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Encyclopedia > Qiqihar
齐齐哈尔市
Qíqíhā'ěr Shì
location of Qiqihar within Heilongjiang
Administration Type Prefecture-level city
Area 42,469 km²
Population (2005)
 - Metropolitan area
5,611,000
883,550
GDP
- Total
- Per Capita
 
¥
¥
Major Nationalities Han, Manchu, Mongol, Hui
County-level divisions 16
Township-level divisions  ?
Area code 0452
Postal Code 161000
License Plate Prefix 黑B

Qiqihar ( Simplified Chinese: 齐齐哈尔; Traditional Chinese: 齊齊哈爾; pinyin: Qíqíhā'ěr; Manchu: Cicigar hoton) is a major city in the Heilongjiang Province, Northeast China and has 895,000 inhabitants. Generally there are Han-Chinese and the minority are among others Manchu, Daur and Mongolians. Close to Qiqihar are numerous wetlands and the Zhalong Nature Reserve, famous in China for being home to numerous red-crowned cranes. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x1018, 39 KB) Description: Maps of Heilongjiang Provinces, China Source: Date: On Aug. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: dìjí shì, literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China, ranking below a province and above a county in Chinas administrative structure. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Metropolitan area in Western Tokyo as seen from Tokyo Tower A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large city and its adjacent zone of influence, or of several neighboring cities or towns and adjoining areas, with one or more large cities serving as its hub or... ISO 4217 Code CNY User(s) Mainland of the Peoples Republic of China Inflation 1. ... Ethnolinguistic map of China The Peoples Republic of China (PRC) is a multi-ethnic unitary state and, as such, officially recognizes 56 nationalities or mínzú (民族), within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 nationalities being the national minorities. ... Languages Chinese languages, Indian languages, Hebrew Religions Predominantly Taoism, Mahayana Buddhism, traditional Chinese religions, and atheism. ... The Manchu (Manchu: Manju; Simplified Chinese: , Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: MÇŽnzú, Mongolian: Манж) are a Tungusic people who originated in Manchuria (todays Northeast China). ... The name Mongols (Mongolian: Mongol) specifies one or several ethnic groups. ... The Hui people (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; pronounced hway) are a Chinese ethnic group, typically distinguished by their practice of the Islamic religion. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... The Chinese Telephone Code Plan is the way to group telephone numbers in mainland China. ... The Postal code for the Peoples Republic of China is under a numeric 6-digit system for the whole country. ... Blue PRC licence plates of the 1992 standard (August 2004 image). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Traditional Chinese (Traditional Chinese: 正體字/繁體字, Simplified Chinese: 正体字/繁体字) refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), commonly called Pinyin, is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... The Manchu language is a Tungusic language spoken by Manchus in Manchuria; it is the language of the Manchu, though now most Manchus speak Mandarin Chinese and there are fewer than 70 native speakers of Manchu out of a total of nearly 10 million ethnic Manchus. ... Heilongjiang (Simplified Chinese: 黑龙江省; Traditional Chinese: 黑龍江省; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Postal System Pinyin: Heilungkiang) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China located in the northeastern part of the country. ... Approximate extent Northeast China (Simplified Chinese: 东北; Traditional Chinese: 東北; pinyin: Dōngběi; literally east-north), historically known as Manchuria, is the name of a region (ca. ... The Manchu (Manchu: Manju; Simplified Chinese: , Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: MÇŽnzú, Mongolian: Манж) are a Tungusic people who originated in Manchuria (todays Northeast China). ... Red-crowned cranes at the Zhalong Wetland Zhalong Nature Reserve ( Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is the largest wetland reserve in China, located in the Songhua Nen river plain of Heilongjiang province. ... Binomial name Grus japonensis (Statius Muller, 1776) The Red-crowned Crane (Grus japonensis), also called the Japanese Crane and Manchurian Crane, is a large crane and is the second rarest crane in the world. ...

