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Encyclopedia > Queen of Canada
Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada, wearing the Sovereign's insignia of the Order of Canada and the Order of Military Merit
Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada, wearing the Sovereign's insignia of the Order of Canada and the Order of Military Merit

The style of the Canadian Sovereign has varied over the years. The present style is: Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2000x2500, 759 KB)Queen of Canada - Wearing the insignia of the Order of Canada (above) & the Order of Military Merit (below) Official Photographic Portrait of Her Majesty The Queen of Canada The official Canadian portrait of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2000x2500, 759 KB)Queen of Canada - Wearing the insignia of the Order of Canada (above) & the Order of Military Merit (below) Official Photographic Portrait of Her Majesty The Queen of Canada The official Canadian portrait of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... Look up monarch in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Seal of the Order of Canada The Order of Canada is Canadas highest civilian honour, with membership awarded to those who exemplify the Orders Latin motto Desiderantes meliorem patriam, which means (those) desiring a better country. ... The Order of Military Merit is an Order (decoration) issued by Canada to members of the Canadian Forces who have demonstrated dedication and devotion beyond the call of duty. ... The Arms of Her Majesty in Right of Canada, proclaimed by King George V, November 21, 1921. ...

  • In English: Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom, Canada and Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith.
  • In French: Elizabeth Deux, par la grâce de Dieu, Reine du Royaume-Uni, du Canada et de ses autres royaumes et territoires, Chef du Commonwealth, Défenseur de la Foi.

Contents

The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The present British Monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, is the second to be recognised as Head of the Commonwealth in the 53 member states of the Commonwealth of Nations. ... Defenders of the Faith. ...

Style of the Sovereign

One of the first post-war examples of Canada's status as an independent monarchy was the alteration of the Monarch's title, by the Royal Style and Titles Act. For the first time the official Canadian title mentioned Canada separately from the United Kingdom and the other Realms, to highlight the Monarch's role specifically as Queen of Canada, as well as the shared aspect of the Crown throughout the Realms: Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom, Canada and Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith. Of the many Royal Style and Titles Acts, the most constitutionally important was actually called the Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act. ... Defenders of the Faith. ...


When the Canadian House of Commons debated the Queen's title in 1953, Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent asserted on the nature of the separate and shared characteristics of the Crown: The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ...

"Her Majesty is now Queen of Canada but she is the Queen of Canada because she is Queen of the United Kingdom … It is not a separate office" [1]

This format was consistent with the form of the Queen's titles in the other Realms, as had been agreed upon by all the Realm governments in 1953. As of 2006, only Canada and Grenada retain this form, all others, other than the UK, having dropped the reference to the United Kingdom. 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Although the Queen's Canadian titles include "Defender of the Faith / Défenseur de la Foi," neither the Queen, not any of the Governors has any religious role in Canada; there have been no established churches in Canada since before confederation. This is one of the key differences from the Queen's role in the United Kingdom where she is Supreme Governor of the Church of England. Defenders of the Faith. ... In English history, the Established Church is the Church of England, the church which is established by the Government, supported by it, and of which the monarch is the titular head; until 1920 it also held the same position in Wales. ... We dont have an article called Canadian-confederation Start this article Search for Canadian-confederation in. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


In a speech to the House of Commons in 1953, Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent stated on this topic: The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ... The Prime Minister of Canada (French: Premier ministre du Canada), is the head of the Government of Canada. ... Louis Stephen St. ...

"… The rather more delicate question arose about the retention of the words defender of the faith. In England there is an established church. In our countries [the other monarchies of the Commonwealth] there are no established churches, but in our countries there are people who have faith in the direction of human affairs by an all-wise Providence; and we felt that it was a good thing that the civil authorities would proclaim that their organisation is such that it is a defence of the continued beliefs in a supreme power that orders the affairs of mere men, and that there could be no reasonable objection from anyone who believed in the Supreme Being in having the sovereign, the head of the civil authority, described as a believer in and a defender of the faith in a supreme ruler."[1]
Further information: List of titles and honours of Queen Elizabeth II

