FACTOID # 2: Puerto Rico has roughly the same gross state product as Montana, Wyoming and North Dakota combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Queen Elizabeth class aircraft carrier

Proposed Queen Elizabeth class aircraft carrier design
United Kingdom United Kingdom
Builders: BAE Systems
Thales Group
KBR
VT Group
Babcock International Group
Operators: Naval flag of United Kingdom Royal Navy
Preceding class: Invincible class
Following class: N/A
In service: 2014[1]
Ships in Class
Ships in class: 2
Ships planned but not completed: Queen Elizabeth[2]
Prince of Wales[2]
General Characteristics
Displacement: 65,000 tonnes[3]
Length: 284 metres (931 ft)[3]
Beam: 39 metres (waterline)
c.73 metres overall[3]
Draught: 11 metres[3]
Speed:
Range: 10,000 nautical miles (18,520 km)
Capacity: 1,450
Complement: 600
Aircraft complement: 40 aircraft, including:
  • 36 F-35 Lightning II

The Queen Elizabeth class aircraft carriers (formerly CVF)[4] are a new generation of aircraft carrier being developed for the United Kingdom's Royal Navy. The two vessels, HMS Queen Elizabeth and HMS Prince of Wales[2] are expected to enter service in 2014 and 2016 respectively.[1] The vessels will displace approximately 65,000 tonnes each. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (865x609, 95 KB) This is a copyrighted image that has been released by a company or organization to promote their work or product in the media, such as advertising material or a promotional photo in a press kit. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... BAE Systems plc is the worlds fourth largest defence contractor,[3] the largest in Europe and a commercial aerospace manufacturer. ... The Thales Group (Euronext: HO) is a global electronics company serving aerospace, defence, and information technology markets worldwide. ... KBR can stand for: Kellogg, Brown and Root - American engineering and construction company Key based routing Royal Library of Belgium The ISO 639 linguistic identifier code for the Ethiopian language Kaffa (or Kafa). ... VT Group plc is the company formerly known as Vosper Thornycroft. ... Babcock International Group plc is a British based multinational engineering and services company. ... Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). ... The sixth (and current) HMS Invincible. ... Queen Elizabeth and her sister ship (Prince of Wales) will be the largest warships ever built in the United Kingdom. ... Thales Future Carrier (CVF) Design HMS Prince of Wales will be the second of the Royal Navys two Queen Elizabeth class aircraft carriers and is scheduled to enter service in 2016. ... The F-35 Lightning II is a single-seat, single-engine, stealth-capable military strike fighter, a multi-role aircraft that can perform close air support, tactical bombing, and air-to-air combat. ... Four aircraft carriers, (bottom-to-top) Principe de Asturias, amphibious assault carrier USS Wasp, supercarrier USS Forrestal and light V/STOL carrier HMS Invincible, showing size differences of late 20th century carriers An aircraft carrier is a warship designed to deploy and recover aircraft — in effect acting as a sea... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). ... Queen Elizabeth and her sister ship (Prince of Wales) will be the largest warships ever built in the United Kingdom. ... Thales Future Carrier (CVF) Design HMS Prince of Wales will be the second of the Royal Navys two Queen Elizabeth class aircraft carriers and is scheduled to enter service in 2016. ...


