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Encyclopedia > Queensland

Coordinates: 23°0′S, 143°0′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Queensland
Flag of Queensland
Flag Coat of Arms
Slogan or Nickname: Sunshine State, Smart State
Motto(s): "Audax at Fidelis" (Bold but Faithful)
Map of Australia with Queensland highlighted
Other Australian states and territories
Capital Brisbane
Government Constitutional monarchy
Governor Quentin Bryce
Premier Anna Bligh (ALP)
Federal representation
 - House seats 28
 - Senate seats 12
Gross State Product (2006-07)
 - Product ($m)  $187,339[1] (3rd)
 - Product per capita  $45,496 (6th)
Population (End of June 2007)
 - Population  4,182,100 (3rd)
 - Density  2.42/km² (5th)
6.3 /sq mi
Area  
 - Total  1,852,642 km² (2nd largest)
715,309 sq mi
 - Land 1,730,648 km²
668,207 sq mi
 - Water 121,994 km² (6.58%)
47,102 sq mi
Elevation  
 - Highest Mt. Bartle Frere
+1,622 m (5,321 ft)
 - Lowest
Time zone UTC+10 no DST
Abbreviations  
 - Postal QLD
 - ISO 3166-2 AU-QLD
Emblems  
 - Faunal Koala
(Phascolarctos cinereus)
 - Floral Cooktown orchid
(Dendrobium bigibbum)
 - Bird Brolga (Grus rubicunda)
 - Aquatic Barrier Reef Anemonefish
(Amphiprion akindynos)
 - Gem Sapphire
 - Colours Maroon
Web site www.qld.gov.au

Queensland is a state of Australia, occupying the north-eastern corner of the mainland continent. It is bordered by the Northern Territory to the west, South Australia to the south-west and New South Wales to the south. To the east, Queensland is bordered by the Coral Sea and Pacific Ocean. The state is Australia's second largest by area, following Western Australia, and the country's third most populous after New South Wales and Victoria. Image File history File links Flag_of_Queensland. ... Image File history File links Queensland_coa. ... Flag Ratio: 1:2 The state flag of Queensland is a British Blue Ensign defaced with the state badge on a white disc in the fly. ... The Coat of Arms of Queensland was granted to the then Colony of Queensland in 1893, making it the oldest in Australia. ... The following is a list of Australian state and territory slogans. ... Image File history File links Queensland_locator-MJC.png Summary Map of Australia highlighting Queensland Made in Adobe Illustrator by me and released under the GFDL Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The states and territories of Australia make up the Commonwealth of Australia under a federal system of government. ... Each jurisdiction of Australia has its own capital, where local judicial, administrative and legislative duties are centred. ... For other uses, see Brisbane (disambiguation). ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A constitutional monarchy or limited monarchy is a form of government established under a constitutional system which acknowledges an elected or hereditary monarch as head of state, as opposed to an absolute monarchy, where the monarch is not... List of Governors of Queensland See Governors of the Australian states for a description and history of the office of Governor. ... Quentin Bryce, AC, is a lawyer, by training and currently the Governor of Queensland, Australia. ... List of Premiers of Queensland Before the 1890s there was no formal party system in Queensland. ... Anna Maria Bligh (born 14 July 1960) is an Australian politician and the current Premier of Queensland. ... ALP redirects here. ... Type Bicameral Houses House of Representatives Senate Speaker of the House of Representatives David Hawker, Liberal Party since 16 November 2004 President of the Senate Alan Ferguson, Liberal Party since 14 August 2007 Members 226 (150 Representatives, 76 Senators) Political groups Liberal Party ALP National Party Country Liberal Party Greens... Type Lower house Speaker of the House David Hawker, Liberal since November 16, 2004 Members 150 Political groups ALP (85) Liberal Party (53) National Party (10) Last elections 24 November 2007 Meeting place Parliament House, Canberra, ACT Web site House of Representatives Entrance to the House of Representatives Judicial High... Type Upper house President Alan Ferguson, Liberal since 14 August 2007 Members 76 Political groups Coalition (39) ALP (28) Green (4) Democrat (4) FFP (1) Last elections 9 October 2004 Meeting place Parliament House, Canberra, ACT Web site Senate Entrance to the Senate Judicial High Court Lower Courts Constitution State... This is a list of Australian States and Territories by Gross State Product. ... By population By area By population density Category: ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... ĝMedia:Example. ... This is a list of Australian states and mainland territories by ranking. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... Mount Bartle Frere is the highest mountain in Queensland at an elevation of 1622 metres. ... This article is about a foot as a unit of length. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... UTC+10 time zone Australia (AEST—Australian Eastern Standard Time) Australian Capital Territory**, New South Wales** (except Broken Hill, which observes South Australia time), Queensland, Tasmania** (which observes DST starting on the first weekend of October instead of the last), Victoria** Guam (Chamorro Standard Time via US Law) Federated States... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... For other uses, see Koala (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Dendrobium phalaenopsis Clements The Cooktown Orchid has been the floral emblem of Queensland since November 19, 1959. ... Binomial name (Perry, 1810) The Brolga (Grus rubicunda) is a bird in the crane family. ... Binomial name Amphiprion akindynos (Allen, 1972) The Barrier Reef Anemonefish, Amphiprion akindynos, is a anemonefish of the family Pomacentridae. ... For other uses, see Sapphire (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Maroon is a color related to dark red. ... The states and territories of Australia make up the Commonwealth of Australia under a federal system of government. ... For similar terms, see Northern Territories (disambiguation) Slogan or Nickname: The Territory, The NT, The Top End Motto(s): none Other Australian states and territories Capital Darwin Government Constitutional monarchy Administrator Ted Egan Chief Minister Clare Martin (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 2  - Senate seats 2 Gross Territorial Product (2004... For the song, see South Australia (song). ... NSW redirects here. ... Map of the Coral Sea Islands A political map of the South Pacific. ... Slogan or Nickname: Wildflower State or the Golden State Other Australian states and territories Capital Perth Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Ken Michael Premier Alan Carpenter (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 15  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2005-06)  - Product ($m)  $107,910 (4th)  - Product per capita  $53,134/person... NSW redirects here. ... VIC redirects here. ...


