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Encyclopedia > Quid pro quo

Quid pro quo (Latin for "something for something" [1]) indicates a more-or-less equal exchange or substitution of goods or services. For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ...


English speakers often use the term to mean "a favour for a favour" and the phrases "what for what", "give and take", "tit for tat (this for that)" have similar meanings. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...

Contents

Legal usage

In legal usage, quid pro quo indicates that an item or a service has been traded in return for something of value, usually when the propriety or equity of the transaction is in question. For example, under the common law (except in Scotland), a binding contract must involve consideration: that is, the exchange of something of value for something else of economic value. If the exchange appears excessively one sided, courts in some jurisdictions may question whether a quid pro quo did not actually exist and the contract may be voidable.[citation needed] This article concerns the common-law legal system, as contrasted with the civil law legal system; for other meanings of the term, within the field of law, see common law (disambiguation). ... Scots law is a unique legal system with an ancient basis in Roman law. ... A contract is a legally binding exchange of promises or agreement between parties that the law will enforce. ... Consideration is something that is done or promised in return for a contractual promise. ...


Another set of examples arises when an exchange is prohibited by public policy. Where prostitution is illegal, it remains common and lawful to use gifts, expensive meals and so on, as a means of attracting a sexual partner. The distinction is whether sexual favors are directly conditional on receiving gifts and vice-versa. In the absence of such a quid pro quo, there is no prostitution. Similarly, political donors are legally entitled to support candidates that hold positions with which the donors agree, or which will benefit the donors. Such conduct becomes bribery only when there is an identifiable exchange between the contribution and official acts, previous or subsequent, and the term quid pro quo denotes such an exchange. The term may also be used to describe blackmail, where a person offers to refrain from some harmful conduct in return for valuable consideration. Whore redirects here. ... Bribery is a crime implying a sum or gift given alters the behaviour of the person in ways not consistent with the duties of that person. ... For other uses, see Blackmail (disambiguation). ...


The term is also widely used to denote a type of sexual harassment in two variations, one of which answers to bribery and the other to blackmail. In the former case, unwarranted advancement is offered in return for sexual favors. In the second, deserved advancement, or simple continuation in service, is conditional on sexual receptivity. Since it is not unlawful per se for a boss to ask a subordinate for sex, nor vice-versa, it is the quid pro quo that makes the situation repugnant to the law. Per se is a latin phrase used in english arguments. ...


Other meanings

Quid pro quo may less commonly refer to something (originally a medicine) given or used in place of another.


Quid pro quo may sometimes be used to define a misunderstanding or blunder made by the substituting of one thing for another, particularly in the context of the transcribing of a text.[2]


Quid pro quo may sometimes be described as the idiom,"You scratch my back and I'll scratch yours". In legislative contexts, it may take the form of vote trading. It may also describe the reverse situation, for example when a donor expects something in return later.


Quid pro quo is often used as a term in England to mean 'What's in it for me?'


Related phrases

The phrase qui pro quo, or quiproquo (from medieval Latin: literally qui instead of quo) is common in Romance languages such as Italian, Portuguese, Spanish and French, where it means a misunderstanding.[3] Medieval Latin was the form of Latin used in the Middle Ages, primarily as a medium of scholarly exchange and as the liturgical language of the medieval Roman Catholic Church, but also as a language of science, literature, law, and administration. ... The Romance languages (sometimes referred to as Romanic languages) are a branch of the Indo-European language family that comprises all the languages that descend from Latin, the language of the Roman Empire. ...


In those languages, the phrase corresponding to the usage of quid pro quo in English is do ut des (Latin for "I give, so that you may give").[4]


In popular culture

  • Hannibal Lecter in The Silence of the Lambs (novel and film) uses this phrase to demand personal information from the FBI's agent Clarice Starling in exchange for information.
  • Dr. Evil in Austin Powers in Goldmember uses this expression when talking to Austin Powers to show that he wants something in return for giving Austin Powers information on Goldmember's whereabouts. Austin, obviously unaware of the term, comically replies "Yes, squid pro roe...". The scene is a parody of The Silence of the Lambs.
  • Hank Moody, played by David Duchovny in the Showtime T.V. show Californication uses this line when talking to a girl in bed that he had slept with. She states, "You're nice to me, I am nice to you.." to which Moody replies, "That's very quid pro quo..."
  • In Sierra-117, the first level of Halo 3, a section is called "Quid pro quo".
  • Quid pro quo Is also the name of the third installment of the Halo 3 Video Documentaries
  • In The Lion King the phrase is used in the song "Be Prepared" by Scar when he is talking to the Hyenas about helping him.
  • In the Season 1 Episode of Prison Break ("Sleight of Hand"), Scofield uses the phrase in relation to his agreement with mob boss Falzone. Scofield was to give Falzone the location of Fibonacci (a man in witness protection who witnessed a murder Falzone committed and who planned to testify against him) in exchange for $200,000 in cash once he escapes from prison.
  • In World of Warcraft the succubus warlock pet uses the phrase when ordered to attack.
  • In an episode of Good Eats titled "Power Trip" a scene imitating "The Silence of The Lams" Coco Carl demands a protein bar in exchange for information on how it is produced.
  • In the Son of a Coma Guy episode of House, House quotes Hannibal Lecter by saying "Quid Pro Quo, Clarice".
  • In Veronica Mars, Aaron Echolls used this phrase when Kendall Casablancas propositioned him while he was in prison awaiting trial for murder.
  • In Apollo Justice, Justice uses this phrase when Phoenix Wright decides to help with anything he can, as long as there's no money involved.

