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Encyclopedia > Quebec Conference, 1864
Delegates of the convention
Delegates of the convention

The Quebec Conference was the second meeting held in 1864 to discuss Canadian Confederation. Download high resolution version (760x607, 102 KB)Quebec Conference, 1864 International Convention at Quebec of Delegates of the Legislatures of Canada: Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland, October 27, 1864, Quebec, Quebec Copyright: Expired Library and Archives Canada C-006350 (copy negative number) Photo by Jules I... Download high resolution version (760x607, 102 KB)Quebec Conference, 1864 International Convention at Quebec of Delegates of the Legislatures of Canada: Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland, October 27, 1864, Quebec, Quebec Copyright: Expired Library and Archives Canada C-006350 (copy negative number) Photo by Jules I... We dont have an article called Canadian-confederation Start this article Search for Canadian-confederation in. ...


The delegates from the Province of Canada, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island had agreed at the close of the Charlottetown Conference to meet again at Quebec City in October of 1864. Newfoundland also sent two observers, but did not participate directly in the proceedings. In the month between the conferences, the ideas presented at Charlottetown were drafted in the Seventy-Two Resolutions, specific goals to be achieved in the creation of a new country. Note: for information about Canadas present-day provinces, see Provinces and territories of Canada. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Official languages None (English,French,Gaelic) Flower Trailing arbutus Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Lieutenant-Governor Myra Freeman Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 11 10 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of total)  Ranked... Motto: Spem reduxit (Hope restored) Official languages English, French Flower Violet Capital Fredericton Largest city Saint John Lieutenant-Governor Herménégilde Chiasson Premier Bernard Lord (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 10 10 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of total)  Ranked 11th 72 908 km² 71 450 km² 1... Motto: Parva Sub Ingenti (Latin: The small under the protection of the great) Official languages None Flower Ladys slipper Capital Charlottetown Largest city Charlottetown Lieutenant-Governor J. Léonce Bernard Premier Pat Binns (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 4 4 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of total)  Ranked... Delegates of the Charlottetown Convention The Charlottetown Conference was a conference in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island for representatives from the colonies of British North America to discuss Canadian Confederation. ... Motto: « Don de Dieu feray valoir Â» (I shall put Gods gift to good use) Site in the province of Québec Official logo Provincial region Province Country Capitale-Nationale Québec Canada Gentilé Québécois, Québécoise Mayor Jean-Paul LAllier 1989-Dec. ... Newfoundland (French: Terre-Neuve; Irish: Talamh an Éisc; Latin: Terra Nova) is a large island off the northeast coast of North America, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...

Contents


The Conference

The conference began on October 10. The major source of conflict at the conference was between those who favoured a strong central government, such as John A. Macdonald, and those who favoured stronger provincial rights. Representatives from the Maritimes and Canada East (now Quebec) tended to argue for provincial rights, fearing they would lose their cultural identity under a centralized government. Macdonald thought the failure of smaller, localized governments was evident in the American Civil War, which was still being fought in the United States as the delegates met in Charlottetown and Quebec. The delegates eventually compromised, dividing powers between federal and provincial governments. They also decided to have an elected lower house, the House of Commons, and an appointed upper house, the Senate, although there was considerable debate about how many senators each province would have. The Prince Edward Island delegation called for what could be seen as the forerunner of the current Triple-E Senate proposal. Sir John Alexander Macdonald, KCMG, GCB, QC, PC, DCL, LL.D (January 11, 1815 – June 6, 1891) was the first Prime Minister of Canada from July 1, 1867 – November 5, 1873 and October 17, 1878 – June 6, 1891. ... The Maritimes or Maritime provinces are a region of Canada on the Atlantic coast, consisting of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island. ... Canada East (French: Canada-Est) was the eastern portion of the Province of Canada. ... For the capital, see Quebec City. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederate) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties Killed in action: 110,000 Total dead: 360,000 Wounded: 275,200 Killed in action: 93,000 Total dead: 258... The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ... The Senate of Canada (French: Le Sénat du Canada) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the House of Commons. ... Motto: Parva Sub Ingenti (Latin: The small under the protection of the great) Official languages None Flower Ladys slipper Capital Charlottetown Largest city Charlottetown Lieutenant-Governor J. Léonce Bernard Premier Pat Binns (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 4 4 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of total)  Ranked... The Triple-E Senate (standing for elected, equal, and effective) is a topic of constitutional debate in Canada and a proposed plan to reform the current Canadian Senate. ...