The area was first colonised by Indigenous Australians and Torres Strait Islanders, who arrived between 40,000 and 65,000 years ago, according to various dating methods.[2] Later, Queensland was made a British Crown Colony that was separated from New South Wales on 6 June 1859, a date now celebrated annually as Queensland Day. The area that currently forms Brisbane was originally the Moreton Bay penal colony, intended as a place for recidivist convicts who had offended while serving out their sentences in New South Wales. The state later encouraged free settlement, and today Queensland's economy is dominated by the agricultural, tourist and natural resource sectors. Languages Several hundred Indigenous Australian languages (many extinct or nearly so), Australian English, Australian Aboriginal English, Torres Strait Creole, Kriol Religions Primarily Christian, with minorities of other religions including Islam and various forms of Traditional belief systems based around the Dreamtime Related ethnic groups see List of Indigenous Australian group... The Torres Strait Islander Flag. ... A United Kingdom overseas territory (formerly known as a dependent territory or earlier as a crown colony) is a territory that is under the sovereignty and formal control of the United Kingdom but is not part of the United Kingdom proper (Great Britain and Northern Ireland). ... NSW redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the Australian city. ... The foreshore at Manly. ... A penis colony is a colony used to detain prisoners and generally use them for penal labor in an economically underdeveloped part of the states (usually colonial) territories, and on a far larger scale than a prison farm. ... This article is about recidivism in criminology and penology. ... NSW redirects here. ...


The population is concentrated in the south-east corner, which includes the capital Brisbane, Logan City, Ipswich, Toowoomba, and the Gold and Sunshine Coasts. Other major regional centres include Cairns, Townsville, Mackay, Rockhampton, Bundaberg, Hervey Bay and Mount Isa. Queensland is often nicknamed the Sunshine State, since it enjoys warm weather and a sizeable portion of the state is in the tropics. The people of Queensland are colloquially known as 'Banana Benders' or 'Canetoads', the former possibly due to the large Banana plantations in the tropics, the latter a reference born of the environmental disaster occurring when the cane toad was imported to rid the sugar cane fields of cane beetle pest. This is often referred to during the 'State of Origin', an annual Rugby League competition between Queensland and fierce rivals New South Wales. The South East Queensland region. ... This article is about the Australian city. ... Logan is a city and Local Government Area in South East Queensland, Australia. ... Ipswich is a city and Local Government Area situated on the Bremer River in South East Queensland, Australia. ... Toowoomba (also known as the The Garden City) is a city in South East Queensland, Australia. ... Gold Coast redirects here. ... Population: 282,645* (2005)[1] (11th) Location: 100 km from Brisbane State District: Caloundra, Maroochydore, Kawana, Noosa, Nicklin Federal Division: Fisher, Fairfax The Sunshine Coast (population 282,645 with up to an additional 50,000 in visitors and seasonal workers) is a coastal region located in South East Queensland, north... Cairns redirects here. ... ‎ The Strand CBD from Museum of Tropical Queensland, features Castle Hill in background Townsville (Postcodes: 4810-4819) is an urban centre on the north-eastern coast of Australia, in the state of Queensland. ... Mackay Marina. ... Rockhampton, sometimes abbreviated to Rocky, is a city in Central Queensland, Australia, located 42 kilometres (26 mi) inland from the Capricorn Coast on the Bruce Highway, approximately 640 kilometres (398 mi) north of Queenslands capital city, Brisbane. ... For the Bundaberg Distillery, see Bundaberg Rum. ... Hervey Bay is a rapidly growing city in southeastern Queensland, Australia. ... {{Infobox Australian Place | type = city | name = Mount Isa | state = Queensland | image = QLDL-MountIsa. ... A noontime scene from the Philippines on a day when the Sun is almost directly overhead. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Distribution of the Cane Toad. ... Players are selected to play for the state in which they played their first senior football, hence the name state of origin. Prior to 1980 players were selected for interstate matches on the basis of where they were playing their club football at the time. ...

Queensland cities, towns, settlements and road network
Queensland cities, towns, settlements and road network

Contents

Download high resolution version (540x720, 12 KB)Added alphanumeric markings File links The following pages link to this file: Queensland List of Queensland highways Categories: GFDL images ... Download high resolution version (540x720, 12 KB)Added alphanumeric markings File links The following pages link to this file: Queensland List of Queensland highways Categories: GFDL images ... Queensland General highways map of Queensland Queensland, being the second largest state in Australia is also the most decentralised. ...

