A pyramidal cell is a type of a neuron. Pyramidal cells constititute the majority of the cells in the cerebral cortex. They are called pyramidal because the shape of their cell body (soma) is pyramid-like. Neurons (also spelled neurones or called nerve cells) are the primary cells of the nervous system. ... Location of the Cerebral cortex Slice of the Cerebral cortex, ca. ... The cell body or soma is a structure in a neuron consisting of the main part of the cell and containing the nucleus. ...
Pyramidal cells have large dendrite trees, with typically a few thousand synapses. They also have relatively long axons, with similar number of synapses. Thus they constitute the main processing power of the cortex. (The term dendrite may also refer to the metallurgical dendrite. ... Synapses allow nerve cells to communicate with one another through axons and dendrites, converting electrical signals into chemical ones. ... An axon, or nerve fiber, is a long slender projection of a nerve cell, or neuron, which conducts electrical impulses away from the neurons cell body or soma. ...
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