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Encyclopedia > Quadrophenia
Quadrophenia
Quadrophenia cover
Double album by The Who
Released 19 October 1973
Recorded May 1972 and June 1973 at Olympic Studios and "The Kitchen" in Battersea, London
Genre Rock/Progressive Rock
Length 81:35
Label Track, Polydor (UK)
Track/MCA, MCA (U.S.)
Producer The Who, Kit Lambert, and Glyn Johns
Professional reviews
The Who chronology
Meaty Beaty Big and Bouncy
(1971)
Quadrophenia
(1973)
Odds and Sods
(1974)
Alternate cover
Original soundtrack version

Quadrophenia is a double album released by The Who on October 19, 1973, one of the group's two full-scale rock operas.[1] Its story involves social, musical, and psychological happenings from an English teenage perspective, set in London and Brighton in 1964 and 1965. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A double album is an audio album of sufficient length that two units of the medium in which it is sold (especially records and compact discs) are necessary to contain the entirety of it. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... is the 292nd day of the year (293rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. ... Olympic Studios is a commercial recording studio located at 117 Church Road, in the south-western suburb of Barnes in London, England. ... The Kitchen is a non-profit, multi-disciplinary art space in New York. ... Battersea is a place in the London Borough of Wandsworth. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Rock music (disambiguation). ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Track Records is a record label founded by The Who to distribute artists and projects they wanted to support. ... 1920s vintage Polydor export label with its double-horn gramophone logo In 1954 Polydor Records introduced their distinctive orange label. ... Track Records is a record label founded by The Who to distribute artists and projects they wanted to support. ... MCA Records was an American-based record company owned by Music Corporation of America (MCA). ... MCA Records was an American-based record company owned by Music Corporation of America (MCA). ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... Kit Lambert (May 11, 1935 – April 7, 1981) was a record producer and the manager for The Who. ... Glyn Johns (born February 15, 1942 in Epsom, Surrey, England) is a recording engineer and record producer. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a metadata database about music owned by All Media Guide. ... Image File history File links 4. ... Robert Christgau (2007) Robert Christgau (sometimes abbreviated in print to Xgau), born April 18, 1942, is an American essayist, music journalist, and the self-declared Dean of American Rock Critics[1] His first reviews were published by Esquire in 1967. ... PopMatters is an international magazine of cultural criticism. ... This article is about the magazine. ... Image File history File links 4_stars. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Meaty Beaty Big and Bouncy is a compilation album by British rock band The Who. ... Odds and Sods is a compilation album by British rock band, The Who. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A double album is an audio album of sufficient length that two units of the medium in which it is sold (especially records and compact discs) are necessary to contain the entirety of it. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... is the 292nd day of the year (293rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. ... The Whos Tommy, the first album explicitly billed as a rock opera A rock opera or rock musical is a musical production in the form of an opera or a musical in a modern rock and roll style rather than more traditional forms. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Brighton is located on the south coast of England, and together with its immediate neighbour Hove forms the city of Brighton and Hove. ...


The name is a variation on the incorrect popular usage of the medical diagnostic term schizophrenia as multiple personality disorder to reflect the four distinct personalities of Jimmy, the opera's protagonist. It was also tied in to the Quadraphonic sound schemes then being introduced. Overview In psychiatry, Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) is the current name of the condition formerly listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders as Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) and Multiple Personality Syndrome. ... 4 channels quadraphonic label Quadraphonic sound uses four channels in which speakers are positioned at all four corners of the listening space, reproducing signals that are independent of each other. ...

Contents

History

Quadrophenia was originally released as a two-LP set with a butterfly jacket and a thick booklet containing lyrics, a text version of the story, and photographs illustrating the tale. MCA Records re-released it as a two-CD set in 1985 with the lyrics and text story line on a thin fold-up sheet but none of the photographs. The remastered CDs of 1996 include the full original booklet in miniature. A gramophone record, (also phonograph record - often simply record) is an analog sound recording medium: a flat disc rotating at a constant angular velocity, with inscribed spiral grooves in which a stylus or needle rides. ... Lyrics are the words in songs. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... MCA Records was an American-based record company owned by Music Corporation of America (MCA). ... A Compact Disc or CD is an optical disc used to store digital data, originally developed for storing digital audio. ... Remaster (and its derivations, frequently found in the phrases digitally remastered or digital remastering) is a word and concept ushered into the mass consciousness via the digital age, although it had existed before then. ...