Etymology

The state was named in honour of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom,[3] who, in 1859, signed the proclamation separating the state from New South Wales. At the time, Victoria was a generally popular monarch, and the successful name was preferred over Cooksland, which was suggested by the influential local Presbyterian minister John Dunmore Lang.[4] It is noteworthy that the state of Victoria is also named after her. Queen Victoria redirects here. ... NSW redirects here. ... Presbyterianism is part of the Reformed churches family of denominations of Christian Protestantism based on the teachings of John Calvin which traces its institutional roots to the Scottish Reformation, especially as led by John Knox. ... John Dunmore Lang (25 August 1799 - 8 August 1878), Australian clergyman, writer, politician and activist, was the first prominent advocate of an independent Australian nation and of Australian republicanism. ... VIC redirects here. ...


Geography

  • The state's borders are defined as:
  • State capital Brisbane, is located on the coast 100 kilometres (60 mi) by road north of the New South Wales border.
  • The fifth-largest city by area in the world, Mount Isa, is located in Queensland. The city area is in excess of 40,000 square kilometres (15,400 sq mi).
  • The state is divided into several officially recognised regions (see Regions of Queensland). Other smaller geographical regions of note include:

Highest maximum temperature: 49.5 °C (121.1 °F), Birdsville, 24 December 1972 (The temperature of 53.1 °C (127.5 °F) at Cloncurry on 16 January 1889 is not considered official, the figure quoted from Birdsville is the next highest, so that record is considered as being official). Boigu Island (9°16′S 142°13′E) is the most northerly inhabited island in Australian territory. ... This article is about the peninsula located in the Australian state of Queensland; it should not be confused with either Yorke Peninsula in South Australia, or Cape York, Greenland. ... The Gulf of Carpentaria from a 1859 Dutch map The Gulf of Carpentaria The Gulf of Carpentaria is a large, shallow sea enclosed on three sides by northern Australia and bounded on the north by the Arafura Sea (the body of water that lies between Australia and Indonesia). ... Map of the Coral Sea Islands A political map of the South Pacific. ... For similar terms, see Northern Territories (disambiguation) Slogan or Nickname: The Territory, The NT, The Top End Motto(s): none Other Australian states and territories Capital Darwin Government Constitutional monarchy Administrator Ted Egan Chief Minister Clare Martin (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 2  - Senate seats 2 Gross Territorial Product (2004... For the song, see South Australia (song). ... NSW redirects here. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (blue outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (green lines) of a contiguous area. ... Point Danger is a high steep headland right on the border between Queensland and New South Wales, Australia, at the southern end of the Gold Coast. ... Queensland on the left bank and New South Wales on the right bank. ... The MacIntyre River rises in the Great Dividing Range in eastern New South Wales, flows northwards to Queensland, where it serves as part of the New South Wales/Queensland border, before eventually flowing south into the Barwon River. ... For other uses, see Barwon River (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Brisbane (disambiguation). ... “Miles” redirects here. ... {{Infobox Australian Place | type = city | name = Mount Isa | state = Queensland | image = QLDL-MountIsa. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Map of official regions of Queensland. ... The Mount Hypipamee Crater on the Atherton Tablelands. ... The Granite Belt is an area of south-east Queensland, Australia centred around the town of Stanthorpe. ... The IBRA regions of Australia, with Channel Country in red The Channel Country of Queensland, Australia, is located in the remote south west of the state. ... Population: 282,645* (2005)[1] (11th) Location: 100 km from Brisbane State District: Caloundra, Maroochydore, Kawana, Noosa, Nicklin Federal Division: Fisher, Fairfax The Sunshine Coast (population 282,645 with up to an additional 50,000 in visitors and seasonal workers) is a coastal region located in South East Queensland, north... Gold Coast redirects here. ... For other uses, see Beach (disambiguation). ... Bunya Mountains is a national park in Queensland (Australia). ... The Great Dividing Range, also known as the Eastern Highlands, is Australias most substantial mountain range. ... For other uses, see Waterfall (disambiguation). ... Friends and family gather for a picnic in a public park in Columbus, Ohio, c. ... Carnarvon is a national park in Queensland (Australia), 593 km northwest of Brisbane. ... Whitehaven beach on the Whitsunday Island Whitsunday Islands is a national park in Queensland, Australia, 920 km northwest of Brisbane. ... The climate of Cardwell (note the precipitation scale: maximum 2000mm/a). ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ... Riversleigh, in North West Queensland, is a 100 km² area containing fossil remains of ancient mammals of the Oligocene and Miocene. ... Box Log Falls, Lamington National Park, Queensland, Australia. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... The Great Barrier Reef is the worlds largest coral reef system,[1][2] composed of over 2,900 individual reefs[3] and 900 islands stretching for 2,600 kilometres (1,616 mi) over an area of approximately 344,400 square kilometres (132,974 sq mi). ... The Wet Tropics of Queensland World Heritage Site is an umbrella name for a series of National Parks stretching for 450 km along the north east coast of Australia, from Townsville to Cooktown, bordering the Great Barrier Reef, itself another World Heritage site. ... For other uses, see Celsius (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... Location of Birdsville in Queensland (red) Birdsville () is a small town located in Western Queensland, Australia. ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Location of Cloncurry in Queensland (red) Cloncurry () is a town and Local Government Area situated in north west Queensland, Australia, 770 kilometres west of the city of Townsville via the Flinders Highway. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Lowest minimum temperature: −11.0 °C (12.2 °F), Stanthorpe, 4 July 1895 [1] North-West aspect of Stanthorpe Township as seen from Mt Marlay South-West aspect of Stanthorpe Township as seen from Mt Marlay Stanthorpe is a town situated in south east Queensland, Australia. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...

