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Encyclopedia > Pyrenees
Pic de Bugatetin the Néouvielle Natural Reserve
Central Pyrenees
Central Pyrenees

The Pyrenees (Spanish: Pirineos; French: Pyrénées; Catalan: Pirineus; Occitan: Pirenèus; Aragonese: Perinés; Basque: Pirinioak) are a range of mountains in southwest Europe that form a natural border between France and Spain. They separate the Iberian Peninsula from France, and extend for about 430 km (267 mi) from the Atlantic Ocean (Bay of Biscay) to the Mediterranean Sea (Cap de Creus). Pic de Bugatet in the natural reserve of Néouville in the French Pyrenees. ... Pic de Bugatet in the natural reserve of Néouville in the French Pyrenees. ... Central Pyrenees, as seen from the summit of the Pic du Midi de Bigorre. ... Central Pyrenees, as seen from the summit of the Pic du Midi de Bigorre. ... Capital Melbourne Government Constitutional monarchy Governor David de Kretser Premier Steve Bracks (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 37  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $222,022 (2nd)  - Product per capita  $44,443/person (5th) Population (End of September 2006)  - Population  5,110,500 (2nd)  - Density  22. ... The Pyrenees are located in Victoria, Australia near the town of Avoca. ... Catalan IPA: (català IPA: or []) is a Romance language, the national language of Andorra, and a co-official language in the Spanish autonomous communities of Balearic Islands, Catalonia and Valencia (in the latter with the name of Valencian), and in the city of LAlguer in the Italian island of... Occitan, known also as Lenga dòc or Langue doc (Occitan: occitan, lenga dòc) is a Romance language spoken in Occitania (i. ... Aragonese, IPA: (), is a Romance language now spoken by some 10,000 people over the valleys of the Aragón River, Sobrarbe and Ribagorza in the province of Huesca, Aragon, Spain. ... Basque (native name: euskara) is the language spoken by the Basque people who inhabit the Pyrenees in North-Central Spain and the adjoining region of South-Western France. ... The Himalaya as seen from the International Space Station A mountain range is a group of mountains bordered by lowlands or separated from other mountain ranges by passes or rivers. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... A natural border is a border between states which are composed of natural objects such as rivers, mountain ranges, or deserts. ... The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe, and includes modern day Spain, Portugal, Andorra and Gibraltar. ... Map of the Bay of Biscay. ... Composite satellite image of the Mediterranean Sea. ... 80. ...


For the most part, the main crest forms the Franco-Spanish frontier, with Andorra sandwiched in between. The main exception to this rule is formed by the Val d'Aran, which belongs to Spain but lies on the north face of the range. Other minor orographical anomalies include the Cerdanya fall and the Spanish exclave of Llívia. Val dAran, a small valley (620. ... Orography is the average height of land, measured in geopotential meters, over a certain domain. ... Map of Baixa Cerdanya in Catalonia Cerdanya (French Cerdagne) is one of the historical Catalan counties in the eastern Pyrenees, bordering the county of Alt Urgell. ... D is Bs exclave, but is not an enclave. ... Llívia is a town of Cerdagne, located in the Catalan comarca of Baixa Cerdanya, province of Girona, Catalonia, Spain, that forms a Spanish exclave surrounded by French territory (Pyrénées-Orientales département). ...


The Pyrenees are named after Pyrene (fire in Greek) who was the daughter of Bebryx and was raped by Herakles. Terrified at giving birth to a serpent, she fled to the mountains and was either buried or eaten by wild animals. Herodotus located this legend in his map of the Oikumene as early as 450 BC. In Greek mythology, four people were known as Cycnus or Cygnus. ... For the son of Alexander the Great, see Heracles (Macedon). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Oikumene is Hellenistic Greek word which was used to refer to the known world in Alexander The Greats Hellenistic Age. ...