Aftermath

The conference ended on October 27, and the delegates returned to their provinces to submit the Seventy-Two Resolutions to the provincial legislatures. George-Étienne Cartier was largely responsible for convincing the French-Canadian members of the Legislature in Canada to accept the resolutions, even though he himself did not support such a strong federal government. A.J. Smith led the opposition to Confederation in New Brunswick, while Joseph Howe led the opposition in Nova Scotia, but both of these provinces eventually agreed to join the union. Only Prince Edward Island rejected the resolutions. The Province of Canada, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia then set about securing autonomy from the British government, which culminated in a third London Conference in 1866, and the British North America Act on July 1, 1867. George-Étienne Cartier The Honourable Sir George-Étienne Cartier, KCMG, PC (September 6, 1814 – May 20, 1873) was a French-Canadian statesman and Father of Confederation. ... A.J. Smith (born February 28, 1949) is an American professional football executive, currently serving as the Executive Vice President and General Manager of the San Diego Chargers. ... The Honourable Joseph Howe, PC (December 13, 1804 – June 1, 1873) was born the son of John Howe and Mary Edes at Halifax, Nova Scotia. ... The London Conference was held in the United Kingdom in December 1866 and was the final in a series of conferences that led to Canadian confederation in 1867. ... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... The British North America Acts 1867–1975 are a series of Acts of the British Parliament dealing with the government of Canada. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


Delegates

Province of Canada

George Brown George Brown (November 29, 1818 – May 9, 1880) was a Scottish-born Canadian journalist and politician. ... Sir Alexander Campbell The Honourable Sir Alexander Campbell, PC (March 9, 1822 – 24 May 1892) was an English-born, in Hedon, Canadian statesman and politician, and a father of Canadian Confederation. ... George-Étienne Cartier The Honourable Sir George-Étienne Cartier, KCMG, PC (September 6, 1814 – May 20, 1873) was a French-Canadian statesman and Father of Confederation. ... Jean-Charles Chapais as Receiver-General, in 1870 Jean-Charles Chapais (2 December 1811 - 17 July 1885) was a Canadian Conservative politician, and considered a Father of Canadian Confederation for his participation in the Quebec Conference to determine the form of Canadas government. ... James Cockburn James Cockburn (February 13, 1819-August 14, 1883) was a Canadian Conservative politician, and a father of Canadian Confederation. ... Alexander Tilloch Galt The Honourable Sir Alexander Tilloch Galt, PC (September 6, 1822 – September 19, 1911) was an English-born Canadian politician, and a father of Canadian Confederation. ... Sir Hector-Louis Langevin The Honourable Sir Hector-Louis Langevin, PC , QC , KCB (August 25, 1826 – June 11, 1906) was a Canadian lawyer and politician. ... The Right Honourable Sir John Alexander Macdonald, KCMG, GCB, QC, PC , DCL , LL.D (January 11, 1815 – June 6, 1891) was the first Prime Minister of Canada from July 1, 1867 – November 5, 1873 and October 17, 1878 – June 6, 1891. ... There have been several people called William McDougall For the Canadian politician, see William McDougall (politician) For the British psychologist, see William McDougall (psychologist) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... McGee in 1868 Thomas DArcy McGee, PC, (April 13, 1825 – April 7, 1868) was a Canadian journalist and Father of Confederation. ... The Honourable Sir Oliver Mowat, QC (July 22, 1820 – 19 April 1903) was a Canadian politician, and premier of Ontario from 1872 to 1896. ... Étienne-Paschal Taché Sir Étienne-Paschal Taché (5 September 1795 – 30 July 1865) was a Canadian doctor and politician. ...

