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Encyclopedia > Quince
Quince

Cydonia oblonga flowers
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Maloideae
Genus: Cydonia
Species: C. oblonga
Binomial name
Cydonia oblonga
Mill.

The Quince (Cydonia oblonga) is the sole member of the genus Cydonia and native to warm-temperate southwest Asia in the Caucasus region. It is a small deciduous tree, growing 5-8 m tall and 4-6 m wide, related to apples and pears, and like them has a pome fruit, which is bright golden yellow when mature, pear-shaped, 7-12 cm long and 6-9 cm broad. Download high resolution version (800x798, 122 KB)Quince flowers Taken by fir0002 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Plant (disambiguation). ... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants or angiosperms are the most widespread group of land plants. ... Magnoliopsida is the botanical name for a class of flowering plants. ... Families Barbeyaceae Cannabaceae (hemp family) Dirachmaceae Elaeagnaceae Moraceae (mulberry family) Rosaceae (rose family) Rhamnaceae (buckthorn family) Ulmaceae (elm family) Urticaceae (nettle family) For the Philippine municipality, see Rosales, Pangasinan. ... Global distribution of Rosaceae Subfamilies Rosoideae Spiraeoideae Maloideae Amygdaloideae or Prunoideae The Rosaceae or rose family is a large family of plants, with about 3,000-4,000 species in 100-120 genera. ... Genera Amelanchier - serviceberry, juneberry Aronia - chokeberry Chaenomeles - Japanese quince Cotoneaster - cotoneaster Crataegus - hawthorn Cydonia - quince Eriobotrya - loquat Eriolobus (Malus pro parte) Heteromeles - Toyon Malus - apple, crabapple Mespilus - medlar Osteomeles Photinia Pyracantha - firethorn Pyrus - pear Rhaphiolepis - Indian hawthorn Sorbus - rowan, whitebeam, service tree Stranvaesia - (Photinia pro parte) The Maloideae, or the... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Philip Miller (1691 - December 18, 1771) was a botanist of Scottish descent. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Caucasus Mountains. ... Deciduous forest after leaf fall Like many deciduous plants, Forsythia flowers during the leafless season For other uses, see Deciduous (disambiguation). ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... This article is about the fruit. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... An apple is an example of a pome fruit. ... For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ...


The immature fruit is green, with dense grey-white pubescence which mostly (but not all) rubs off before maturity in late autumn when the fruit changes colour to yellow with hard flesh that is strongly perfumed. The leaves are alternately arranged, simple, 6-11 cm long, with an entire margin and densely pubescent with fine white hairs. The flowers, produced in spring after the leaves, are white or pink, 5 cm across, with five petals. This article is about the temperate season. ... Look up foliage in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Flower (disambiguation). ...


Quince is used as a food plant by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Brown-tail, Bucculatrix bechsteinella, Bucculatrix pomifoliella, Coleophora cerasivorella, Coleophora malivorella, Green Pug and Winter Moth. A larval insect A larva (Latin; plural larvae) is a juvenile form of animal with indirect development, undergoing metamorphosis (for example, insects or amphibians). ... The order Lepidoptera is the second most speciose order in the class Insecta and includes the butterflies, moths and skippers. ... Binomial name Euproctis chrysorrhoea Linnaeus, 1758 The Brown-tail (Euproctis chrysorrhoea) is a moth of the family Lymantriidae. ... Bucculatricidae is a family of moths. ... Bucculatricidae is a family of moths. ... Coleophora is a very large genus of moths of the family Coleophoridae with over 750 described species. ... Coleophora is a very large genus of moths of the family Coleophoridae with over 750 described species. ... Binomial name Chloroclystis rectangulata Linnaeus, 1758 The Green Pug (Chloroclystis rectangulata) is a moth of the family Geometridae. ... Binomial name Operophtera brumata Linnaeus, 1758 The Winter Moth (Operophtera brumata) is a moth of the family Geometridae. ...


Four other species previously included in the genus Cydonia are now treated in separate genera. These are the Chinese Quince Pseudocydonia sinensis, a native of China, and the three flowering quinces of eastern Asia in the genus Chaenomeles. Another unrelated fruit, the Bael, is sometimes called the "Bengal Quince". Binomial name Pseudocydonia sinensis (Dum. ... Species Chaenomeles cathayensis Chaenomeles japonica Chaenomeles speciosa Chaenomeles is a genus of three species of deciduous spiny shrubs, usually 1-3 m tall, in the family Rosaceae. ... Binomial name Aegle marmelos (L.) Corr. ...