In the liner notes to the remastered Odds and Sods Townshend revealed that Quadrophenia evolved from an idea for a self-indulgent autobiography of the band (which was allegedly to have been titled Rock Is Dead--Long Live Rock). Two of the opera's tracks date from 1972 (i.e. "Is It In My Head?" and "Love Reign O'er Me"), a year that also produced The Who's singles "Join Together" "Relay" and "Long Live Rock" (the latter not actually released until 1974). However, by the time Quadrophenia was released the band's role in the story was only symbolic, via Jimmy's four personalities. Odds and Sods is a compilation album by British rock band, The Who. ... Rock Is Dead––Long Live Rock was the title of an unreleased 1972 autobiographical album by the British rock band The Who. ...


Quadrophenia reached #2 on the U.S. Billboard album chart.


The band views the tour in support of the album as disastrous. Performances were plagued by malfunctioning sound effects tapes. Once the tapes started, the band had to play to them. The band felt constrained in playing to these recordings. The Who preferred a more free-form attitude.


On the first night of the U.S. leg at the Cow Palace in San Francisco, California, drummer Keith Moon collapsed onstage. An audience member was brought on to finish the show. The Cow Palace (originally known as the California State Livestock Pavilion) is an indoor arena in Daly City, California that borders neighboring San Francisco. ... Keith John Moon (August 23, 1946 – September 7, 1978) was the drummer of the rock group The Who. ... Scott Halpin enjoyed fifteen minutes of fame – quite literally – on November 20, 1973. ...


Pete Townshend now looks back on the album with great praise. "The music is the best music that I've ever written, I think and it's the best album that I will ever write." [1]


Story

The story covers about two days of the life of a certain Jimmy, a participant in the circa 1964 Mod lifestyle in England. "The story is set on a rock!" announced the composer, Pete Townshend, at one live performance, indicating that the opera represents Jimmy's looking back at the events of the previous day or two that led him into the gloomy situation where he finds himself at the end of the story. The narrative is difficult to derive from the lyrics alone, but becomes clearer with the benefit of a short story (also written by Townshend) related from Jimmy's first person perspective, that is included in the album's booklet. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto)1 Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total... This article is in need of attention. ... First-person narrative is a literary technique in which the story is narrated by one or more of the characters, who explicitly refers to him or herself in the first person, that is, I. The narrator is thus directly or indirectly involved in the story being told. ...


The first half of the opera consists of songs that allude to the frustrations and insecurities that govern Jimmy's life, including brief glimpses of his home life, his job, his psychoanalyst, and his unsuccessful attempts to have a social life. Halfway through the opera he sings "I've Had Enough", finds himself kicked out of his home when his parents find his box of 'blues' (blue pills of some unnamed drug, possibly amphetamine) (this happens in the song Cut My Hair). Distraught and with nothing better to do, Jimmy takes a large dose of blues and takes a train ride to the coast (Embodied in the song 5:15, which is supposed to be the time when the train departs). During his stay near the beach in Brighton, he encounters a former "Ace Face" (leader) Mod whom he admires greatly. However, the ace face now works as a bell boy at a nearby hotel. Ironically, he had smashed the windows of this very same hotel two years before. This display of masculine bravado had earned him the admiration of many of his fellow Mods two years before during Jimmy's first stay in Brighton. Jimmy is disgusted to learn that the person he had admired as a Mod had "sold out." Amphetamine or Amfetamine (Alpha-Methyl-PHenEThylAMINE), also known as, beta-phenyl-isopropylamine, and benzedrine, is a prescription stimulant commonly used to treat Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults and children. ...


At this point, Jimmy is inconsolable. Everybody from his parents to his girlfriend had disappointed him before, but he had never expected the Mod lifestyle to let him down. Drunk and depressed, he steals a scooter and takes it out to a barren rock protruding from the sea, and crashes psychologically. With nothing left to live for he finds redemption in the pouring rain, which is expressed in the final song, "Love, Reign o'er Me". Love, Reign oer Me is the final song from The Whos second rock opera, Quadrophenia, and has been a concert staple for years. ...