The need to replace the ageing Invincible class aircraft carriers was confirmed by the 1998 Strategic Defence Review. From six contractors the Ministry of Defence (MoD) selected Thales and BAE Systems in late 1999 to compete for the final contract. In September 2002 the MoD announced that the Royal Navy and RAF will operate the STOVL F-35B Lightning II variant and further that the carriers would take the form of large, conventional carriers, which will initially be adapted for STOVL operations. On January 30, 2003 the MoD announced that the Thales design had won the competition but that BAE Systems would operate as prime contractor. The two companies are now part of a "carrier alliance" with the MoD and other companies. The sixth (and current) HMS Invincible. ... The Strategic Defence Review (or SDR) was a policy document produced by the Labour Government that came to power in 1997. ... The Ministry of Defence (MOD) is the United Kingdom government department responsible for implementation of government defence policy and the headquarters of the British Armed Forces. ... The Thales Group (Euronext: HO) is a global electronics company serving aerospace, defence, and information technology markets worldwide. ... BAE Systems plc is the worlds fourth largest defence contractor,[3] the largest in Europe and a commercial aerospace manufacturer. ... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... STOVL is an acronym for Short Take Off and Vertical Landing. ... The F-35 Lightning II is a single-seat, single-engine, stealth-capable military strike fighter, a multi-role aircraft that can perform close air support, tactical bombing, and air-to-air combat. ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The contract for the vessels was announced on 25 July 2007 by the Secretary of State for Defence Des Browne, ending several years of delay over cost issues and British naval shipbuilding restructuring.[1] The cost is estimated to be £3.9 billion.[2] is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... The Secretary of State for Defence is the senior United Kingdom government minister in charge of the Ministry of Defence. ... Desmond Henry Browne (born 22 March 1952), commonly known as Des Browne, is a Scottish Labour Party politician. ... “GBP” redirects here. ...

Contents

History

Requirement

The CVF carriers will be closer in size to a Nimitz class carrier (left) than the Invincible class ships it replaces (right)
The CVF carriers will be closer in size to a Nimitz class carrier (left) than the Invincible class ships it replaces (right)

The 22,000 tonne Invincible class aircraft carriers, Invincible, Illustrious and Ark Royal, were designed for Cold War anti-submarine warfare in the North Atlantic as part of a combined NATO fleet and have limited space for offensive aircraft (nine Harrier GR7s or Sea Harriers). Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2021x1217, 359 KB) Description: The U.S. Navy aircraft carrier USS John C. Stennis (CVN-74) (left), steams alongside the British Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Illustrious (R 06) in the Persian Gulf on April 9, 1998. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2021x1217, 359 KB) Description: The U.S. Navy aircraft carrier USS John C. Stennis (CVN-74) (left), steams alongside the British Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Illustrious (R 06) in the Persian Gulf on April 9, 1998. ... The Nimitz-class supercarriers are a line of nuclear-powered aircraft carriers in service with the US Navy, and are the largest capital ships in the world. ... The sixth and current HMS Invincible (R05) is a light aircraft carrier, the lead ship of three in her class. ... The fifth HMS Illustrious (R06) is an Invincible-class light aircraft carrier of the Royal Navy, affectionately known as Lusty to her crew. ... HMS Ark Royal (R07), the last Invincible-class light aircraft carrier to be completed, is the fifth ship of the Royal Navy named in honour of the flagship of the English fleet that defeated the Spanish Armada. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... “A/S” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Atlantic (disambiguation) The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one-fifth of its surface. ... NATO 2002 Summit in Prague. ... The BAE Systems/Boeing Harrier II (GR5/GR7/GR9 series) is a second generation vertical/short takeoff and landing (V/STOL) jet aircraft used by the Royal Air Force (RAF). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


In 1982 Invincible joined the task force dispatched to recover the Falkland Islands (together with the older and larger HMS Hermes). This conflict demonstrated the need to maintain aircraft carriers to support the United Kingdom's foreign policy. Since the end of the Cold War the Invincible class ships have operated in a more traditional aircraft carrier mission, that of power projection. As a result the Royal Air Force's Harrier GR7 have been routinely deployed on them and the ships have been modified to carry more aircraft and ammunition (notably with the removal of the Sea Dart defensive weapon system). A task force (TF) is a temporary unit or formation established to work on a single defined task or activity. ... The second HMS Hermes (R12) was a Centaur-class aircraft carrier, the last of the postwar conventional aircraft carriers commissioned into the Royal Navy. ... The United Kingdom (UK) is a major player in international politics, with interests throughout the world. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... USS , and HMS Illustrious, two aircraft carriers on a joint patrol. ... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Type surface-to-air, surface-to-surface Nationality UK Era Cold War Launch platform ship Target aircraft or ship History Builder British Aerospace Date of design Production period Service duration 1973 Operators UK (Royal Navy), Argentina Variants ? Number built 2,000+ Specifications Type Diameter 0. ...