Contents

Origins

Pear and quince output in 2005
Pear and quince output in 2005

The fruit was known to the Akkadians, who called it supurgillu [2]; Arabic سفرجل safarjal = "quinces" (collective plural). The modern name originated in the 14th century as a plural of quoyn, via Old French cooin from Latin cotoneum malum / cydonium malum, ultimately from Greek kydonion malon "Kydonian apple" (in the figurative sense, similar to pomodoro - Italian word for tomato literally meaning "apple of gold", pomme de terre - the French word for potato, literally meaning "apple of the ground", and the classical "golden apple"). The quince tree is native to Iran, Georgia, Armenia, Turkey, Albania, Macedonia, Greece, and Bulgaria, but the Greeks grafted from a superior strain from ancient Kydonia, now Khania, a port in Crete, whence both the common and better-preserved genus name. The Lydian name for the fruit was kodu.[citation needed] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 351 pixelsFull resolution (1425 × 625 pixel, file size: 58 KB, MIME type: image/png)This bubble map shows the global distribution of pear and quince output in 2005 as a percentage of the top producer (China - 11,537,000 tonnes). ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 351 pixelsFull resolution (1425 × 625 pixel, file size: 58 KB, MIME type: image/png)This bubble map shows the global distribution of pear and quince output in 2005 as a percentage of the top producer (China - 11,537,000 tonnes). ... For the Egyptian writer, see Abbas Al-Akkad. ... Look up plural in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Old French was the Romance dialect continuum spoken in territories corresponding roughly to the northern half of modern France and parts of modern Belgium and Switzerland from around 1000 to 1300. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... Chania (IPA ) (also transliterated as Hania) (Greek Χανιά) is the second city of Crete and the capital of the prefecture of the same name. ... For other uses, see Tomato (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Potato (disambiguation). ... Graft may refer to: Grafting, where the tissues of one plant are affixed to the tissues of another. ... Chania(IPA ) (also transliterated as Hania), older form and Italian Canea (Greek Χανιά) is the second city of Crete and the capital of the prefecture of the same name. ... For other uses, see Crete (disambiguation). ... Lydia (Greek ) is a historic region of western Anatolia, congruent with Turkeys modern provinces of Ä°zmir and Manisa. ...


Cultivation of quince may have preceded apple culture, and many references translated to "apple", such as the fruit in Song of Solomon, may have been to a quince. Among the ancient Greeks, the quince was a ritual offering at weddings, for it had come from the Levant with Aphrodite and remained sacred to her. Plutarch reports that a Greek bride would nibble a quince to perfume her kiss before entering the bridal chamber, "in order that the first greeting may not be disagreeable nor unpleasant" (Roman Questions 3.65). It was a quince that Paris awarded Aphrodite. It was for a golden quince that Atalanta paused in her race. The Romans also used quinces; the Roman cookbook of Apicius gives recipes for stewing quince with honey, and even combining them, unexpectedly for us, with leeks. Pliny the Elder mentioned the one variety, Mulvian quince, that could be eaten raw. Columella mentioned three, one of which, the "golden apple" that may have been the paradisal fruit in the Garden of the Hesperides, has donated its name in Italian to the tomato, pomodoro. This interesting fruit can also be eaten cooked or raw. They are a good source of vitamin c. For other uses, see Song of Solomon (disambiguation). ... See List of King Priams children Statue of Paris in the British Museum This article is about the prince of Troy. ... For other meanings, see Atalanta (disambiguation). ... Apicius was a name applied to three celebrated Roman epicures, the first of whom lived during the Republic; the second of whom, Marcus Gavius (or Gabius) Apicius—the most famous in his own time—lived under the early Empire; a third lived in the late 4th or early 5th century. ... For other uses, see Honey (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Allium ampeloprasum (Linnaeus) J. Gay The Leek (Allium ampeloprasum var. ... Pliny the Elder: an imaginative 19th Century portrait. ... Lucius Junius Moderatus Columella (Gades in Hispania Baetica, 4 AD - ca. ... For the ancient Greek city Hesperides see Benghazi. ...


Cultivation and uses

Quince foliage and ripening fruit
Quince foliage and ripening fruit

Quince is frost hardy and requires a cold period below 7 °C to flower properly. The tree is self fertile however yield can benefit from cross fertilization. The fruit can be left on the tree to ripen further which softens the fruit to the point where it can be eaten raw in warmer climates, but should be picked before the first frosts. Quince leaves and fruit - from fr:wiki fr:Image:Coings. ... Quince leaves and fruit - from fr:wiki fr:Image:Coings. ...