Contents

Geography

Politically, the Pyrenees are part of the following French départements, from east to west: Pyrénées-Orientales, Aude, Ariège, Haute-Garonne, Hautes-Pyrénées, and Pyrénées-Atlantiques (the latter two of which include Pyrenees National Park). Political geography is a field of human geography that is concerned with politics. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... Pyrénées-Orientales (English: , Catalan: , Occitan: ) is a department of southern France adjacent to the northern Spanish frontier and the Mediterranean Sea. ... Aude (Occitan: Aude) is a department in south-central France named after the Aude River. ... Ariège is a département in southwestern France named after the Ariège River. ... Haute-Garonne is a département in the southwest of France named after the Garonne river. ... Hautes-Pyrénées is a département in southwestern France. ... Pyrénées-Atlantiques (Gascon: Pirenèus-Atlantics; Basque: Pirinio-Atlantiarrak or Pirinio-Atlantikoak) is a département in the southwest of France which takes its name from the Pyrenees mountains and the Atlantic Ocean. ... Pyrenees National Park (French: Parc national des Pyrénées) is a national park located within the French départements of Hautes-Pyrénées and Pyrénées-Atlantiques. ...


The Pyrenees are also part of the following Spanish provinces, from east to west: Girona, Barcelona, Lleida, Huesca, Zaragoza, Navarra, and Guipúzcoa. In addition to its seventeen autonomous communities, Spain is divided into fifty provinces. ... Girona province Girona (Catalan:Girona;Spanish: Gerona) is a province of eastern Spain, in the northern part of the autonomous community of Catalonia. ... Barcelona is a province of eastern Spain, in the center of the autonomous community of Catalonia. ... Lleida province Lleida is a province of eastern Spain, in the western part of the autonomous community of Catalonia. ... Huesca province Huesca is a province of northern Spain, in the northern part of the autonomous community of Aragon. ... Zaragoza province Zaragoza (also called Saragossa in English) is a province of northern Spain, in the central part of the autonomous community of Aragon. ... Navarra is the Spanish name for Navarre (Basque: Nafarroa), an ancient kingdom in the Pyrenees, and now a province and an autonomous community in Spain. ... Guipúzcoa province Guipúzcoa (Basque Gipuzkoa, in English sometimes as Guipuscoa) is a province of northern Spain, in the northeastern part of the autonomous community of the Basque Country. ...


The whole of the independent principality of Andorra is located in the Pyrenees.

Composite satellite image of the Pyrenees (NASA)

Physically, the Pyrenees are typically divided into three sections: the Central, the Atlantic or Western, and the Eastern. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an agency of the United States federal government, responsible for the nations public space program. ... True-color image of the Earths surface and atmosphere Physical geography (also know as geosystems or physiography) is a subfield of geography that focuses on the systematic study of patterns and processes within the hydrosphere, biosphere, atmosphere, and lithosphere. ...

Pico del Aneto, the highest mountain of the Pyrenees.
Pico del Aneto, the highest mountain of the Pyrenees.

The Central Pyrenees extend eastward from the Somport pass to the Val d'Aran, and include the highest summits of the range: Image File history File linksMetadata Aneto_01. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Aneto_01. ... North face of Aneto. ... Somport (known also as the Aspe Pass, the Canfranc Pass, and Col du Somport in French) is a mountain pass in the central Pyrenees lying at 1632 m. ...

  • Pico d'Aneto or Pic de Néthou 3,404 m (11,168 ft) in the Maladeta ridge,
  • Mont Posets 3,375 m (11,072 ft),
  • Mont Perdu or Monte Perdido or Mont Perdut 3,355 m (11,007 ft).

In the Atlantic Pyrenees the average elevation gradually decreases from east to west, until they merge with the Basque mountains near the Bay of Biscay. In the Eastern Pyrenees, with the exception of one break at the eastern extremity of the Pyrénées Ariégeoises, the mean elevation is maintained with remarkable uniformity until a sudden decline occurs in the portion of the chain known as the Albères. Aneto is the highest mountain in the Pyrenees. ... The metre or meter is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The summit of Monte Perdido (3355m), located in Spain, the great lost mountain of the Pyrenees, lies hidden from France by the seemingly impenetrable peaks of the Cirques of Gavarnie and Estaube. ... Typical limestone mountain of the Basque range. ... Map of the Bay of Biscay. ...