Gold Coast
Gold Coast

CBD, The Gold Coast is the second-largest city in Queensland]]

Brisbane CBD, Brisbane is not only the largest city in Queensland but also the capital
Brisbane CBD, Brisbane is not only the largest city in Queensland but also the capital

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2040x1119, 354 KB) Description: Brisbane skyline from Norman Park, looking over New Farm Park Created: 15 October 2006 Photographer: Troy Thomas File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2040x1119, 354 KB) Description: Brisbane skyline from Norman Park, looking over New Farm Park Created: 15 October 2006 Photographer: Troy Thomas File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... For other uses, see Brisbane (disambiguation). ...

Demographics

Queensland has a less centralised population than other states, with significant populations in regional cities such as Cairns

A smaller proportion of Queensland's population lives in the capital city than any other mainland state. At 30 June 2004 the capital city represented 45.7% of the population; for the whole country, capital cities represented 63.8% of the total population. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 394 KB) Central Cairns from Mt Whitfield looking south. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 394 KB) Central Cairns from Mt Whitfield looking south. ... Cairns is a regional city located in far north Queensland, Australia. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

On Friday, 9 December 2005 the population of Queensland officially reached 4 million. Queensland is the fastest growing state in Australia, with over 1500 people moving to the state per week; 1000 in the southern part of the state alone. Predictions show that Queensland will become Australia's second most populous state by the late 2020s. [5] According to Queensland's Office of Economic and Statistical Research the estimated population of the state at the end of 2007 was 4,228,290 which is almost 20% of Australia's total. The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... Logo of the UCA The Uniting Church in Australia (UCA) was formed on June 22, 1977 when the Methodist Church of Australasia, Presbyterian Church of Australia and Congregational Union of Australia came together under the Basis of Union document. ... The Lutheran movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity by the original definition. ... Buddhism, a Dharmic faith, is usually considered one of the worlds major religions, with between 230 to 500 million followers. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Hinduism is a religious tradition[1] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... is the 343rd day of the year (344th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ...


Economy

Glitz and palm trees
Glitz and palm trees

Queensland's economy has enjoyed a boom in the tourism and mining industries over the last twenty years. A sizeable influx of interstate and overseas migrants, large amounts of federal government investment, increased mining of vast mineral deposits and an ever expanding aerospace sector ensure that the state will remain Australia's fastest growing economy in the foreseeable future. Download high resolution version (600x800, 165 KB)Gold Coast - Glitz and palm trees Sorry about the file size - I tried to compress it more, but it makes the sky truly fugly. ... Download high resolution version (600x800, 165 KB)Gold Coast - Glitz and palm trees Sorry about the file size - I tried to compress it more, but it makes the sky truly fugly. ... Tourist redirects here. ... This article is about mineral extractions. ... For other uses, see Mineral (disambiguation). ...


Between 1992 and 2002, the growth in the Gross State Product of Queensland outperformed that of all the other states and territories. In that period Queensland's GSP grew 5.0% each year, while growth in Australia's GDP rose on average 3.9% each year. Queensland's contribution to the Australian GDP also increased (by 10.4%) in that period, one of only three states to do so. [2] GDP is an acronym which can stand for more than one thing: (in economics) an abbreviation for Gross Domestic Product. ...


In 2003 Brisbane city had the lowest cost of living of all Australia's capital cities. As of late 2005 Brisbane is the third most expensive capital for housing after Sydney and Canberra and just ahead of Melbourne by $15,000.


Primary industries include: bananas, pineapples, peanuts, a wide variety of other tropical and temperate fruit and vegetables, grain crops, wineries, cattle raising, cotton, sugar cane, wool and a mining industry including bauxite, coal, silver, lead, zinc, gold, and copper.[citation needed] The primary sector of industry generally involves the changing process of natural resources into primary products. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Pineapple (disambiguation). ... This article is about the legume. ... A winery is a facility where fruit, usually grapes, is processed into wine. ... Ranching is the raising of cattle or sheep on rangeland, although one might also speak of ranching with regard to less common livestock such as elk, bison or emu. ... For other uses, see Cotton (disambiguation). ... Species Ref: ITIS 42058 as of 2004-05-05 Sugarcane is one of six species of a tall tropical southeast Asian grass (Family Poaceae) having stout fibrous jointed stalks whose sap at one time was the primary source of sugar. ... For other uses, see Wool (disambiguation). ... This article is about the ore. ... Coal Example chemical structure of coal Coal is a fossil fuel formed in ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... For other uses, see Copper (disambiguation). ...


Secondary industries are mostly further processing of the above-mentioned primary produce: bauxite from Weipa is converted to alumina at Gladstone. There are also copper refining and the refining of sugar cane to sugar.[citation needed] The secondary sector of industry includes those economic sectors that create a finished, usable product: manufacturing and construction. ... Weipa (12°36′S 141°58′E), a town on the Gulf of Carpentaria coast on Cape York Peninsula in Queensland, Australia, is a mining town of approximately 3,000 people that exists because of the enormous bauxite deposits along the coast. ... Aluminium oxide (or aluminum oxide) (Al2O3) is a chemical compound of aluminium and oxygen. ... For other uses, see Gladstone (disambiguation). ...


Major tertiary industries are the retail trade and tourism.[citation needed] The tertiary sector of industry (also known as the service sector or the service industry) is one of the three main industrial categories of a developed economy, the others being the secondary industry (manufacturing), and primary industry (extraction such as mining, agriculture and fishing). ... In commerce, a retailer buys goods or products in large quantities from manufacturers or importers, either directly or through a wholesaler, and then sells individual items or small quantities to the general public or end user customers, usually in a shop, also called store. ... Tourist redirects here. ...


