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Encyclopedia > Quarterstaff
Quarterstaffs in use, from Old English Sports, Pastimes and Customs, published 1891
Quarterstaffs in use, from Old English Sports, Pastimes and Customs, published 1891

A quarterstaff is a medieval English variant of the staff weapon, consisting of a shaft of hardwood, sometimes with metal-reinforced tips. The name is frequently used incorrectly for the fighting staves of other cultures, such as the Japanese bo, Chinese gùn, or French bâton. Line drawing of Quarterstaff held by pugilists - Project Gutenberg eText 14315 - http://www. ... Line drawing of Quarterstaff held by pugilists - Project Gutenberg eText 14315 - http://www. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... // A staff is a large, thick stick or stick-shaped object used to help with walking, as a status symbol, or as a weapon. ... The bayonet is used as both knife and spear. ... Trunks A tree trunk as found at the Veluwe, The Netherlands Wood is a solid material derived from woody plants, notably trees but also shrubs. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Gun event at the 10th All China Games The Chinese word Gun (Chinese: ; pinyin: gùn) refers to a long Chinese staff weapon used in Chinese martial arts. ... The Bâton français (French stick fighting) is a European fencing system that uses a staff about 4 feet long. ...

Contents

Etymology

The etymology of the weapon's name is uncertain. Any connection to a unit of length called a staff is almost certainly spurious. Not to be confused with Entomology, the study of insects. ...


One popular theory is that it comes from the way the staff is held: one hand at the center of the staff, and one hand halfway between the center and one end. However, this is probably a folk etymology, as this grip is not actually prescribed in early sources. Another theory links the term to the manner in which the wood is split from the tree. Folk etymology or popular etymology is a linguistic term for a category of false etymology which has grown up in popular lore, as opposed to one which arose in scholarly usage. ...


Because it can be employed as a less-than-lethal weapon, the name may also refer to the act of giving quarter (showing mercy, pity, or pardon to a defeated enemy). Non-lethal force is force which is not inherently likely to kill or cause great bodily injury to a living target. ... Pierre Montallier: The Works of Mercy, c. ...


Description

The quarterstaff may be made from many kinds of wood, commonly ash, oak, hazel, or hawthorn. It may have metal spikes or caps at one or both ends; these are depicted or referred to in some Elizabethan and Jacobean sources. The length of the staff varies, typically ranging from 6 to 9 feet (1.8 to 2.7 metres); in addition, long staves of 12 to as much as 18 feet (3.6 to 5.4 metres) were employed in Early Modern times. The weapon seems to have become shorter and lighter later in its history, though nine-foot staves (made of bamboo or ash) wood were still sometimes employed in Victorian England. Species Many, see text. ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus, and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... This article is about the tree; for other meanings of hazel, see Hazel (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Crataegus monogyna Jacq. ... The Elizabethan Era is the period associated with the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1558 - 1603) and is often considered to be a golden age in English history. ... The Jacobean era refers to a period in English and Scottish history that coincides with the reign of James I (1603 – 1625). ... Diversity Around 91 genera and 1,000 species Subtribes Arthrostylidiinae Arundinariinae Bambusinae Chusqueinae Guaduinae Melocanninae Nastinae Racemobambodinae Shibataeinae See the full Taxonomy of the Bambuseae. ... Look up ash in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Queen Victoria (shown here on the morning of her Ascension to the Throne, 20 June 1837) gave her name to the historic era The Victorian era of the United Kingdom marked the height of the British industrial revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ...


The quarterstaff is effectively a long two-handed club, although its weight distribution is generally even throughout its entire length (some forms did have weighted tips, however). It was used both to deliver crushing blows, and to thrust like a spear. The art of using the staff was closely related to that of other polearms, and it was often employed as a training weapon for the latter. Moves include many different forms of blocks, thrusts, strikes, and sweeps. A club, cudgel, truncheon, night stick, or bludgeon is among the simplest of all weapons. ... Hunting spear and knife, from Mesa Verde National Park. ... Hawaiian State Grappling Championships. ... A pole weapon or polearm is a close combat weapon with the main fighting part of the weapon placed on the end of a long shaft, typically of wood. ...


History

The staff being a very simple weapon to manufacture, it has a long history of use, and a wide cultural dispersion. The staff is a traditional weapon of many Asian martial arts. The quarterstaff proper was historically a common weapon in England, where it features in the Robin Hood legend as the favorite weapon of Little John. There are also many tools that can easily be used as or quickly converted to a staff. World map showing the location of Asia. ... Hawaiian State Grappling Championships. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... Robin Hood memorial statue in Nottingham. ... Little John is a presumably fictional character in the legend of Robin Hood. ...


