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Encyclopedia > Quinqui

Quinqui is the language of a semi-nomadic group present mainly in the northern half of Spain known as quinquilleros ("tinkers"), although they prefer to be called mercheros. It is interesting to note that the French word for iron monger is "quincailler", which however, implies an established merchant in a shop. A look at the map of Spain would lead us to believe that Romas entered Spain from Africa.[citation needed] Many undoubtedly did, but there is strong linguistic evidence from Quinqui and Germania, for instance, that some Romas entered Spain from the North. Moreover, we note here, that Quinqui refers to the tinker trade, which is also widely plied by traditional Romas in the United Kingdom as well as France.



The language is an old form of Castilian, Germanía, and is said to be related to dialects of the Spanish Roma Caló. The term apparently comes from the word quincalleríaironmongery, from the group of ironmongers who originated the language. Because they are frequently blamed for petty crime, in modern Spanish the word can also mean delinquent, petty thief, or hoodlum. They consider themselves apart from the gitanos. Germanía or jerigonza is the Spanish term for the argot used by criminals or in jails. ... Caló may refer to: Caló (Chicano), argot or slang of Mexican American Spanish Caló (Spanish Romani), Spanish Romani, Spanish Roma language Caló is the name of: Miguel Caló This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Today, the term Ironmonger refers to a retailer (or wholesaler) of iron goods. ... Delinquent means one who fails to do that which is required by law or by duty and such failure is minor in nature. ... Everyday instance of theft: the bike which fits on this wheel has disappeared. ... Hoodlum is a term for a street tough in the U.S. According to Asbury, the author of Gangs of New York who also authored a book on San Franciscos Barbary Coast section (Barbary Coast), it originated in San Francisco in the mid to late 19th century from a... The Gitanos are Roma people living in Spain. ...


Many Spaniards ignore the existence of Quinquis as a cultural group or ethnicity, simply associating the word with marginality and low-life in Spain, in such a way that the origin of the word quinqui is sometimes supposed to be the English word kinky. Kinky may refer to: Kinky (band), a five member band from Monterrey, Mexico Kinky (album), an album by that band Kink (sexual), unconventional sexual practices Kinky Friedman, an American singer, novelist and Texas politician Kinky may mean afro textured hair See also Kink Kinki, Japan. ...


There are many theories on the origins of Quinquis. They are considered to be:

  • The descendants of peasants who lost their land in the 16th century.
  • The product of a mix of Roma and non-Roma populations.
  • The descendants of Muslims who turned to nomadism to escape persecution.
  • A mixture of the above three.

The most famous figure of the Mercheros is Eleuterio Sánchez, aka El Lute, a petty thief in the most-wanted list of the Spanish police that later regenerated himself as a lawyer. Eleuterio Sánchez holding a copy of his book Camina o revienta (Forge on or Die). Photographer: Luis Jauregialtzo, Argazki Press Eleuterio Sánchez (born 1942), known as El Lute, was a legendary Spanish outlaw, now a writer. ... Eleuterio Sánchez holding a copy of his book Camina o revienta (Forge on or Die). Photographer: Luis Jauregialtzo, Argazki Press Eleuterio Sánchez (born 1942), known as El Lute, was a legendary Spanish outlaw, now a writer. ...


The ISO 639-2 code for Quinqui is 'mis'. ISO 639-2 is the second part of the ISO 639 standard, which lists codes for the representation of the names of languages. ...


See also

  • Caló (Spanish Romani)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Quinqui (268 words)
Quinqui is the language of a semi-nomadic group present mainly in the northern half of Spain known as quinquilleros ("tinkers"), although they prefer to be called mercheros.
The language is an old form of Castilian, Germanía, and is said to be related to dialects of the Spanish Roma Caló.
Many Spaniards ignore the existence of Quinquis as a cultural group or ethnicity, simply associating the word with marginality and low-life in Spain, in such a way that the origin of the word quinqui is sometimes supposed to be the English word kinky.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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