New Brunswick

Edward Barron Chandler (August 22, 1800-February 6, 1880) was a New Brunswick politician and lawyer from a United Empire Loyalist family Chandler moved from Nova Scotia to New Brunswick to study law and remained in the colony. ... ... John Hamilton Gray, born May 3, 1814 - died June 5, 1889, was a Canadian politiican and jurist. ... John Mercer Johnson (October 1, 1818 – November 8, 1868) was a New Brunswick politician and a Father of Confederation. ... Senator Peter Mitchell, PC (January 4, 1824-October 25, 1899) was a Canadian politician. ... William Henry Steeves (May 20, 1814 - December 9, 1873) was a merchant, lumberman, politician and Father of Canadian Confederation. ... The Honourable Sir Samuel Leonard Tilley, PC (May 8, 1818 – June 25, 1896) was a Canadian politician. ...

Nova Scotia

Adams George Archibald The Honourable Sir Adams George Archibald, KCB , PC (May 3, 1814 – December 14, 1892) was a Canadian lawyer and politician, and a father of Confederation. ... Robert B. Dickey Robert Barry Dickey (November 10, 1811 – July 14, 1903) was a participant in conferences leading to the Canadian Confederation of 1867. ... William Alexander Henry William Alexander Henry (December 30, 1816 – May 3, 1888) was a Canadian lawyer, politician, and judge. ... Jonathan McCully The Honourable Jonathan McCully was born July 25, 1809 at his familys farm in Cumberland County, Nova Scotia. ... Not to be confused with Sir Charles Hibbert Tupper who was Sir Charles Tuppers son Sir Charles Tupper, GCMG, CB, PC, DCL, LL.D, MD (July 2, 1821 – October 30, 1915) was the sixth Prime Minister of Canada and, as of 2006, the one with the shortest term of...

Prince Edward Island

George Coles (September 20, 1810 – August 21, 1875) was a Canadian politician, being the first Premier of Prince Edward Island, and a Father of Canadian Confederation. ... Colonel John Hamilton Gray was Premier of Prince Edward Island from 1863 to 1865 and one of the fathers of the Canadian Confederation. ... Thomas Heath Haviland (born November 13, 1822 in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island-September 11, 1895 in Charlottetown) was a Canadian politician and Father of Canadian Confederation. ... Andrew Archibald Macdonald The Honourable Senator Andrew Archibald Macdonald, PC (14 February 1829 – 21 March 1912), Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island from 1 August 1884 to 2 September 1889, was one of the fathers of Canadian Confederation. ... Edward Palmer (September 1, 1809 – November 3, 1889) was born at Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island and resided in Prince Edward Island until his death. ... William Henry Pope (May 29, 1825 – October 7, 1879) was a Canadian lawyer, politician, and judge. ... Edward Whelan (1824-December 10, 1867). ...

Newfoundland (observers)

See also: History of Canada Hon. ... Sir Ambrose Shea, one of the fathers of the Canadian Confederation. ... Canada is a country of 33 million inhabitants that occupies the northern portion of the North American continent, and is the worlds second largest country in area. ...


External link

  • National Library's Confederation website

  Results from FactBites:
 
Quebec Conference, 1864 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (405 words)
The Quebec Conference was the second meeting held in 1864 to discuss Canadian Confederation.
In the month between the conferences, the ideas presented at Charlottetown were drafted in the Seventy-Two Resolutions, specific goals to be achieved in the creation of a new country.
The major source of conflict at the conference was between those who favoured a strong central government, such as John A. Macdonald, and those who favoured stronger provincial rights.
Quebec Conference - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (171 words)
Quebec Conference refers to one of several different meetings by the same name that were held in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada.
The Quebec Conference of 1864 was the second conference to discuss Canada's confederation, which was finally accomplished three years later.
The Quebec Conference of 1943 and 1944 were top-level meetings between the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom to plan strategy in World War II.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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