Tourism

Tourism is Queensland's leading tertiary industry with millions of interstate and overseas visitors flocking to the Sunshine State each year. Queensland is a state of many contrasts that range from sunny tropical coastal areas, lush rainforests to dry inland areas. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1202 KB) The Beach - Airlie Beach, Queesland, Australia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1202 KB) The Beach - Airlie Beach, Queesland, Australia. ... The Beach - Airlie Beach, Queensland, Australia Airlie Beach is a seaside village in the Whitsunday Shire, Queensland, Australia. ... The tertiary sector of industry, also called the service sector or the service industry, is one of the three main industrial categories of a developed economy, the others being the secondary industry (manufacturing and primary goods production such as agriculture), and primary industry (extraction such as mining and fishing). ...


The main tourist destinations of Queensland include –

Hervey Bay

Gold Coast redirects here. ... Population: 282,645* (2005)[1] (11th) Location: 100 km from Brisbane State District: Caloundra, Maroochydore, Kawana, Noosa, Nicklin Federal Division: Fisher, Fairfax The Sunshine Coast (population 282,645 with up to an additional 50,000 in visitors and seasonal workers) is a coastal region located in South East Queensland, north... Hervey Bay is a rapidly growing city in southeastern Queensland, Australia. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... For other uses, see Brisbane (disambiguation). ... The Whitsunday Islands are a collective of continental islands of various sizes off the coast of Queensland, Australia, situated between Townsville and Mackay and some 500km north of Brisbane. ... Map of Far North Queensland Far North Queensland (abreviated to FNQ) is a region of Queensland covering the northern part of the state. ... This article is about the peninsula located in the Australian state of Queensland; it should not be confused with either Yorke Peninsula, in South Australia, or Cape York, Greenland. ... NASA satellite view of southern part of Moreton Bay, Queensland. ... South Stradbroke Island is an Australian island in the state of Queensland, south of Brisbane and forms the northern end of Gold Coast. ... The Great Barrier Reef is the worlds largest coral reef system,[1][2] composed of over 2,900 individual reefs[3] and 900 islands stretching for 2,600 kilometres (1,616 mi) over an area of approximately 344,400 square kilometres (132,974 sq mi). ...

Theme parks

Crocodile show at the Australia Zoo
Crocodile show at the Australia Zoo

The Gold Coast of Queensland is also sometimes referred to as "Australia's Theme Park Capital", with five major amusement parks – Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x960, 645 KB) Summary wikipedia:Australia Zoo, Sunshine Coast, Australia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x960, 645 KB) Summary wikipedia:Australia Zoo, Sunshine Coast, Australia. ... Sign near entrace to the zoo Crocodile show in the Crocoseum at Australia Zoo Aviary at the Australia Zoo Harriet, the second oldest tortoise ever authenticated, lived at Australia Zoo Australia Zoo is located in the Australian state of Queensland on the Sunshine Coast near Beerwah/Glass House Mountains. ...

There are also wildlife parks in Queensland - Currumbin Wildlife Sanctuary on the Gold Coast and Australia Zoo on the Sunshine Coast (home of Steve Irwin until his death on 4 September 2006). Dreamworld is a theme park situated on the Gold Coast in Queensland, Australia. ... Warner Bros. ... Sea World is a marine park on the Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia. ... Wet n Wild is a water theme park attraction situated in the Gold Coast region of Queensland, Australia, in close proximity to the Gold Coasts other major theme parks Dreamworld, and Movie World. ... The Cave of Waves heated wave pool The Supertubes Hydrocoaster and The Green Room being constructed WhiteWater World is a new water park located on the Gold Coast in Queensland, Australia that opened to the public on December 8, 2006. ... Currumbin Wildlife Sanctuary at the Gold Coast, Queensland in Australia, is world renowned for its feeding of huge flocks of free-flying wild Rainbow Lorikeets, which came to the Sanctuary to feast off the special mixture which the Lorikeets eat. ... Sign near entrace to the zoo Crocodile show in the Crocoseum at Australia Zoo Aviary at the Australia Zoo Harriet, the second oldest tortoise ever authenticated, lived at Australia Zoo Australia Zoo is located in the Australian state of Queensland on the Sunshine Coast near Beerwah/Glass House Mountains. ... For the rugby league footballer of the same name, see Steve Irwin (rugby league). ... is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Weather and climate

Whitehaven beach on Whitsunday Island
Whitehaven beach on Whitsunday Island

Due to the size of Queensland, there is significant variation in climate across the state. Low rainfall and hot summers are typical for the inland west, a monsoonal 'wet' season in the far north, and warm temperate conditions along the coastal strip. Inland and in southern ranges low minimum temperatures are experienced. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 1641 KB) Summary This is a photo of Whitehaven beach on Whitsunday Island, Australia. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 1641 KB) Summary This is a photo of Whitehaven beach on Whitsunday Island, Australia. ... The largest island in the Whitsunday group of islands located off the coast of Queensland, Australia. ...


The climate of the coastal strip is influenced by warm ocean waters, keeping the region free from extremes of temperature and provide moisture for rainfall.[6]


There are five predominate climatic zones in Queensland[7], based on temperature and humidity:

  • hot humid summer (far north and coastal)
  • warm humid summer (coastal elevated hinterlands and coastal south-east)
  • hot dry summer, mild winter (central west)
  • hot dry summer, cold winter (southern west)
  • temperate - warm summer, cold winter (inland south-east, e.g. Granite Belt)

However, most of the Queensland populace experience two weather seasons: a "winter" period of rather warm temperatures and minimal rainfall and a sultry summer period of hot, sticky temperatures and higher levels of rainfall. The Granite Belt is an area of south-east Queensland, Australia centred around the town of Stanthorpe. ...