However, the capability of the Invincible class has been limited by the size of the vessels. The lack of dedicated Airborne Early Warning (AEW) aircraft such as the E-2C Hawkeye was a significant liability during the Falklands War. As the Invincible class could not deploy such aircraft, the Royal Navy deployed inadequate solutions such as the Sea King AEW.2, which suffered from the range and sensor payload capabilities of helicopters versus fixed-wing aircraft. Despite this, formal studies did not begin until 1994 regarding the replacement of the ships, when it became more clear that larger carriers with larger air groups are necessary. United States Air Force E-3 Sentry An Airborne Early Warning (AEW) system is a radar system carried by an aircraft which is designed to detect other aircraft. ... The Grumman E-2 Hawkeye is an all-weather, aircraft carrier-based tactical Airborne Early Warning (AEW) aircraft nicknamed Super Fudd[1] because it replaced Willy Fudd, (the E-1 Tracer). ... Combatants Argentina United Kingdom Commanders President Leopoldo Galtieri Vice-Admiral Juan Lombardo Brigadier-General Ernesto Crespo Brigade-General Mario Menéndez Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher Admiral Sir John Fieldhouse Rear-Admiral John “Sandy” Woodward Major-General Jeremy Moore Casualties 649 killed 1,068 wounded 11,313 taken prisoner 75 fixed... For the original Viking use of the name, see Sea-King. ... Carrier Air Wing is an arcade game that was released in 1990 by Capcom. ...


Strategic Defence Review

In May 1997 the election of the new Labour government saw the launch of the Strategic Defence Review (SDR). This review re-evaluated every weapon system (active or in procurement) with the exception of the Eurofighter Typhoon and the Vanguard class ballistic missile submarines.The report in December 1998 concluded that aircraft carriers offered the following: The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... “EF2000” redirects here. ... The Vanguard class are the Royal Navys current nuclear ballistic missile submarines (SSBN), each armed with up to 16 Trident II SLBMs. ... The Redoutable, a French SNLE (now a museum) A ballistic missile submarine is a submarine equipped to launch ballistic missiles (SLBMs), such as the Russian SS-N-18 or the American Trident. ...

  • Ability to operate offensive aircraft abroad when foreign basing may be denied.
  • All required space and infrastructure; where foreign bases are available they are not always available early in a conflict and infrastructure is often lacking.
  • A coercive and deterrent effect when deployed to a trouble spot.

The report concluded "The emphasis is now on increased offensive air power, and an ability to operate the largest possible range of aircraft in the widest possible range of roles. When the current carrier force reaches the end of its planned life, we plan to replace it with two larger vessels. Work will now begin to refine our requirements but present thinking suggests that they might be of the order of 30,000–40,000 tonnes and capable of deploying up to 50 aircraft, including helicopters." While it has been suggested that reducing the carrier force by one vessel will lead to a reduction in the ability of the Royal Navy to project carrier air power, it is planned that advanced design and maintenance techniques will eliminate the present requirement for major refits. In addition, HMS Ocean, a specialised helicopter landing platform, fills a role previously undertaken by the Invincible class carriers. The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). ... HMS Ocean (centre right) in a 5-country multinational fleet, during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Oman Sea. ... HMS Ocean A Landing Platform, Helicopter is a warship designed to deliver troops into a war zone by helicopter, but which usually has a limited capability of landing troops by sea using small landing craft. ...


