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Encyclopedia > Quebec diaspora

The Quebec diaspora refers to the hundreds of thousands of people who left the province of Quebec for the United States, Ontario and the Canadian prairies between 1840 and the Great Depression of the 1930s as well as those who began to leave during the 1960s following the Front de libération du Québec terrorism and the election of a Separatist Parti Quebecois government in 1976. Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Official languages French Government - Lieutenant-Governor Pierre Duchesne - Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 75 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area  Ranked 2nd - Total 1,542,056 km² (595... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman - Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 106 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area [1] Ranked... Map of the Canadian Prairie provinces, which include boreal forests, taiga, and mountains as well as the prairies (proper). ... The Great Depression was the result of the economic downturn that started with the Stock Market crash on October 29, 1929, known as Black Tuesday. ... Face The 1930s (years from 1930–1939) were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known in Europe as the World Depression. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... The Front de libération du Québec (Québec Liberation Front), commonly known as the FLQ, was a left-wing terrorist group in Canada responsible for more than 200 bombings and the deaths of at least five people, which culminated in 1970 with what is known as the October... Terrorist redirects here. ... The Quebec sovereignty movement, also commonly referred to as the Quebec separatist movement and the Quebec Independence movement, is a political movement for the attainment of independence for the Province of Quebec from the nation of Canada. ... The Parti Québécois or PQ is a left wing political party that advocates national sovereignty for Quebec from Canada. ...


Brought on by the "push" of overpopulation in rural areas that could not sustain themselves under the seigneurial system of land tenure, and the "pull" of industrialization in New England, approximately 900,000 residents of Quebec[1] (French Canadian for the great majority) left for the United States seeking work. About half of those are reported to have eventually returned to Quebec.[2] Often those who stayed organized themselves in communities sometimes known as Little Canadas. A great proportion of Americans with French ancestry trace it through Quebec. Certain early American centers of textile manufacturing and other industries attracted significant French-Canadian populations, like Fall River, Holyoke, and Lowell in Massachusetts; Woonsocket in Rhode Island; Manchester in New Hampshire and the bordering counties in Vermont and Maine. There are also sizeable populations of French-Canadian descent in Michigan and Minnesota — who began migrating there when the region was still part of New France.[citation needed] Map of countries by population density (See List of countries by population density. ... The seigneurial system of New France was the semi-feudal system of land distribution used in the colonies of New France. ... Land tenure is the name given, particularly in common law systems, to the legal regime in which land is owned by an individual, who is said to hold the land. ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... French Canadian is a term that has several different connotations. ... Little Canada or le petit Canada is the name traditionally given to neighborhoods in cities and towns settled by immigrants from the Province of Quebec, known as French Canadians. ... A French American or Franco-American is a citizen of the United States of America of French descent and heritage. ... “fabric” redirects here. ... The Fall River skyline, as seen from Somerset. ... See Holyoke, Colorado for the city in Colorado. ... Nickname: Motto: Art is the Handmaid of Human Good Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1653 Incorporated 1826 A city 1836 Government  - Type Manager-City council  - Mayor William F. Martin, Jr. ... Woonsocket is a city located in Providence County, Rhode Island. ... Official language(s) English Capital Providence Largest city Providence Area  Ranked 50th  - Total 1,214* [1] sq mi (3,144* km²)  - Width 37 miles (60 km)  - Length 48 miles (77 km)  - % water 32. ... Nickname: Location in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Coordinates: Country United States State New Hampshire County Hillsborough County Incorporated 1751 Government  - Mayor Frank Guinta (R) Area  - City  34. ... Official language(s) English Capital Concord Largest city Manchester Area  Ranked 46th  - Total 9,359 sq mi (24,239 km²)  - Width 68 miles (110 km)  - Length 190 miles (305 km)  - % water 3. ... Official language(s) None Capital Montpelier Largest city Burlington Area  Ranked 45th  - Total 9,620 sq mi (24,923 km²)  - Width 80 miles (130 km)  - Length 160 miles (260 km)  - % water 3. ... Official language(s) None (English and French de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... Official language(s) None (English, de-facto) Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Area  Ranked 11th  - Total 97,990 sq mi (253,793 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 491 miles (790 km)  - % water 41. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ... Capital Quebec Language(s) French Religion Roman Catholicism Government Monarchy King See List of French monarchs Governor See list of Governors Legislature Sovereign Council of New France Historical era Ancien Régime in France  - Royal Control 1655  - Articles of Capitulation of Quebec 1759  - Articles of Capitulation of Montreal 1760  - Treaty...