Geology

The Pyrenees are older than the Alps: their sediments were first deposited in coastal basins during the Paleozoic and Mesozoic eras. Between 100 and 150 million years ago, during the Lower Cretaceous period, the Gulf of Gascony (Bay of Biscay) fanned out, pushing present-day Spain against France and putting large layers of sediment in a vise grip. The intense pressure and uplifting of the Earth's crust first affected the eastern part and stretched progressively to the entire chain, culminating in the Eocene epoch. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... The Paleozoic Era (from the Greek palaio, old and zoion, animals, meaning ancient life) is the earliest of three geologic eras of the Phanerozoic eon. ... The Mesozoic Era is one of three geologic eras of the Phanerozoic eon. ... The Cretaceous Period is one of the major divisions of the geologic timescale, reaching from the end of the Jurassic Period (i. ... Age of oceanic crust. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... hfajhfiudshfas == == == --24. ...


The eastern part of the Pyrenees consists largely of granite and gneissose rocks, while in the western part the granite peaks are flanked by layers of limestone. The massive and unworn character of the chain comes from its abundance of granite, which is particularly resistant to erosion, as well as weak glacial development. Close-up of granite from Yosemite National Park, valley of the Merced River Quarrying granite for the Mormon Temple, Utah Territory. ... Gneiss Gneiss (IPA: ) is a common and widely distributed type of rock formed by high-grade regional metamorphic processes from preexisting formations that were originally either igneous or sedimentary rocks. ... -1... Severe soil erosion in a wheat field near Washington State University, USA. For erosion as an operation of Mathematical morphology, see Erosion (morphology) Erosion is displacement of solids (soil, mud, rock and other particles) by the agents of ocean currents, wind, water, or ice by downward or down-slope movement...


Landscape

Summits of the Pyrenees in the summer
Summits of the Pyrenees in the summer

Conspicuous features of Pyrenean scenery are: Download high resolution version (987x641, 111 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (987x641, 111 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

  • the absence of great lakes, such as fill the lateral valleys of the Alps
  • the rarity and great elevation of passes
  • the large number of the mountain torrents locally called gaves, which often form lofty waterfalls, surpassed in Europe only by those of Scandinavia
  • the frequency with which the upper end of a valley assumes the form of a semicircle of precipitous cliffs, locally called a cirque.

The highest waterfall is that of Gavarnie (462 m or 1,515 ft), at the head of the Gave de Pau; the Cirque de Gavarnie, in the same valley, is perhaps the most famous example of the cirque formation. Low passes are lacking; between the two ends of the range, where the principal roads and the railways run between France and Spain, there are only the Col de la Perche, between the valley of the Têt and the valley of the Segre, and the Col de Somport or Port de Canfranc, on the old Roman road from Saragossa to Oloron-Sainte-Marie. A man-made lake in Keukenhof, Netherlands A lake is a body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land. ... In a range of hills, or especially of mountains, a pass (also gap, notch, col, saddle, bwlch or bealach) is a lower point that allows easier access through the range. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Scandinavia is a historical and geographical region centered on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe and includes the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Gavarnie Falls Cirque de Gavarnie with the waterfall to the left The Gavarnie Falls, also known as Grande Cascade de Gavarnie, is a tiered waterfall and ranks with its overall drop of 422 m as the tallest waterfall in France. ... The Gave de Pau is a river of south-western France, tributary of the Adour. ... The Cirque de Gavarnie The Cirque de Gavarnie is a famous example of a cirque in the central Pyrenees. ... Têt is the largest river in Roussillon, France. ... Segre is a river tributary to the Ebre. ... Somport (known also as the Aspe Pass, the Canfranc Pass, and Col du Somport in French) is a mountain pass in the central Pyrenees lying at 1632 m. ... Canfranc Estacion in autumn. ... For the one-off TV Drama, see Roman Road (TV Drama) A Roman road in Pompeii. ... For alternative meanings, see Zaragoza (disambiguation). ... Subprefecture of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques. ...