Design studies

On 25 January 1999 six companies were invited to tender for the assessment phase of the project; Boeing, British Aerospace, Lockheed Martin, Marconi Electronic Systems, Raytheon and Thomson-CSF.[5] On 23 November 1999 the MoD awarded detailed assessment studies to two consortia, one led by BAe (renamed BAE Systems on 30 November) and one led by Thomson-CSF (renamed Thales Group in 2000). The brief required up to six designs from each consortium with airgroups of 30 to 40 Future Joint Combat Aircraft (FJCA). The contracts were split into phases; The first GB£5.9 million phase was for design assesment which would form part of the aircraft selection, the second GB£23.5 million phase involved "risk reduction on the preferred carrier design option."[6] is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA, TYO: 7661 ) is a major aerospace and defense corporation, originally founded by William Boeing. ... British Aerospace (BAe) was a UK aircraft and defence systems manufacturer, now part of BAE Systems. ... Lockheed/BAE/Northrop F-35 Lockheed Trident missile C-130 Hercules; in production since the 1950s, now as the C-130J Lockheed Martin (NYSE: LMT) is an aerospace manufacturer formed in 1995 by the merger of Lockheed Corporation with Martin Marietta. ... Marconi Electronic Systems (MES), or GEC-Marconi as it was until 1998, was the defence arm of The General Electric Company (GEC). ... Raytheon Company (NYSE: RTN) is a major United States military contractor based in Waltham, Massachusetts. ... Thomson-CSF was a major electronics and defense contractor. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... BAE Systems plc is the worlds fourth largest defence contractor,[3] the largest in Europe and a commercial aerospace manufacturer. ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Thales Group (Euronext: HO) is a global electronics company serving aerospace, defence, and information technology markets worldwide. ...


Possible configurations of the vessels were varied:

The F-35 Lightning II first flight on 15 December 2006
  • STOVL - F-35B Lightning II
Short Take-Off/Vertical Landing (STOVL), the current choice for UK carrier air power. A STOVL CVF would remove the need for costly steam catapults and arrestor gear (CATOBAR), and would also take advantage of the UK lead in STOVL technology. This is at the expense of aircraft range and payload capability (for an equal size CATOBAR carrier). However the difference in capability between an F-35B and F-35C is slight compared to the gulf in capability between the Harrier and, for example, the F/A-18. As RN and RAF Harrier forces have been merged it will have to be defined in the future how this F-35 will be managed. More important is that currently there are no STOVL aircrafts for AWACS role or ASW. One option is using an AWACS version of V-22 Osprey, to be developed from scratch.
Short Take-Off But Arrested Recovery (STOBAR) again removes the requirement for the expense of catapults but uses arrestor gear. In this way conventional aircraft (with modification) can be used. Any STOBAR design would most likely have used a navalised version of the Eurofighter Typhoon; i.e. strengthened landing gear, improved flight control system and inclusion of an arrestor hook. The advantages of this would be increased range, manoeuvrability and payload compared to a STOVL design and higher operating efficiency than a CATOBAR design. Disadvantages include lower stealth characteristics than the F-35, as well as the very high cost of navalising the Typhoon (with little or no export potential). The option of buying the French Rafale-M and adapting to this solution was not analyzed, even when France showed interest in the project.
A Catapult Assisted Take-Off But Arrested Recovery CVF would have used catapults and arrestor cables and an angled flight deck with existing naval aircraft, most likely the F/A-18 or Rafale-M. This has the advantage of reducing technical risk for development of both the aircraft and carriers and offering maximum payload and range capabilities. Disadvantages outweigh these however, including higher operating costs and the minimal British involvement in development of the aircraft due to the "off-the-shelf" purchase.
  • "Hybrid"
A late BAE submission was a hybrid carrier, featuring a STOVL ski-jump with angled flight deck, catapults and arrestor cables. Advantages of this design include the ability to operate STOVL offensive aircraft and CATOBAR AEW aircraft (e.g. E-2 Hawkeye).