This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

Queen of Canada

The style Queen of Canada is held by the Canadian Monarch during the reign of a female sovereign. During the reign of a male sovereign, the title would change accordingly to King of Canada. It is expected that upon the demise of the Crown, the current heir apparent, Prince Charles, will be proclaimed King of Canada by the Queen's Privy Council for Canada (which would then be the King's Privy Council). Prior to the adoption of the Canada-specific title, Canadian monarchs used the style King of the United Kingdom and later King of British Dominions Beyond the Seas. The Arms of Her Majesty in Right of Canada, proclaimed by King George V, November 21, 1921. ... In relation to the British monarchy, the Demise of the Crown is the legal term for the end of a reign by a king or queen. ... Contrasting with heir presumptive, an heir apparent is one who cannot be prevented from inheriting by the birth of any other person. ... The Prince Charles, Prince of Wales (Charles Philip Arthur George Mountbatten-Windsor; born Windsor, 14 November 1948), is the eldest son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. ... The Privy Council Office as it appeared in the 1880s The Queens Privy Council for Canada (French: Conseil privé de la Reine pour le Canada) is the council of advisers to the Queen of Canada, whose members are appointed by the Governor General of Canada for life on the...


Elizabeth II refers to herself as Queen of Canada when in, or acting abroad on behalf of, Canada. For example, she stated in 1973: "But it is as Queen of Canada that I am here, Queen of Canada and of all Canadians, not just of one or two ancestral strains." The federal government and provincial governments now promote the title Queen of Canada, illustrating the separation between Elizabeth II's positions as Queen of Canada and Queen of the United Kingdom.[2] [3] [4] The style "Queen of Canada" is included in the Oath of Allegiance, as well as the Oath of Citizenship. The Canadian Oath of Allegiance, in its present form, is: A person may choose to replace the word swear with declare and to omit the phrase So help me God. ... The purpose of the Oath of Citizenship, as opposed to the Oath of Allegiance, is for new Canadian citizens to pledge their loyalty not only to the Sovereign, Queen Elizabeth II, as representative of the State, but also to the laws and customs of their new country. ...


Highness and Majesty

The use of the styles "Highness" and "Majesty" originated in the United Kingdom, where they were used from the 12th century onward. During the reign of James VI of Scots and I of England and Ireland, however, "Majesty" became the official title, to the exclusion of others. (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... James VI and I (James Stuart) (June 19, 1566 – March 27, 1625) was King of Scots, King of England, and King of Ireland. ...


The style was imported to Canada during colonial times, through usage in reference to the British Monarch, who then had sovereignty over the British North American colonies and provinces. Its usage continued after Canada became, by a process of consitutional evolution between 1931 and the patriation of the Canadian constitution in 1982, a sovereign kingdom, and is now applied to the Canadian Monarch. The British Monarchy is a shared monarchy. ... British North America was an informal term first used in 1783, but uncommon before the Report on the Affairs of British North America (1839), called the Durham Report. ... Patriation is a legal term particularly used in Canada, to describe a process of constitutional change also known as bringing home the constitution. ... In politics, a country (or in some cases, a group of countries) over which a king or queen reigns, is a kingdom, see: monarchy. ...


Unlike in the United Kingdom, where the Sovereign is referred to in treaties and on British passports as "Her [His] Britannic Majesty", the Sovereign in Canada is referred to simply as "Her [His] Majesty." However, from time to time, the style will be "Her [His] Canadian Majesty" as to differentiate from foreign sovereigns. A treaty is a binding agreement under international law concluded by subjects of international law, namely states and international organizations. ... For other Types of Travel Document, see Travel Document. ...


See also

The precise style of British Sovereigns has varied over the years. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Dominion of Canada was created by the British North America Act (now known as the Constitution Act) of 1867. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b Canadian Royal Heritage Trust, Hansard February 3, 1953, page 1566
  2. ^ Canada: a Constitutional Monarchy
  3. ^ Biography: Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II Queen of Canada
  4. ^ The Crown in Canada

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Queen of Canada? (1978 words)
Queen Elizabeth 2 is the official head of state in Canada, a fact lost on many Canadians who assume that the prime minister runs the country.
Technicalities aside, the Queen's powers remain formal in nature and are advised by the government, the prime minster, and the Queen's representative in Canada, the Governor General.
On the Queen's visit to the country, supporters could be spotted handing out pro-republic material, and explain the views to whomever they could pry away from the hordes of people waiting to see Her Majesty.
THE QUEEN OF CANADA (866 words)
The name was suggested by the Marquess of Lorne, Governor General of Canada from 1878 to 1883, in honour of his wife, H.R.H. Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, daughter of Queen Victoria.
The islands were named after HMS Queen Charlotte, Lord Howe's flagship named in honour of Queen Charlotte, wife of King George III.
I swear that I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth the Second, Queen of Canada, Her Heirs and Successors, and that I will faithfully observe the laws of Canada and fulfill my duties as a Canadian citizen.
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