Most varieties of quince are too hard, astringent and sour to eat raw unless 'bletted' (softened by frost). They are used to make jam, jelly and quince pudding, or they may be peeled, then roasted, baked or stewed. The flesh of the fruit turns red after a long cooking time. The very strong perfume means they can be added in small quantities to apple pies and jam to enhance the flavour. Adding a diced quince to applesauce will enhance the taste of the applesauce with the chunks of firmer tarter quince. The term "marmalade", originally meaning a quince jam, derives from the Portuguese word for this fruit marmelo.[1] The fruit, like so many others, can be used to make a type of wine. Bletting (or blet) is a process certain fleshy fruits undergo when, beyond ripening, they have started to decay and ferment. ... Frost on black pipes Frost is a solid deposition of water vapor from saturated air. ... Jam from berries Jam (also known as jelly or preserves) is a type of sweet spread or condiment made with fruits or sometimes vegetables, sugar, and sometimes pectin if the fruits natural pectin content is insufficient to produce a thick product. ... Jam from berries Fruit preserves refers to fruit, or vegetables, that have been prepared and canned for long term storage. ... Quince pudding recipe from the 1881 Household Cyclopedia: Scald the quinces tender, pare them thin, scrape off the pulp, mix with sugar very sweet, and add a little ginger and cinnamon. ... For other uses, see Marmalade (disambiguation). ... Fruit wines are wine-like beverages made from fruits other than grapes. ...

Quince
Quince

In Europe, quinces are commonly grown in central and southern areas where the summers are sufficiently hot for the fruit to fully ripen. They are not grown in large amounts; typically one or two quince trees are grown in a mixed orchard with several apples and other fruit trees. Charlemagne directed that quinces be planted in well-stocked orchards. Quinces are mentioned for the first time in an English text in the later 13th century, though cultivation in England is not very successful due to inadequate summer heat to ripen the fruit fully. They were also introduced to the New World, but have become rare in North America due to their susceptibility to fireblight disease caused by the bacterium Erwinia amylovora. They are still widely grown in Argentina, Chile and Uruguay. Almost all of the quinces in North American specialty markets come from Argentina. A variety of quince, which is grown in the Middle East, does not require cooking and is often eaten raw. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 799 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1670 × 1253 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 799 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1670 × 1253 pixel, file size: 1. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Charlemagne (left) and Pippin the Hunchback. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Binomial name Erwinia amylovora The causal pathogen is Erwinia amylovora, a Gram-negative bacterium in the family Enterobacteriaceae. ... Phyla/Divisions Actinobacteria Aquificae Bacteroidetes/Chlorobi Chlamydiae/Verrucomicrobia Chloroflexi Chrysiogenetes Cyanobacteria Deferribacteres Deinococcus-Thermus Dictyoglomi Fibrobacteres/Acidobacteria Firmicutes Fusobacteria Gemmatimonadetes Nitrospirae Omnibacteria Planctomycetes Proteobacteria Spirochaetes Thermodesulfobacteria Thermomicrobia Thermotogae Bacteria (singular, bacterium) are a major group of living organisms. ...


In Spain, the quince or "membrillo" as it is called, is cooked into a firm reddish paste and is eaten with manchego cheese. The sweet and floral notes of carne de membrillo (quince meat) contrast nicely with the tanginess of the cheese.[2] Quince juice from organic farming is available in Germany (where quince is called "quitte") and its pleasant taste mixes well with other fruit juices. This is where the saying "A quince for you, a quince for me, quinces we shall eat," comes from. In Malta, a jam is made from the fruit (gamm ta' l-isfargel). According to local tradition, a teaspoon of the jam dissolved in a cup of boiling water relieves intestinal discomfort. In Bosnia the quince is made into brandy. Manchego cheese Manchego cheese is a sheeps milk cheese made in the La Mancha region of Spain. ... Bosnia or Bosnian may refer to: Places: Bosnia and Herzegovina, a country in southeastern Europe The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, as defined by the Dayton Agreement Bosnia (region), a historical region in southeastern Europe Bosnia Province, Ottoman Empire, from the 15th to 20th centuries Bosna, Bulgaria, a village in...


In Lebanon, it is called "sfarjel" and also used to make jam. In Syria, quince is cooked in pomegranate paste (dibs rouman) with shank meat and kibbeh (a middle eastern meat pie with burghul and mince meat) and is called " kibbeh safarjalieh". In Iran, quince is called "beh" (ﺑﻪ) and is used raw or in stews and jam, and the seeds are used as a remedy for pneumonia and lung disease. In parts of Afghanistan, the quince seeds are collected and boiled and then ingested to combat pneumonia. For the color, see Pomegranate (color). ... Kibbeh with mint as decoration Wikibooks Cookbook has an article on Kibbeh Kibbeh or kubbah, Arabic: كبة; Turkish içli kuftah), is a dish of minced meat with bulgur and spices with many variants, both raw and cooked. ...


In Argentina, Chile and Uruguay the "membrillo" is cooked into a reddish jello-like block or firm reddish paste known as dulce de membrillo. It is then eaten in sandwiches and with cheese. Boiled quince is also popular in desserts such as the murta con membrillo that combines ugni molinae with quince. Murta con membrillo (English: Ugni molinae with quince) is typical dessert from southern Chile where the endemic Ugni molinae grows. ... Binomial name Turcz. ...


