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Encyclopedia > Quartermaster

Quartermaster refers to two different military occupations. In land armies, it is a term referring to a military individual, or unit, who specializes in supplying and provisioning troops. In naval usage it means a navigator on a ship. The equivalent naval occupation to the land army Quartermaster is purser. A navigator is the person onboard a ship responsible for the navigation of the vessel. ... A ships purser, or just purser is the person on a ship responsible for the handling of money on board. ...

Contents

Army

For land armies, the term was first coined in Germany as Quartiermeister and initially denoted a court official with the duty of preparing the monarch's sleeping quarters. In the 17th century, it started to be used in various militaries in the sense of organising supplies. (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ...


British Army

In the British Army, the Quartermaster (QM) is the officer in a battalion or regiment responsible for supply. By longstanding tradition, he or she is always commissioned from the ranks (and is usually a former Regimental Sergeant Major) and holds the rank of captain or major. Some units also have a Technical Quartermaster, who is in charge of technical stores. The Quartermaster is assisted by the Regimental Quartermaster Sergeant (RQMS) and a staff of storemen. The QM, RQMS and storemen are drawn from the regiment or corps in which they work, not from the Royal Logistic Corps, which is responsible for issuing and transporting supplies to them. Units which specialise in supply are known as "supply" units, not "quartermaster" units, and their personnel as "suppliers". The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Symbol of the Austrian 14th Armoured Battalion in NATO military graphic symbols This article is about the military unit. ... British regiment A regiment is a military unit, consisting of a variable number of battalions - commanded by a colonel. ... In military organizations, a commissioned officer is a member of the service who derives authority directly from a sovereign power, and as such holds a commission from that power. ... Regimental Sergeant Major (RSM) is an appointment held by Warrant Officers Class 1 (WO1) in the British Army, Royal Marines and many Commonwealth armies including the Australian Army and New Zealand Army, and by Chief Warrant Officers (CWO) in the Canadian Forces. ... For other uses, see Captain (disambiguation). ... Major is a military rank the use of which varies according to country. ... Regimental Quartermaster Sergeant (RQMS) is an appointment held by a senior Warrant Officer Class 2 in the British Army and Royal Marines. ... This article is about a military unit. ... Cap Badge of the Royal Logistic Corps The Royal Logistic Corps is the British Army corps that provides the logistic support for the Army. ...


From at least the English Civil War period until 1813, the Quartermaster was the senior NCO in a British cavalry troop (in which context he had nothing to do with supply). In that year, the position was replaced by the new appointment of Troop Sergeant Major, the cavalry adopting commissioned, regimental Quartermasters as described above. For other uses, see English Civil War (disambiguation). ... In the British Army, the Troop Sergeant Major (TSM) is the senior NCO in a Royal Artillery troop, usually a Warrant Officer Class 2. ...


Canadian Army

From Royal Canadian Ordnance Corps Standing Orders: The Royal Canadian Ordnance Corps (RCOC) was an administrative corps of the Canadian Army. ...

For many centuries – indeed perhaps as long as there have been organized military units – the appointment of quartermaster has been significant in armies. Until recent times the British Army almost invariably rewarded an outstanding RSM by appointing him quartermaster of his battalion, thus ensuring the unit an experienced officer who knew the unit thoroughly and would prove difficult to mislead or beguile. [The past tense is in fact incorrect, as the British Army still has this policy]
As the complexities of the Army and its material increased, an officer with greater professional technical knowledge of the problems that surround stores management was required for the Quartermaster’s duties. Under authority of Canadian Army Order 201 – 16 dated 8 February 1954, the Royal Canadian Ordnance Corps assumed these responsibilities and undertook to train and provide unit quartermasters and staff for all Corps of the Canadian Army (Regular) except the Royal Canadian Corps of Signals, Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps and Royal Canadian Dental Corps.

In recent years, the Quartermaster has been a specially trained officer of the Logistics Branch, though CFR (Commissioned From Ranks) officers have been known to accept regimental appointments such as quartermaster.


United States Army

In the United States Army, the term is used to describe all supply personnel and units that are part of the Quartermaster Corps. The United States Army is the largest, and by some standards oldest, established branch of the armed forces of the United States and is one of seven uniformed services. ... The Quartermaster Corps is a combat service support branch of the United States Army. ...


