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Encyclopedia > Queen Maud Land

Queen Maud Land (Norwegian: Dronning Maud Land) is the part of Antarctica lying between the terminus of Stancomb-Wills Glacier, at 20°W, and Shinnan Glacier, at 44° 38'E. It has a land area of approximately 2,500,000 km², mostly covered by the Antarctic ice sheet. It was claimed by Norway on January 14, 1938, but this claim, like all others in the Antarctic, is not universally recognized and the area is subject to the terms of the Antarctic Treaty. Stancomb-Wills Glacier (75°18′S 19°0′W) is a large glacier that debouches into eastern Weddell Sea southward of Lyddan Island. ... According to the British Antarctic Survey: The Antarctic ice sheet is the largest single mass of ice on Earth. ... January 14 is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... For the Antarctic Treaty from the Gundam anime, see Antarctic Treaty (Gundam) The Antarctic Treaty and related agreements, collectively called the Antarctic Treaty System or ATS, regulate the international relations with respect to Antarctica, Earths only uninhabited continent. ...


Queen Maud Land is divided into five coastal areas which can be thought of extending as sectors to the South Pole, from west to east (clockwise): A sector is a part of a whole. ... Location of the South Pole in the Antarctic continent. ...

No. Sector Area (km2) Western Border Eastern Border
1 Kronprinsesse Märtha Kyst 970 000 020°00' W 005°00' E
2 Prinsesse Astrid Kyst 580 000 005°00' E 020°00' E
3 Prinsesse Ragnhild Kyst 540 000 020°00' E 034°00' E
4 Prins Harald Kyst 230 000 034°00' E 040°00' E
5 Prins Olaf Kyst 180 000 040°00' E 044°38' E
DRONNING MAUD LAND 2,500,000 020°00' W 044°38' E

The area was first visited in 1930 by Hjalmar Riiser-Larsen as part of efforts to map the Antarctic. Roald Amundsen had previously named it in honour of Queen Maud of Norway and the entire plateau surrounding the South Pole Haakon VII's Vidde in honour of King Haakon VII of Norway. The area originally identified by Amundsen as Queen Maud Land lay between 37° and 50° E. Princess Martha Coast (72°0′S 7°30′W) is that portion of the coast of Queen Maud Land lying between 05° E and the terminus of Stancomb-Wills Glacier, at 20° W. The entire coastline is bounded by ice shelves with ice cliffs 20 to 35 m high. ... Princess Astrid Coast (70°45′S 12°30′E) is that portion of the coast of Queen Maud Land lying between 5° and 20° E. The entire coast is bordered by ice shelves. ... Princess Ragnhild Coast (70°30′S 27°0′E) is the portion of the coast of Queen Maud Land lying between 20° E and Riiser-Larsen Peninsula, at 34° E. All but the eastern end of the coast is fringed by ice shelves. ... Prince Harald Coast (69°30′S 36°0′E) is that portion of the coast of Queen Maud Land encompassing Lutzow-Holm Bay, lying between Riiser-Larsen Peninsula, at 34° E, and the east entrance point of Lutzow-Holm Bay, marked by the coastal angle at 40° E. It was... Hjalmar Riiser-Larsen (June 7, 1890 - June 3, 1965). ... Roald Amundsen Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen (July 16, 1872–June 18?, 1928) was a Norwegian explorer of polar regions. ... Queen Maud (nee HRH Princess Maud of Wales) (Maud Charlotte Mary Victoria) (26 November 1869-20 November 1938) was the Queen consort of King Haakon VII of Norway. ... Location of the South Pole in the Antarctic continent. ... King Haakon VII of Norway, born as Christian Frederik Carl Georg Valdemar Axel (August 3, 1872–September 21, 1957), was the first king of Norway after the 1905 dissolution of the personal union with Sweden. ...