Musical structure

Each of Jimmy's four personalities is supposed to be associated with one of the four musicians in The Who. The liner notes illustrate this concept as follows (names added):

In addition to describing a personality/band member, the four descriptions refer to four theme songs that portray Jimmy's personalities in the opera: "Helpless Dancer", "Is It Me?", "Bell Boy", and "Love Reign O'er Me". The four musical themes (or "leitmotifs" as described by Townshend) are mixed together in both the title track (bridging "The Real Me" and "Cut My Hair"), and the penultimate track, "The Rock," (bridging "Doctor Jimmy" and "Love, Reign O'er Me"). The two pieces were the most musically complex pieces that Townshend ever wrote for The Who, combining all four themes into two six-minute musical medleys. The two pieces have neither a definite beginning or end, as they begin with a fade-in from the previous track, starting with the theme of "Bell Boy" (Moon's theme). This is followed by the themes of "Is It Me" (Entwistle's Theme), "Helpless Dancer" (Daltrey's theme), and "Love, Reign O'er Me" (Townshend's theme). "Quadrophenia" fades into rain sound effects after the "Love Reign O'er Me" theme. "The Rock" however ends with a combination of the four different themes, using the "Bell Boy" theme as the chord sequence, the "Helpless Dancer" theme as the melody, the "Is It Me?" theme as a lead (played on guitar and synthesizer), and the piano part to "Love Reign O'er Me" as a countermelody. The whole song abruptly ends on a downbeat layered with the sound of thunder and descends into "Love Reign O'er Me" proper. This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... John Alec Entwistle (October 9, 1944 – June 27, 2002) was an English bass guitarist, songwriter, singer, and horn player, who was best known as the bass guitarist for rock band The Who. ... Keith John Moon (August 23, 1946 – September 7, 1978) was the drummer of the rock group The Who. ... Peter Dennis Blandford Townshend (born May 19, 1945 in Chiswick, London), is an award-winning English rock guitarist, singer, songwriter, and composer. ...


Theme

Like much of Townshend's work, Quadrophenia is about a teen establishing his identity. Some of the themes include belonging, rejection, rebellion, and trying to define oneself. The story describes Jimmy's search to establish who he really is by trying to belong somewhere and be a part of something. However, he is frustrated and sequentially betrayed by everything he tries to be a part of, including his family, his job, drugs, his friends, love, and being a mod. Eventually (at the Rock) he has a spiritual revelation by symbolically "drowning" and being reborn drenched in seawater. (On the album, the symbolic suicide is drowning; in the film it involves riding his scooter off a Dover cliff and smashing into the sea).


In the end, Jimmy triumphs by realizing that he doesn't have to define himself or try to be part of anything at all.


Critical reaction and impact

In 2000 Q magazine placed Quadrophenia at number 56 in its list of the 100 Greatest British Albums Ever. In 2001, the TV network VH1 named it the 86th greatest album of all time. In 2003, the album was ranked number 266 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time. IGN placed "Quadrophenia" at number 1 in a list of the greatest classic rock albums of all time. Q is a music and entertainment magazinepublished monthly in the United Kingdom. ... A television network is a distribution network for television content whereby a central operation provides programming for many television stations. ... VH1 (VH-1: Video Hits One until 1994) is an American cable television channel that was created in January 1985 by Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment, at the time a division of Warner Communications and owners of MTV. VH1 and sister channel MTV are currently part of the MTV Networks division... This article is about the magazine. ... The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time is the cover story of a special issue of Rolling Stone magazine published in November 2003. ...


Subsequent productions

In 1979 the film Quadrophenia was released, with three additional songs written by Pete Townshend for the soundtrack. Quadrophenia is a 1979 British film based on the 1973 rock opera album Quadrophenia by The Who. ...


