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Encyclopedia > Queen's Privy Council for Canada
The Privy Council Office as it appeared in the 1880s
The Privy Council Office as it appeared in the 1880s

The Queen's Privy Council for Canada (French: Conseil privé de la Reine pour le Canada) is the council of advisers to the Queen of Canada, whose members are appointed by the Governor General of Canada for life on the advice of the Prime Minister. [1] It was established by the British North America Act, and is modelled on the Privy Council of the United Kingdom. Britain and Canada are the only two Commonwealth Realms to have "privy councils". They are equivalent, in practice, to the Executive Councils in Canadian provinces and some other Commonwealth jurisdictions. (see Executive Council (Commonwealth countries) and Executive Council (Canada)) Image File history File links CanadaPrivyCouncil1880s. ... Image File history File links CanadaPrivyCouncil1880s. ... Canada is a constitutional monarchy and a Commonwealth Realm, with Queen Elizabeth II as its reigning monarch, since February 6, 1952. ... The Governor General of Canada (French: Gouverneure générale du Canada or Gouverneur général du Canada) is the representative of the Canadian Monarch. ... Stephen Harper is the current Prime Minister of Canada. ... The Constitution Act, 1867 (formerly called the British North America Act, 1867, and still known informally as the BNA Act), comprises a major part of Canadas constitution. ... Her Majestys Most Honourable Privy Council is a body of advisors to the British Sovereign. ... A Commonwealth Realm is any one of the 16 sovereign states that recognize Queen Elizabeth II as their Queen and head of state. ... A privy council is a body that advises the head of state of a nation, especially in a monarchy. ... An Executive Council in Commonwealth constitutional practice based on the Westminster system exercizes executive power and is the top tier of a government led by a Governor-General, Governor, Lieutenant-Governor or Administrator (all governors). Until the advent of responsible government, Executive Councils existed primarily to advise the governor of... Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories. ... The Commonwealth of Nations (CN), usually known as the Commonwealth, is a voluntary association of 53 independent sovereign states, almost all of which are former colonies of the United Kingdom. ... An Executive Council in Commonwealth constitutional practice based on the Westminster system is a constitutional organ which exercises executive power and (notionally) advises the governor or governor-general. ... Consistent with wider Commonwealth practice, Canadian provinces have Executive Councils, headed by the Lieutenant-Governor. ...


The formal authority of the council is vested in the Canadian Monarch, but is exercised by the Prime Minister and the Canadian Cabinet, who make up a minority of the Council's members. Their actions are supported by the Privy Council Office which is headed by the Clerk of the Privy Council as chief civil servant and the President of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada as the Cabinet minister in charge. All Orders of the Governor in Council must be made on the recommendation of a Privy Councillor, invariably a government minister. The Cabinet of Canada plays an important role in the Canadian government in accordance with the Westminster System. ... In Canada the Privy Council Office is the secretariat of the federal cabinet and the department of the Prime Minister. ... The Clerk of the Privy Council (French: Greffier du Conseil privé) is the senior civil servant in the government and the Secretary to the Canadian Cabinet. ... In the Canadian cabinet the President of the Queens Privy Council of Canada is nominally in charge of the Privy Council Office. ... An Order-in-Council is an executive order issued in Commonwealth Realms operating under the Westminster system. ...


Among the duties of the Privy Council is the proclamation of the new Canadian Sovereign following a demise of the Crown. Constitutional scholar and former Member of Parliament Ted McWhinney has suggested that Canada could cut its ties with the monarchy and become a republic without passing an amendment to the Constitution of Canada by simply failing to proclaim a new monarch upon the demise of the old.[citation needed] The government has not issued any comment on McWhinney's proposal, nor has there been any widely published support or dismissal of McWhinney's theory by other constitutional experts. Canada is a constitutional monarchy and a Commonwealth Realm, with Queen Elizabeth II as its reigning monarch, since February 6, 1952. ... In relation to the British monarchy, the Demise of the Crown is the legal term for the end of a reign by a king or queen. ... Edward Ted McWhinney, QC , LL.M , SJD , LL.D , Jur. ... The Constitution of Canada is the supreme law in Canada. ...


