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Encyclopedia > Purple (color)
Purple
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #660099
RGBB (r, g, b) (102, 0, 153)
CMYKH (c, m, y, k) (33, 100, 0, 40)
HSV (h, s, v) (280°, 100%, 60%)

B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Purple is any of a group of colors intermediate between blue and red. Authors of web pages have a variety of options available for specifying colors for elements of web documents. ... The RGB color model utilizes the additive model in which red, green and blue light are combined in various ways to create other colors. ... Red is any of a number of similar colors at the lowest frequencies of light discernible by the human eye. ... Look up green in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Blue is any of a number of similar colors, with a wavelength range of about 420–490 nanometers). ... Cyan, magenta, yellow, and key (black) CMYK (or sometimes YMCK) is a subtractive color model used in color printing. ... Cyan is a pure spectral color, but the same hue can also be generated by mixing equal amounts of green and blue light. ... Magenta is a color that is not a spectral color: that is to say, the hue cannot be generated by light of a single wavelength. ... Yellow is a color with a wavelength of 565-590 nanometers. ... For the color, see black. ... The HSV (Hue, Saturation, Value) model, also called HSB (Hue, Saturation, Brightness), defines a color space in terms of three constituent components: HSV color space as a color wheel Hue, the color type (such as red, blue, or yellow): Ranges from 0-360 (but normalized to 0-100% in some... e gradation of color; for the city in Vietnam, see Huế. A hue refers to the gradation of color within the optical spectrum, or visible spectrum, of light. ... Scale of saturation (0% at bottom). ... Brightness is an attribute of visual perception in which a source appears to emit a given amount of light. ... Color is an important part of the visual arts. ... Blue is any of a number of similar colors, with a wavelength range of about 420–490 nanometers). ... Red is any of a number of similar colors at the lowest frequencies of light discernible by the human eye. ...


On a chromaticity diagram, the straight line connecting the extreme spectral colors (red and violet) is known as the line of purples (or purple boundary); it represents one limit of human color perception. The color magenta used in the CMYK printing process is on the line of purples, but most people associate the term "purple" with a somewhat bluer shade. There is some common confusion between the color names purple and violet. The International Commission on Illumination (usually known as the CIE for its French-language name Commission Internationale de lEclairage) is the international authority on light, illumination, colour, and colour spaces. ... Red is any of a number of similar colors at the lowest frequencies of light discernible by the human eye. ... Violet (named after the flower violet) refers to any of a group of reddish blue or bluish purple colors. ... Magenta is a color that is not a spectral color: that is to say, the hue cannot be generated by light of a single wavelength. ... Cyan, magenta, yellow, and key (black) CMYK (or sometimes YMCK) is a subtractive color model used in color printing. ...


In the 19th century William Perkin invented mauve, a shade of purple, from coal oil. It quickly became popular among all classes, and sparked major industrial development in the German chemical industry. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sir William Henry Perkin (March 12, 1838 – July 14, 1907) was an English chemist best known for his discovery, at the age of 18, of the first aniline dye, mauveine. ... Mauve (French form of Malva, mallow) is a pale grayed pink-lilac color, one of many in the range of purples. ... Coal oil is an oil used for illuminating purposes, also called lamp oil. ...

Chromaticity diagram.The straight part of boundary of the colored region is the line of purples.
Chromaticity diagram.
The straight part of boundary of the colored region is the line of purples.

Contents

Added wavelength indication to the original: image:Cie_chromaticity_diagram. ... Added wavelength indication to the original: image:Cie_chromaticity_diagram. ...