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 750 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (3000 × 2400 pixel, file size: 629 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Source: http://www. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 750 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (3000 × 2400 pixel, file size: 629 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Source: http://www. ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... STOVL is an acronym for Short Take Off and Vertical Landing. ... The F-35 Lightning II is a single-seat, single-engine, stealth-capable military strike fighter, a multi-role aircraft that can perform close air support, tactical bombing, and air-to-air combat. ... CATOBAR (Catapult Assisted Take Off But Arrested Recovery) is a system used for the launch and recovery of aircraft from the deck of an aircraft carrier. ... The F/A-18 Hornet is an all-weather fighter and attack aircraft. ... STOBAR (Short Take Off But Arrested Recovery) is a system used for the launch and recovery of aircraft from the deck of an aircraft carrier, combining elements of both STOVL and CATOBAR. Aircraft launch under their own power using a ski-jump to assist take-off (rather than using a... “EF2000” redirects here. ... A flight control system consists of the flight control surfaces, the respective cockpit controls, connecting linkage, and necessary operating mechanisms to control aircraft in flight The fundamentals of aircraft controls has been explained in aeronautics. ... CATOBAR (Catapult Assisted Take Off But Arrested Recovery) is a system used for the launch and recovery of aircraft from the deck of an aircraft carrier. ... The F-35 Lightning II is a single-seat, single-engine, stealth-capable military strike fighter, a multi-role aircraft that can perform close air support, tactical bombing, and air-to-air combat. ... The Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet is a carrier-based fighter/attack aircraft that entered service in 1999 with the United States Navy. ... The logo of the Dassault Rafale program. ... The flight deck of an aircraft carrier is the surface from which its aircraft take off and land, essentially a miniature airfield at sea. ...

Aircraft and carrier format selection

On January 17, 2001 the UK signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) for full participation in the Joint Strike Fighter Programme, confirming the JSF as the FJCA. This gave the UK significant input into aircraft design and the choice between the Lockheed X-35 and Boeing X-32. On 26 October 2001 the DoD announced that Lockheed Martin had won the JSF contract. is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ...


On 30 September 2002 the MoD announced that the Royal Navy and RAF will operate the STOVL F-35B variant. At the same time it was announced that the carriers would take the form of large, conventional carriers, which will be adapted for STOVL operations. The carriers, expected to remain in service for 50 years, will be convertible to CATOBAR operations for the generation of aircraft after the F-35. is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...


Carrier Alliance

On 30 January 2003 the Defence Secretary Geoff Hoon announced that the Thales Group design had won the competition but that BAE Systems would operate as prime contractor.[7] These two companies, with the MoD, formed the "Carrier Alliance". is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


During a speech on 21 July 2004 Geoff Hoon announced a one year delay to allow contractural and cost issues to be resolved. In February 2005 the MoD announced that Kellog Brown & Root UK Ltd had been selected as "Physical Integrator" for the project, overseeing the finalisation of the design and the construction process. This was due to concerns that neither BAE nor Thales had the capacity to oversee the construction on their own. is the 202nd day of the year (203rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Kellogg, Brown and Root is an American engineering and construction company, a private military contractor and a subsidiary of Halliburton. ...


The building of the carriers was confirmed in December 2005. A statement said "the Alliance team of MoD, BAE Systems, Thales and KBR, is to be joined by VT Group and Babcock. The building is to be across four shipyards with final assembly at Rosyth. VT Group plc is the company formerly known as Vosper Thornycroft. ... Babcock International Group plc is a British based multinational engineering and services company. ... Rosyth (pronounced Ross-sythe) (Scottish Gaelic: Ros Saoithe) is located on the Firth of Forth on Scotlands east coast, a mile (1. ...


