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Encyclopedia > Queen consort

A Queen Consort is the wife and consort of a reigning king. A monarch (see sovereignty) is a type of ruler or head of state. ...

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Titulature

The wife of a reigning King is called a Queen Consort. By contrast, the husband of a reigning queen is usually not called "king consort", although it was more common in Europe's past for husbands of Queens Regnant to take the title of King (e.g. Francisco de Asis of Bourbon-Cadiz in Spain, Philip II of Spain in England, Antoine of Bourbon-Vendôme in Navarre and King Consort Ferdinand of Portugal). Rather, he is normally called a "prince", and is referred to as a prince consort. Queens consort share their husbands' rank (in salic or semi-salic law monarchies) and hold the feminine equivalent of their husbands' monarchical titles. Where some title other than that of king is held by the sovereign, his wife is referred to by the feminine equivalent, such as empress consort or princess consort. In monarchies where polygamy has been practiced, such as Morocco, Thailand and is still practiced KwaZulu-Natal, none or only some of the wives of the King may bear the title of Queen. In Morocco, no king's wife enjoys a queenly title. In Thailand, traditionally a wife of the King only became Queen if she was of royal birth herself (a practice also common in Europe until well into the 20th century), and there are several gradations of the queenly title to which a consort can be elevated. Among the Zulus, although all of the King's wives are accorded the title Queen and the style of Royal Highness, only the "Great Wife" is considered the Queen Consort. Cleopatra is one of the most well-known queens regnant A queen regnant (plural queens regnant) is a female monarch who possesses all the monarchal powers that a king would have without regard to gender. ... King consort is a title given in some monarchies to the husband of a Queen regnant. ... Francis of Assisi of Bourbon (Spanish: Francisco de Asís de Borbón) was born in Aranjuez, Spain on 13 May 1822 and died at Épinay-sur-Seine, France, 17 April 1902). ... Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II de Habsburgo; Portuguese: Filipe I) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was the first official King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, King of Naples and Sicily from 1554 until 1598, King of England (as King-consort of Mary I) from 1554 to 1558, King... Antoine de Bourbon (1560) Antoine de Bourbon, duc de Vendôme (22 April 1518 – 17 November 1562), was head of the House of Bourbon from 1537 to 1562, and King-consort of Navarre from 1555 to 1562. ... A prince consort, generally speaking, is the husband of a Queen regnant, unless he himself is a king. ... Traditional ranks among European royalty, peers, and nobility are rooted in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages. ... A title is a prefix or suffix added to a persons name to signify either veneration, an official position or a professional or academic qualification. ... KwaZulu-Natal (often referred to as KZN) is a province of South Africa. ...