A particularly notable feature is La Brèche de Roland, a gap in the ridge line, in tradition created by Roland. La Brèche de Roland is an impressive natural gap, 40 meters across and 100 meters high, in the steep cliffs of the Cirque de Gavarnie which form part of the border between France and Spain in the Pyrenees. ... It has been suggested that Orlando (character) be merged into this article or section. ...


Natural resources

Lake of Artouste
Lake of Artouste

The metallic ores of the Pyrenees are not in general of much importance, though there were considerable iron mines at Vie de Sos in Ariège and at the foot of Canigou in Pyrénées-Orientales. Coal deposits capable of being profitably worked are situated chiefly on the Spanish slopes but the French side has numerous beds of lignite. The open pit of Trimoun (Ariège) is one of the greatest sources of talc in Europe. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Iron ore (Banded iron formation) Manganese ore Lead ore Gold ore An ore is a volume of rock containing components or minerals in a mode of occurrence which renders it valuable for mining. ... General Name, Symbol, Number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Standard atomic weight 55. ... Canigou (Catalan Canigó) is a mountain in southern France. ... Pyrénées-Orientales (English: , Catalan: , Occitan: ) is a department of southern France adjacent to the northern Spanish frontier and the Mediterranean Sea. ... Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... Coal Coal is a fossil fuel extracted from the ground by mining. ...


Mineral springs are abundant and very remarkable, and especially noteworthy are the hot springs, in which the Alps, on the contrary, are very deficient. The hot springs, among which those of Bagnères-de-Luchon and Eaux-Chaudes may be mentioned, are sulphurous and mostly situated high, near the contact of the granite with the stratified rocks. The lower springs, such as those of Bagnères-de-Bigorre (Hautes-Pyrénées), Rennes-les-Bains (Aude) and Campagne (Aude), are mostly selenitic and not very warm. Mineral water is water containing minerals or other dissolved substances that alter its taste or give it therapeutic value. ... Green Dragon Spring at Norris Geyser A hot spring is a place where warm or hot groundwater issues from the ground on a regular basis for at least a predictable part of the year, and is significantly above the ambient ground temperature (which is usually around 55~57 F or... Bagnères-de-Luchon, also referred to as Luchon, is a spa town and a commune in the Haute-Garonne département, in southwestern France. ... General Name, Symbol, Number sulfur, S, 16 Chemical series nonmetals Group, Period, Block 16, 3, p Appearance lemon yellow Standard atomic weight 32. ... Bagnères-de-Bigorre is a commune of southwestern France, in the Hautes-Pyrénées département, of which it is a sous-préfecture. ... Hautes-Pyrénées is a département in southwestern France. ... Rennes-les-Bains is a village of 160 inhabitants in the département of the Aude in France. ... Aude (Occitan: Aude) is a department in south-central France named after the Aude River. ...


Climate

Tena Valley aerial view, Spain
Tena Valley aerial view, Spain

The amount of the precipitation, including rain and snow, is much greater in the western than in the eastern Pyrenees, which leads to a marked contrast between these sections of the chain in more than one respect. In the first place, the eastern Pyrenees are without glaciers, the quantity of snow falling there being insufficient to lead to their development. The glaciers are confined to the northern slopes of the central Pyrenees, and do not descend, like those of the Alps, far down in the valleys, but have their greatest length in the direction of the mountain chain. They form, in fact, a narrow zone near the crest of the highest mountains. Here, as in the other great mountain ranges of central Europe, there are evidences of a much wider extension of the glaciers during the Ice age. The case of the glacier in the valley of Argelbs in the département of Hautes-Pyrénées is the best-known instance. The snow-line varies in different parts of the Pyrenees from 2700 to 2800 m above sea-level. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 750 pixel, file size: 751 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Categoría:Pirineos File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Pyrenees Metadata This... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 750 pixel, file size: 751 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Categoría:Pirineos File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Pyrenees Metadata This... Tena Valley (Huesca), Telera peak The Tena Valley is located at the southern side of the Pyrenees, in the Alto Gállego comarca, province of Huesca, and is crossed by the Gállego river from north to south. ... A distant Rain Rain is a type of precipitation which forms when separate drops of water fall to the Earths surface from clouds. ... Animation of snowcover changing with the seasons Trees covered with snow Snow covering a leaf. ... Glacial and Glaciation redirect here. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ...