Symbolism

  • Purple sometimes symbolizes royalty, dating back to Roman times, when clothing dyed with Tyrian purple was limited to the upper classes. The color, which was closer to crimson than our idea of purple, was the favored color of many kings and queens. Byzantine empresses gave birth in the Purple Chamber of the palace of the Byzantine Emperors. Thus being named Porphyrogenitus ("born to the purple") marked a dynastic emperor as opposed to a general who won the throne by his effort. Oddly, porpora or purpure was not one of the usual tinctures in European heraldry, being added at a late date to bring the number of tinctures plus metals to seven, so that they could be given planetary associations. the classic early example of purpure is in the coat of the Kingdom of León: : argent, a lion purpure as early as 1245.
  • As a result of its association with royalty and luxury, the term purple is often used to describe pretentious or overly embellished literature. For example, a paragraph containing an excessive number of long and unusual words is called a purple passage (see Purple prose).
  • As a result of its association with the Roman Empire, imperial is often used to mean purple, such as "imperial dye".
  • In the United States and United Kingdom militaries, purple refers to programs or assignments that are "joint", i.e. are not confined to a single service such as the Army or Navy but apply to the entire defense establishment. Assignment to one or more joint billets is required for promotion to flag rank (Rear Admiral and higher) in the U.S. Navy. Officers in joint billets are sometimes referred to as "wearing purple" (the phrase is purely metaphorical as there are no purple uniforms in the U.S. or UK armed forces).
  • Purple as one of the liturgical colors in Christian symbolism can express sorrow and mourning.
  • Purple is also a symbol of womandom, feminism, or lesbianism. In one such use, members of the Red Hat Society (women over 50) wear purple dresses with red hats.
  • In politics in the Netherlands, purple means a government coalition of right-liberals and socialists (symbolized by blue and red, respectively), as opposed to the more common coalitions of the Christian center-party with one of the other two. From 19942002 there have been two purple cabinets—see also Politics of the Netherlands and Paars (the Dutch word for "purple").
  • Purple is symbolic for courage.
  • Purple is symbolic for wisdom, because in middle-eastern cultures the "wise men" wore robes that were coloured by expensive purple dye created from the "purper snail".
  • Purple, especially in a light form known as lavender, is representative of the gay rights movement. The color combines blue, usually ascribed to masculinity in European tradition, and pink, usually ascribed to femininity.
  • Since the 2000 election in the United States, followers of the Republican faction have been identified with the color red and Democrats with blue. Thus, purple has arisen as a compromise color representing moderation between the two.
  • In some U.S. states, including Missouri, purple paint on fenceposts and trees lining a landowner's property indicate “No Trespassing”.[1]
  • In the fictional Star Wars universe, lavender was chosen for the color of the Senate interior because it was the only hue that had never been associated with war, anger, or mourning in any culture of the Republic. [1]
  • Purple is the color of equality.
  • Purple is generally used to denote a Digital Video Signal in Broadcast Engineering.
  • Purple is the color of the ball in Snooker Plus with a 10-point value.
  • Purple as a color of uniforms for sports teams is not as prevalent as red, blue, or black, but several professional and collegiate teams are well known for the color, including