At present the membership of the Council comprises all current and former federal cabinet ministers, and Chief Justices of Canada. As well, all former Governors General are members. The Leader of the Opposition and leaders or other members of Opposition parties are inducted into the Privy Council from time to time, either as an honour or so that sensitive information can be disclosed to them under the Official Secrets Act. In addition, it is required by law that members of the Security Intelligence Review Committee be Privy Councillors, resulting in all nominees being sworn in if they are not already members. Other persons recommended by the Prime Minister have been sworn into the Privy Council as an honour. The Cabinet of Canada (French: Cabinet du Canada or Conseil des ministres) plays an important role in the Government of Canada in accordance with the Westminster System. ... The Supreme Court of Canada consists of the Chief Justice of Canada (French: Juge en chef du Canada) and eight puisne Justices appointed by the Governor in Council (Governor General of Canada) from among superior court judges or from among barristers of at least ten years standing at the Bar... The Governor General of Canada (French: Gouverneure générale du Canada or Gouverneur général du Canada) is the representative of the Canadian Monarch. ... The Leader of the Opposition is a title traditionally held by the leader of the largest party not in government in a Westminster System of parliamentary government. ... Parliamentary Opposition is a form of political opposition to a designated government, particularly in a Westminster-based parliamentary system. ... The Official Secrets Act is any of several Acts of the United Kingdom Parliament for the protection of official information, mainly related to national security. ... The Security Intelligence Review Committee (SIRC) is an independent agency of the government of Canada empowered to oversee and review the operations of Canadas security service, the Canadian Security Intelligence Service and investigate complaints against CSIS. SIRC was established in 1984 as a result of the reorganization of Canadian...


Under Paul Martin, Parliamentary Secretaries were sworn into the Privy Council. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... In the parliamentary systems of several Commonwealth countries, such as Canada and Australia, it is customary for the prime minister to appoint parliamentary secretaries (in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario, parliamentary assistants) from their caucus to assist cabinet ministers with their work. ...


Ministers are not automatic appointees, although generally they are made members at the same time as their appointment as ministers, and various non-cabinet members have been appointed since 1891. Provincial premiers do not automatically become Privy Councillors, but have been made members on special occasions (e.g., the centennial of Canadian Confederation, 1967 and the patriation of the Constitution of Canada, 1982). On Canada Day 1992, the 125th anniversary of Canadian Confederation, Brian Mulroney appointed eighteen prominent Canadians to the Privy Council, including former Premier of Ontario David Peterson and businessman Conrad Black. The use of Privy Council appointments as purely an honour had not been employed by his successors until Prime Minister Stephen Harper appointed former MP John Reynolds on February 6th, 2006 along with his new cabinet. 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories. ... In Canada, a Premier is the head of government of a province. ... We dont have an article called Canadian-confederation Start this article Search for Canadian-confederation in. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... Patriation is a legal term particularly used in Canada, to describe a process of constitutional change also known as bringing home the constitution. ... The Constitution of Canada is the supreme law in Canada. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Canada Day (French: Fête du Canada) is Canadas national holiday. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... We dont have an article called Canadian-confederation Start this article Search for Canadian-confederation in. ... | name=The Rt. ... Dalton McGuinty The Premier of Ontario is the first minister for the Canadian province of Ontario. ... The Honourable David Robert Peterson, PC , LL.B , BA (born December 28, 1943 in Toronto, Ontario) was the twentieth Premier of the Province of Ontario, Canada, from June 26, 1985 to October 1, 1990. ... Conrad Moffat Black, Baron Black of Crossharbour OC, PC, (born August 25, 1944, in Montreal, Quebec), is a British biographer, financier and newspaper magnate. ... Stephen Joseph Harper (born April 30, 1959, in Toronto, Ontario) is the 22nd and current Prime Minister of Canada and leader of the Conservative Party of Canada. ...


Privy Councillors are entitled to the style The Honourable (or if a serving or former Governor General, Prime Minister or Chief Justice of Canada, The Right Honourable as are certain other eminent individuals). The post-nominal initials "P.C." (or "C.P." in French) are also used. The prefix The Honourable or The Honorable ( or formerly The Honble) is a title of quality attached to the names of certain classes of persons. ... The Right Honourable (abbreviated The Rt. ...


Until 1967, the style Right Honourable was only employed in Canada by those appointed to the Imperial Privy Council in London. Such appointees were usually, prime ministers, Supreme Court Chief Justices, certain senior members of the Canadian Cabinet and other eminent Canadians. Canadian appointments to the Imperial Privy Council ended under Lester Pearson and, instead, the Governor General assumed the right to assign holders of these positions (as well as former Governors-General) and other eminent Canadians the title of Right Honourable. From 1967 until 1992 the only members of the Canadian Privy Council granted the style Right Honourable were prime ministers, chief justices and governors-general. In 1992, several eminent Privy Councillors, most of whom were long-retired from active politics, were granted the style. In 2002, Jean Chrétien recommended that Herb Gray, a Privy Councillor of long standing, be given the style upon his retirement from Parliament. [2] 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... This article concerns the British Sovereigns Privy Council. ... London — containing the City of London — is the capital of the United Kingdom and of England and a major world city. With over seven million inhabitants (Londoners) in Greater London area, it is amongst the most densely populated areas in Western Europe. ... The Supreme Court Building in Ottawa The Supreme Court of Canada (French: Cour suprême du Canada) is highest court of Canada and is the final court of appeal for all litigants in the Canadian justice system. ... The Right Hon. ... The Right Honourable Lester Bowles Mike Pearson (April 23, 1897 - December 27, 1972) was the fourteenth Prime Minister of Canada from April 22, 1963, to April 20, 1968, and also a 1957 Nobel Laureate. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Jean Chrétien (born January 11, 1934), was the twentieth Prime Minister Of Canadal, serving from November 4, 1892 to December 12, 2003. ... The Right Honourable Herbert Eser (Herb) Gray PC, CC, QC, B.Comm , LL.D (born May 25, 1931, Windsor, Ontario) was a Canadian politician. ...


