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Encyclopedia > Quiché language

The Quiché language is a part of the Maya language family. It is still spoken by many Quiché people in Guatemala, although most also have at least a working knowledge of the Spanish language except in some isolated rural villages. With something close to a million speakers (some 7% of Guatemala's population), it is the second most widely spoken language in the country after Spanish. The Mayan languages are a family of related languages spoken from South-Eastern Mexico through northern Central America as far south as Honduras. ... This page is about the Native American people; for the dish, see quiche. ... This article is about the international language known as Spanish. ...


The most famous work in the Quiché language is the Popol Vuh. The Popol Vuh (Council Book or Book of the Community; Popol Wuj in modern Quiché spelling) is the book of scripture of the Quiché, a Kingdom of the Maya civilization in Guatemala. ...


Quiché Phonology

The spellings indicated below are as standardized by the Guatemalan government. Also mentioned in the notes field are areas where these differ from the spellings found in the Popol Vuh, as transliterated by Dennis Tedlock. The International Phonetic Alphabet is a phonetic alphabet used by linguists to accurately and uniquely represent each of the wide variety of sounds (phones or phonemes) the human vocal apparatus can produce. ... Phonetics (from the Greek word phone = sound/voice) is the study of speech sounds (voice). ... In computing, Unicode is the international standard whose goal is to provide the means to encode the text of every document people want to store in computers. ... Technical Note: Most IPA symbols are not included in Times New Roman, the default font for Latin scripts in Internet Explorer for Windows. ...

Plosives
Phoneme Sound Spelling Notes
/p/ voiceless bilabial plosive p
/p ʼ/ ejective bilabial plosive b' Spelt "b" in the Popol Vuh
/t/ voiceless dental plosive t
/t ʼ/ ejective dental plosive t' Spelt "tt" in the Popol Vuh
/k/ voiceless velar plosive k Spelt "c" (or "qu" before "e", "i") in the Popol Vuh.
/k ʼ/ ejective velar plosive k' Spelt "3" in the Popol Vuh.
/q/ voiceless uvular plosive q Spelt "k" in the Popol Vuh.
/q ʼ/ ejective uvular plosive q' Spelt "4" in the Popol Vuh.
/ ʔ/ voiceless glottal plosive ' Indicated by doubling a preceding vowel in the Popol Vuh.
Affricates
/ts/ voiceless alveolar affricate tz
/ts ʼ/ ejective alveolar affricate tz' Spelt "4," in the Popol Vuh
/ʧ/ voiceless postalveolar affricate ch
/ ʧʼ/ ejective postalveolar affricate ch' Spelt "4h" in the Popol Vuh
Fricatives
/s/ voiceless alveolar fricative s Spelt "z" in the Popol Vuh.
/ ʃ/ voiceless postalveolar fricative x
/x/ voiceless velar fricative j Spelt "h" in the Popol Vuh.
Nasals
/m/ bilabial nasal m
/n/ alveolar nasal n
Laterals and Rhotics
/l/ alveolar lateral approximant l
/ɾ/ alveolar flap r
Semivowels and/or Semiconsonants
/j/ palatal approximant y
/w/ labio-velar approximant w Spelt "u" or "v" in the Popol Vuh.
Vowels
/a/ open front unrounded vowel a
/ə/ mid centre unrounded vowel ä Not distinguished from "a" in the Popol Vuh.
/e/ close-mid front unrounded vowel e
/i/ close front unrounded vowel i
/o/ close-mid back rounded vowel o
/u/ close back rounded vowel u

A stop or plosive or occlusive is a consonant sound produced by stopping the airflow in the vocal tract. ... In spoken language, a phoneme is a basic, theoretical unit of sound that can distinguish words (i. ... The voiceless bilabial plosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. ... The voiceless dental plosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. ... The voiceless velar plosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. ... The voiceless uvular plosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. ... The glottal stop or voiceless glottal plosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in many spoken languages. ... An affricate is a consonant that begins like a stop (most often an alveovelar, such as [t] or [d]) and that doesnt have a release of its own, but opens directly into a fricative (or, in one language, into a trill). ... The voiceless alveolar affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. ... The voiceless postalveolar affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. ... Note: This page contains phonetic information presented in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) using Unicode. ... The voiceless alveolar fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. ... The voiceless postalveolar fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. ... The voiceless velar fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. ... The nasals are a pair of bones in the skull of many animals. ... The bilabial nasal is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. ... The alveolar nasal is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. ... Laterals are L-like consonants pronounced with an occlusion made somewhere along the axis of the tongue, while air from the lungs escapes at one side or both sides of the tongue. ... Rhotic consonants, or R-like sounds, are non-lateral liquids. ... The alveolar lateral approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. ... The alveolar flap is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. ... Semivowels (sometimes called semiconsonants) are vowels that function as consonants. ... Semivowels (sometimes called semiconsonants) are vowels that function as consonants. ... The palatal approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used in very many spoken languages. ... The labial-velar approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. ... Note: This page contains phonetic information presented in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) using Unicode. ... The open front unrounded vowel is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages. ... The close-mid front unrounded vowel is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages. ... The close front unrounded vowel is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages. ... The close-mid back rounded vowel is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages. ... The close back rounded vowel is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages. ...

References

  • Dennis Tedlock, Popol Vuh: The Definitive Edition of the Mayan Book of the Dawn of Life and the Glories of Gods and Kings. Touchstone Books (1996). ISBN 0684818450.
  • A K'iche'-English Dictionary (http://www.famsi.org/mayawriting/dictionary/christenson/quidic_complete.pdf)

  Results from FactBites:
 
LINGUIST List 13.1633: Socioling: Lewis (2001) K'iche' (2008 words)
Language shift can be identified by 1) the differential in usage of language between speaking, reading, and writing 2) the degree of willingness and ability to use the language and 3) a description of the sociocultural contexts and role relations in which a language is being used." (pp.
In diglossia the functional differentiation between languages is on voluntary basis and not on political, economic and sociohistorical structures.
The language contact situation in Guatemala is a language and culture maintenance struggle in a context a bigger battle of cultural, political and economic power.
Maya civilization - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4775 words)
In the Quiché language, Tazumal means 'pyramid where the victims were burned'.
Although the number of logograms and syllabic symbols required to fully write the language numbered in the hundreds, literacy was not necessarily widespread beyond the elite classes.
Much of the contemporary rural population of Guatemala and Belize is Maya by descent and primary language; a Maya culture still exists in rural Mexico.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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