Role of the queen consort

In general, however, the consorts of monarchs have no power per se, even when their position is constitutionally or statutorily recognized. However, often the Queen Consort of a deceased King (the Queen Dowager or Queen Mother) has served as regent while her child, the successor to the throne, was still a minor—for example, Marie de Medicis, mother of Louis XIII of France, Mary of Guise, mother of Mary, Queen of Scots, or, more recently, Maria Christina of Austria mother of Alfonso XIII of Spain and Helen of Greece, mother of King Michael of Romania. A constitution is a system, often codified as a written document, that establishes the rules and principles that govern an organization or political entity. ... The Statute of Grand Duchy of Lithuania A statute is a formal, written law of a country or state, written and enacted by its legislative authority, perhaps to then be ratified by the highest executive in the government, and finally published. ... A Queen Dowager or Dowager Queen is a title or status generally held by the widow of a deceased king. ... Queen Mother is a title reserved for a widowed queen consort whose son or daughter from that union is the reigning monarch. ... Regent, from the Latin, a person selected to administer a state because the ruler is a minor or is not present or debilitated. ... Marie de Medici (April 26, 1573 - July 3, 1642), born in Italy as Maria de Medici, was queen consort of France under the French name Marie de Médicis. ... Louis XIII (September 27, 1601 – May 14, 1643), called the Just (French: le Juste), was King of France from 1610 to 1643. ... Marie de Guise Marie de Guise (in English, Mary of Guise) (November 22, 1515 – June 11, 1560) was the Queen Consort of James V of Scotland and the mother of Mary, Queen of Scots. ... Mary, Queen of Scots is the name of: Mary I of Scotland, the former queen of France and Scotland executed by her cousin Elizabeth I of England Mary, Queen of Scots (movie), a 1971 film about that queen starring Vanessa Redgrave Mary, Queen of Scots (1969 book), a 1969 book... Maria Christina of Austria, Queen of Spain Maria Christina, Princess Imperia and Archduchess of Austria, Princess Royal of Hungary and Bohemia (Maria Christina Désirée Henriette Felicitas Rainiera von Habsburg-Lothringen, 21 July 1858–6 February 1929) was the second Queen consort of King Alfonso XII of Spain and... Alfonso XIII of Spain (May 17, 1886 – February 28, 1941), King of Spain, posthumous son of Alfonso XII of Spain, was proclaimed King at his birth. ... Princess Helen of Greece and Denmark, who became Queen Helen of Romania, was born on May 2, 1896 in Athens, the third child of the King Constantine I, King of the Hellenes and his Queen, Sophie Dorothea Ulrica of Prussia. ... King Michael and Queen Anne King Michael (Romanian Mihai) of Romania (born October 25, 1921) was the son of King Carol II and reigned from July 20, 1927 to June 8, 1930, and again from September 6, 1940 until December 30, 1947. ...


Besides these examples, there have been many cases of Queens Consort being shrewd or ambitious stateswomen and, albeit unofficially, being among the King's major advisors. In some cases, the Queen Consort has been the chief power behind her husband's throne; e.g. Maria Luisa of Parma, wife of Carlos IV of Spain, and Alexandra Fyodorovna (Alix of Hesse), wife and Empress Consort of Nicholas II of Russia. Maria Louise of Parma (December 9, 1751-January 2, 1819) was queen of Spain and consort of King Charles IV of Spain. ... Charles IV (November 11, 1748 - January 20, 1819) was King of Spain from December 14, 1788 until his abdication on March 19, 1808. ... Alexandra Fyodorovna (Russian: ), born Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine (German: ) 6 June 1872 – 17 July 1918, was Empress consort of Nicholas II, the last Tsar of the Russian Empire. ... Nicholas II of Russia (18 May [O.S. 6 May] 1868 – 17 July [O.S. 4 July] 1918) (Russian: , Nikolay II) was the last Emperor of Russia, King of Poland,[1] and Grand Duke of Finland. ...


A potential exception to the rule of referring to the wife of the monarch as Queen Consort may be Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, wife of Charles, Prince of Wales. When their forthcoming wedding was announced, it was declared that, in the event of Charles's ascent to the British throne, Camilla would assume the title of Princess Consort and not that of Queen. Subsequent British ministerial comment during Parliamentary discussion confirmed, however, that she would necessarily retain the few legal prerogatives reserved for a British queen—. In other Queen's Realms such as Australia, Canada and New Zealand, there is no constitutional position as Queen Consort. It is merely a courtesy title. HRH The Duchess of Cornwall The Duchess of Cornwall (Camilla Rosemary Mountbatten-Windsor, formerly Parker Bowles, née Shand) (born 17 July 1947) is a member of the British Royal Family. ... The Prince Charles, Prince of Wales (Charles Philip Arthur George; born 14 November 1948), is the eldest son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. ... A princess consort is the female equivalent to a prince consort. ... Look up queen in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ...


Joint rule

There are a few cases in which a married couple has ruled a kingdom jointly. Ferdinand II of Aragon and his wife Isabella, a Queen in her own right, Isabella I of Castile, ruled their kingdoms as one dominion. Ferdinand was also called Ferdinand V of Castile. However, the two kingdoms would not be legally united until the monarchs' grandson Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, acceded to both thrones as Charles I of Spain. Ferdinand II of Aragon. ... Isabella of Castile (Spanish: Ysabel, Isabel or Isabela) (22 April 1451 - 26 November 1504) was queen of Castile. ... Charles V (24 February 1500 - 21 September 1558) was ruler of the Burgundian territories (1506-1555), King of Spain (1516-1556), King of Naples and Sicily (1516-1554), Archduke of Austria (1519-1521), King of the Romans (or German King), (1519-1556 but did not formally abdicate until 1558) and...