Swiss Army

In the Swiss Army a Quartermaster (Qm) is an Officer (from 2 Lt. to Colonel) in charge with the coordination of the "Kommissariatsdienst" (accountancy, post-service, fuel resupply, "all sort of food" resupply and others) of a Battalion, Regiment and Brigade/Division. His function is more a control and supervision function: a staff officer for the respective commander. The Qm has a direct subordinated at company level: it is the Company Quartermaster Seargent (QMS - the English definition for international engagement and also a new grade insignia = see "Gradstrukturen der Armee XXI_revidiert" since 2001 on Swiss army ranks). The Company quartermaster seargent is known since the 18th Century as Fourier or Einheits-Fourier and has the rank equivalent of a Senior Non-Commissioned-Officer like the Company Sergeant Major (since 2001 Company Chief Sergeant Major, CMS) and they are ranked (for better understanding in NATO-ranks even Switzerland, as a neutral State is not part of NATO) OR-7 in the Senior NCO's category (in German: Höhere Unteroffiziere). For technical questions the QMS is subordinated to the Qm officer (Qm 2 Lt, Qm 1 lt or Qm Captain incorporated in the Staff of a Battalion/Group). The tasks of resupply are assigned at company level to the two SNCO's (CSM and QMS). The QMS is the material executor of the Qm tasks at company level and for the command chain together with the CSM, directly subordinated to the Company Commander (Captain) as Staff NCO's. The "Fourier" is also the substitute of the Chief Sergeant Major (Hauptfeldweibel), if considering the Command Platoon by itself. Quality Management Systems (QMS) are the outgrowth of work done by W. Edwards Deming, a statistician, after whom the Deming Prize for quality is named. ... Swiss army ranks have changed little over the centuries, except for the introduction, in 2001, of a new set of warrant officers. ...


Israel Defence Forces

CWO Yitshak Taito, Quartermaster of IDF Officers Academy
CWO Yitshak Taito, Quartermaster of IDF Officers Academy

In the IDF the Quartermaster is defined mostly as "camp commander" which is in charge of logistic issues, ceremonies and parades and above all of discipline. This duties differ slightly in the Air force and Navy. to be merged with IDF (disambiguation) IDF may stand for: intermediate distribution frame (in telephony) Iceland Defense Force Irish Defence Forces Israel Defense Forces The AIDC F-CK Indigenous Defence Fighter This page disambiguates a three-character combination which might be any or all of an abbreviation, an acronym, an... to be merged with IDF (disambiguation) IDF may stand for: intermediate distribution frame (in telephony) Iceland Defense Force Irish Defence Forces Israel Defense Forces The AIDC F-CK Indigenous Defence Fighter This page disambiguates a three-character combination which might be any or all of an abbreviation, an acronym, an...


The ranks of IDF Quatermasters vary from Sargent majot to CWO, depending on the size of the camp. However, most soldiers refer to him as "Rasar" (the hebrew acronym for the rank of 2WO) without regarding his actual rank. Quartermasters ard identified (in all IDF branches) by wearing a blue-white aiguillette on their left shoulder. An aiguillette is an ornamental braided cord worn on uniforms. ...


Naval forces

French Navy

In the French Navy, Quartermaster (Quartier-maître) is a junior rank equivalent to a French Army Corporal. The French rank has nothing to do with supplies. This rank is also used by many other navies based on the French Navy. Quartermaster was similarly a junior naval rank in the German navy. The French Navy, officially called the National Navy (French: Marine Nationale) is the maritime arm of the French military. ... The French Army, officially the Armée de Terre (Army of the land), is the land-based component of the French Armed Forces and the largest. ... This article is about the military rank. ...


United States Navy

Navy Quartermasters have many diverse responsibilities
Navy Quartermasters have many diverse responsibilities

The quartermaster is the enlisted member in charge of the watch-to-watch navigation and the maintenance, correction, and preparation of nautical charts and navigation publications. He is also responsible for navigational instruments and clocks and the training of ship's lookouts and helmsmen. He performs these duties under the control of the ship's navigator or other officer if there was no officer navigator. In the modern navy, a quartermaster is a petty officer who specializes in navigation. The rating abbreviation is QM. A Petty Officer is a noncommissioned officer or equivalent in many navies. ... From left to right: a Special Warfare Operator 1st class and a Boatswains Mate 2nd class. ...


On US Navy submarines, the job of a quartermaster is done by a navigation electronics technician (NAV-ET). Along with the job of a Navy surface QM, NAV-ET's are also responsible for electronic systems that deal with navigation, internal communications, atmosphere monitoring, and remote valve indication or manipulation.


After 2004 the US Navy disestablished the Signalman rating (SM) who were responsible for visual communications and incorporated many of the personnel and their responsibilities in the QM rating. The US Navy rating dealing with supply and logistics is Storekeeper (SK) which would be equivalent to the Army quartermaster.


United States Coast Guard

The structure of ranks and job specialties of the United States Coast Guard is similar to the that of the United States Navy. The Coast Guard used a Quartermaster rating until the summer of 2003, when the rating was merged into the Boatswain's Mate rating.[1] USCG HH-65 Dolphin USCG HH-60J JayHawk USCG HC-130H departs Mojave USCG HC-130H on International Ice Patrol duties The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is at all times a branch of the U.S. military, a maritime law enforcement agency, and a federal regulatory body. ... The bosun of a civilian sail-training ship. ...