Flora and fauna

A mountain stream
A mountain stream

A still more marked effect of the preponderance of rainfall in the western half of the chain is seen in the vegetation. The lower mountains in the extreme west are wooded, but the extent of forest declines eastwards, and the eastern Pyrenees are peculiarly wild and barren, all the more since it is in this part of the chain that granitic masses prevail. There is a change, moreover, in the composition of the flora in passing from west to east. In the west the flora resembles that of central Europe, while in the east it is distinctly Mediterranean in character, though the difference of latitude is only about 1°, on both sides of the chain from the centre whence the Corbières stretch north-eastwards towards the central plateau of France. The Pyrenees are relatively as rich in endemic species as the Alps, and among the most remarkable instances of that endemism is the occurrence of the sole European species of Dioscorea , Dioscorea pyrenaica, at a single high site in the central Pyrenees, and that of the monotypic genus Xatardia, only on a high alpine pass between the Val d'Eynes and Catalonia. The genus most abundantly represented in the range is that of the saxifrages, several species of which are endemic here. Download high resolution version (957x738, 151 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (957x738, 151 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... In biology and ecology endemic means exclusively native to a place or biota, in contrast to cosmopolitan or introduced. ... For the Levantine god of the untamed sea, see Yaw. ... See also Principality of Catalonia (for the historic territory) and Northern Catalonia. ... Species many, see text Saxifraga is a plant genus with about 440 known species of perennials, making it the largest genus of the family Saxifragaceae. ...


In their fauna also the Pyrenees present some striking instances of endemism. The Pyrenean Desman is found only in some of the streams of the northern slopes of these mountains, the only other member of this genus being confined to the rivers of the Caucasus in southern Russia. The Pyrenean eurpocte (Euproctus pyrenaicus), an endemic cousin of the salamander, also lives in streams and lakes located at high altitudes. Among the other peculiarities of the Pyrenean fauna are blind insects in the caverns of Ariège, the principal genera of which are Anophthalmus and Adelops. The Pyrenean Ibex mysteriously became extinct in January of 2000; the native Pyrenean Brown Bear was hunted to near-extinction in the 1990s but was re-introduced in 1996 when 3 bears were brought from Slovenia. The population has bred successfully and there are now believed to be about 15 brown bears in the central region around Fos, only 4 native ones are still living in Aspe valley. Fauna is a collective term for animal life of any particular region or time. ... Binomial name Galemys pyrenaicus (Geoffroy, 1811) The Pyrenean Desman (Galemys pyrenaicus) is a small half-aquatic mammal that lives in the Pyrenees to the Iberian peninsula. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Caucasus Mountains. ... Suborders Cryptobranchoidea Salamandroidea Sirenoidea Salamander is the common name applied to approximately 500 species of amphibians with slender bodies, short legs, and long tails. ... Alternate meanings: Cave (disambiguation) This article is about natural caves; for artificial caves used as dwellings, such as those in north China, see yaodong. ... Trinomial name Capra pyrenaica pyrenaica (Schinz, 1838) The Pyrenean Ibex (Capra pyrenaica pyrenaica) is an ibex, one of the two extinct subspecies of Spanish Ibex. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Binomial name Ursus arctos Linnaeus, 1758 Ursus arctos range map. ...


Preserved areas

Ordesa y Monte Perdido National Park, Spain

Principal nature reserves and national parks: Image File history File links Ordesa. ... Image File history File links Ordesa. ...

Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici National Park (Catalan: ) is the only national park in Catalonia. ... Ordesa y Monte Perdido National Park is an IUCN Category II National Park situated in the Pyrenees of Huesca, Aragón (Spain). ... Pyrenees National Park (French: Parc national des Pyrénées) is a national park located within the French départements of Hautes-Pyrénées and Pyrénées-Atlantiques. ...