In 1985, Norway established the Tor research station at Svarthammaren on Queen Maud Land's Princess Martha Coast; and in 2005, Queen Sonja of Norway opened another research station named Troll at Jutulsessen. It is unlike other Antarctic research stations in that it is not located on the ice but on a snow-free rock-covered slope. Princess Martha Coast (72°0′S 7°30′W) is that portion of the coast of Queen Maud Land lying between 05° E and the terminus of Stancomb-Wills Glacier, at 20° W. The entire coastline is bounded by ice shelves with ice cliffs 20 to 35 m high. ... Queen Sonja of Norway (née Sonja Haraldsen, born July 4, 1937 in Oslo) is the queen consort of Norway, wife of King Harald V of Norway. ...


Chronology

  • 1832: John Biscoe's expedition claims to sight Graham Land, although one source [1] states it was Anvers Island.
  • 1893: Carl Anton Larsen discovers and names Graham Land's Foyn Coast; also King Oscar Land, Mount Jason and Robertson Island.
  • January 24, 1895: Carsten Borchgrevink makes what is claimed to be the first landing on Antarctica. Three years later he leads the first party to winter on the continent.
  • December 14, 1911: Five Norwegians, led by Roald Amundsen, are the first to reach the South Pole.
  • 1930: Hjalmar Riiser-Larsen flies over the area previously named Dronning Maud Land (Queen Maud Land) by Roald Amundsen.
  • January 14, 1938: Dronning Maud Land, identified as the area lying from 45° to 20°E, is formally claimed by Norway.
  • January 19, 1939 to May 23, 1945: The area 20°E to 10°W is claimed by Nazi Germany as "German New Swabia" (Deutsche Neuschwabenland). It is not recognized by any other nation.
  • January 13, 1941: German commandos board and capture two Norwegian factory ships in the sea north of Queen Maud Land. By the end of the next day, the Germans had taken possession of three factory ships and eleven catchers. The German Navy subsequently uses a harbor on Kergulen Island as a base from which to attack Allied shipping.
  • 1948: The Norwegian Polar Institute, as part of the Norwegian Ministry of the Environment, is assigned the administration of Dronning Maud Land.
  • 1957: In Norway, Dronning Maud Land becomes subject to Norwegian sovereignty as a dependency.

1832 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... John Biscoe (June 28, 1794 – 1843) was an English mariner and explorer who commanded the first expedition known to sight the areas known as Enderby Land and Graham Land along the coast of the Antarctic. ... Map of Antarctica Graham Land is that portion of the Antarctic Peninsula which lies north of a line joining Cape Jeremy and Cape Agassiz. ... Anvers Island or Antwerp Island or Antwerpen Island or Isla Amberes is a high, mountainous island 38 miles long, which is the largest feature in the Palmer Archipelago, lying southwest of Brabant Island at the southwestern end of the group. ... 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Carl Anton Larsen (b. ... Robertson Island is an ice-covered island, 13 miles long in a northwest-southeast direction and 6 miles wide, lying at the east end of the Seal Nunataks off the east coast of the Antarctic Peninsula. ... January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Carstens Egeberg Borchgrevink (December 1, 1864 in Kristiania, Norway — 1934 in Slimdal, Norway), was an explorer, and the first human being to have made a confirmed landing on Antarctica. ... December 14 is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... Roald Amundsen Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen (July 16, 1872–June 18?, 1928) was a Norwegian explorer of polar regions. ... Location of the South Pole in the Antarctic continent. ... 1930 (MCMXXX) is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Hjalmar Riiser-Larsen (June 7, 1890 - June 3, 1965). ... January 14 is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... May 23 is the 143rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (144th in leap years). ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... The 1938-1939 expeditions logo New Schwabenland or Neuschwabenland (New Swabia in English) is an area of Antarctica between 20°E and 10°W (overlapping a portion of Queen Maud Land) claimed by Germany between 1939 and 1945. ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1941 calendar). ... The group of countries known as the Allies of World War II came together, to fight the Axis Powers, as World War II unfolded and progressed. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... The Norwegian Polar Institute (in Norwegian: Norsk Polarinstitutt) is Norways national institution for polar research. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sovereignty is the exclusive right to exercise supreme political (legislative, judicial and/or executive) authority over a geographic region, group of people or oneself. ... Dependent areas are territories that for some reason do not enjoy full independence or sovereignty as states. ...

