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Encyclopedia > Qatif
Coordinates: 26°56′N 50°01′E / 26.933, 50.017
Province Ash Sharqiyah
Population (2004)
 - City 474,573
Time zone +3 GMT (UTC)

Qatif or Al-Qatif (also spelled Qateef or Al-Qateef; Arabic: القطيف Al-Qaṭīf) is a historic, coastal oasis region located on the western shore of the Persian Gulf in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. It extends from Ras Tanura and Jubail in the north to Dammam in the south. It covers a large area that includes the town of Qatif as well many smaller towns and villages such as Saihat, Anak, Safwa, Awamiya, Awjam, Qudaih, Khuwailidiya, Jaroodiya, Al-Jish, Umm Al-Hamam, as well as Tarout Island (which includes the districts of Sanabis and Darin). Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Saudi Arabia is divided into 13 provinces (mintaqat, singular - mintaqah). ... Categories: Stub | Provinces of Saudi Arabia ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... ... Arabic redirects here. ... For the English rock band, see Oasis (band). ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ... Eastern Province (Arabic: ) is the largest province of Saudi Arabia, located in the east of the country on the Persian Gulf coast, and has land borders with Kuwait, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, and Yemen. ... Map of Ras Tanura Region Ras Tanura (more accurately Ras TannÅ«rah, Arabic: رأس تنورة meaning top/head of the barbeque spit) is a city in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia located on a peninsula extending into the Persian Gulf. ... Location of Jubail, Saudi Arabia. ... Dammam Corniche Dammam (Also Damman or Ad Dammām) is the capital of the Ash Sharqiyah province in Saudi Arabia. ... Tarout Island is the second largest island in the Persian Gulf, off the coast of the Qatif oasis. ...

Blessed with abundant fresh-water springs, the oasis is famous for its dates, especially the khlass, khunaizi, maji, hallao, and khsab al-asfour varieties. Agricultural products also include limes, bananas, grapes, pomegranates, figs, and vegetables, especially tomatoes, okra, radishes, and onions. For the English rock band, see Oasis (band). ... Binomial name Phoenix dactylifera L. The Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera) is a palm extensively cultivated for its edible fruit. ...

Qatif enjoys a continental climate with temperatures approaching 50 degrees Celsius (120 F) in the summer and an average humidity of 90%. In winter, temperatures range between 18 and 25 degrees Celsius. During the months of May and June, warm seasonal winds called albwarh affect the region. The rest of the year, the moist southern winds, or alcos, bring humidity. There is little rainfall.

The Qatif coastline is rich with shrimp and many varieties of fish, espcially the safi (Siganus species), kan`ad (Scomberomorus commerson), hamoor (grouper), shi`ri, badeh, and mayd varieties. It has the largest fish market in the kingdom and the gulf region. For other uses, see Fish (disambiguation). ... Species See text. ... Species Scomberomorus cavalla Scomberomorus guttatus Scomberomorus lineolatus Scomberomorus maculatus . ... Genera Acanthistius Alphestes Anyperidon Caprodon Cephalopholis Cromileptes Dermatolepis Epinephelus Gonioplectrus Gracila HypoplectrodesLiopropoma Mycteroperca Niphon Paranthias Plectropomus Saloptia Triso Variola For the computer program, see Grouper (Windows application). ...

Qatif is well-known for its traditional markets (suqs) such as the weekly Thursday Market "Suq Alkhamees" and "Suq Waqif". A souk (سوق, also sook, souq, or suq) is a commercial quarter in an Arab city. ...

The Qatif region is the largest center of Shia Islam in Saudi Arabia. The community celebrates Ashura and other Shia days of remembrance in open, lively seasons. However, the community has lived in somewhat precarious relations with the Sunni government and the larger, more powerful Sunni community of the kingdom, and has many times suffered from discrimination.[1] Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Day of Aashurah, sometimes spelled ‘Ashurah or Aashoorah, falls on the 10th day of Muharram in the Islamic calendar. ... Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ... This box:      Most broadly, discrimination is the discernment of qualities and rejection of subjects with undesirable qualities. ...

Qatif enjoys excellent connections with other Saudi urban centres by highway; it is also close to the causeway that connects the kingdom with the nation of Bahrain. Air service is provided at the near by King Fahd International Airport. King Fahd International Airport (Arabic: مطار الملك فهد الدولي) (IATA: DMM, ICAO: OEDF) is located near Qatif, Saudi Arabia. ...



