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Encyclopedia > Pushtigban Body Guards

An elite Persian unit of soldiers during the time of the Sassanid Persian dynasty. They were stationed during peacetime in the royal capital of Ctesiphon and were drawn from the best of the Savaran knights. They numbered 1000 men and in battle were led by the Pushtigban-Salar and fought mostly as cataphracts. Persian may refer to more than one article: the Western name for Iranian (see Iran/Persia naming controversy) Persian, an Iranian language the Persians, an ethnic group a Persian, a breed of cat Persian, a Pokémon character Etymology English Persian < Old English, < Latin *Persianus, < Latin Persia, < ancient Greek Persis... Sassanid Empire at its greatest extent The Sassanid dynasty (also Sassanian) was the name given to the kings of Persia during the era of the second Persian Empire, from 224 until 651, when the last Sassanid shah, Yazdegerd III, lost a 14-year struggle to drive out the Umayyad Caliphate... Ctesiphon (Parthian: Tyspwn as well as Tisfun) is one of the great cities of ancient Mesopotamia and the capital of the Iranian Parthian Empire and its successor, the Sassanid Empire, for more than 800 years located in ancient Iranian province of Khvarvaran. ... The cataphract (Greek κατάφρακτος) was a heavily armed and armoured cavalryman who saw action from the earliest days of Antiquity up through the High Middle Ages. ...

A sub-unit of Pushtigban were the Gyan-avspar, the sacrificers of their lives. They fought with distinction during Julian's invasion of Persia in the 4th century AD and made a great impression on the Roman forces. Julian's memoirs state that Pushtigban cataphracts were so mighty that they could spit two Roman soldiers on their lances at once due to their furious charge. Julian solidus, ca. ...

The Pushtigban bodyguards fought with distinction also during the final years of Sassanid Persia to repel the invading Muslim Arabs. Their institution logically disappeared with the submission of the last Sassanid emperor to Arabian suzerainty in 651 AD. A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) (sometimes also spelled Moslem) is an adherent of Islam. ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ...



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