MOPA2

MOPA2 is the DCN/Thales company charged with the design of the second French aircraft-carrier (CVF-Fr) from the CVF design. This company is also to be used to advise the carrier alliance on how best to facilitate the adaptation of the common design to the needs of the French Navy. The Carrier Alliance recently modified the size of the flight deck to allow a better adaptation for the CATOBAR design, a solution adopted for France and that the United Kingdom want to keep in possibility for the future (future proof). PA2 (Porte-Avions 2) is a planned new aircraft carrier developed for the French Navy by Thales Naval France and DCN from the Thales UK/BMT design for the future British Queen Elizabeth class aircraft carriers. ... Direction des Constructions Navales (DCN) is based in France and is one of Europes leading shipbuilders. ... The French Navy, officially called the National Navy (French: Marine Nationale) is the maritime arm of the French military. ... CATOBAR (Catapult Assisted Take Off But Arrested Recovery) is a system used for the launch and recovery of aircraft from the deck of an aircraft carrier. ... The phrase Future proofing describes the elusive process of trying to anticipate future developments, so that action can be taken to minimise possible negative consequences, and to seize opportunities. ...


Design

The vessels will displace approximately 65,000 tonnes each, almost three times the displacement of the current Invincible class. The vessels will be the largest and most powerful surface warships ever built in the UK and the most capable aircraft carriers outside of the U.S. Navy.[8] Giving evidence to the House of Commons Defence Committee, the First Sea Lord Admiral Sir Alan West explained that interoperability with the United States Navy was as much a deciding factor of the size of the carriers as the firepower of the carrier's airwing: Type Lower House Speaker of the House of Commons Leader of the House of Commons Michael Martin, (Non-affiliated) since October 23, 2000 Harriet Harman, QC, (Labour) since June 28, 2007 Shadow Leader of the House of Commons Theresa May, PC, (Conservative) since December 6, 2005 Members 646 Political groups... The First Sea Lord is the professional head of the British Royal Navy. ... The Queen and Admiral Sir Alan West, then First Sea Lord embarked onboard HMS Endurance during the review of the international fleet Admiral Sir Alan West, GCB, DSC, DUniv (born 1948) was the First Sea Lord, the professional head of the Royal Navy, from 2002 to 2006. ...

[for a] deep strike package, we have done …quite detailed calculations and we have come out with the figure of 36 joint strike fighters …that is the thing that has made us arrive at that size of deck and that size of ship, to enable that to happen.


I have talked with the CNO (Chief of Naval Operations) in America. He is very keen for us to get these because he sees us slotting in with his carrier groups. He really wants us to have these, but he wants us to have the same sort of clout as one of their carriers.

The design features two small island structures, as opposed to the large single island of the Nimitz-class, and two deck lifts. The carrier's aircraft will operate in the Short Take-Off/Vertical Landing (STOVL) role. The carrier will initially be fitted with a ski-jump but will be fully convertible to the Catapult Assisted Take-Off But Arrested Recovery (CATOBAR) role. This will allow a second generation of aircraft to operate from the vessels after the expected 20 year service life of the F-35.


Carrier Air Group

The vessels are expected to be capable of carrying 40 fixed wing and rotary aircraft.


Each carrier will field an air wing of around 36 F-35 Lightning II strike fighters as well as helicopters.[9] In context, one carrier's air wing is almost three times the size of the Tornado GR.1 force deployed in Operation Desert Fox and the same number as the Tornado GR.4/Harrier GR.7 offensive fleet which participated in Operation Telic. Both of these land based deployments required the agreement of a local friendly nation. The Panavia Tornado is a family of twin-engine fighters, which was jointly developed by the United Kingdom, Germany and Italy. ... Combatants United States, UK Iraq Commanders General Tony Zinni Saddam Hussien Strength 30,500 unknown Casualties none 600-2,000 dead Operation Desert Fox was the military codename for a major four-day bombing campaign on Iraqi targets from December 16-December 19, 1998 by the United States and United... The Panavia Tornado is a family of twin-engine fighters, which was jointly developed by the United Kingdom, Germany and Italy. ... Operation (or Op) TELIC is the codename under which all British operations of the 2003 Invasion of Iraq and after are being conducted. ...


