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Encyclopedia > Qu Yuan
Qu Yuan
Qu Yuan
Qu Yuan's Names
Simplified Chinese: 屈原
Traditional Chinese: 屈原
Pinyin: Qū Yuán
Family name: Qu
Traditional Chinese:
Simplified Chinese:
Given name: Ping
Traditional Chinese:
Simplified Chinese:
Courtesy name (字): Yuan
Traditional Chinese:
Simplified Chinese:
Alias Given name (自名): Zhengze
Traditional Chinese: 正則
Simplified Chinese: 正则
Alias Courtesy name (别字): Lingjun
Traditional Chinese: 霛均
Simplified Chinese: 灵均

Qu Yuan (Chinese: ; pinyin: qū yúan) (ca. 340 BC - 278 BC) was a Chinese patriotic poet from southern Chu during the Warring States Period. His works are mostly found in an anthology of poetry known as Chu Ci. His death is commemorated on Duan Wu or Tuen Ng Festival (端午节/端午節), commonly known as the Dragon Boat Festival in the West. Image File history File links Qu_Yuan_2. ... Image File history File links Qu_Yuan_2. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Traditional Chinese (Traditional Chinese: 正體字/繁體字, Simplified Chinese: 正体字/繁体字) refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), commonly called Pinyin, is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Traditional Chinese (Traditional Chinese: 正體字/繁體字, Simplified Chinese: 正体字/繁体字) refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Traditional Chinese (Traditional Chinese: 正體字/繁體字, Simplified Chinese: 正体字/繁体字) refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Traditional Chinese (Traditional Chinese: 正體字/繁體字, Simplified Chinese: 正体字/繁体字) refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Traditional Chinese (Traditional Chinese: 正體字/繁體字, Simplified Chinese: 正体字/繁体字) refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Traditional Chinese (Traditional Chinese: 正體字/繁體字, Simplified Chinese: 正体字/繁体字) refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), commonly called Pinyin, is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... State of Chu (small seal script, 220 BC) Chu (楚) was a kingdom in what is now southern China during the Spring and Autumn period (722-481 BCE) and Warring States Period (481-212 BCE). ... Alternative meaning: Warring States Period (Japan) The Warring States Period (Traditional Chinese: 戰國時代; Simplified Chinese: 战国时代; Pinyin: Zhànguó Shídài) covers the period from sometime in the 5th century BC to the unification of China by the Qin in 221 BC. It is nominally considered to be the second part... Portrait of Qu Yuan, the central figure of Chu Ci, by Australian Chinese artist Zhang Cuiying Chu Ci (Traditional Chinese: 楚辭; Simplified Chinese: 楚辞; pinyin: chÇ” cí), also known as Songs of the South or Songs of Chu, is an anthology of Chinese poems by Qu Yuan and Song Yu from the... Dragon Boat Festival is also called Duan Wu or Tuen Ng Festival (端午节/端午節), which is a festival on the fifth day of the fifth month of the Chinese calendar. ...

Contents

Biography

Qu Yuan was a minister in the government of the state of Chu, descended of nobility and a champion of political loyalty and truth eager to maintain the Chu state's sovereignty. Qu Yuan advocated a policy of alliance with the other kingdoms of the period against the hegemonic state of Qin, which threatened to dominate them all. The Chu king, however, fell under the influence of other corrupt, jealous ministers who slandered Qu Yuan, and banished his most loyal counselor. It is said that Qu Yuan returned first to his family's home town. In his exile, he spent much of this time collecting legends and rearranging folk odes while travelling the countryside, producing some of the greatest poetry in Chinese literature while expressing his fervent love for his state and his deepest concern for its future. A minister or a secretary is a politician who heads a government ministry or department (e. ... Qin, Qín or Chin (Wade-Giles) can refer to. ... Exile (band) may refer to: Exile - The American country music band Exile - The Japanese pop music band Category: ... // [edit] Classical texts Main article: Chinese classic texts China has a wealth of classical literature, both poetry and prose, dating from the Eastern Zhou Dynasty (770-256 BCE) and including the Classics attributed to Confucius. ...