In summer 1996, The Who, with a large backing group featuring among others Zak Starkey on drums (his first appearance as The Who's drummer), Geoff Whitehorn and Simon Townshend on electric guitar (the former played lead guitar on almost all of the songs) and keyboardists Jon Carin and John "Rabbit" Bundrick, performed Quadrophenia in its entirety for the first time in many years in London's Hyde Park, with guest performers Phil Daniels as the Narrator/Jimmy, Gary Glitter as The Rocker, Adrian Edmonson as the Ace Face/Bellboy, Stephen Fry as the hotel manager (screaming, "Bellboy!"), Trevor McDonald as the newsreader and Pink Floyd's David Gilmour as the bus driver. Gilmour also played additional lead guitar for that first performance – he sang and played lead guitar on The Dirty Jobs, plus performed lead guitar on Sea and Sand, Dr. Jimmy, The Rock, Love, Reign O'er Me and 5:15 (Reprise). For the subsequent extensive tour of the UK and the U.S., Daniels was replaced and Gilmour's role was taken over by Simon Townshend. Gary Glitter and P.J. Proby (subsequently) made guest appearances as The Godfather, and Billy Idol also guested as the Ace Face/Bellboy, also subsequently being replaced. Zak Starkey (born September 13, 1965 in London, England) is the drummer for English rock band Oasis. ... Geoff Whitehorn (born 29 August 1951 in London, England) is a guitarist and singer-songwriter. ... Simon Townshend is a British guitarist, singer and songwriter. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... John Rabbit Bundrick (born November 21, 1948) is a prominent rock keyboardist, pianist, and organist, having played on albums by The Who, Bob Marley and the Wailers, Roger Waters, Free, and Crawler, among several others. ... Philip Daniels (born October 25, 1958 in Islington, London) is an English actor. ... Paul Francis Gadd aka Gary Glitter (born May 8, 1944) is an English rock and pop singer and songwriter who had a string of chart successes with a collection of 1970s glam rock hits including Rock and Roll parts 1 & 2, I Love You Love Me Love, Im the... Adrian Edmondson Adrian Edmondson (sometimes credited as Ade Edmondson, born 24 January 1957 in Bradford, Yorkshire, Britain) is a British actor, comedian, director, and writer who gained fame as Vyvyan in The Young Ones in the early 1980s. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Pink Floyd are an English rock band that earned recognition for their psychedelic rock music, and, as they evolved, for their avant-garde progressive rock music. ... David Jon Gilmour CBE (born March 6, 1946 in Cambridge, Cambridgeshire) is an English guitarist, singer, and songwriter best known as a member of the band Pink Floyd. ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ... Simon Townshend is a British guitarist, singer and songwriter. ... Paul Francis Gadd aka Gary Glitter (born May 8, 1944) is an English rock and pop singer and songwriter who had a string of chart successes with a collection of 1970s glam rock hits including Rock and Roll parts 1 & 2, I Love You Love Me Love, Im the... P.J. Proby, born James Marcus Smith (November 6, 1938), is a singer, songwriter, and actor noted for his theatrical portrayals of Elvis Presley and Roy Orbison and interpretations of modern standards in the vein of Tom Jones. ... Billy Idol (born William Michael Albert Broad, 30 November 1955 in Middlesex) is an English rock musician. ...


In 2005, A live performance of Quadrophenia from The Who's late 1996/early tour was included in a 3-disc DVD box set released by Rhino Entertainment, also featuring a live performance of Tommy from 1989 as well as other hit songs performed live. Pete Townshend and Roger Daltrey provided special commentary, and an interview with Billy Idol was also included. Tommy (1969) is the first of The Whos two full-scale rock operas (the second being Quadrophenia), and the first musical work explicitly billed as a rock opera. ... Billy Idol (born William Michael Albert Broad, 30 November 1955 in Middlesex) is an English rock musician. ...


The album was covered in its entirety by Phish on October 31, 1995 as part of the band's "Halloween musical costume extravaganzas", which was later released as Live Phish Volume 14. The jam band also covered the track "Drowned" on their live album New Year's Eve 1995 - Live at Madison Square Garden . This article is about a rock band; for deceptive e-mail practices, see Phishing. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Halloween, or Halloween, is a tradition celebrated on the night of October 31, most notably by children dressing in costumes and going door-to-door collecting sweets, fruit, and other gifts, called most commonly trick-or-treating. ... The logo from the Live Phish Halloween shows. ... Live Phish Vol. ...