The Airborne Surveillance and Control (ASaC) component began as "Future Organic Airborne Early Warning" (FOAEW), with contracts being placed with BAE/Northrop Grumman and Thales in April 2001.[10] In April 2002 BAE and Northrop Grumman received a follow-on study contract for Phase II of the projectm by then renamed Maritime Airborne Surveillance & Control (MASC).[11]


The crew will be about 600, only 15 more than Invincible, indicating the high level of automation being integrated into the ships' systems. Accommodation for 1,450 will be available.


Powerplant

The MoD decided not to use nuclear propulsion due to its high costs.[12] The carrier's propulsion system will be Integrated Full Electric Propulsion (IFEP) with Rolls-Royce Marine Trent MT30 36 MW gas turbine generator units. Rolls-Royce plc is a British aircraft engine maker; the second-largest in the world, behind General Electric Aviation. ... The Rolls-Royce MT (Marine Trent) is a marine gas turbine based on Rolls-Royces Trent 800 aero engine. ... This machine has a single-stage centrifugal compressor and turbine, a recuperator, and foil bearings. ...


The optimum location for the position of the main propulsion system is being examined, with maximising the hangar space below decks a major consideration. The current design places one gas turbine generator unit under each island in the starboard sponson, on 4 deck. The unrefuelled range of the carrier will be 10,000 nautical miles (18 520 km).


Future proof

The UK has opted to build a larger carrier than strictly necessary for operation of the STOVL F-35B version. This allows the carrier to be designed for, but not with, catapults and arrestor wires for conventional aircraft launch and recovery (CATOBAR). The carrier is thus said to be future proof, allowing it to operate a generation of aircraft beyond the F-35, or perhaps the more conventional F-35C. It should be noted that reduction in size, particularly flight deck and hangar area, has a proportionally far greater effect on sortie generation capabilities than on costs, and the current design size represents better value for the RN than many smaller designs.[citation needed] The phrase Future proofing describes the elusive process of trying to anticipate future developments, so that action can be taken to minimise possible negative consequences, and to seize opportunities. ... Sortie is a term for deployment of one military aircraft or a ship for the purposes of a specific mission, whether alone, or with other aircraft or vessels. ...


Systems

Many of the systems remain unspecified, but most of the designs that have been released so far show a BAE Systems Insyte/Thales S1850M long range radar on the forward island structure. Some have also shown a BAE Systems Insyte SAMPSON radar on the rear island. BAE Systems Integrated System Technologies (to be known informally as Insyte) was formed on May 3, 2005 by bringing together BAE Systems interests in C4ISR and the UK operations of AMS following the Eurosystems Transaction (see BAE Systems for further details). ... Thales Nederland B.V. (formerly Signaal) is a subsidiary of Thales Group involved primarily in naval defence systems (sensors, radars and infrared systems). ... The S1850M is a long range radar for wide area search. ... Sampson may refer to: Sampson (crater), a small impact crater on the near the central part of the Mare Imbrium on the Moon Sampson (shire), a shire horse that is the tallest horse on record Sampson County, North Carolina, a county in southeastern North Carolina, United States Sampson Medal, a...


Size issues

With the proposed specification of 65,000 tonnes displacement and a length of 284 m (931 ft) there is no suitable dry dock for a Queen Elizabeth class aircraft carrier at either of the RN's two main naval bases, Portsmouth Naval Base or Devonport Naval Base. The No.10 Dock at Devonport is restricted to ships of about 40,000 tonnes and 259 m (850 ft) length, while the biggest two docks at Portsmouth are slightly smaller (259 m long with a 33 m beam, 256 m long respectively). U.S. Navy submarine USS Greeneville in dry dock following collision with a fishing boat. ... Portsmouth Naval Dockyard. ... Devonport in 1909, courtesy WW1 Archive Devonport Dockyard and the Hamoaze from the Rame Peninsula, Cornwall Her Majestys Naval Base (HMNB) Devonport (HMS Drake), is one of three operating naval bases in the Royal Navy. ...