Demographics and culture

The ethnology, folklore, institutions and history of the Pyrenean region form an interesting study: see Andorra; Aragon; Ariege; Basque Country; Béarn; Catalonia; Navarre; Roussillon. For their history, see also Almogavars, Marca Hispanica. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Capital Zaragoza Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 4th  47,719 km²  9. ... Ari ge is a d partement in southwestern France named after the Ari ge River. ... The Ikurriña, Basque flag Location of Territory of the Basque Country The Basque Country divided in seven provinces. ... Béarn coat of arms Béarn (Gascon: Bearn or Biarn) is a former province of France, located in the Pyrenees mountains and in the plain at their feet, in southwest France. ... See also Principality of Catalonia (for the historic territory) and Northern Catalonia. ... Capital Pamplona Official language(s) Spanish and Basque Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 11th  10,391 km²  2. ... Coat of arms of Roussillon - see also senyera Flag of Roussillon Mount Canigó (Canigou) (2785m), a Catalan landmark Roussillon (French: Roussillon, pronounced ; Catalan: Rosselló, pronounced ) is one of the historical counties of the former Principality of Catalonia, corresponding roughly to the present-day southern French département of Pyrén... The Almogavars (Aragonese: Almogabars, Catalan: Almogàvers, Spanish: Almogávares, from Arabic: Al-Mugavari) were a class of Aragonese and Catalan soldiers, well-known during the Christian reconquista (reconquest) of the Iberian peninsula. ... The Marca Hispanica (Spanish Mark or March) was a buffer zone beyond the province of Septimania, first set up by Charlemagne in 795 as a defensive barrier to keep the Muslim Moors out of the Frankish Kingdom. ...


Languages spoken in the area are, notably, Spanish, French and Catalan. Also spoken, in a minor extent, are Occitan (Val d'Aran as Aranese) , Aragonese , Basque and Portuguese (in Andorra). Catalan IPA: (català IPA: or []) is a Romance language, the national language of Andorra, and a co-official language in the Spanish autonomous communities of Balearic Islands, Catalonia and Valencia (in the latter with the name of Valencian), and in the city of LAlguer in the Italian island of... Occitan, known also as Lenga dòc or Langue doc (Occitan: occitan, lenga dòc) is a Romance language spoken in Occitania (i. ... Aranese (Aranès or Aranais) is a dialect of Gascon (which is part of the Occitan language group of the Romance languages), spoken in Spain, where it is an official language. ... Aragonese, IPA: (), is a Romance language now spoken by some 10,000 people over the valleys of the Aragón River, Sobrarbe and Ribagorza in the province of Huesca, Aragon, Spain. ... Basque (native name: euskara) is the language spoken by the Basque people who inhabit the Pyrenees in North-Central Spain and the adjoining region of South-Western France. ...


Sports and leisure

Both sides of the Pyrenees are popular spots for winter sports such as alpine skiing and mountaineering. Alpine skier carving a turn on piste Alpine skiing (or downhill skiing) is a recreational activity and sport involving sliding down snow-covered hills with long, thin skis attached to each foot. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Pyrena is a mushing competition held in the Pyrenees. Pyrena or pyrene is the name for a nutlet resembling a seed, or the kernel of a drupe or drupelet. ... A team of six white, husky-type dogs Mushing also means playing on a MUSH. Mushing also can be used to describe the kneading behavior of domestic cats when they are content or are preparing to settle for a nap. ...


In the summer and autumn, the Pyrenees are featured in two of cycling's grand tours, the Tour de France held annually in July and La Vuelta a España held in September. The stages held in the Pyrenees are often the defining moments of both tours, drawing hundreds of thousands of spectators to the region. The Tour de France is the worlds best-known cycling race, a three-week-long road race that covers a circuit of most areas around France, and sometimes neighbouring countries. ... The Vuelta a España bicycle race is one of the three Grand Tours of Europe and, after the Tour de France and the Giro dItalia, is the third most important road cycling stage race in the world. ...