Governors General are entitled to use the style "Right Honourable" for life; however, unless they are already members of the Privy Council by virtue of being a former Cabinet minister or having been inducted for another reason, they do not become members of the Privy Council until their term as Governor General has concluded.


The Canadian Privy Council has met in the presence of the Sovereign only twice: in Ottawa in 1957 (when HRH Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh was summoned) and in Halifax in 1959. [3] Motto: Advance Ottawa/Ottawa en avant Coordinates: Country Canada Province Ontario County Established 1850 as Bytown City Mayor Bob Chiarelli Governing body Ottawa City Council MPs / MPPs See list (includes Senators) Area    - City 2,778. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Duke of Edinburgh The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (Philip Mountbatten, formerly Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark) (born 10 June 1921, Greece) is the husband of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = E Mari Merces (Wealth from the Sea) Logo: Location City Information Established: April 1, 1996 Area: (former city) 79. ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The full Privy Council meets to proclaim the accession of a new sovereign and to give consent to Royal Marriages. The last meeting of the full Privy Council was in 1981 to give formal consent to the marriage of the Prince of Wales to Lady Diana Spencer. Following the announcement of the Prince of Wales' engagement to Camilla Parker-Bowles, however, the Department of Justice announced its decision that the Privy Council was not required to meet to give its consent to the marriage as the union would not result in offspring and thus would have no impact on the succession to the throne. 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Prince Charles, Prince of Wales (Charles Philip Arthur George Mountbatten-Windsor; born Windsor, 14 November 1948), is the eldest son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. ... Diana, Princess of Wales (Diana Frances Mountbatten-Windsor, née The Lady Diana Spencer) (1 July 1961 – 31 August 1997) was the first wife of Charles, Prince of Wales. ... Camilla Parker Bowles (born July 17 1947) was mistress, now girlfriend, of Charles, Prince of Wales. ...


However, the consent given is symbolic in nature only. The Canadian Privy Council itself has no direct legal power to stop a Royal Marriage, as the Royal Marriages Act, 1772, a part of Canadian law, predates the creation of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada and assigns the authority to withhold assent to a marriage to the Sovereign in consultation with the British Privy Council. The Royal Marriages Act of 1772 made it illegal for any member of the British royal family (defined as all descendants of King George II, excluding descendants of princesses who marry foreigners) under the age of 25 to marry without the consent of the ruling monarch. ...

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See also

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A privy council is a body that advises the head of state of a nation, especially in a monarchy. ... Members of the Queens Privy Council for Canada use the title The Honourable if they are ordinary members. ... Members of the Queens Privy Council of Canada from its inception at Canadian Confederation until 1911. ... Members of the Queens Privy Council for Canada appointed between 1911 and 1948 By Ministry Borden The Right Honourable Sir Robert Laird Borden October 10, 1911 The Right Honourable Sir George Halsey Perley October 10, 1911 The Honourable Robert Rogers October 10, 1911 The Honourable Frederick Debartzch Monk October... Members of the Queens Privy Council for Canada appointed between 1948 and 1968. ... Members of the Queens Privy Council for Canada appointed between 1968 and 2006 // [edit] By Ministry [edit] Trudeau The Honourable Donald Stovel Macdonald April 20, 1968 The Honourable John Carr Munro April 20, 1968 The Honourable Gérard Pelletier April 20, 1968 The Honourable John (Jack) Davis April 26...

References

  1. ^ The Queen's Privy Council for Canada. Government of Canada and the Privy Council Office.
  2. ^ PRIME MINISTER ANNOUNCES NEW MINISTRY. Government of Canada and the Privy Council Office.
  3. ^ Queen’s Privy Council for Canada - Facts. Government of Canada and the Privy Council Office.
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External links

  • Privy Council Office


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