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Encyclopedia > Queen Maud's Land
Territorial claims of Antarctica

Queen Maud Land is an English translation of Dronning Maud Land, the official name in use by Norwegian authorities and British Antarctic Survey on the part of Antarctica claimed by Norway on January 14, 1939 as a dependent territory. This claim, like all others in the Antarctic, is not universally recognized and is subject to the terms of the Antarctic Treaty System. It has a land area of approximately 2.5 million km², mostly covered by the Antarctic ice sheet lying between the British claim, at 20°W and the Australian claim, at 44°38'E. Download high resolution version (990x1220, 206 KB)Political map and research stations (2002) Public domain, produced by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. ... Download high resolution version (990x1220, 206 KB)Political map and research stations (2002) Public domain, produced by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. ... BAS headquarters The British Antarctic Survey (BAS), formerly the Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey (FIDS), is an institute of the Natural Environment Research Council, and has, for the last fifty years, undertaken the majority of Britains scientific research on and around the Antarctic continent. ... A dependent territory, dependent area or dependency is a territory that does not possess full political independence or sovereignty as a State. ... The Antarctic Treaty and related agreements, collectively called the Antarctic Treaty System or ATS, regulate international relations with respect to Antarctica, Earths only uninhabited continent. ... A satellite composite image of Antarctica The Antarctic ice sheet is the largest single mass of ice on Earth. ... Motto: Research and Discovery Anthem: God Save the Queen Status British overseas territory Official language(s) - Commissioner Tony Crombie Administrator Michael Richardson Area 1,395,000 km² Population c. ... The Australian Antarctic Territory (AAT) is the part of Antarctica claimed by Australia. ...

Contents

Regions

Queen Maud Land is divided into five coastal regions which can be thought of extending as sectors to the South Pole, from west to east (clockwise)[1]: A sector is a part of a whole. ... For other uses, see South Pole (disambiguation). ...

No. Region Area (km²) Western Border Eastern Border
1 Kronprinsesse Märtha Kyst 970 000 020°00' W 005°00' E
2 Prinsesse Astrid Kyst 580 000 005°00' E 020°00' E
3 Prinsesse Ragnhild Kyst 540 000 020°00' E 034°00' E
4 Prins Harald Kyst 230 000 034°00' E 040°00' E
5 Prins Olav Kyst 180 000 040°00' E 044°38' E
6 Haakon VII's Vidde The Polar Plateau is considered as sixth region,
with an undefined northern border (approx. 80°S)
its area is contained in sectors 1 through 5
  Dronning Maud Land 2,500,000 020°00' W 044°38' E

The area was first visited in 1930 by Hjalmar Riiser-Larsen as part of efforts to map the Antarctic. Roald Amundsen had previously named it in honour of Queen Maud of Norway and the entire plateau surrounding the South Pole Haakon VII's Vidde in honour of King Haakon VII of Norway. The area originally identified by Amundsen as Queen Maud Land lay between 37° and 50° E. Princess Martha Coast (72°0′S 7°30′W) is that portion of the coast of Queen Maud Land lying between 05° E and the terminus of Stancomb-Wills Glacier, at 20° W. The entire coastline is bounded by ice shelves with ice cliffs 20 to 35 m high. ... Princess Astrid Coast (70°45′S 12°30′E) is that portion of the coast of Queen Maud Land lying between 5° and 20° E. The entire coast is bordered by ice shelves. ... Princess Ragnhild Coast (70°30′S 27°0′E) is the portion of the coast of Queen Maud Land lying between 20° E and Riiser-Larsen Peninsula, at 34° E. All but the eastern end of the coast is fringed by ice shelves. ... Prince Harald Coast (69°30′S 36°0′E) is that portion of the coast of Queen Maud Land encompassing Lutzow-Holm Bay, lying between Riiser-Larsen Peninsula, at 34° E, and the east entrance point of Lutzow-Holm Bay, marked by the coastal angle at 40° E. It was... The Antarctic Plateau is an area of the Antarctic continent, extending for a few hundred kilometres around the South Pole. ... Hjalmar Riiser-Larsen (June 7, 1890 – June 3, 1965) was a Norwegian aviation pioneer, polar explorer and businessman. ... Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen (1872-1928) Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen (July 16, 1872 – c. ... Queen Maud (nee HRH Princess Maud of Wales) (Maud Charlotte Mary Victoria) (26 November 1869-20 November 1938) was the Queen consort of King Haakon VII of Norway. ... The Antarctic Plateau is an area of the Antarctic continent, extending for a few hundred kilometres around the South Pole. ... For other uses, see South Pole (disambiguation). ... Haakon VII, King of Norway, (born as Christian Frederik Carl Georg Valdemar Axel or Prince Carl of Denmark) (August 3, 1872 – September 21, 1957), was the first king of Norway after the 1905 dissolution of the personal union with Sweden. ...