Used as a rootstock for grafted plants, quince has the property of dwarfing the growth of pears, of forcing them to produce more precociously, and relatively more fruit-bearing branches, instead of vegetative growth, and of accelerating the maturity of the fruit. Grafting is a method of plant propagation by which one woody plant is mechanically attached to another so that the two eventually fuse together. ... Grafted apple tree Malus sp. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Cultural associations

  • The film El Sol del Membrillo (Quince Tree of the Sun; Dream of Light) directed by Víctor Erice in 1992 is a documentary about a painter, Antonio López García, who spends September through December painting a quince tree in his garden.
  • In an episode The Simpsons, "Who Shot Mr. Burns, Part 1", Mr. Burns and Waylon Smithers end up eating an entire box of chocolates in one sitting, leaving behind and discarding only one piece: the sour quince log.
  • In Edward Lear's famous poem "The Owl and the Pussycat" the protagonists "dined on mince and slices of quince, Which they ate with a runcible spoon".
  • In the movie White Men Can't Jump, Rosie Perez's character Gloria Clemente was on Jeopardy!, and "quince" was the response to "Adam and Eve dined on this forbidden fruit".
  • In the play Cataplana, an aging antagonist named Ari attacks his partner, Linda, over her claim that he had a pear tree on his property—when in fact it was a quince.
  • Paul Muldoon's poem, "Lunch with Pancho Villa" contains the line, "The quince tree I forgot to mention,"
  • In the book, Ten Thousand Sorrows, by Elizabeth Kim, on page 5 line 7 Quince tea is drunk alongside a meal.
  • In the musical Pippin, Catherine makes Pippin a quince pudding flambé. It is this extension of domesticity that is the final impetus for Pippin to leave her.
  • In Plutarch's Lives, Solon is said to have decreed that "bride and bridegroom shall be shut into a chamber, and eat a quince together."[3]

El Sol del Membrillo (The Quince Tree Sun, Quince Tree of the Sun, or The Dream of Light) is a film by Spanish film director Víctor Erice. ... Víctor Erice (born 30 June 1940) is a Spanish film director. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... Mr. ... Waylon Smithers, Jr. ... Edward Lear, 1812-1888 Eagle Owl, Edward Lear, 1837 Another Edward Lear owl, in his more familiar style Edward Lear (12 May 1812 – 29 January 1888) was an artist, illustrator and writer known for his nonsensical poetry and his limericks, a form which he popularised. ... Edward Lears illustration of the Owl and the Pussycat The Owl and the Pussycat is a famous nonsense poem by Edward Lear, first published in 1871. ... Mincemeat was originally a conglomeration of bits of meat, dried fruit and spices, created as an alternative to smoking or drying for preservation, a variant form of sausage. ... // A runcible spoon is a utensil that appears in the nonsense poetry of Edward Lear. ... White Men Cant Jump is a 1992 feature film starring Woody Harrelson and Wesley Snipes as basketball hustlers. ... Rosa Maria Perez (born September 6, 1964) is an Academy Award-nominated American actress, dancer, choreographer and director. ... Jeopardy redirects here. ... Cataplana is a Portuguese seafood dish, popular on the countrys Algarve coast. ... Paul Muldoon (b. ... For the Filipino boxer, see Francisco Guilledo. ... Pippin is a stage musical with music and lyrics by Stephen Schwartz and book by Roger O. Hirson. ... Pudding can be prepared with a large variety of toppings such as fresh fruit and/or berries, and whipped cream Christmas pudding Dessert pudding Illustrations from Isabella Beetons Mrs Beetons Book of Household Management, 1861 Pudding most often refers to a dessert, but can also be a savory dish. ... Bananas Foster includes a flambé Flambé (also spelled flambe and pronounced as ) is a cooking procedure in which alcohol (ethanol) is added to a hot pan to create a burst of flames. ... Mestrius Plutarchus (Greek: Πλούταρχος; 46 - 127), better known in English as Plutarch, was a Greek historian, biographer, essayist, and Middle Platonist. ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: Plutarch in Greek Plutarchs Lives of the Noble Greeks and Romans is a series of biographies of famous men, arranged in tandem to illuminate their common moral virtues or failings. ... For other uses, see Solon (disambiguation). ...

References

  1. ^ Wilson, C. Anne. The Book of Marmalade: Its Antecedents, Its History and Its Role in the World Today (Together with a Collection of Recipes for Marmalades and Marmalade Cookery), University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia. Revised Edition 1999. ISBN 0-8122-1727-6
  2. ^ Membrillo paste from Gourmet Sleuth
  3. ^ Plutarch Solon 20 [1]

External links

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