The annual mean statistics[8] for some Queensland centres is shown below:

City Min. Temp oC Max. Temp oC No. Clear days Rainfall (mm)
Brisbane 14 26 123 1061
Mackay 18 27 113 1667
Cairns 20 29 86 2223
Townsville 18 29 n/a 1144

For other uses, see Brisbane (disambiguation). ... Mackay Marina. ... Cairns redirects here. ... ‎ The Strand CBD from Museum of Tropical Queensland, features Castle Hill in background Townsville (Postcodes: 4810-4819) is an urban centre on the north-eastern coast of Australia, in the state of Queensland. ...

Statistics

Queensland is the second most popular overnight holiday destination in Australia for domestic travellers ($10.9 billion per year) with New South Wales (NSW) taking the honours for 2006. Holidays in Queensland comprised of 18 754 000 combined visitor nights (23% Australian Market) with more than 60% of these room nights by residents from NSW and Victoria. Day visitors also contributed a further $2.5 billion.[citation needed]


The Sunshine Coast ($1.4 billion) and Tropical North Queensland ($1.3 billion) where Australia’s most visited regional areas for overnight and day visitors (excluding major cities and the Gold Coast).[citation needed]


The highest average overnight expenditure is in the Whitsundays ($1,295 per person per night).[citation needed]


Accommodation in Queensland caters for nearly 22% of the total expenditure, followed by restaurants/meals (15%), airfares (11%), fuel (11%) and shopping/gifts (11%).[9]


Landmarks

The view from Q1 over the Gold Coast
The view from Q1 over the Gold Coast

The Q1, located on the Gold Coast, is the tallest residential tower in the world.[citation needed] When measured to the top of its spire it measures 1,058 ft (322 m). It was completed in September 2005. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Q1. ... Gold Coast redirects here. ... For other uses, see Q1. ... Gold Coast redirects here. ...


The statue of Wally Lewis, at the northern end of Suncorp Stadium (formerly known as Lang Park) is visited by Rugby League enthusiasts from around the world.[citation needed] Captain of the Australia national rugby league football team Wally Lewis (born December 1, 1959 in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia) is a former rugby league footballer who was one of the most pre-eminent players of the 1980s. ... Suncorp Stadium, formerly known as Lang Park, is a rectangular sporting stadium located in the Brisbane suburb of Milton, Queensland, Australia. ...


Transport

Queensland is served by a number of National Highways and, particularly in South East Queensland, high quality motorways such as the M1. Australias National Highway The National Highway is a system of roads connecting all the States and Territories of Australia, and is the major network of highways connecting Australias largest and most important cities. ... The South East Queensland region. ... A motorway (United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland, New Zealand, and some Commonwealth nations) is both a type of road and a classification. ... The M1 in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, is a major urban road corridor. ...


Rail transport in Queensland. Principal rail services are provided by Queensland Rail and Pacific National, predominantly along the coamajor ports including the Port of Brisbane and subsidiary ports at Gladstone and Townsville. Rail transport in Queensland, has a long history, with the first line opening in 1865. ... Wickham Terrace entrance to Central Station - showing Queensland Rail QR sign QR, previously known as Queensland Rail and Queensland Railways, is the corporation responsible for the operation and maintenance of the railway system in the State of Queensland, Australia. ... NR Locomotive Pacific National is one of Australias largest private rail freight businesses. ... Port of Brisbane is the shipping port of Brisbane, Australia. ... The Port of Gladstone is the fifth largest multi cargo port in Australia and the largest port in Queensland by volume of goods handled. ... Port of Townsville is a seaport in Townsville, Queensland It is the biggest port in Northern Australia after Port of Darwin in Darwin, Northern Territory. ...


The Brisbane Airport, Gold Coast Airport and Cairns International Airport are the main gateways into the State from overseas, with domestic airports at Maroochydore, Rockhampton south and elsewhere. BNE redirects here. ... Gold Coast Airport, or Coolangatta Airport, (IATA: OOL, ICAO: YBCG) is an Australian domestic and international airport on the Gold Coast and is located some 80 kilometres (50 mi. ... Cairns International Airport (IATA: CNS, ICAO: YBCS) is an Australian domestic and international airport in Cairns, Queensland, Australia. ... The Sunshine Coast Airport, or Maroochydore Airport (IATA: MCY, ICAO: YBMC) is the gateway to some of Queenslands most beautiful holiday destinations such as Noosa, Maroochydore & Caloundra. ... Rockhampton Airport (Connor Park) (IATA: ROK, ICAO: YBRK) is a major Australian regional airport that services the cities of Brisbane, Sydney, Gladstone and Mackay, Queensland. ...


South-East Queensland is governed by an integrated public transport system, TransLink, which provides bus, rail and ferry services. Regional bus and long-distance rail services are also provided throughout the State. For a list of all TransLink services, see the list of TransLink services. ... The following is a list of bus and busway stations which have been built or are under construction in and around Brisbane and South East Queensland, Australia. ... Citytrain is the name given to the extensive urban, suburban and inter-urban electric passenger railway network serving metropolitan Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. ... This is a list of the suburban ferry wharves operating along the Brisbane River whose services are operated by the Brisbane City Council and its contractor Metrolink Queensland under the TransLink integrated public transport system. ... TravelTrain provides long range passenger rail services in Queensland. ...