In November 2005, Luna C Productions staged a theatrical version of Quadrophenia in Los Angeles, starring Stephen Shareaux as Jimmy. Additional performances occurred in March and November 2006. [2]


In February 2007, students from the Royal Welsh College of Music & Drama staged "the first independent theatrical production (of Quadrophenia) blessed by Pete Townshend" at the Sherman Theatre in Cardiff, Wales. [3] The Sherman Theatre is a performing arts venue in the Cathays district of Cardiff. ... Cardiff (English:  , Welsh: ) is the capital, largest and core city of Wales. ... This article is about the country. ...


On the episode of the Simpsons, Behind The Laughter, the cover of the Krustophenia record is a parody of Quadrophenia.


Track listing

All songs written by Pete Townshend. Peter Dennis Blandford Townshend (born May 19, 1945 in Chiswick, London), is an award-winning English rock guitarist, singer, songwriter, and composer. ...


Original release

Side one

  1. "I Am the Sea" – 2:08
  2. "The Real Me" – 3:20
  3. "Quadrophenia" – 6:15
  4. "Cut My Hair" – 3:46
  5. "The Punk and the Godfather"[2] – 5:10

I Am the Sea is a song written by Pete Townshend of The Who and is the first track on their double album Quadrophenia (1973), their second rock opera. ... Quadrophenia track listing I Am the Sea (1) The Real Me (2) Quadrophenia (3) The Real Me is a song written by Pete Townshend on The Whos second full-scale rock opera, Quadrophenia in 1973. ... Quadrophenia is an instrumental piece written by Pete Townshend of The Who and is the third track on their double album Quadrophenia (1973), their second rock opera. ... Quadrophenia is a double album released by The Who on October 19, 1973, one of the groups two full-scale rock operas. ... The Punk and the Godfather is a song by The Who. ...

Side two

  1. "I'm One" – 2:39
  2. "The Dirty Jobs" – 4:30
  3. "Helpless Dancer" – 2:32
  4. "Is It in My Head" – 3:46
  5. "I've Had Enough" – 6:14

Quadrophenia is a double album released by The Who on October 19, 1973, one of the groups two full-scale rock operas. ... The Dirty Jobs is a song by The Who. ... Helpless Dancer is a song by The Who. ... Is It In My Head is a song by The Who. ... Ive Had Enough is a song by The Who. ...

Side three

  1. "5:15" – 5:00
  2. "Sea and Sand" – 5:01
  3. "Drowned" – 5:28
  4. "Bell Boy" – 4:56

Sea and Sand is a song by The Who. ... Bell Boy is a song recorded by The Who for the 1979 movie Quadrophenia and 1973 album of the same name. ...

Side four

  1. "Doctor Jimmy" – 8:42
  2. "The Rock" – 6:37
  3. "Love, Reign O'er Me" – 4:08

Taken from The Whos 1973 album Quadrophenia, Doctor Jimmy was the opening track on side 4 of the original vinyl LP. Written by guitarist and chief composer Pete Townshend it tells tells us of the thoughts and struggles of Jimmy, the albums lead character as he tries to come... The Rock is an instrumental piece written by Pete Townshend of The Who, the second to last track on their double album Quadrophenia (1973), their second rock opera. ... Love, Reign oer Me is the final song from The Whos second rock opera, Quadrophenia, and has been a concert staple for years. ...

The original soundtrack

This version of Quadrophenia contains some of the music that was used in the film. This CD includes several tracks that were produced by other bands, a few tracks made by The Who when their name was changed to The High Numbers for a short period. It also includes 3 tracks by The Who that did not appear on the original two disc edition. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The High Numbers was the name used by The Who for two of their early releases in the early 1960s They were at the time managed by Peter Meaden. ...