The historic oasis area shows its first archeological evidence of settlement beginning about 3500 BC. It was known by other names, such as Al-Khatt (Arabic: الخَطّ), immortalized in the poetry of `Antara ibn Shaddad, Tarafa ibn Al-`Abd, Bashar ibn Burd (in his famous Ba'yya), and others. The word "Khatty" became the preferred "kenning" for "spear" in traditional poetic writing until the dawn of the modern era, supposedly because the reason was famous for spear making, just as "muhannad" ("of India") was the preferred kenning for "sword". The older name also survives as the eponym of several well-known local families ("Al-Khatti", spelled variously in English). Arabic redirects here. ...  Antara Ibn Shaddād al-Absi عنترة بن شداد العبسي was a pre-Islamic Arab hero and poet ( 580) famous both for his poetry and his adventurous life. ... Tarafa, or Tarafah ibn al Abd ben Sufyan ben Malik al Bakri (Arabic: ), was a 6th century Arabian poet of the tribe of the Bakr. ... Bashār ibn Burd (714-784) (Arabic: بشار بن برد) nicknamed al-Muraath meaning the wattled, was a poet in the late Umayyad and the early Abbasid periods. ... In literature, a kenning is a poetic phrase, a figure of speech, substituted for the usual name of a person or thing. ...

Qatif functioned for centuries as the main town and port in this region of the Gulf. In fact, it was called Cateus by the Greeks, and some early European maps even labeled the entire present-day Persian Gulf as the "Sea of El Catif". Qatif oasis and the nearby island of Tarout are some of the most interesting tourist and archeological sites in the Kingdom, which reflects the importance of the eastern part of the Arabian Peninsula in the past. Tarout Island is the second largest island in the Persian Gulf, off the coast of the Qatif oasis. ...

Until 1521 and Ottoman rule, Qatif belonged to the historical region known as the Province of Bahrain, along with Al-Hasa and the present-day Bahrain islands. Qatif itself (as well as Al-Hasa) were conquered by the Saudis in 1914 from the Ottoman Empire. Look up Ottoman, ottoman in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the historical region of Bahrain. ... Ash Sharqiyah, known as Eastern Province is the largest province of Saudi Arabia, located in the east of the country on the coasts of the Persian Gulf, and has borders with Kuwait, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, and Yemen. ... Ottoman redirects here. ...


Traditionally reliant on agriculture, Qatif has become famous in the oil industry recently, mainly due to the giant Qatif project, which produces 800,000 barrels of oil each day, making Qatif possibly the most oil-producing city in the world. Other petroleum industries within the city include gas separator plants and pipeline facilities. Saudi Aramcos Qatif Project, the largest crude increment built in recent times, adds 650,000 barrels (103,000 m³) per day to the 150,000 barrels (24,000 m³) per day already produced from the Abu Safah field. ...

In addition to its involvement in the oil industry and commerce, the Qatif region has a thriving agricultural sector, producing a wide range of crops, including dates, cereals, vegetables, fruit and poultry. Qatif is also the main supplier of fish to the kingdom as well as the largest fishing center in the gulf region.


As of 2004, the total population of Qatif was 474,573 [1]; ranking as one of the ten most populated counties in Saudi Arabia. Qatif has one of the lowest numbers of non-Saudi residents in the kingdom (only 59,808). Originally, a county was the land under the jurisdiction of a count (in Great Britain, an earl, though the original earldoms covered larger areas) by reason of that office. ...


- List of towns and villages forming Qatif county: - *Qatif City - *Tarout Island - *Saihat - *Safwa - *Al-Awamiyah - *Al-Jish - *Al-Qudaih - *Al-Jaroudiya - *Umm Al-Hamam - *Al-Taubi - *Al-Khuwailidiya - *Hellat-Muhaish - *Enak - *Al-Awjam - *Al-Malahha Tarout Island is the second largest island in the Persian Gulf, off the coast of the Qatif oasis. ... // Saihat (Also Syhat) (Arabic:سيهات) is a city in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. ... Al-Jaroudiya or Jaroudiya is a village situated in Qatif region in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. ...


  1. ^ International Crisis Group. The Shiite Question in Saudi Arabia, Middle East Report N°45, 19 September 2005.

External links

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List of main Saudi Arabian cities
Afif | Arar | Abha | Abqaiq | Al-Bahah | Buraidah | Dammam | Dhahran | Diriyah | Duba | Ha'il | Hofuf | Al Jawf | Jeddah | Jizan | Jubail | Khamis Mushait | Al-Kharj | Khobar | Al Majma'ah | Mecca (Makkah) | Medina | Najran | Bisha | Qatif | Ras Tanura | Khafji | Riyadh (National Capital) | Ta’if | Tabuk | Unaizah | Yanbu' al Bahr | Hafar Al-Batin

  Results from FactBites:
Qatif (210 words)
Qatif lies at the northern end of a large metropolitan and industrial area, with about 1.2 million inhabitants, where the other cities are Dammam, Khobar and Dhahran.
The agriculture was modernized in the 1960's and Qatif is one of the largest food producers in the kingdom, yielding mainly dates, alfalfa, rice, fruits, and vegetables.
Qatif is served by the King Fahd International Airport in Dhahran.
Qatif - The Saudi Arabia Information Resource (149 words)
Qatif is an oasis city located in the north eastern part of the Kingdom, lying along the coast of the Arabian Gulf, some 20 kilometers north of Dammam.
Qatif is the centre of the most important agricultural and fishing areas of the Kingdom.
Qatif's inhabitants are mainly farmers, fishermen, and those engaged in some aspect of the oil industry.
  More results at FactBites »



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