Government

The Parliament of Queensland in Brisbane
The Parliament of Queensland in Brisbane

Executive authority is vested in the Governor, who represents and is appointed by Queen Elizabeth II on the advice of the Premier. The current Governor is Ms Quentin Bryce, AC. The head of government is the Premier, who is appointed by the Governor but must have the support of the Legislative Assembly. The current Premier is the Hon Anna Bligh, of the Australian Labor Party. Other Ministers, forming the Executive Council, are appointed by the Governor from among the members of the Legislative Assembly on the Premier's recommendation. Queensland Government Logo The Government of Queensland is commonly known as the Queensland Government. ... Image File history File links Qld-Parliament-House-and-Annex. ... Image File history File links Qld-Parliament-House-and-Annex. ... The Queensland Parliament is located in george Street, Brisbane. ... List of Governors of Queensland See Governors of the Australian states for a description and history of the office of Governor. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... A premier is an executive official of government. ... Quentin Bryce, AC, is a lawyer, by training and currently the Governor of Queensland, Australia. ... Insignia of a Companion of the Order of Australia. ... List of Premiers of Queensland Before the 1890s there was no formal party system in Queensland. ... The Legislative Assembly. ... Anna Maria Bligh (born 14 July 1960) is an Australian politician and the current Premier of Queensland. ... ALP redirects here. ... An Executive Council in Commonwealth constitutional practice based on the Westminster system exercizes executive power and is the top tier of a government led by a Governor-General, Governor, Lieutenant-Governor or Administrator (all governors). Until the advent of responsible government, Executive Councils existed primarily to advise the governor of...


The Queensland State Parliament, known as the Queensland Parliament or the Legislative Assembly, is unicameral. It is the only Australian state with a unicameral legislature. A bicameral system existed until 1922, when the Legislative Council was abolished by the Labor members' "suicide squad," so called because they were appointed for the purpose of voting to abolish their own offices. The House of Representatives Chamber of the Parliament of Australia in Canberra. ... The Parliament of Queensland is the legislature of Queensland, Australia. ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... In government, bicameralism is the practice of having two legislative or parliamentary chambers. ... The Queensland Legislative Council was the upper house of the parliament in the Australian state of Queensland, until its abolition in 1922. ...


The judicial system of Queensland consists of the Supreme Court and the District Court, established by the Queensland Constitution, and various other Courts and Tribunals established by ordinary Acts of the Queensland Parliament. The Supreme Court of Queensland, which is based at the Law Courts Complex, is the superior court for the Australian State of Queensland. ... The District Court of Queensland is a court in Queensland, a state of Australia. ...


In 2001 Queensland adopted a new codified constitution, repealing most of the assorted Acts that had previously made up the constitution. The new constitution took effect on 6 June 2002, the anniversary of the formation of the colony of Queensland by the signing of Letters Patent by Queen Victoria in 1859. An Act of Parliament or Act is law enacted by the parliament (see legislation). ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Letters Patent by Queen Victoria creating the office of Governor-General of Australia Letters patent are a type of legal instrument in the form of an open letter issued by a monarch or government granting an office, a right, monopoly, title, or status to someone or some entity such as... Queen Victoria redirects here. ...


History

Main article: History of Queensland
Kanaka labourers on a plantation in the 1890s
Kanaka labourers on a plantation in the 1890s

The history of Queensland spans thousands of years, encompassing both a lengthy indigenous presence, as well as the eventful times of post-European settlement. Estimated to have been settled by Indigenous Australians approximately 40,000 years ago, the north-eastern Australian region was explored by Dutch, Portuguese and French navigators before being encountered by Captain James Cook in 1770. The state has witnessed the tragic events of frontier warfare between European settlers and Indigenous inhabitants, as well as the employment of cheap Kanaka labour sourced from the South Pacific. Likewise, it has experienced dynamic growth and progress since its separation from New South Wales in 1859, The history of Queensland spans thousands of years, encompassing both a lengthy indigenous presence in the state, as well as the eventful times of post-European settlement. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Kanaka was an lead actress in Tamil movies. ... Australian Aborigines are the indigenous peoples of Australia. ... Captain James Cook may refer to: James Cook - British explorer, navigator, and map maker Captain James Cook (TV miniseries) - 1987 Australian television miniseries This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... The Kanakas were workers brought from the Pacific Islands as indentured servants to cover serious labor shortages in various European colonies, such as Fiji, Australia and British Columbia, Canada. ... For other uses, see Oceania (disambiguation). ... NSW redirects here. ...


Sister states

Queensland has one sister state:

Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Carolina. ... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude 78° 32′ W to 83...

