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Encyclopedia > Pythian Games
View of the stadium of the Delphi sanctuary, used for the Pythian Games. The stone steps on the left were added under the Romans.
View of the stadium of the Delphi sanctuary, used for the Pythian Games. The stone steps on the left were added under the Romans.
This starting line at the Delphi stadium used for the Pythian Games at Delphi, Greece has a design representative of that of many ancient Greek stadiums: stones with two lines in which the athletes nudged their toes, and round holes in which posts could be erected to support the start signalling mechanism.
This starting line at the Delphi stadium used for the Pythian Games at Delphi, Greece has a design representative of that of many ancient Greek stadiums: stones with two lines in which the athletes nudged their toes, and round holes in which posts could be erected to support the start signalling mechanism.

The Pythian Games (Delphic Games) were one of the four Panhellenic Games of Ancient Greece, a forerunner of the modern Olympic Games, held every four years at the sanctuary of Apollo at Delphi. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 2114 KB) A view of the stadium at the sanctuary of Apollo in Delphi, Greece Photo taken by myself Copyright © 2004 David Monniaux File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 2114 KB) A view of the stadium at the sanctuary of Apollo in Delphi, Greece Photo taken by myself Copyright © 2004 David Monniaux File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 462 × 599 pixels Full resolution (1608 × 2084 pixel, file size: 814 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The starting line at the stadium used for the Pythian Games at Delphi, Greece This starting line has a design representative of that of many... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 462 × 599 pixels Full resolution (1608 × 2084 pixel, file size: 814 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The starting line at the stadium used for the Pythian Games at Delphi, Greece This starting line has a design representative of that of many... Panhellenic Games is the collective term for four separate sports festivals held in ancient Greece. ... The term ancient Greece refers to the periods of Greek history in Classical Antiquity, lasting ca. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... For other uses, see Apollo (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Delphi (disambiguation). ...


They were held in honour of Apollo two years after (and two years before) each Olympic Games, and between each Nemean and Isthmian Games. They were founded sometime in the 6th century BC, and, unlike the Olympic Games, also featured competitions for music and poetry. The music and poetry competitions pre-dated the athletic portion of the games, and were said to have been started by Apollo after he killed Python and set up the oracle at Delphi. Otherwise, the athletic events were the same as the Olympic Games. A four-horse chariot race was held in a hippodrome in the plain, not far from the sea, in the place where the original stadium was sited. (ref: Pindar) For other uses, see Apollo (disambiguation). ... The Nemean Games were one of the Panhellenic Games of Ancient Greece, and were held at Nemea every two years. ... The Isthmian Games were one of the Panhellenic Games of Ancient Greece, and were held at Corinth every two years. ... (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium) The 6th century BC started on January 1, 600 BC and ended on December 31, 501 BC. // Monument 1, an Olmec colossal head at La Venta The 5th and 6th centuries BC were a time of empires, but more importantly, a time... In Greek mythology Python was the earth-dragon of Delphi, always represented in the vase-paintings and by sculptors as a serpent. ... Chariot racing was one of the most popular ancient Greek and Roman sports. ... For other uses, see Hippodrome (disambiguation). ... Pindar (or Pindarus) (probably born 522 BC in Cynoscephalae, a village in Boeotia; died 443 BC in Argos), was perhaps the greatest of the nine lyric poets of ancient Greece. ...


The winners received a wreath of bay laurels from the city of Tempe in Thessaly. Smaller Pythian were celebrated in many other cities of Asia Minor and Greece. Binomial name Laurus nobilis L. The Bay Laurel (Laurus nobilis, Lauraceae), also known as True Laurel, Sweet Bay, Grecian Laurel, or just Laurel, is an evergreen tree or large shrub reaching 10–18 m tall, native to the Mediterranean region. ... Tempe is a variant spelling for the food Tempeh. ... Map showing Thessaly periphery in Greece Thessaly (Θεσσαλια; modern Greek Thessalía; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is one of the 13 peripheries of Greece, and is further sub-divided into 4 prefectures. ...

The Pythian Games included a chariot race.
The Pythian Games included a chariot race.

Contents

Download high resolution version (1307x2571, 392 KB) See also Image:Ac. ... Download high resolution version (1307x2571, 392 KB) See also Image:Ac. ... For other uses, see Chariot (disambiguation). ...

History

The historical timeframe of the Pythian Games starts 582 BC, when the administration of the Games was handed over to the Delphic Amphiktyonia, a council of the twelve Greek tribes, to end the Holy War in the past. Since then they did not take place every eight years as in the past, but every four years, one year prior to the Olympic Games, presumably end-August.



In the beginning only musical contests were held in the Pythian Games, followed later by singing accompanied by Kithara, then extended by singing to Flute and Solo Flute performance. These retained great importance as also in the other big Festivals, although with the new rearrangement of the Pythian even the gymnastic competitions and the chariot racing and horse riding found its introduction to the games.



During the Delphic Games, which lasted three months, the Holy Delphic Peace was announced. The ceasefire guaranteed the people – participants and spectators – to travel without risk to the Games and back to their homeland. The enthusiasm of the public is bequeathed. Scores of people flock out of entire Greece, bringing in substantial revenue to the city. The Agora, the Market took place during the Games, and became a very important significant emporium for the Arts.