  1. "I Am the Sea" (The Who) – 2:03
  2. "The Real Me" (The Who) – 3:28
  3. "I'm One" (The Who) – 2:40
  4. "5:15" (The Who) – 4:50
  5. "Love Reign O'er Me" (The Who) – 5:11
  6. "Bell Boy" (The Who) – 4:55
  7. "I've Had Enough" (The Who) – 6:11
  8. "Helpless Dancer" (The Who) – 0:22
  9. "Doctor Jimmy" (The Who) – 7:31
  10. "Zoot Suit" (The High Numbers) – 2:00
  11. "Hi Heel Sneakers" (Cross Section) – 2:46
  12. "Get Out and Stay Out" (The Who) – 2:26
  13. "Four Faces" (The Who) – 3:20
  14. "Joker James" (The Who) – 3:13
  15. "The Punk and the Godfather" (The Who) – 5:21
  16. "Night Train" (James Brown) – 3:38
  17. "Louie Louie" (The Kingsmen) – 2:41
  18. "Green Onions" (Booker T. & the M.G.'s) – 2:46
  19. "Rhythm of the Rain" (The Cascades) – 2:28
  20. "He's So Fine" (The Chiffons) – 1:52
  21. "Be My Baby" (The Ronettes) – 2:30
  22. "Da Doo Ron Ron" (The Crystals) – 2:09
  23. "I'm the Face" (The High Numbers) – 2:29

This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The High Numbers was the name used by The Who for two of their early releases in the early 1960s They were at the time managed by Peter Meaden. ... Cross section may refer to the following In geometry, Cross section is the intersection of a 3-dimensional body with a plane. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... James Joseph Brown (May 3, 1933[2] – December 25, 2006), commonly referred to as The Godfather of Soul and The Hardest Working Man in Show Business, was an American entertainer recognized as one of the most influential figures in 20th century popular music. ... The Kingsmen were a rock band from Portland, Oregon who rose suddenly to fame with their recording of Richard Berrys Louie, Louie. ... For other people known as Booker T., see Booker T. Booker T. & the MGs is a soul band, most prominent in the 1960s and 1970s. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... The Chiffons was an all girl group originating from the Bronx area of New York in 1960. ... The Ronettes first album The Ronettes were a girl group of the 1960s from New York City, best known for their work with producer Phil Spector. ... The Crystals were one of the most successful girl groups of the 1960s. ... The High Numbers was the name used by The Who for two of their early releases in the early 1960s They were at the time managed by Peter Meaden. ...

Personnel

John Alec Entwistle (October 9, 1944 – June 27, 2002) was an English bass guitarist, songwriter, singer, and horn player, who was best known as the bass guitarist for rock band The Who. ... The electric bass guitar (or electric bass) is a bass string instrument played with the fingers by plucking, slapping, or using a pick. ... The horn is a brass instrument consisting of tubing wrapped into a coiled form. ... In music a singer or vocalist is a type of musician who sings, i. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... In music a singer or vocalist is a type of musician who sings, i. ... Keith John Moon (August 23, 1946 – September 7, 1978) was the drummer of the rock group The Who. ... For other kinds of drums, see drum (disambiguation). ... A percussion instrument is any object which produces a sound by being struck with an implement, shaken, rubbed, scraped, or by any other action which sets the object into vibration. ... In music a singer or vocalist is a type of musician who sings, i. ... Peter Dennis Blandford Townshend (born May 19, 1945 in Chiswick, London), is an award-winning English rock guitarist, singer, songwriter, and composer. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The term synthesiser is also used to mean frequency synthesiser, an electronic system found in communications. ... A short grand piano, with the top up. ... For other uses, see Banjo (disambiguation) A modern 5-string banjo The banjo is a stringed instrument of African American origin adapted from several African instruments. ... Sound effects or audio effects are artificially created or enhanced sounds, or sound processes used to emphasize artistic or other content of movies, video games, music, or other media. ... In music a singer or vocalist is a type of musician who sings, i. ...

Additional personnel

A pianist who played with The Who in their rock opera album Quadrophenia Among his many other musical credits, he also was featured on on the Leon Russell album Mad Dogs and Englishmen, as well as Eric Claptons late seventies solo album, Backless. ... A short grand piano, with the top up. ... Nicholas Nicky Hopkins (February 24, 1944 in Ealing, West London – September 6, 1994 in Nashville, Tennessee, USA) was an English musician who featured on scores of the most important British and American popular music recordings of the 1960s and 1970s, playing piano and organ. ... A Newsreader is as a person that represents a radio or tv show. ...