Hannibal Lecter is a fictional character in a series of novels by author Thomas Harris. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Silence of the Lambs is a 1991 Academy Award-winning film directed by Jonathan Demme and starring Jodie Foster and Anthony Hopkins. ... The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a federal criminal investigative, intelligence agency, and the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). ... Clarice M. Starling is a fictional character in the novels The Silence of the Lambs and Hannibal by Thomas Harris. ... Dr. Evil is a fictional supervillain played by Mike Myers in the Austin Powers film series. ... Austin Powers in Goldmember is the third film of the Austin Powers series starring Mike Myers in the title role. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... This article is about fish eggs. ... The Silence of the Lambs is a 1991 Academy Award-winning film directed by Jonathan Demme and starring Jodie Foster and Anthony Hopkins. ... For the Bree Sharp song, see David Duchovny (song). ... Californication is a portmanteau word derived from bumper stickers frequently seen on cars in the state of Oregon during the late 1970s and early 1980s. ... For the Nine Inch Nails release, see Head Like a Hole. ... This article is about Disneys 1994 film. ... This article is about a television series. ... World of Warcraft (commonly abbreviated as WoW) is a massive multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) developed by Blizzard Entertainment and is the fourth game in the Warcraft series, excluding expansion packs and the cancelled Warcraft Adventures: Lord of the Clans. ... For other uses, see Succubus (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Warlock (disambiguation). ... Good Eats is a television cooking show created and hosted by Alton Brown that airs in North America on Food Network. ... Son of a Coma Guy is the seventh episode of the third season of House, and the fifty-third episode overall. ... House at Cúcuta, Colombia A house is a building typically lived in by one or more people. ... This article is about the Veronica Mars television series. ... Aaron Echolls is a fictional character portrayed by Harry Hamlin on The CW television series Veronica Mars. ... Kendall Casablancas is a fictional character on The CW television series Veronica Mars. ... Apollo Justice: Ace Attorney, released in Japan as Gyakuten Saiban 4 lit. ... This article is about the concept of justice. ... Phoenix Wright: Ace Attorney (Gyakuten Saiban: Yomigaeru Gyakuten (逆転裁判 蘇る逆転) or Turnabout Courtroom: Revival Turnabout in Japan) is an adventure game developed by Capcom in 2005, released exclusively for the Nintendo DS. Phoenix Wright: Ace Attorney is a remake of the Game Boy Advance video game Gyakuten Saiban (which was released in...

See also

This page lists direct English translations of common Latin phrases, such as veni vidi vici and et cetera. ... This article is about the principle of retributive justice. ... In the fictional world of the Fullmetal Alchemist anime series, Equivalent Exchange ) is a version of the Antoine Lavoisiers law of conservation of matter, and the primary law that governs the practice of alchemy. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Merriam-Webster, the American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (Fourth Edition), and the New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy (Third Edition)[1] all so define the Latin expression.
  2. ^ "Blunder made by using or putting one thing for another (now rare)" – Concise Oxford Dictionary, 4th edition, 1950.
  3. ^ Qui pro quo used to refer to a copying mistake made by a scribe, qui being the nominative case and quo the ablative case of the same personal pronoun.
  4. ^ Further information may be found in the AWADmail Issue 49
Merriam-Webster, originally known as the G. & C. Merriam Company of Springfield, Massachusetts, is a United States company that publishes reference books, especially dictionaries that are descendants of Noah Websters An American Dictionary of the English Language (1828). ... The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (AHD) is a dictionary of American English published by Boston publisher Houghton-Mifflin, the first edition of which appeared in 1969. ... The nominative case is a grammatical case for a noun, which generally marks the subject of a verb, as opposed to its object or other verb arguments. ... In linguistics, ablative case (also called the sixth case) (abbreviated ABL) is a name given to cases in various languages whose common thread is that they mark motion away from something, though the details in each language may differ. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Quid pro quo - definition of Quid pro quo - Labor Law Talk Dictionary (279 words)
Quid pro quo - definition of Quid pro quo - Labor Law Talk Dictionary
quid pro quo - something for something; that which a party receives (or is promised) in return for something he does or gives or promises
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