Contents

The second exodus

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A second mass exodus, this time by English-speaking Quebecers, occurred from the 1960s onwards, in the the years following the acts of terrorism, its culmination in 1970 with the October Crisis, and the election in 1976 of the separatist Parti Quebecois government. The 1977 adoption of the Charter of the French Language (Bill 101) transformed Quebec from a traditionally bilingual province into a unilingual French province. The law made non-francophones feel unwelcome and uncomfortable. Those anglophone Quebecers who had had roots for several hundred years in the province, where 18th century English and Scots-Quebecer immigrant entrepreneurs, and their descendants, had built the business infrastructure that allowed the province to keep pace with the growth in the United States and turned Montreal into an economic powerhouse and the finance capital of all Canada, [3] and those so-called "allophones", the more recent twentieth century immigrants, mostly from Europe, both felt the need to re-evaluate their home in Canada. The passage of Bill 101 led to an immediate and sustained exodus of anglophones from Quebec that, according to Statistics Canada (2003), since 1971 saw a drop of 599,000 of those Quebecers whose mother tongue was English. [4] Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... This article or section cites its sources but does not provide page references. ... Terrorist redirects here. ... Military cordon in support of police taking surrender of terrorist Liberation cell, December 3, 1970 The October Crisis was a series of dramatic events triggered by two terrorist kidnappings by members of the Front de libération du Québec in the province of Quebec, Canada, in October 1970, which... The Quebec sovereignty movement, also commonly referred to as the Quebec separatist movement and the Quebec Independence movement, is a political movement for the attainment of independence for the Province of Quebec from the nation of Canada. ... The Parti Québécois or PQ is a left wing political party that advocates national sovereignty for Quebec from Canada. ... The Charter of the French Language (also known as Bill 101 and Loi 101) is a law in the province of Quebec, Canada defining French as the only official language of Quebec. ... Look up Anglophone in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto)1 Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total... The Scot-Quebecers (French language: Écossais-Québécois), were pioneer settlers who emigrated from their native Scotland to Quebec in British North America beginning in the late 1700s. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s The 20th century lasted from 1901 to 2000 in the Gregorian calendar (often from (1900 to 1999 in common usage). ... Look up Anglophone in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... “Native Language” redirects here. ...


The largest single benefator of this second outward migration was the city of Toronto, which would rapidly surpass Montreal as the largest city in Canada and displace it as the country's economic hub. [5] Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Diversity Our Strength Image:Toronto, Ontario Location. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Quebec Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ...


William Weintraub made the 1993 documentary film The Rise and Fall of English Montreal National Film Board of Canada which dealt with the Quebec diaspora. Best known for his long association with Canadas National Film Board, William Weintraub is a Canadian journalist, author, filmmaker and lecturer. ... Documentary film is a broad category of visual expression that is based on the attempt, in one fashion or another, to document reality. ... The National Film Board of Canada (usually National Film Board or NFB) is a Canadian public filmmaking organization established to produce and distribute films that inform Canadians and promote Canada around the world. ...


The largest proportion of French-Canadians outside of Quebec trace their ancestry to Quebec (except in the Canadian Maritimes, which were settled by the Acadians). French Canadian is a term that has several different connotations. ... The Maritimes or Maritime provinces are a region of Canada on the Atlantic coast, consisting of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island. ... The Acadians (French: Acadiens) are the descendants of the 17th-century French colonists who settled in Acadia (located on the northern portion of North Americas east coast). ...


Noteworthy among those whose parents settled in the United States are writer Jack Kerouac, Robert Goulet and historian Will Durant. Jack Kerouac (pronounced ) (March 12, 1922 – October 21, 1969) was an American novelist, writer, poet, and artist. ... Robert Goulet Robert Gerard Goulet (born November 26, 1933 in Lawrence, Massachusetts) is an American entertainer. ... Will Durant William James Durant (November 5, 1885–November 7, 1981) was an American philosopher, historian, and writer. ...


Notes

  1. ^ Bélanger, Damien-Claude (23 August 2000). French Canadian Emigration to the United States, 1840-1930. Québec History, Claude Bélanger, Marianopolis College. Retrieved on 2007-01-31.
  2. ^ Bélanger, Claude (23 August 2000). Rapatriement. Québec History, Claude Bélanger, Marianopolis College. Retrieved on 2007-01-31.
  3. ^ [1]. CBC News Broadcast Date: Aug. 26, 1977 and Did You Know? URL accessed on December 6, 2006.
  4. ^ [2]. CBC Television. The National Broadcast Date: March 2, 1982 and Did You Know? URL accessed on December 6, 2006.
  5. ^ [3]. National Post November 18, 2006 Quebec exodus to Toronto. URL accessed on December 6, 2006.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... December 6 is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 6 is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 6 is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  • Bélanger, Claude (2001-08-09). Franco-American History (HTML). Québec History, Claude Bélanger, Marianopolis College. Retrieved on 2007-01-31.
  • Roby, Yves (2004). Franco-American of New England. Dreams and Realities.. Septentrion, 550 pages. ISBN ISBN 2-89448-391-0. 

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Quebec diaspora - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (449 words)
The Quebec diaspora refers to two distinct periods in the history of the Province of Quebec, Canada.
The largest proportion of French-Canadians outside of Quebec trace their ancestry to Quebec (except in the Canadian Maritimes, which were settled by the Acadians).
The passage of Bill 101 led to an immediate and sustained exodus of anglophones from Quebec that, according to Statistics Canada (2003), since 1971 saw a drop of 599,000 of those Quebecers whose mother tongue was English.
The Canadian Jewish Community and the Politics of Quebec Independence - Jack Silverstone (4306 words)
Ominously, the Quebec government intervened in support of the position of the government of Ontario in the recent court challenge to Ontario's refusal to extend funding to private confessional schools.
In Quebec, as part of the ongoing governmental initiatives to ensure the primacy of the French language, there are laws and regulations concerning the use of French and controls on the use of other languages, including English, in the public domain.
The Quebec independence movement did flirt with urban violence in the late 1960s, when cells of the FLQ (Front de LIbération du Québec) embarked on a spree of bombings and kidnappings which resulted in fatalities, injuries, rioting, and a form of martial law.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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