394 AC. Theodosius I., Emperor of Rome and Byzantium, banned the Delphic Games as heathen events.


Course

Unfortunately the testimonials and documents covering the Delphic Games were mainly destroyed through human violence and natural catastrophes. All the remaining resources highlight the glory and glamour of the Games. The records of Aristoteles present an overview about the festivities: the Games lasted for six to eight days and were started by a Holy Game, which showcased the victory of Apollo over Python. In a festive and glamorous Procession a “Festival Sacrifice” was performed in the Temple of the Apollo. After four days of festivities the Games began.


The Music and Theatre Play competition were carried out in the Theatre, the athletic contests in the Stadium of Delphi. The chariot races were carried out in the nearby plain of Krisa, taking into account the hilly landscape of Delphi.


The musical disciplines included:

  • One Hymn addressed to the Apollo God
  • Flute and Kithara (an old Greek string instrument) with or without singing
  • Acting and Dance Competitions
  • Painting Competitions

The Delphic Games were honorary Games. The winners did not receive any prize money, but a Laurel Twig as award, because the laurel was very sacred to apollo. Twig as the Olympian award. Even apples were sometimes presented as competitive prize and the winner received the symbolic Palm Twig at the Pythian and also at the Olympian Games. As special honour and tributes also a statue was dedicated to the competitors. However, the reputation the winner received by his city was priceless. The cities supported their representatives with all measures available, to succeed as good as possible at the Games.


Delphic Games of the Modern Era

1600 years later the International Delphic Council (IDC) was founded in Berlin. Representatives of 18 Nations followed the invitation of the Founder of the Delphic Movement of the Modern Era, J. Christian B. Kirsch. Under the Banner of the IDC, the first Junior Delphic Games 1997 were held in Tbilisi and the first Delphic Games of the Modern Era 2000 in Moscow. Additional mile stones: the II. Junior Delphic Games 2003 were held in Düsseldorf, Germany and the II. Delphic Games 2005 in Kuching, Malaysia. The III. Junior Delphic Games 2007 will be held in November in Baguio City, Philippines and two years later the III. Delphic Games 2009 in Jeju-si, Korea. The International Delphic Council (IDC) is the supreme authority for all matters regarding the Delphic Games and Junior Delphic Games. ... Location of Tbilisi in Georgia Coordinates: , Country Georgia Established c. ... Kuching is the capital of the East Malaysian State of Sarawak. ... Jeju (Jeju-si) is the capital of Jeju province in South Korea and the largest city on the island of Jeju. ...



Image:scheward.jpg Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


Ebun A. Oyagbola, the first IDC President, welcomes the President of Georgia, Edward Shevardnadze, at the first Junior Delphic Games in April 1997. Eduard Shevardnadze (Georgian: ედუარდ შევარდნაძე, Russian: Эдуа́рд Амвро́сьевич Шевардна́дзе; (IPA: , born 25 January 1928 in Mamati, Lanchkhuti, Georgia) served as the President of Georgia from 1995 until he resigned on 23 November 2003 in the Rose Revolution. ...


Patrons and Supporters of the Delphic Games of the Modern Era as listed below:

  • Edward Shevardnadze, President of the Republic of Georgia
  • Daniel Tarschys, Secretary General of the Council of Europe
  • Federico Mayor Zaragoza, General Director UNESCO
  • Vladimir Putin, President of the Russian Federation
  • Alexeij II. Partiarch of Moscow and Russia
  • Dr. Walter Schwimmer, Secretary General of the Council of Europe
  • Koïshira Matsuura, General Director UNESCO
  • Kostas Pappas, Alternate President of the World Council of Hellenes Abroad (SAE)
  • Dr. Haji Abdul Taib Mahmud, Chief Minister of Sarawak, Malaysia


Image:delphi-malaysia.jpg UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... Walter Schwimmer (born 1942 06 16) is a politician and diplomat from Austria. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


Delphic Games 2005 in Kuching, Malaysia. Kuching is the capital of the East Malaysian State of Sarawak. ...


Web

  • III JUNIOR DELPHIC GAMES 2007 Baguio City, Philippines - November 10 to 15
  • III JUNIOR DELPHIC GAMES 2007 Baguio City, Philippines - Participation Package
  • International Delphic Council More Information’s to the Delphic Games of the Modern Era

  Results from FactBites:
 
Panhellenic Games - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (327 words)
The Games took place in a four-year cycle known as the Olympiad, which was one of the ways the Greeks measured time.
The Olympic Games were used as a starting point, year one of the cycle; the Nemean and Isthmian Games were both held (in different months) in year two, followed by the Pythian Games in year three, and then the Nemean and Isthmian Games again in year four.
The main events at each of the games were chariot racing, wrestling, boxing, pankration, stadion and various other foot races, and the pentathlon (made up of wrestling, stadion, long jump, javelin throw, and discus throw).
Pythian Games - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (261 words)
This starting line at the Delphi stadium used for the Pythian Games at Delphi, Greece has a design representative of that of many ancient Greek stadiums: stones with two lines in which the athletes nudged their toes, and round holes in which posts could be erected to support the start signalling mechanism.
The Pythian Games were one of the four Panhellenic Games of Ancient Greece, a forerunner of the modern Olympic Games, held every four years at the sanctuary of Apollo at Delphi.
The music and poetry competitions pre-dated the athletic portion of the games, and were said to have been started by Apollo after he killed Python and set up the oracle at Delphi.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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