Three main long-distance footpaths run the length of the mountain range; the GR10 across the northern slopes, the GR11 across the southern slopes, and the HRP which traverses peaks and ridges along a high altitude route. In addition, there are countless marked and unmarked trails throughout the region. Long-distance trails (or long-distance tracks, paths, footpaths or greenways) are trails or footpaths covering large distances, typically 50 km or more, used for rambling (that is, hiking or backpacking). ... The GR 10 is a GR footpath in the French Pyrenees that roughly parallels the Spanish border. ... The GR 11 is part of the extensive GR footpath network of paths, tracks and trails. ... The Haute Randonnée Pyrénéenne (HRP) is a long-distance footpath in the Pyrenees. ...


Ski resorts

Ski resorts in the Pyrenees include

Formigal, one of the major ski resorts
  • Le Mourtis
  • Les Angles
  • Luchon-Superbagnères
  • Luz-Ardiden
  • Masella
  • Nistos cap nestes
  • Panticosa-Los Lagos
  • Pas de la Casa
  • Peyragudes
  • Piau-Engaly
  • Port-Ainé
  • Somport
  • Superbagnères
  • Tavascan
  • Vall de Núria
  • Vallter 2000

Image File history File links Formigal1. ... Image File history File links Formigal1. ... General view of the resort. ... General view of the resort town. ... Ax-les-Thermes is a town and commune of south-western France, in the département of Ariège, in the région of Midi-Pyrénées, at the confluence of the Ariège River with three tributaries, 26 mi. ... Baqueira Beret is a ski station located in the heart of the Pyrenees, in the Valley of Arán, Lérida. ... LA MONGIE The village of La Mongie is at 1800 metres of altitude. ... Cauterets is a spa town and a commune of the Hautes-Pyrénées département, in southwestern France. ... General view of the resort town in autumn. ... Sunset view of the resort town. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via (Catalan: Font Romeu, Odelló i Vià) is a commune of the Pyrénées-Orientales département, in southwestern France. ... General view of the resort. ... The resort logo with a view Masella is a village in Baixa Cerdanya in Catalunya in the Spanish Pyrenees. ... A view of Tena Valley from the resort. ... The pass and resort, looking towards France The pass El Pas de la Casa is a ski resort and mountain pass in Andorra, lying on the border with France. ... Somport (known also as the Aspe Pass, the Canfranc Pass, and Col du Somport in French) is a mountain pass in the central Pyrenees lying at 1632 m. ...

Highest summits

  • Aneto (3,404 m)
  • Posets (3,375 m)
  • Monte Perdido (3,355 m)
  • Pic Maudit (3,350 m)
  • Pic du Cylindre (3,328 m)
  • Pic de la Maladeta (3,308 m)
  • Vignemale (Pique Longue) (3,298 m)
  • Clot de la Hount (3,289 m)
  • Pic du Marboré (3,248 m)
  • Pic de Cerbillona (3,247 m)
  • Pic de Perdiguère (3,222 m)
  • Pic de Montferrat (3,220 m)
  • Pic Long (3,192 m)
  • Pic Schrader (Grand Batchimale) (3,177 m)
  • Pic de Campbieil (3,173 m)
  • Pic de la cascade orientale (3,161 m)
  • Pic Badet (3,160 m)
  • Pic du Balaïtous (3,144 m)
  • Pic du Taillon (3,144 m)
  • Pica d'Estats (3,143 m)
  • Punta del Sabre (3,136 m)
  • Pic de la Munia (3,134 m)
  • Pointe de Literole (3,132 m)
  • Pic des Gourgs Blancs (3,129 m)
  • Pic de Royo (3,121 m)
  • Pic des Crabioules (3,116 m)
  • Pic de Maupas (3,109 m)
  • Pic Lézat (3,107 m)
  • Pic de la cascade occidental (3,095 m)
  • Pic de Néouvielle (3,091 m)
  • Pic de Troumouse (3,085 m)
  • Pics d'Enfer (3,082 m)
  • Pic de Montcalm (3,077 m)
  • Grand pic d' Astazou (3,077 m)
  • Épaule du Marboré (3,073 m)
  • Pic du port de Sullo (3,072 m)
  • Pic des Spijeoles (3,066 m)
  • Pic de Quayrat (3,060 m)
  • Pic des Trois Conseillers (3,039 m)
  • Turon de Néouvielle (3,035 m)
  • Pic de Batoua (3,034 m)
  • Petit Vignemale (3,032 m)
  • Pic de Besiberri Sud (3,017 m)
  • Tour du Marboré (3,009 m)
  • Casque du Marboré (3,006 m)
  • Grande Fache (3,005 m)