Research stations

Norway operates two research stations in Antarctica, both in Queen Maud Land:

  • Troll, 72°00′07″S, 2°32′02″E
  • Tor (summer station), 71°53′20″S, 05°09′30″E

Research Stations of other nations include: Troll research station is a Norwegian Antarctic research station in Queen Maud Land, in the eastern part of Princess Martha Coast, constructed during the Norwegian expedition 1989 - 1990. ... Tor research station is a Norwegian Antarctic research station in Queen Maud Land, in the easternmost part of Princess Martha Coast at Svarthamaren, established in 1993. ...

  • SANAE IV "Vesles" (South Africa), 71°24′S, 2°31′W Princess Martha Coast
  • Sarie Marais (South Africa), 72°01′S, 02°29′W Princess Martha Coast
  • Novolazarevskaya Station (Russia), 70°28′S, 11°30′E Princess Astrid Coast
  • Showa Station (Japan), 69°00′25″S, 39°35′01″E Prince Harald Coast
  • Dome Fuji Station (Japan), 71°24′S, 39°25′E Prince Harald Coast
  • Mizuho (Japan), 70°15′S, 44°07′E Prince Olav Coast
  • Neumayer Station, 70°39′S, 08°15′W Princess Martha Coast
  • Kohnen (German summer station), 75°00′S, 00°02′W Princess Martha Coast (interior)
  • SANAE E (South African summer station), 71°11′S, 02°14′W Princess Martha Coast
  • Svea Station (Swedish summer station) 1987/1988, 74°21′S, 11°08′W Princess Astrid Coast
  • Nordenskiöld Base, 73°03′S, 13°25′W Princess Astrid Coast
    • Wasa Station (Swedish summer station)
    • Aboa Station (Finnish summer station)
  • Asuka Station (Japanese unmanned station) 71°19′S, 24°05′W Princess Ragnhild Coast
Station type Nation year
established
Region Area Coordinates Elevation km from
coast
SANAE IV "Vesles" year-
round
South Africa 1994 Princess Martha Coast Vesleskarvet 71°24′S, 2°31′W . 10
Neumayer Station year-
round
Germany 1992 Princess Martha Coast Atka Bay 70°39′S, 08°15′W . 8

SANAE is the South African National Antarctic Expedition. ... Sarie Marais (also known as My Sarie Marais) is a traditional Afrikaans folk song, created during either the First Anglo-Boer War (ca. ... Novolazarevskaya Station is a Russian, formerly Soviet, Antarctic research station. ... Showa Station (昭和基地 Shōwa Kichi) is a Japanese research station located at 66°00S, 39°35E in Antarctica. ... Mizuho refers to. ... SANAE is the South African National Antarctic Expedition. ... Princess Martha Coast (72°0′S 7°30′W) is that portion of the coast of Queen Maud Land lying between 05° E and the terminus of Stancomb-Wills Glacier, at 20° W. The entire coastline is bounded by ice shelves with ice cliffs 20 to 35 m high. ... Princess Martha Coast (72°0′S 7°30′W) is that portion of the coast of Queen Maud Land lying between 05° E and the terminus of Stancomb-Wills Glacier, at 20° W. The entire coastline is bounded by ice shelves with ice cliffs 20 to 35 m high. ...

Chronology

1832    John Biscoe's expedition claims to sight Graham Land, although one source states it was Anvers Island.
1893    Carl Anton Larsen discovers and names Graham Land's Foyn Coast; also King Oscar Land, Mount Jason and Robertson Island.
1895-01-24    Carsten Borchgrevink makes what is claimed to be the first landing on Antarctica. Three years later he leads the first party to winter on the continent.
1911-12-14    Five Norwegians, led by Roald Amundsen, are the first to reach the South Pole.
1930    Hjalmar Riiser-Larsen flies over the area previously named Dronning Maud Land (Queen Maud Land) by Roald Amundsen.
1938-01-14    Dronning Maud Land, identified as the area lying from 45° to 20°E, is formally claimed by Norway.
1939-01-19
1945-05-23   
The area 20°E to 10°W is claimed by Nazi Germany as "German New Swabia" (Deutsche Neuschwabenland). It is not recognized by any other nation.
1941-01-13    German commandos board and capture two Norwegian factory ships in the sea north of Queen Maud Land. By the end of the next day, the Germans had taken possession of three factory ships and eleven catchers. The German Navy subsequently uses a harbor on Kerguelen Island as a base from which to attack Allied shipping.
1948    The Norwegian Polar Institute, as part of the Norwegian Ministry of the Environment, is assigned the administration of Dronning Maud Land.
1957    In Norway, Dronning Maud Land becomes subject to Norwegian sovereignty as a dependency.