According to legend, his anxiety brought him to an increasingly troubled state of health; during his depression, he would often take walks near a certain well, during which he would look upon his reflection in the water and be his own person, thin and gaunt. In the legend, this well became known as the "Face Reflection Well." Today on a hillside in Xiangluping in Hubei province's Zigui, there is a well which is considered to be the original well from the time of Qu Yuan. Hubei (Chinese: 湖北; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hu-pei; Postal System Pinyin: Hupeh) is a central province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Zigui (Chinese: 姊归) is a city in the western Hubei Province of China at the eastern end of the Xiling gorge (西陵峡), one of the Three Gorges on the Yangtze River. ...


In 278 BC, learning of the capture of his country's capital, Ying, by General Bai Qi of the state of Qin, Qu Yuan is said to have written the lengthy poem of lamentation called "Lament for Ying" and later to have waded into the Miluo river in today's Hunan Province holding a great rock in order to commit ritual suicide as a form of protest against the corruption of the era. Bai Qi (?-257 BC), an outstanding military leader in the state of Qin in the Warring States Period. ... Lament for Ying (Chinese: 哀郢, pinyin: Äi Yǐng) is a poem written by famed Chinese poet Qu Yuan ca. ... Miluo River (汨罗江) is a river in Hunan province, China. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: Húnán) is a province of China, located in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and south of Lake Dongting (hence the name Hunan, meaning south of the lake). Hunan is sometimes called 湘 (pinyin: Xiāng) for short, after the Xiang River which runs through the... Ritual suicide is the act of suicide motivated by a religious, spiritual, or traditional ritual. ...


The origin of the Duan Wu Festival

The villagers carried their dumplings and boats to the middle of the river and desperately tried to save him, but were unsuccessful. In order to keep fish and evil spirits away from his body, they beat drums and splashed the water with their paddles. They threw rice into the water as a food offering to Qu Yuan and to distract the fish away from his body. However, late one night, the spirit of Qu Yuan appeared before his friends and told them that (unknown) because of a river dragon. He asked his friends to wrap their rice into three-cornered silk packages to ward off the dragon. These packages became a traditional food known as zong zi, although the lumps of rice are now wrapped in reed leaves instead of silk. The act of racing to search for his body in boats gradually became the cultural tradition of dragon boat racing, which is held on the anniversary of his death every year. The Chinese dragon (spelled Long, Loong or Lung in transliteration), is a mythical Chinese creature that also appears in other East Asian cultures, and is also sometimes called the Oriental (or Eastern) dragon. ... Silk dresses Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles. ... Zong, zongzi, or Chinese rice dumplings are a traditional Chinese food, made of glutinous rice stuffed with different fillings and wrapped in bamboo leaves. ... A dragon boat at the Stanley Dragon Boat Festival, Hong Kong, China A Dragon boat (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a very long and narrow human powered boat used in the team paddling sport of Dragon boat racing which originated in China. ...


Today, people still eat zhongzi and participate in dragon boat races to commemorate Qu Yuan's sacrifice on the Duan Wu festival, the fifth day of the fifth month of the Chinese lunar calendar. Dragon Boat Festival is also called Duan Wu or Tuen Ng Festival (端午节/端午節), which is a festival on the fifth day of the fifth month of the Chinese calendar. ... The Chinese calendar is a lunisolar calendar, akin to the Hebrew calendar & Hindu Calendar, incorporating elements of a lunar calendar with those of a solar calendar. ...