Universities

The Great Court of the University of Queensland
The Great Court of the University of Queensland

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 306 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 306 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The University of Queensland (UQ) is the longest-established university in the state of Queensland, Australia, a member of Australias Group of Eight, and the Sandstone Universities. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2016x1008, 383 KB) Bond University Taken by myself on 19th September 2006 WikiCats I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2016x1008, 383 KB) Bond University Taken by myself on 19th September 2006 WikiCats I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version... For other uses, see Bond. ... Robina is the third largest suburb on the Gold Coast of Australia. ... The University of Queensland (UQ) is the longest-established university in the state of Queensland, Australia, a member of Australias Group of Eight, and the Sandstone Universities. ... For other uses, see Bond. ... Central Queensland University (CQU) Central Queensland University (CQU), is Australias largest public funded regional university. ... James Cook University (JCU) is a university based in Townsville, Queensland, Australia and was founded in 1970 as the first tertiary education institution in North Queensland (although the first may have been the local TAFE college instead). ... The University of Southern Queensland (USQ) is based in Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia. ... The University of the Sunshine Coast, is a public university based on the Sunshine Coast in Queensland, Australia. ... Griffith University is an Australian public university with five campuses in Queensland between Brisbane and the Gold Coast. ... QUT Gardens Point Campus Queensland University of Technology (QUT) is located in Brisbane, Queensland, and is one of Australias largest universities, however is globally known as one of the worst in the region. ... Australian Catholic University The Australian Catholic University, or ACU National, is a Roman Catholic, public, multi-campus, multi-state university, based in eastern Australia, open to all staff and students regardless of their religious beliefs. ...

See also

List of Governors of Queensland See Governors of the Australian states for a description and history of the office of Governor. ... Map of Local Government Areas in Queensland The Local Government Areas (LGAs) of Queensland, Australia have been subject to periodic bouts of restructuring and rationalisation by the State Government, involving voluntary and involuntary amalgamation of areas. ... Categories: Lists of people by nationality ... Before the 1890s, there was no developed party system in Queensland. ... Queensland is the second largest mainland state in Australia. ... Map of official regions of Queensland. ... Queensland General highways map of Queensland Queensland, being the second largest state in Australia is also the most decentralised. ... The Queensland Council of Unions is a representative body of Trade union organisations in the State of Queensland, Australia. ... According to the Education Queensland website, there are, or have been, at least 2185 registered schools in Queensland. ... Sport is an important part of the culture of the Australian state of Queensland. ... The Queensland Expatriate Awards, are the most prominent awards to Queensland expatriates living around the world. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Queensland Police Service is the law enforcement agency responsible for policing the Australian state of Queensland. ...

References

  1. ^ Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, 2006-07
  2. ^ Dreaming Online: Indigenous Australian Timeline
  3. ^ Place Names
  4. ^ Dictionary of Australian Biography
  5. ^ ABS Statistics
  6. ^ Australian Government, Bureau of Meterology - Climate of Queensland
  7. ^ Australian Government, Bureau of Meterology - Australian climatic zones
  8. ^ Australian Government, Bureau of Meterology - Climate statistics for Australian locations
  9. ^ Tourism related information and statistics
  10. ^ Memorandums of Understanding between South Carolina and Queensland

External links

The states and territories of Australia make up the Commonwealth of Australia under a federal system of government. ... Capital Canberra Government Constitutional monarchy Administrator none Chief Minister Jon Stanhope (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 2  - Senate seats 2 Gross Territorial Product (2006)  - Product ($m)  $19,167 (6th)  - Product per capita  $57,303/person (1st) Population (End of November 2006)  - Population  333,667 (7th)  - Density  137. ... NSW redirects here. ... For similar terms, see Northern Territories (disambiguation) Slogan or Nickname: The Territory, The NT, The Top End Motto(s): none Other Australian states and territories Capital Darwin Government Constitutional monarchy Administrator Ted Egan Chief Minister Clare Martin (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 2  - Senate seats 2 Gross Territorial Product (2004... For the song, see South Australia (song). ... Slogan or Nickname: Island of Inspiration; The Apple Isle; Holiday Isle Motto(s): Ubertas et Fidelitas (Fertility and Faithfulness) Other Australian states and territories Capital Hobart Government Constitutional monarchy Governor William Cox Premier Paul Lennon (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 5  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product... VIC redirects here. ... Slogan or Nickname: Wildflower State or the Golden State Other Australian states and territories Capital Perth Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Ken Michael Premier Alan Carpenter (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 15  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2005-06)  - Product ($m)  $107,910 (4th)  - Product per capita  $53,134/person... The Jervis Bay Territory is a territory of the Commonwealth of Australia. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Australian Antarctic Territory (AAT) is the part of Antarctica claimed by Australia. ... Flag Ratio: 1:2 The state flag of Queensland is a British Blue Ensign defaced with the state badge on a white disc in the fly. ... The history of Queensland spans thousands of years, encompassing both a lengthy indigenous presence in the state, as well as the eventful times of post-European settlement. ... Map of Local Government Areas in Queensland The Local Government Areas (LGAs) of Queensland, Australia have been subject to periodic bouts of restructuring and rationalisation by the State Government, involving voluntary and involuntary amalgamation of areas. ... The Queensland Parliament is located in george Street, Brisbane. ... The politics of Queensland has several unique features with respect to other states in Australia including a unicameral legislature. ... Categories: Lists of people by nationality ... Rail transport in Queensland, has a long history, with the first line opening in 1865. ... Map of official regions of Queensland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Queensland. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Queensland Holidays - Queensland Tourism & Travel - Queensland Holidays (82 words)
You’ll find comprehensive travel information here to help you prepare for a great holiday in Queensland.
With the islands of the Great Barrier Reef, sun-kissed beaches, lush rainforests and rugged Outback...
Whether you're looking for accommodation, what to do or places to visit, you'll find it all on Queensland Holidays.
Queensland travel guide - Wikitravel (453 words)
Queensland is one of the six states in Australia and probably most famous because of its association with several major world heritage sites including the Great Barrier Reef and the Daintree National Park.
Much of Queensland has a wet and dry season due to its latitude, and this is more notable further north you travel.
South-east Queensland is one of the fastest-growing areas of Australia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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