John Biscoe (June 28, 1794 – 1843) was an English mariner and explorer who commanded the first expedition known to sight the areas known as Enderby Land and Graham Land along the coast of the Antarctic. ... Map of Antarctica Graham Land is that portion of the Antarctic Peninsula which lies north of a line joining Cape Jeremy and Cape Agassiz. ... Anvers Island or Antwerp Island or Antwerpen Island or Isla Amberes is a high, mountainous island 38 miles long, which is the largest feature in the Palmer Archipelago, lying southwest of Brabant Island at the southwestern end of the group. ... Carl Anton Larsen (b. ... Robertson Island is an ice-covered island, 13 miles long in a northwest-southeast direction and 6 miles wide, lying at the east end of the Seal Nunataks off the east coast of the Antarctic Peninsula. ... Year 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Carstens Egeberg Borchgrevink (December 1, 1864 in Kristiania, Norway — 1934 in Slimdal, Norway), was an explorer, and the first human being to have made a confirmed landing on Antarctica. ... Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... December 14 is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen (1872-1928) Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen (July 16, 1872 – c. ... For other uses, see South Pole (disambiguation). ... Hjalmar Riiser-Larsen (June 7, 1890 – June 3, 1965) was a Norwegian aviation pioneer, polar explorer and businessman. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... January 14 is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945and died 2007 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... May 23 is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... New Swabia (German: Neuschwabenland or Neu-Schwabenland) is a section of the continent Antarctica between 20°E and 10°W (overlapping a portion of Norways claim zone Queen Maud Land), which was claimed by Nazi Germany between 19 January 1939 and 8 May 1945. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Kerguelen Archipelago is in the southern Indian Ocean at 49°20 S, 70°20 E. The main island Kerguelen, originally called Desolation Island, is 6,675 km2 and it is surrounded by another 300 smaller outcrops, forming an archipelago of 7,215 km². The climate is cold, very windy... The Allies of World War II were the countries officially opposed to the Axis powers during the Second World War. ... The Norwegian Polar Institute (in Norwegian: Norsk Polarinstitutt) is Norways national institution for polar research. ... Sovereignty is the exclusive right to exercise supreme political (e. ... Dependent areas are territories that for some reason do not enjoy full independence or sovereignty as states. ...

See also

Fabian von Bellingshausen discovered Peter I Island (in Norwegian ) off West Antarctica on January 21, 1821. ...

External links

  • Norwegian Polar Institute

Alpinist Magazine Climbing Notes-First Ascents in Queen Maud Land

  • Windmill Spire
  • West Summit of Fernis
  • Wohlthat Massif
  • Collection of photographs, maps and documents about the geology of western Dronning Maud Land

  Results from FactBites:
 
Expeditions (566 words)
Yet when we first came to the mountain world of Queen Maud Land, I felt that we still had a remnant of reverence and awe.
We were the first human beings there on a journey of exploration in a mythic and enigmatic land.
In Queen Maud Land, which is just about as far away as you can get, it is easy to think about incomprehensible things, the land still belongs to the realm of dreams.
Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Queen Maud Land (536 words)
Queen Maud Land (Norwegian: Dronning Maud Land) is the part of Antarctica lying between the terminus of Stancombius-Willson Glacier, at 20°W and Shinnan Glacier, at 44°38'E in the area claimed by Norway on January 14, 1938 as a dependent territory.
The area originally identified by Amundsen as Queen Maud Land lay between 37° and 50° E. In 1985, Norway established the Tor research station at Svarthammaren on Queen Maud Land's Princess Martha Coast; and in 2005, Queen Sonja of Norway opened another research station named Troll at Jutulsessen.
Dronning Maud Land, identified as the area lying from 45° to 20°E, is formally claimed by Norway.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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