The joint reign of William III and Mary II of England resulted from a unique and extra-legal change by the Parliament of England to the law of succession. When Mary Stuart, Protestant daughter and heiress presumptive of James II of England, was displaced in the order of succession by the birth of a son to his Catholic Queen Consort, Protestant fears were legitimately provoked. Mary's husband, William of Orange, Stadtholder of the protestant Netherland and also a descendant of King James I, was invited by the leaders of Parliament to ascend the throne of his deposed father-in-law. After King James II fled the country, Parliament offered the crown to William and Mary jointly, as neither the Whigs nor the Tories would accept Mary's ascension alone. The couple remained childless, and William ruled alone after Mary's death in 1694. The future Queen Anne's claims had been deferred by Parliament until his death. English parliament in front of the king c. ... Mary II (30 April 1662–28 December 1694) reigned as Queen of England and Ireland from 13 February 1689, and as Queen of Scots (as Mary II of Scotland) from 11 April 1689 until her death. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... An Heir Presumptive (capitalised) is the person provisionally scheduled to inherit a throne, peerage, or other hereditary honor, but whose position can be displaced by the birth of an Heir Apparent or of a new Heir Presumptive with a better claim to the throne. ... James II of England/VII of Scotland (14 October 1633 – 16 September 1701) became King of Scots, King of England, and King of Ireland on 6 February 1685, and Duke of Normandy on 31 December 1660. ... An order of succession is a formula or algorithm that determines who inherits an office upon the death, resignation, or removal of its current occupant. ... William III of England (The Hague, 14 November 1650 – Hampton Court, 8 March 1702; also known as William II of Scotland and William III of Orange) was a Dutch aristocrat and a Protestant Prince of Orange from his birth, Stadtholder of the main provinces of the Dutch Republic from 28... The Whigs (with the Tories) are often described as one of two political parties in England and later the United Kingdom from the late 17th to the mid 19th centuries. ... The term Tory derives from the Tory Party, the ancestor of the modern UK Conservative Party. ... Anne (6 February 1665 – 1 August 1714) followed Englands only joint monarchy to become Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland on 8 March 1702 after the passing of both William and Mary. ...


Examples of queens consort

Past Queens Consort:

Panapillai Amma Srimathi Lakshmi Pilla Kochamma of the Chempakaraman Arumana Ammaveedu Family of the Thampi clan and consort of Visakham Thirunal Maharajah of Travancore
Panapillai Amma Srimathi Lakshmi Pilla Kochamma of the Chempakaraman Arumana Ammaveedu Family of the Thampi clan and consort of Visakham Thirunal Maharajah of Travancore