Production

  • Pete Townshend – pre-production, special effects
  • Chris Stamp – executive producer
  • Pete Kameron – executive producer
  • Kit Lambert – executive producer
  • Ron Nevison – engineer, special effects
  • Ron Fawcus – mixing continuity, engineering assistance
  • Bob Ludwig – Remastering
  • Rod Houison – special effects
  • Graham Hughes – front cover design and photography
  • Ethan Russell – art direction, insert photography

Peter Dennis Blandford Townshend (born May 19, 1945 in Chiswick, London), is an award-winning English rock guitarist, singer, songwriter, and composer. ... Chris Stamp, a former filmmaker, was the co-manager (with Kit Lambert) and executive producer of The Who until 1973, at which point tensions between Pete Townshend and Lambert caused the management team to be replaced by former assistant Bill Curbishley. ... Kit Lambert (May 11, 1935 – April 7, 1981) was a record producer and the manager for The Who. ... Rod Houison is a musician, producer, and sound engineer who has worked with The Who, Pete Townshend, Cliff Richards, Judge Dread, and Echo and the Bunnymen. ...

Charts

Album

Year Chart Position
1973 Billboard Pop Albums 2

It has been suggested that Billboard be merged into this article or section. ...

Singles

Year Single Chart Position
1973 "Love, Reign O'er Me" Billboard Pop Singles 76
1974 "The Real Me" Billboard Pop Singles 92
1979 "5:15" Billboard Pop Singles 45

Certifications

Organization Level Date
RIAA – U.S. Gold 29 October 1973
BPI – UK Gold 1 December 1973
RIAA – U.S. Platinum 2 February 1993

is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ...

Notes

  1. ^ In a conventional use of the word "opera" as Quadrophenia is mostly a monologue work rather than a varied drama.
  2. ^ On the U.S. release of the album, "The Punk and the Godfather" was renamed "The Punk Meets the Godfather"

A monologue, pronounced monolog, is a speech made by one person speaking his or her thoughts aloud or directly addressing a reader, audience, or character. ...

References

  • Townshend, Pete. "The Who Vh1 Mexico Interview Part 1", VH1, February, 2007. Accessed April 14, 2007.

External links

  • Lyrics
  • Guitar tablature
  • Quadrophenia.net - extensive fan site to all things Quadrophenia
  • QUAD - A Musical Staging of The Who's Quadrophenia
  • The Who Location Guide - features 'Quadrophenia' album booklet and movie locations
  • The Who Forum - Features an exclusive Ron Nevison interview about the making of the album
  • Quadrophenia liner notes - Song-by-song liner notes for the album
The Who
Personnel
Roger Daltrey - Pete Townshend
John Entwistle - Keith Moon
Kenney Jones - John "Rabbit" Bundrick - Pino Palladino - Zak Starkey
Simon Townshend - Jon Carin - Simon Phillips - Doug Sandom - Colin Dawson - Brian Kehew
Discography
Studio albums:
My Generation
- A Quick One - The Who Sell Out - Tommy - Who's Next - Quadrophenia
The Who by Numbers - Who Are You - Face Dances - It's Hard - Endless Wire
Live albums and compilations:
Magic Bus
- Live at Leeds - Meaty Beaty Big and Bouncy - Odds & Sods
The Kids Are Alright - Hooligans - Join Together (1982) - Who's Greatest Hits
Join Together (1990) - Thirty Years of Maximum R&B
My Generation - Live at the Isle of Wight Festival 1970 - The BBC Sessions
Blues to the Bush - The Ultimate Collection - Live at the Royal Albert Hall
Then and Now - Live From Toronto
Filmography
Tommy - Quadrophenia - The Kids Are Alright
Appearances:
Monterey Pop - Rock and Roll Circus - Woodstock
Other related people
Peter Meaden - Kit Lambert - Chris Stamp - Bob Pridden

  Results from FactBites:
 
Quadrophenia (1979) (883 words)
Franc Roddam, the director of Quadrophenia, did not disappoint me with his interpretation of The Who's rock opera (unlike Tommy, which had it's moments but didn't was all over the map so to speak).
He lets a viewer, who may not be entirely familiar to what occurred between the mods and the rockers in the early to mid 1960's Britain, in on what the energy, the attitudes were like among the young and old.
By the end of Quadrophenia I looked at Jimmy as being a character in the tradition of Humphrey Bogart in Treasure of the Sierra Madre- an anti-hero that may be doomed, but a viewer can still care about him.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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