationship between Quisling and Terboven was tense, although Terboven, presumably seeing an advantage in having a Norwegian in a position of power to reduce resentment in the population, named Quisling to the post of Minister President in 1942, a position the self-appointed Fører assumed in 1943, on February 1.
Vidkun Quisling stayed in power until he was arrested May 9, 1945, in a mansion on Bygdøy in Oslo that he called Gimle after the place in Norse mythology where the survivors of Ragnarok were to live.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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