See also

USS Enterprise, a supercarrier, and the conventionally-sized aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle A Supercarrier is a ship belonging to the largest class of aircraft carrier. ... At the beginning of the 1990s, the Royal Navy was a force designed for the Cold War - with its three ASW aircraft carriers and a force of small frigates and destroyers, its purpose was to search for and destroy Soviet submarines in the North Atlantic. ... European defence procurement refers to the collective armaments purchasing polices of European nations. ... USN redirects here. ... The -class aircraft carriers (or Ford-class) will be the next generation supercarrier for the United States Navy. ... The LHA-6 will be the first in a new class of amphibious assault ships to replace the Tarawa class. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c Parliamentary Debates, House of Commons, 2007-07-25
  2. ^ a b c d Evans, Michael. "Go-ahead for £4bn aircraft carriers", The Times, Times Newspapers, 2007-07-25. Retrieved on 2007-07-26. 
  3. ^ a b c d Future Aircraft Carrier (CVF) MOD website. retrieved 17 January 2007
  4. ^ Literally "Carrier Vessel Future" but commonly called "Future Carrier"
  5. ^ Nicoll, Alexander. "US companies bid for $2.5bn ships deal", Financial Times, 1999-01-26. Retrieved on 2007-07-26. 
  6. ^ "Shipyard in running for Navy contract", Belfast Telegraph, Belfast Telegraph Newspapers, 1999-11-24. Retrieved on 2007-07-26. 
  7. ^ Parliamentary Debates, House of Commons, 2003-01-30
  8. ^ Rogers, James. "Britain orders two massive new aircraft carriers", GLOBAL POWER EUROPE, 2007-07-25. Retrieved on 2007-08-15. 
  9. ^ Adams, Christopher. "MoD gives nod for aircraft carriers", Financial Times, 2007-07-25. Retrieved on 2007-07-26. 
  10. ^ Penney, Stewart. "UK Airborne Early Warning study contracts assigned", Flight International, Reed Business Information, 2001-04-10, p. 16. Retrieved on 2007-07-27. 
  11. ^ "BAE SYSTEMS, Northrop Grumman Awarded Follow-On Carrier AEW Study", Defense Daily, PBI Media, 2002-04-17. Retrieved on 2007-07-27. 
  12. ^ Morrocco, John. "U.K. Launches Future Aircraft Carrier Studies" Aviation. Week and Space Technology. The McGraw-Hill Companies, 1999-02-01. Retrieved on 2007-07-28.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 227th day of the year (228th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 208th day of the year (209th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 208th day of the year (209th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Queen Elizabeth class factsheet (Ministry of Defence)
  • Naval-Technology
  • Navy Matters

  Results from FactBites:
 
Aircraft carrier - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4363 words)
An aircraft carrier is a warship whose main role is to deploy and recover aircraft—in effect acting as a sea-going airbase.
Carriers steam at speed, for example up to 35 knots (65 km/h), into the wind during take-off in order to increase the apparent wind speed, thereby reducing the speed of the aircraft relative to the ship.
By the late 1930s, aircraft carriers around the world typically carried three types of aircraft: torpedo bombers, also used for conventional bombings and reconnaissance; dive bombers, also used for reconnaissance (in the U.S. Navy, this type of aircraft were known as "scout bombers"); and fighters for fleet defence and bomber escort duties.
Future French aircraft carrier - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (875 words)
A new generation of aircraft carrier developed both for the French Marine nationale based on the Thales design for a UK future aircraft carrier, CV(F).
The requirement for the carriers was confirmed by Jacques Chirac in 2004 for the centennial of the Entente Cordiale.
To proceed to the construction of the aircraft carrier however has aroused numerous controversies in France where the idea to renounce nuclear propulsion in order to favour British needs is seen as a backward step for the French technology.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m