Aneto is the highest mountain in the Pyrenees. ... Monte Perdido (Mont Perdu in French, both meaning lost mountain) is the third highest mountain in the Pyrenees. ... The Vignemale, at 3298m, is the highest of the French Pyrenean summits; the highest in the whole of the range be Pic Aneto. ... The Vignemale, at 3298 metres, is the highest of the French Pyrenean summits; the highest in the whole of the range is Pic Aneto. ... The Balaitus (Spanish) or Pic du Balaïtous (French) is a granitic massif of the Pyrenees, located right on the border between Spain and France // Balaitus marks the starting point of the High Pyrenees. ... The Pica dEstats summit (Catalan: Pica dEstats, French: Pique dEstats) is found between the Catalan district of Pallars Sobirà and the French district of Ariège. ...

Famous summits below 3,000 m

  • Mont Valier (2,838 m)
  • Petit Pic du Midi d'Ossau (2,812 m)
  • Pic du Canigou (2,786 m)
  • Pic d'Anie (2,504 m)
  • Pic de Madrès (2,469 m)
  • Grande Aiguille d'Ansabère (2,376 m)
  • Pic du Soularac (2,368 m)
  • Pic du Saint Barthélémy (2,348 m)
  • Pic des Trois Seigneurs (2,199 m)
  • Pic d'Orhy (2,017 m)
  • Pic de Pedraforca (2,498 m)

Coma Pedrosa is the highest point in the principality of Andorra. ... Collarada peak is a mountain in the western Pyrenees of Huesca, situated on the east side of the Aragon Valley near the towns of Villanúa (to the south) and Canfranc (to the west). ... Pic du Midi dOssau At 9400 feet in height the Pic du Midi dOssau is not particularly high; neither does it boast a glacier or permanent snow fields. ... Another Pic du Midi is the Pic du Midi dOssau. ... Canigou (Catalan Canigó) is a mountain in southern France. ...

External link and references

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Pyrenees

Coordinates: 42°40′N, 1°00′E Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Pyrenees National Park (French: Parc national des Pyrénées) is a national park located within the French départements of Hautes-Pyrénées and Pyrénées-Atlantiques. ... The University of Washington, founded in 1861, is a public research university in Seattle, Washington. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. Encyclopædia Britannica, the 11th edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Pyrenees Guide .com - Pyrenees tourism travel guide (108 words)
The Pyrenees Mountains are said to be "a wonderland to the holiday-maker", whether your interests be hiking, backpacking, mountain biking, skiing or simply the desire for adventure.
In the past thirty years the Pyrenees have been rediscovered and is everyday increasing in popularity and becoming an alternative to the well-known Alps.
Pyrenees Guide.com wants to be the information resource for all English Language walkers and climbers interested in the Pyrenees.
Pyrenees - LoveToKnow 1911 (1995 words)
Pyrenees], a range of mountains in south-west Europe, separating the Iberian Peninsula from France, and extending for about 240 m., from the Bay of Biscay to Cape Creus, or, if only the main crest of the range be considered, to Cape Cerbere, on the Mediterranean Sea.
The central Pyrenees extend eastward from the Port de Canfranc to the valley of Aran, and include the highest summits of the whole chain, Aneto or Pic de Nethou (11,168 ft.), in the Maladetta ridge, Posets (11,047 ft.), and Mont Perdu or Monte Perdido (10,997 ft.).
In the Atlantic Pyrenees the average altitude gradually diminishes westward; while in the eastern Pyrenees, with the exception of one break at the eastern extremity of the Pyrenees Ariegeoises, the mean elevation is maintained with remarkable uniformity, till at last a rather; sudden decline occurs in the portion of the chain known as the Alberes.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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