Reputation

Qu Yuan is generally recognised as the first great Chinese poet with record. He initiated the style of Sao, which is named after his work Li Sao, in which he abandoned the classic four-character verses used in poems of Shi Jing and adopted verses with varying lengths, which gives the poem more rhythm and latitude in expression. Qu Yuan is also regarded as one of the most prominent figures of Romanticism in Chinese literature, and his masterpieces influenced some of the greatest Romanticist poets in Tang Dynasty such as Li Bai and Du Fu. Li Sao (Chinese:離騷; Pinyin: Lí São) is one of the most famous poems in Chinese history. ... ShÄ« JÄ«ng (Chinese: 詩經), translated variously as the Classic of Poetry, the Book of Songs or the Book of Odes, is the first major collection of Chinese poems. ... Wanderer above the sea of fog by Caspar David Friedrich Romanticism is an artistic, literary and intellectual movement that originated in 18th century Western Europe. ... Li Po redirects here. ... Du Fu or Tu Fu (February 12, 712–770) was a prominent Chinese poet of the Tang Dynasty. ...


Other than his literary influence, Qu Yuan is also held as the earliest patriotic poet in China history. His political idealism and unbendable patriotism have served as the model for Chinese intellectuals to this day.


Works

Scholars have debated the authenticity of several of Qu Yuan's works since the Western Han dynasty (202 BCE - 9). The most authoritative historical record, Sima Qian's Records of the Grand Historian (Shi Ji) mentions five of Qu Yuan's works: The Han Dynasty (Traditional Chinese characters: 漢朝, Simplified Chinese characters: 汉朝, pinyin Hàncháo 202 BC - AD 220) followed the Qin Dynasty and preceded the Three Kingdoms in China. ... (Redirected from 202 BCE) Centuries: 2nd century BC - 3rd century BC - 4th century BC Decades: 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC - 200s BC - 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC Years: 207 BC 206 BC 205 BC 204 BC 203 BC - 202 BC - 201 BC 200 BC 199 BC 198 BC... Sima Qian Si Ma Qian (司馬遷) (c. ... The Records of the Grand Historian or the Records of the Grand Historian of China (Chinese: 史記; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Shih-chi; literally Historical Records), written from 109 BCE to 91 BCE, was the magnum opus of Sima Qian, in which he recounted Chinese history from the time of the mythical... The Records of the Grand Historian or the Records of the Grand Historian of China was the magnum opus of Sima Qian, in which he recounted Chinese history from the time of the mythical Yellow Emperor until his own time. ...

According to Wang Yi of the Eastern Han dynasty (ca. 25 CE - 220 CE), a total of 25 works can be attributed to Qu Yuan: Li Sao (Chinese:離騷; Pinyin: Lí São) is one of the most famous poems in Chinese history. ... Zhao Hun (Chinese: 招魂; Pinyin: Zhāo Hún) is a poem by Qu Yuan, and collected in the Chu Ci (楚辭 Songs of Chu, sometimes Songs of the South). ... Lament for Ying (Chinese: 哀郢, pinyin: Äi Yǐng) is a poem written by famed Chinese poet Qu Yuan ca. ... Lament for Ying (Chinese: 哀郢, pinyin: Äi Yǐng) is a poem written by famed Chinese poet Qu Yuan ca. ... The Han Dynasty (Traditional Chinese characters: 漢朝, Simplified Chinese characters: 汉朝, pinyin Hàncháo 202 BC - AD 220) followed the Qin Dynasty and preceded the Three Kingdoms in China. ... Events Han dynasty was restored in China as Liu Xiu proclaimed himself emperor, start of jiangwu era (->56). ... Events Han Xiandi abdicates his throne to Cao Pi, symbolizing the end of the Han Dynasty and the beginning of the Three Kingdoms period in China. ...