Contents

Geography

The population is about 5.611 million, where 883,550 (January 1, 2005) people live in the city. The area is 4.310 km²; 42.469 km² including suburbs. It is about 146 m above sea level and the annual rainfall is 415 mm. Average temperature is 3.2°C (January -25.7°C, July 22.8°C). Qiqihar is a principal Chinese city, the second largest in Heilongjiang Province and the 35th largest in China. January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Subdivisions

Qiqihar is divided into 16 divisions: 7 districts (区/區 ), 8 counties (县/縣 xiàn) and 1 county-level city (县級市/縣級市 xiànjí shì). A county-level city (县级市 Pinyin: xiànjí shì) is a county-level administrative division of mainland China. ...


The urban area includes Tiefeng District, Longsha District and Jianhua District.


Districts:

  • Longsha District (龙沙区/龍沙區)
  • Ang'angxi District (昂昂溪区)
  • Tiefeng District (铁锋区/鐵锋區)
  • Jianhua District (建华区/建華區)
  • Fularji District 富拉尔基区/富拉爾基區
  • Nianzishan District(碾子山区)
  • Meilisi District (梅裡斯区)

County-level city: Angangxi ( Chinese: ; pinyin: Ángángxī ) is a county-level disctrict of the city of Qiqihar in Heilongjiang province, China. ...

  • Nehe City (讷河市/訥河市)

Counties: Nehe is a town in Heilongjiang, China, 120 km north northeast of Qiqihar. ...

  • Fuyu County 富裕县)
  • Baiquan County (拜泉县)
  • Gannan County, Heilongjiang (甘南县)
  • Yi'an County (依安县)
  • Keshan County (克山县)
  • Tailai County (泰来县/泰來縣)
  • Kedong County (克东县/克東縣)
  • Longjiang County (龙江县/龍江縣)


Kedong (Simplified Chinese: 克东; Traditional Chinese: 克東; Pinyin: Kèdōng) is a county in Qiqihar in the north-eastern province of Heilongjiang of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Longjiang is a county in Qiqihar in the nothern province of Heilongjiang in China. ...

Prefecture-level divisions of Heilongjiang
Sub-provincial cities: Harbin
Prefecture-level cities: Daqing | Hegang | Heihe | Jiamusi | Jixi
Mudanjiang | Qiqihar | Qitaihe | Shuangyashan | Suihua | Yichun
Prefectures: Daxing'anling Prefecture
List of Heilongjiang County-level divisions

Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... Heilongjiang (Simplified Chinese: 黑龙江省; Traditional Chinese: 黑龍江省; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Postal System Pinyin: Heilungkiang) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China located in the northeastern part of the country. ... A sub-provincial city (副省级城市), or vice-provincial city, in the Peoples Republic of China, is a prefecture-level city that is ruled by a province, but is administered independently in regard to economy and law. ... Harbin on a map of China For other meanings of Harbin, see Harbin (disambiguation). ... A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: dìjí shì, literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Daqing (Simplified Chinese: 大庆; Traditional Chinese: 大慶) (pronounced Da Tshing) is a city in northeast China in the Heilongjiang province. ... Hegang (simplified Chinese: 鹤岗 traditional Chinese: 鶴崗; pinyin: HègÇŽng; also known as Haoli) is a prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Heihe (黑河; pinyin: Hēihé; Black River) is a city in Heilongjiang, China. ... Jiamusi (佳木斯; pinyin: Jiāmùsī) is a city in the province of Heilongjiang, in the Peoples Republic of China, located on the riverside of the middle and lower reaches of Songhua Jiang. ... Jixi is a city with more than a half million inhabitants in the Peoples Republic of China. ... Mudanjiang (牡丹江) is prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Qitaihe (Chinese: 七台河; pinyin: QÄ«táihé) is a prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... New Years Parade in February 2002 A small house in the countryside a few kilometres outside of Shuangyashan Shuangyashan (Simplified Chinese: 双鸭山; Traditional Chinese: 雙鴨山; pinyin: ) is a coal-mining city in the eastern part of Chinas Heilongjiang province. ... Suihua (simplified Chinese: 绥化; traditional Chinese: 綏化; pinyin: SuÄ«huà) is a prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Yichun (Chinese: 伊春; pinyin: YÄ«chÅ«n) is a prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang province in Northeastern China. ... Prefecture, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... Heilongjiang, a province of the Peoples Republic of China, is made up of the following administrative divisions: 13 prefecture-level divisions 12 prefecture-level cities 1 prefecture 130 county-level divisions 19 county-level cities 45 counties 1 autonomous county 65 districts 1314 township-level divisions 475 towns 400...

