Puumala virus is a species of hantavirus, and causes nephropathia epidemica. It is common in northern Europe and Russia. Species Andes virus (ANDV) Bayou virus (BAYV) Black Creek Canal virus (BCCV) Cano Delgadito virus (CADV) Choclo virus (CHOV) Dobrava-Belgrade virus (DOBV) Hantaan virus (HTNV) Isla Vista virus (ISLAV) Khabarovsk virus (KHAV) Laguna Negra virus (LANV) Muleshoe virus (MULV) New York virus (NYV) Prospect Hill virus (PHV) Puumala virus... Europe at its furthest extent, reaching to the Urals. ...
The bank vole acts as an reservoir for the virus, and nephropathia epidemica therefor peaks at the same time the population of these voles, typically every 3 to 4 years. Farmers are often exposed to the spillings of these animals and are therefor more commonly infected. Binomial name Clethrionomys glareolus Schreber, 1780 The bank vole Clethrionomys glareolus is a small vole with red-brown fur and some grey patches. ...
Puumalavirus infection is usually suspected on the basis of clinical features,but the diagnosis should be confirmed serologically (2).
Puumalavirus was detected in one in three lung specimens fromvoles analysed in the autumn of 1994 from Central Finland.
The seasonal andgeographical patterns reflect the epidemiology of the infection in the bankvole population and the interaction of humans with this animal vector.Monitoring of the vole populations by the Forest Research Institute enablesepidemics to be predicted.
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