Wang Yi chose to attribute Zhao Hun to a poet of the Western Han dynasty, Song Yu; most modern scholars, however, consider Zhao Hun to be Qu Yuan's original work, whereas Yuan You, Pu Ju, and Yu Fu are believed to have been composed by others. Li Sao (Chinese:離騷; Pinyin: Lí São) is one of the most famous poems in Chinese history. ... Jiu Ge (Chinese: 九歌; Pinyin: JiÇ” GÄ“; English: Nine Songs) is a set of short poems attributed to Qu Yuan and published in the Chu Ci (楚辭 Songs of Chu, sometimes Songs of the South). Wikisource has original text related to this article: Jiu Ge Though it is called Jiu Ge, it... Jiu Zhang (Chinese: 九章 Pinyin: Jiu Zhang; English: Nine Pieces) is a collection of poems attributed to Qu Yuan and printed in the Chu Ci (楚辭 Songs of Chu, sometimes Songs of the South). ... Yuan You (Chinese: 遠遊; Pinyin: Yuǎn Yòu; English: Far-off Journey) is a poem attributed to Qu Yuan and published in the Chu Ci (楚辭 Songs of Chu, sometimes Songs of the South). ... Bu Ju (Chinese: 卜居; Pinyin: Bǔ Jū; English: Divination) a poem attributed to Qu Yuan and published in the Chu Ci (楚辭 Songs of Chu, sometimes Songs of the South). ... Yu Fu (Chinese: 漁父; Pinyin: Yú Fù; English: The Fisherman) is a poem attributed to Qu Yuan and published in the Chu Ci (楚辭 Songs of Chu, sometimes Songs of the South). ... Zhao Hun (Chinese: 招魂; Pinyin: Zhāo Hún) is a poem by Qu Yuan, and collected in the Chu Ci (楚辭 Songs of Chu, sometimes Songs of the South). ... The Han Dynasty (Traditional Chinese characters: 漢朝, Simplified Chinese characters: 汉朝, pinyin Hàncháo 202 BC - AD 220) followed the Qin Dynasty and preceded the Three Kingdoms in China. ... Song Yu (Simplified Chinese: 宋玉) was a well-known Chinese poet in the State of Chu during the third century BCE. He is commonly said to be a nephew of Qu Yuan, but no reliable biographical information is available (He is also said to be a student of Qu Yuan). ... Zhao Hun (Chinese: 招魂; Pinyin: Zhāo Hún) is a poem by Qu Yuan, and collected in the Chu Ci (楚辭 Songs of Chu, sometimes Songs of the South). ... Yuan You (Chinese: 遠遊; Pinyin: Yuǎn Yòu; English: Far-off Journey) is a poem attributed to Qu Yuan and published in the Chu Ci (楚辭 Songs of Chu, sometimes Songs of the South). ... Bu Ju (Chinese: 卜居; Pinyin: Bǔ Jū; English: Divination) a poem attributed to Qu Yuan and published in the Chu Ci (楚辭 Songs of Chu, sometimes Songs of the South). ... Yu Fu (Chinese: 漁父; Pinyin: Yú Fù; English: The Fisherman) is a poem attributed to Qu Yuan and published in the Chu Ci (楚辭 Songs of Chu, sometimes Songs of the South). ...

Wikisource
中文 Wikisource has original text related to this article:
Works of Qu Yuan (in Chinese)

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The original Wikisource logo. ...

External links

  • "Qu Yuan {Chu Yuan}, the great poet"
  • "Rice Dumpling Recipe - What they used to feed the fish"
  • "The Dragon Boat Festival" (article reproduced from Volume 1, number 2 of the newsletter of Families with Children from China of the San Francisco Bay Area)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Qu Yuan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (812 words)
Qu Yuan was a minister in the government of the state of Chu, descended of nobility and a champion of political loyalty and truth eager to maintain the Chu state's sovereignty.
Qu Yuan advocated a policy of alliance with the other kingdoms of the period against the hegemonic state of Qin, which threatened to dominate them all.
Qu Yuan is also regarded as one of the most prominent figures of Romanticism in Chinese literature, and his masterpieces influenced some of the greatest Romanticist poets in Tang Dynasty such as Li Bai and Du Fu.
Qu Yuan - definition of Qu Yuan in Encyclopedia (425 words)
Qu Yuan (屈原) (340 BC - 278 BC) was a Chinese poet from the southern state of Chu during the Warring States Period.
According to one legend, Qu Yuan was a minister in the government of the state of Chu, a champion of political loyalty and truth eager to maintain the Chu state's sovereignty.
In his exile, so the legend goes, Qu Yuan produced some of the greatest poetry in Chinese literature expressing his fervent love for his state and his deepest concern for its future.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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