History

Qiqihar is one of the oldest cities in the northeast of China and was founded in 1691. From 1931 until 1945 it was an important military base for the Japanese control of northeastern China. Events March 5 - French troops under Marshal Louis-Francois de Boufflers besiege the Spanish-held town of Mons March 20 - Leislers Rebellion - New governor arrives in New York - Jacob Leisler surrenders after standoff of several hours March 29 - Siege of Mons ends to the city’s surrender May 6... 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ...


A major mustard gas tank leftover from the Second Sino-Japanese War buried underground was accidentally damaged in 2003. It caused major injuries and one death. Airborne exposure limit 0. ... Combatants Republic of China Empire of Japan Commanders Chiang Kai-shek, Chen Cheng, Yan Xishan, Feng Yuxiang, Li Zongren, Xue Yue, Mao Zedong, Peng Dehuai Fumimaro Konoe, Hideki Tojo, Matsui Iwane, Jiro Minami, Kesago Nakajima, Toshizo Nishio, Yasuji Okamura, Umezu Yoshijiro Strength 5,600,000[] 4,100,000 (including 900... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Tourism

  • Zhalong Nature Reserve
  • Longsha Park
  • Zen Monastery
  • Labor Lake
  • New cultural sites at Ang'angxi
  • Wan Shin Buddhist Temple
  • Mingyue Island

Red-crowned cranes at the Zhalong Wetland Zhalong Nature Reserve ( Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is the largest wetland reserve in China, located in the Songhua Nen river plain of Heilongjiang province. ...

Sports

Qiqihar has an ice hockey team that plays in Asia League Ice Hockey. Their team mascot is the snow leopard. Qiqihar will be host 2007 IIHF World Championships Div I Group A. The Asia League Ice Hockey is an ice hockey league that has teams from Japan, China, and South Korea. ... Binomial name Uncia uncia Schreber, 1775 Range map Synonyms Panthera uncia The snow leopard (Uncia uncia[1] or Panthera uncia[2]), sometimes known as the ounce, is a large cat native to the mountain ranges of central and southern Asia. ... The Ice Hockey World Championships are an annual event put together by the IIHF, the International Ice Hockey Federation, since 1930. ...


External links

  • “Chinese Village Struggles to Save Dying Language” – New York Times article about Manchu speakers in Sānjiāzǐ (三家子), Fùyù County

Coordinates: 47°20′N 123°58′E The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... The Manchu language is a Tungusic language spoken by Manchus in Manchuria; it is the language of the Manchu, though now most Manchus speak Mandarin Chinese and there are fewer than 70 native speakers of Manchu out of a total of nearly 10 million ethnic Manchus. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Qiqihar Tourist Information and Travel Guide at InfoHub.com (605 words)
Two-and-a-half hours' train or bus journey (¥20) west of Daqing, QIQIHAR is one of the northeast's oldest cities, and still a thriving industrial centre.
This flat, marshy plain abounds in shallow reedy lakes and serves as the summer breeding ground of thousands of species of birds, including white storks, whooper swans, spoonbills, white ibis, and, the star attractions, nine of the world's fifteen species of cranes.
Splendid though the birds are, it can be difficult to fill the time you're obliged to spend in Qiqihar by the bus timetable and a better bet might be to take one of the flat-bottomed boat tours run by CITS, which leave from the reserve entrance.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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