Click here for a more complete list of Queens consort of the United Kingdom. Mary of Teck (Victoria Mary Augusta Louise Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes; 26 May 1867 – 24 March 1953) was the Queen Consort of George V. Queen Mary was also the Empress of India and Queen of Ireland. ... George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 - 20 January 1936) was the first British monarch belonging to the House of Windsor, as a result of his creating it from the British branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. ... Princess Alexandra of Denmark (later Queen Alexandra of the United Kingdom; 1 December 1844 – 20 November 1925), was Queen Consort to Edward VII of the United Kingdom and thus Empress of India during her husbands reign. ... Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, King of the Commonwealth Realms, and the Emperor of India. ... HM Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother (née Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon) Queen Elizabeth (Elizabeth Angela Marguerite) (4 August 1900 - 30 March 2002) was the Queen consort of George VI of the United Kingdom from 1936 to 1952. ... George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions from 11 December 1936 until his death. ... Marie-José Charlotte Sophie Amélie Henriette Gabrielle (August 4, 1906 - January 27, 2001) of the Royal House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, was the last Queen of Italy. ... Umberto II, occasionally anglicized as Humbert II, (September 15, 1904 - March 18, 1983), the last King of Italy, nicknamed the King of May (Italian Re di Maggio), was born the Prince of Piedmont. ... Julia Kapiolani reigned as Queen Consort of Hawaii alongside King David Kalakaua. ... Kalākaua, King of Hawaii — born as David LaÊ»amea KamanakapuÊ»u Mahinulani Nalaiaehuokalani Lumialani Kalākaua and called The Merrie Monarch (November 12, 1836 - January 20, 1891) — was the last reigning king of the Kingdom of HawaiÊ»i. ... Motto: Ua mau ke ea o ka ʻāina i ka pono Anthem: HawaiÊ»i PonoÊ»i Kingdom of Hawaii Capital Lahaina (until 1845) Honolulu (from 1845) Language(s) Hawaiian, English Government Constitutional monarchy Monarch  - 1795–1819 Kamehameha I  - 1891–1893 LiliuÊ»okalani Provisional Government  - 1893-1894 Committee of Safety History... Tsaritsa Ioanna of Bulgaria, (13 November 1907 - 26 February 2000) was born Princess Giovanna of Savoy and was the last Tsaritsa of Bulgaria. ... Tsar Boris III of Bulgaria (January 30, 1894 – August 28, 1943), originally Boris Klemens Robert Maria Pius Ludwig Stanislaus Xaver, son of Ferdinand I, came to the throne in 1918 upon the abdication of his father, following Bulgarias defeat in World War I. This was the countrys second... Princess Fawzia Her Royal Highness Princess Fawzia bint Fuad of Egypt (Arabic: فوزية بنت الملك فؤاد) (Alexandria, Egypt, November 5, 1921 -) was a Queen of Iran having been the first wife of the last Shah of Iran and a sister of King Farouk I. Though referred to as a princess out of courtesy, she... His Majesty Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi (اعلیحضرت محمدرضا شاه پهلوی; October 26, 1919 – July 27, 1980) also knows as Aryamehr, was the last Shah of Iran, ruling from 1941 until... For other uses of this term see: Persia (disambiguation) The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ... Panapillai Amma was the title held by the wife of the ruling Maharajah of Travancore. ... 1. ... Flag for former princely state of Travancore Travancore or Thiruvithaamkoor (Malayalam: തിരുവിതാങ്കൂര്‍ [], തിരുവിതാംകൂര്‍ [], തിരുവിതാങ്കോട് []) was a princely state in India with its capital at Trivandrum (Thiruvananthapuram). ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (657x800, 68 KB) Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (657x800, 68 KB) Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Panapillai Amma was the title held by the wife of the ruling Maharajah of Travancore. ... The Thampis are the sons of the Maharajahs (Kings) born of Nair women. ... 1. ... Flag for former princely state of Travancore Travancore or Thiruvithaamkoor (Malayalam: തിരുവിതാങ്കൂര്‍ [], തിരുവിതാംകൂര്‍ [], തിരുവിതാങ്കോട് []) was a princely state in India with its capital at Trivandrum (Thiruvananthapuram). ... It has been suggested that List of Queens of Scotland be merged into this article or section. ...


Present Queens Consort:

Because queens consort lack an ordinal with which to distinguish between them, many historical texts and encyclopedias refer to deceased consorts by their pre-marital or maiden name or title, not by their marital royal title. Queen Paola, born Princess Donna Paola Ruffo di Calabria (born September 11, 1937, Forte dei Marmi) is the queen consort of Albert II of Belgium. ... Albert II, King of the Belgians (Albert Félix Humbert Théodore Chrétien Eugène Marie), (born June 6, 1934), is the current King of the Belgians and a constitutional monarch. ... Queen Rania Al-Abdullah (Arabic: رانية آل عبدالله) (born Rania Al-Yasin on August 31, 1970), is the queen consort of King Abdullah II, the king of Jordan. ... As-Sayyid Muhammad Abdullah II bin al-Hussein al Hashimi, King of Jordan (Arabic: ‎) (born January 30, 1962 in Amman, Jordan), is the current King of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. ... Queen Silvia of Sweden (born Silvia Renate Sommerlath) (born 23 December 1943) is the Queen consort of King Carl XVI Gustaf, Swedens monarch, and the mother of the heir apparent to the throne, Crown Princess Victoria. ... Carl Gustaf redirects here. ... Her Majesty Queen Sirikit of Thailand, with her husband, King Rama IX Her Majesty Mom Rajawongse Sirikit Kitiyakara (born August 12, 1932), better known as Queen Sirikit of Thailand, is the wife and Queen Consort of Bhumibol Adulyadej, King Rama IX of Thailand. ... Bhumibol Adulyadej, King Rama IX of Thailand His Majesty Bhumibol Adulyadej (ภูมิพลอดุลยเดช, Phumiphon Adunyadet), King Rama IX of Thailand (royal name Phra Chaoyuhua Bhumibol Adulyadej), the Great (born December 5, 1927), has been King of Thailand since... Her Majesty Queen Sofía (Sofía de Borbón, Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg), is the queen consort of King Juan Carlos I of Spain. ... Juan Carlos I, King of Spain (baptized as Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias) was born on January 5, 1938 in Rome and is the reigning King (Rey de España) and head of state of Spain. ... Queen Sonja of Norway (née Sonja Haraldsen, born July 4, 1937 in Oslo) is the queen consort of Norway, wife of King Harald V of Norway. ... Harald V, King of Norway (born February 21, 1937) is the monarch of Norway. ... Ordinal numbers or regnal numbers are used to distinguish between persons with the same name who held the same office. ...


Thus:

George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 - 20 January 1936) was the first British monarch belonging to the House of Windsor, as a result of his creating it from the British branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. ... Mary of Teck (Victoria Mary Augusta Louise Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes; 26 May 1867 – 24 March 1953) was the Queen Consort of George V. Queen Mary was also the Empress of India and Queen of Ireland. ... Umberto II, occasionally anglicized as Humbert II, (September 15, 1904 - March 18, 1983), the last King of Italy, nicknamed the King of May (Italian Re di Maggio), was born the Prince of Piedmont. ... Marie-José Charlotte Sophie Amélie Henriette Gabrielle (August 4, 1906 - January 27, 2001) was born in Ostend, Belgium, the youngest child of Albert I. On January 30, 1930, she married Prince Umberto, who later became the King of Italy. ... Henry VIII (28 June 1491 - 28 January 1547) was King of England and Lord of Ireland, later King of Ireland, from 22 April 1509 until his death. ... Catherine of Aragon, born Infanta Catherine of Aragon (Castilian: Catalina de Aragón y Castilla; 16 December 1485 – 7 January 1536) was the first wife of Henry VIII of England. ...

Fictional Queens Consort

  • Queen Cersei of Westeros, later Queen Regent from 'A Song of Ice and Fire' by George R.R. Martin
  • Queen Margaery of Westeros, thrice married and twice widowed, from 'A Song of Ice and Fire' by George R.R. Martin
  • Queen Magda of the Kingdom of the Isles, formerly Princess Magda of Roldem, Queen Consort to King Lyam, from Riftwar Saga and other subsequent series, written by Raymond E. Feist

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Queen Mary (355 words)
Mary Tudor (1495-1533), queen consort of France, was the daughter of Henry VII of England and the sister of Henry VIII of England and the wife of Louis X of France and the grandmother of Lady Jane Grey.
Mary of Guise (1515-1560), queen consort and regent of Scotland, was the daughter of Claude, Duke of Guise, and the second wife of James V of Scotland and the mother of Mary, Queen of Scots.
Mary, Queen of Scots, (1542-1587), queen regnant of Scotland and queen consort of France, was the daughter of James V of Scotland and the wife of François II of France and the mother of James I of England.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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