See also

Fabian von Bellingshausen discovered Peter I Island (in Norwegian ) off West Antarctica on January 21, 1821. ...

External links

  • Norwegian Polar Institute
  • Climbing notes for Dronning Maud Land at Alpinist.com
  • Collection of photographs, maps and documents about the geology of western Dronning Maud Land


 
Antarctic territorial claims

Adélie Land
Argentine Antarctica
Australian Antarctic Territory
British Antarctic Territory Territorial claims of Antarctica Antarctica territories Currently there are seven claimant nations who maintain a territorial claim on eight territories in Antarctica. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Antarctica. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_French_Southern_and_Antarctic_Lands. ... Adélie Land is the portion of the Antarctic coast between Pourquoi Pas Point at 66°12S, 136°11E and Point Alden at 66°48S, 142°02E, with a shore length of 350 km and with its hinterland extending as a sector about 2600 km toward... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tierra_del_Fuego_province_in_Argentina. ... Antarctic portion between meridians 25º West and 74º West Argentine Antarctica (in Spanish, Antártida Argentina) is a sector of Antarctica which Argentina considers part of its National Territory. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia. ... The Australian Antarctic Territory (AAT) is the part of Antarctica claimed by Australia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_British_Antarctic_Territory. ... Flag of the British Antarctic Territory The British Antarctic Territory is the British claim to land and islands in Antarctica, and is the oldest territorial claim on the continent. ...

Chilean Antarctica
Ross Dependency
Queen Maud Land · Peter I Island
Former claim: New Swabia  (1939–1945) Image File history File links Magallanesbandera. ... Region Magellanes of Chile Antártica Chilena Province is a province of Chile in the southernmost region, Magellanes, being one of four provinces in that region. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... Political status Dependency of New Zealand Governor Dame Silvia Cartwright, ex officio as Governor-General of New Zealand Area  â€“ Total  450 000 km² (174 000 mi²) Population Scott Base: 10-80 seasonally McMurdo Station: 200-1000 seasonally Currency New Zealand dollar The Ross Dependency comprises an area of Antarctica (and... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Fabian von Bellingshausen discovered Peter I Island (in Norwegian ) off West Antarctica on January 21, 1821. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... The 1938-1939 expeditions logo New Schwabenland or Neuschwabenland (New Swabia in English) is an area of Antarctica between 20°E and 10°W (overlapping a portion of Queen Maud Land) claimed by Germany between 1939 and 1945. ...


 
Overseas territories of Norway
Bouvet Island · Jan Mayen · Queen Maud Land · Peter I Island · Svalbard

  Results from FactBites:
 
Expeditions (566 words)
Yet when we first came to the mountain world of Queen Maud Land, I felt that we still had a remnant of reverence and awe.
We were the first human beings there on a journey of exploration in a mythic and enigmatic land.
In Queen Maud Land, which is just about as far away as you can get, it is easy to think about incomprehensible things, the land still belongs to the realm of dreams.
Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Queen Maud Land (536 words)
Queen Maud Land (Norwegian: Dronning Maud Land) is the part of Antarctica lying between the terminus of Stancombius-Willson Glacier, at 20°W and Shinnan Glacier, at 44°38'E in the area claimed by Norway on January 14, 1938 as a dependent territory.
The area originally identified by Amundsen as Queen Maud Land lay between 37° and 50° E. In 1985, Norway established the Tor research station at Svarthammaren on Queen Maud Land's Princess Martha Coast; and in 2005, Queen Sonja of Norway opened another research station named Troll at Jutulsessen.
Dronning Maud Land, identified as the area lying from 45° to 20°E, is formally claimed by Norway.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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