During the 1500s quarterstaves were favoured as weapons by the London Masters of Defence and by the 1700s the weapon became popularly associated with gladiatorial prize-fighting. A modified version of quarterstaff fencing, employing bamboo or ash staves and protective equipment adapted from fencing, boxing and cricket was revived was a sport in some London fencing schools and at the Aldershot Military Training School during the later 1800s. Professional boxing bout featuring Ricardo Domínguez (left) versus Rafael Ortíz Boxing, also called pugilism (from Latin), prizefighting (when referring to professional boxing) or the sweet science[1] is a sport and martial art in which two participants of similar weight fight each other with their fists in a... Fencing advertisement for the 1900 Summer Olympic Games This article is about the sport, which is distinguished from stage fencing and academic fencing (mensur). ... Professional boxing bout featuring Ricardo Domínguez (left) versus Rafael Ortíz Boxing, called pugilism (from Latin), prizefighting (when referring to professional boxing) or the sweet science[1] is a sport and martial art in which two participants of similar weight fight each other with their fists in a series... For the insect, see Cricket (insect). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ...


A simplified form of quarterstaff fencing and training was practiced by members of the international Boy Scouts movement during the early decades of the 20th century. For professional sport scouts, see Scout (sport). ...


Contemporary practice

The use of the quarterstaff is among the variety of traditional European weapon styles that have been revived within the historical European martial arts movement. The first page of the Codex Wallerstein shows the typical arms of 15th century fencing Historical European Martial Arts are martial arts of European origin which were formerly practiced, but have since died out or evolved into very different forms. ...


In popular culture

See also Bo in popular culture.

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Merry Men are the group of outlaws who follow Robin Hood, according to English folklore. ... Robin Hood memorial statue in Nottingham. ... Little John is a presumably fictional character in the legend of Robin Hood. ... A fairy tale is a story, either told to children or as if told to children, concerning the adventures of mythical characters such as fairies, goblins, elves, trolls, giants, and others. ... A television program is the content of television broadcasting. ... Xena. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Renee OConnor as Gabrielle in Xena. ... Darth Maul is a fictional character (of Sith affiliation) in the Star Wars universe. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Robin Hood Daffy is a 1958 Warner Brothers cartoon featuring Daffy Duck as legendary outlaw Robin Hood. ... Daffy, as Duck Dodgers, faces off against Marvin the Martian in the 1953 short Duck Dodgers in the 24½th Century, a parody of Buck Rogers. ... Rocket Robin Hood. ... Star Wars: Knights of the Old Republic (KotOR) is an RPG video game originally for the Microsoft Xbox and later for PCs running Microsoft Windows. ... Contents 1 Main playable characters 1. ... Final Fantasy VIII ) is a console and computer role-playing game created by Square Co. ... For other persons named Robert Jordan, see Robert Jordan (disambiguation). ... Wheel of time may refer to: The Wheel of time or history, a religious concept predominant in Buddhism and Hinduism The Wheel of Time, a fantasy book series by author Robert Jordan The Wheel of Time (computer game), an action first-person shooter based on the series The Timewheel, a... Matrim Mat Cauthon is one of the main characters of the Wheel of Time fantasy series by Robert Jordan. ... The word warder can mean:- A prison guard. ...

See also

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A club, cudgel, truncheon, night stick, or bludgeon is among the simplest of all weapons. ... Gun event at the 10th All China Games The Chinese word Gun (Chinese: ; pinyin: gùn) refers to a long Chinese staff weapon used in Chinese martial arts. ... The hanbo is a quarterstaff used in martial arts. ... Stick fighting is a generic term for martial arts which utilize simple long slender, blunt, hand-held, generally wooden sticks for fighting such as a staff, cane, walking stick, baton or similar. ... Jogo do Pau. ... The Bâton français (French stick fighting) is a European fencing system that uses a staff about 4 feet long. ... A Taiaha (pronounced Tie-ah-ha) is a weapon carried by the Maori warriors of New Zealand. ...

References

George Silver was a gentleman of England during the late 16th and early 17th centuries, who is known for his writings on fencing. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Quarterstaff - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (675 words)
A quarterstaff is a medieval English variant of the staff weapon, consisting of a long shaft of hardwood, sometimes with metal-reinforced tips.
The quarterstaff may be made from many kinds of wood, commonly ash, oak, hazel, or hawthorn.
The quarterstaff proper was historically a common weapon in England, where it features in the Robin Hood legend as the favorite weapon of Little John.
Journal of Western Martial Art (3043 words)
The Quarterstaff was for centuries considered the weapon of the lower sections of society, although the nobility had a healthy respect for the Quarterstaff, which they also practised.
Although the quarterstaff is seen as a weapon of film and television by modern society may be even a weapon of myth, the reality as we have just read were very different, the quarterstaff, was not known as the king of weapons for nothing.
All Quarterstaffs were made to the individual's stature, a description for measuring the length of a quarterstaff required for the individual was given by George Silver.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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