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Encyclopedia > Queima das Fitas

The Queima das Fitas (portuguese for Burning of the Ribbons) is a traditional festivity of the students of some portuguese universities, organized originally by the students of the University of Coimbra. The University of Coimbra (Portuguese: Universidade de Coimbra) is a Portuguese public university in Coimbra, a city in central Portugal. ...


Coimbra's Queima das Fitas, the oldest and most famous, is organized by a students' commission formed by members of the students' union Associação Académica de Coimbra. Celebrating the end of graduation courses, symbolized by the ritual burning of the ribbons representing each faculty, it takes place at the second semester (around May), being among the biggest student festivities in Europe. It lasts for 8 days, one for each Faculty: Letters, Law, Medicine, Sciences & Technology, Pharmacy, Economics, Psychology & Education Sciences and Sports Sciences & Physical Education. During this period, a series of concerts and performances are held, turning Coimbra in a lively and vibrant city. It also includes a parade of the university students, sport activities, gala ball, and many other public events and traditions. Coimbra is a city and the capital of the district of Coimbra in Portugal. ... AACs Symbol The Associação Académica de Coimbra (AAC) is the students union of the University of Coimbra. ... World map showing location of Europe When considered a continent, Europe is the worlds second-smallest continent in terms of area, with an area of 10,600,000 km² (4,140,625 square miles), making it larger than Australia only. ...


The Ribbon Burning festivities are the big yearly celebration for the students and townspeople as well. The festivities run for a full week in May beginning with the traditional nighttime fado serenade in the square of the old Cathedral of Coimbra. The square is packed with students in their black capes and according to the ritual, studies are forgotten for a week of joy and all-night revelry. The high point of the festivities is the Cortejo, a parade begining in Alta (upper Coimbra, the university historic centre and home to the Rector's Office and the famous University tower) with the graduating students burning their grelo. The parade progresses down the hills of the Alta towards the Baixa (downtown Coimbra, near the river) with dozens of elaborately decorated floats, each in the color of their respective faculties, carrying placards with ironic criticisms alluding to certain teachers, the educational system, national events and leaders. The parade is made up of thousands of "newly liberated" students set apart by their top hats and walking sticks. The Fado de Coimbra is a type of fado, originating in the university city of Coimbra, Portugal. ... The word rector (ruler, from the Latin regere) has a number of different meanings. ...


After the outbreak in 1969 of a crisis oposing the students to the dictatorial government of António de Oliveira Salazar, the festivities, as well as all other manifestations of the academic traditions, were suspended by the students as an act of protest. This was known as the luto académico (portuguese for academic mourning). The restarting of the celebrations took place in 1980, in the middle of an intense political controversy between left-wing students who opposed to the celebration, and conservative students, who wanted to resume the practice. Such struggle took some time to heal, but the "Queima das Fitas" it's in our days only contested by a small fringe of the more radical left-wing student movements. Antonio Salazar on July 22, 1946 issue of Time Magazine Professor António de Oliveira Salazar (April 28, 1889—July 27, 1970) was the Prime Minister of Portugal from 1932 to 1968. ...


Nowadays the beer industry has become an important sponsor of Coimbra's Queima das Fitas, which has given still a wider projection to the festival, quite popular among young people from all around the country and even from Spain. During the festival's week groups of students from other universities, such as Lisbon or Porto, among thousands of other visitors, come to enjoy it. This growth in popularity has involved significant change to the festival, ever more professionalized, moving it a great distance away from its origins at the end of the 19th century. Students of more traditionalist or leftist sensibilities have ocasionally decried this as an increased commercialization and commodification of their "mystique" and traditions. The University of Lisbon (Universidade de Lisboa) is a leading public university in Lisbon, Portugal, and is composed by eight faculties. ... The University of Porto (Universidade do Porto) is a Portuguese university located in Porto. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...


See also

The University of Coimbra (Portuguese: Universidade de Coimbra) is a Portuguese public university in Coimbra, a city in central Portugal. ... AACs Symbol The Associação Académica de Coimbra (AAC) is the students union of the University of Coimbra. ... Rádio Universidade de Coimbra or in english - University of Coimbra Radio, is a students radio station, working as a cultural section within the students union (Associação Académica de Coimbra) at the University of Coimbra in Portugal. ... Coimbra is a city and the capital of the district of Coimbra in Portugal. ...

External links

  • Queima das Fitas
  • Universidade de Coimbra
  • Associação Académica de Coimbra
  • Coimbra's Municipality
  • Rádio Universidade de Coimbra (radio channel)
  • Queima das Fitas history (portuguese)

 
 

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