The Coast Guard's Quartermasters had the same duties as the Navy's, with the exception that -- at some point after World War II -- the Coast Guard folded the duties of its Signalman rating into the Quartermaster rating. Also, in recent decades, Quartermaster was one of the only two Coast Guard ratings permitted to hold command of a cutter or small boat station (command otherwise being reserved for officers), the other "command rating" being Boatswain's Mate.


Pirate quartermasters

Through a historical oddity, pirates during the Golden Age of Piracy elevated the rank of quartermaster to much higher powers and responsibilities than it had aboard any merchant or naval vessel. Look up pirate and piracy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A painting depicting the era. ...


Pirate quartermasters, like pirate captains, were usually elected by their crews. The quartermaster ranked higher than any officer aboard the ship except the captain himself, and could veto the captain's decisions whenever the ship was not chasing a prize or engaged in battle. The quartermaster also was chiefly responsible for discipline, assessing punishments for crewmen who transgressed the articles. It was generally also the quartermaster's responsibility to lead the pirate boarding party when coming aboard another ship. Several quartermasters, notably Calico Jack Rackham, succeeded to command and became captains in their own right after the previous captain was killed or deposed. The Pirate Code of the Bretheren is a loose Code of Conduct common with Piracy in the Caribbean during the classic age of Piracy set down by the Pirates Henry Morgan and Bartholomew Roberts. ... John Rackham (died 17 November 1720), also known as Calico Jack Rackham or Calico Jack, was an English pirate captain during the early 18th century. ...


Although a minority of pirate scholars dismiss the accepted version of the pirate quartermaster's importance, it is well supported by the extant secondary sources such as Charles Johnson, Cordingly and Botting, and overwhelmingly borne out by the primary sources, including Ringrose, Dampier, Snelgrave, Trott, and George Roberts. Author of A General History of the Robberies and Murders Of the most notorious Pyrates (1724), his true identity remains a mystery. ... William Dampier, pirate, navigator and explorer William Dampier (baptised 5 September 1651 – died March 1715) was an English buccaneer, sea captain, author and scientific observer. ...


Scout movement

A Scout quartermaster within the Scout movement is responsible for maintaining all the normal camping supplies in a Scout troop. This may include, but is not limited to, camping supplies, tents, "chuck boxes" (containers holding food and cooking supplies), stoves, camp fuel (propane, Naphtha, etc.), tarps, camping trailers, dining flys, etc. A scout quartermaster is responsible for all the troop kit, both in the stores and on camp. ... This article is about the Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts/Girl Guides organizations. ... Naphtha (CAS No. ...


Quartermaster is also the highest rank in the American Sea Scouts, an older youth (14-21) co-ed part of the BSA. Quartermaster is roughly equivalent to Eagle Scout. Sea scouts are members of the international scouting movement, with a particular emphasis on sea-based activities. ... Eagle Scout rank (Boy Scouts of America) Eagle Scout rank (Boy Scouts of the Philippines) List of Eagle Scouts (BSA) Category: ...


See also

Nautical Portal

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A scout quartermaster is responsible for all the troop kit, both in the stores and on camp. ... Quartermaster Center and School Patch The United States Army Quartermaster Center and School (QMCS), a subordinate command of the United States Army Combined Arms Support Command, is located at Fort Lee, Virginia. ... The Quartermaster Corps is a combat service support branch of the United States Army. ... A Quartermaster general is the staff officer in charge of supplies for a whole army. ... The United States Army Quartermaster Museum is located at Fort Lee, Virginia. ... In most wars, some territory is placed under the martial law of a hostile army. ...

References

  1. ^ Powers, Paul (October 2001). Mergers of the millennium. United States Coast Guard. Retrieved on 2007-05-26.

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Quartermaster Department (641 words)
The Quartermaster Department was organized in 1775, when the Continental Congress authorized a Quartermaster General and a deputy to serve the army.
In the fiscal year of 1844, only by the order of the Secretary of War were the Quartermasters at Philadelphia and New Orleans permitted to subscribe to one newspaper so that they might obtain shipping lists and current prices, knowledge of which was essential to the execution of their duties.
By the outbreak of the Civil War, the Quartermaster Department had 53 separate forms to be filled out, inventorying everything from stationery to the number of days an enlisted man was mustered for extra-duty.
Venturing BSA (645 words)
The Quartermaster Award, which stands for excellence, goes to the young adult who attains the highest rank in Sea Scouting.
The award is a reminder that as a ship needs a rudder, a compass, and a moving force to reach its destination, so an individual must be physically strong, mentally awake, and morally straight to achieve worthwhile goals in life.
An application for the Quartermaster Award must also be approved by the ship committee and the district or council advancement committee.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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