A royal family is the extended family of a monarch. ... The Roman Forum was the central area around which ancient Rome developed. ... Tyrian purple is a purple dye made in the ancient Phoenician city of Tyre from a secretion of Spiny Dye-Murex (Murex brandaris), a marine snail. ... Crimson is a deep red color tinged with blue; however the name is also used for red colors in general. ... Politics—see Chambers of parliament Firearms—see Chamber (weaponry) Heart chamber Combustion chamber Marvel Comics —see Chamber (comics) The Chamber was a short-lived game show on FOX. The Chamber is a suspense novel by John Grisham. ... This is a list of Byzantine Emperors. ... Constantine VII Porphyrogenitos (the Purple-born) (905 - November 9, 959) was the son of Byzantine emperor Leo VI and nephew of Alexander III. He earned his nickname as the legitimate (or more accurately legitimized) son of Leo, as opposed to the others who claimed the throne during his lifetime. ... Heraldry Tinctures In heraldry, Purpure is a tincture, more or less the equivalent of the colour purple. It is one of the five dark tinctures and portrayed in black and white by lines at a clockwise 45 degree angle. ... Heraldry is the science and art of designing, displaying, describing and recording coats-of-arms (also referred to as armorial bearings or simply as arms). Its origins lie in the need to distinguish participants in battles or jousts and to describe the various devices they carried or painted on their... The city of León was founded by the Roman Seventh Legion (for unknown reasons always written as Legio Septima Gemina (twin seventh legion). It was the headquarters of that legion in the late empire and was a center for trade in gold which was mined at Las Médulas... Definition A term of literary criticism, purple prose is used to describe passages, or sometimes entire literary works, written in prose so overly extravagant, ornate or flowery as to break the flow and draw attention to itself. ... Imperial is a term that is used to describe something that relates to an Empire, Emperor, or the concept of Imperialism. ... Army (from French armée) can, in some countries, refer to any armed force. ... The multinational Combined Task Force One Five Zero (CTF-150) A rare occurrence of a 5-country multinational fleet, during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Oman Sea. ... Admiral is a word from the Arabic term Amir-al-bahr (commander of the sea). ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... Liturgical colours are colours of vestments and church decorations within a Christian liturgy. ... Christianity is a monotheistic religion centered on the life, teachings, and actions of Jesus, the Christ, as recounted in the New Testament. ... Women from the Red Hat Society in Victoria The Red Hat Society is a womens organization founded in 1998 by Sue Ellen Cooper of Fullerton, California. ... Socialism is an ideology of a social and economic system in which the means of production are collectively owned and administered by all of society. ... Christianity is a monotheistic religion centered on the life, teachings, and actions of Jesus, the Christ, as recounted in the New Testament. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV in Roman) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... 2002 (MMII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Politics of the Netherlands takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democracy and a constitutional monarchy, where the prime minister of the Netherlands is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system with about 15 parties at national elections. ... Paars is the Dutch word for purple, but it carries a much broader meaning within the modern political history of the Netherlands. ... The Three Wise Men are given the names Gaspar, Melchior, and Balthasar in this Romanesque mosaic from the Basilica of St Apollinarius in Ravenna, Italy. ... Lavender is a color that is a light shade of violet. ... Blue is any of a number of similar colors, with a wavelength range of about 420–490 nanometers). ... Two Seated Men In many societies, masculinity is understood to include open displays of same-sex non-sexual affection and physical contact. ... This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Femininity is the set of principles which form a womanly personality. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... The Republican Party was established in 1854 by a coalition of former Whigs, Northern Democrats, and Free-Soilers who opposed the expansion of slavery and held a Hamiltonian vision for modernizing the United States. ... Red is any of a number of similar colors at the lowest frequencies of light discernible by the human eye. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other one being the Republican Party. ... Moderation is the process of eliminating or lessening extremes. ... A U.S. state is any one of the 50 states which have membership of the federation known as the United States of America (USA or U.S.). The separate state governments and the U.S. federal government share sovereignty. ... Official language(s) English Capital Jefferson City Largest city Kansas City Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 21st 69,709 mi²; 180,693 km² 240 mi; 385 km 300 mi; 480 km 1. ... The cover of the 2004 DVD widescreen release of the modified original Star Wars Trilogy. ... The only atomic weapons ever used in war - the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan on August 9, 1945, effectively ending World War II. The bombs over Hiroshima (August 6) and Nagasaki immediately killed over 120,000 people. ... Anger is a term for the emotional aspect of aggression, as a basic aspect of the stress response in animals in which a perceived aggravating stimulus provokes a counterresponse which is likewise aggravating and threatening of violence. ... Mourning is in the simplest sense synonymous with grief over the death of someone. ... Snooker Plus was a variation on the game of snooker and it was created by Joe Davis, the reigning World snooker champion of the time. ... City Minneapolis, Minnesota Other nicknames The Vikes, The Purple People Eaters Team colors Purple, Gold, and White Head Coach Brad Childress Owner Zygi Wilf General manager Rob Brzezinski Fight song Skol, Vikings Mascot Ragnar and Vikadontis Rex Local radio Flagship stations: KFAN (1130 AM) Announcers: Paul Allen, Greg Coleman, and... The National Football League (NFL) is the largest professional American football league, consisting of thirty-two teams from American cities and regions. ... City Baltimore, Maryland Other nicknames {{{nicknames}}} Team colors Black, Purple, and Metallic Gold Head Coach Brian Billick Owner Steve Bisciotti General manager Ozzie Newsome Fight song {{{song}}} Mascot Edgar, Allan, and Poe Local radio Flagship stations: WBAL-AM (1090) and WIYY-FM (97. ... The Los Angeles Lakers are a National Basketball Association team based in Los Angeles, California. ... The Toronto Raptors are a National Basketball Association team based in Toronto, Ontario. ... The Sacramento Kings are a National Basketball Association team based in Sacramento, California. ... The New Orleans Hornets are a National Basketball Association team based in New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. The current head coach is Byron Scott. ... The Milwaukee Bucks are a National Basketball Association team based in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. ... The National Basketball Association, more commonly referred to as the NBA, is the worlds premier mens professional basketball league and one of the major professional sports leagues of North America. ... The Los Angeles Kings are a National Hockey League team based in Los Angeles, California, USA. // Facts Founded: 1967 Arena: Staples Center Former Home Arenas: Long Beach Sports Arena (part of 1967), Los Angeles Sports Arena (part of 1967); The Forum (1967-1999) Uniform colors: Purple, black, and silver Logo... The Mighty Ducks of Anaheim are a National Hockey League (NHL) team based in Anaheim, California. ... The modernized NHL shield logo debuted in 2005, replacing the orange and black shield, which had been used since the leagues inception. ... The Colorado Rockies are a Major League Baseball team based in Denver, Colorado. ... Major League Baseball (MLB) is the highest level of play in professional baseball in the world. ... Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College at Baton Rouge, or simply Louisiana State University (LSU) is a public, coeducational university located in Baton Rouge, Louisiana and the main campus of the Louisiana State University System. ... This article discusses Clemson University. ... Northwestern University is a private, coeducational, non-sectarian university, located in Evanston, Illinois and Chicago, Illinois. ... Kansas State University (sometimes referred to as K-State) is an institution of higher learning located in Manhattan, Kansas. ... The University of Washington, founded in 1861, is a major public research university in Seattle, Washington. ...

Purple versus violet

The color terms purple and violet cause confusion for many people: they are used interchangeably in some casual conversation. Color is an important part of the visual arts. ... Violet (named after the flower violet) refers to any of a group of reddish blue or bluish purple colors. ...


Technically, violet is a spectral color (of approximately 420-380nm), shorter wavelength than blue, while purple is a combination of red and blue and is the only color on the color wheel that is not a spectral color (there is no such thing as the "wavelength of purple light": it only exists as a combination). Purple was not present on Newton's color wheel (which went directly from violet to red), but is present on modern ones. A spectral color is a color that is part of the optical spectrum. ... Blue (from Old High German blao shining) is one of the three primary additive colors; blue light has the shortest wavelength (about 470 nm) of the three primary colors. ... Red re-directs here; for alternate uses see Red (disambiguation) Red is a color at the lowest frequencies of light discernible by the human eye. ... Blue (from Old High German blao shining) is one of the three primary additive colors; blue light has the shortest wavelength (about 470 nm) of the three primary colors. ... In the arts of painting, and photography, color theory is a set of basic rules for mixing color to achieve a desired result. ... A spectral color is a color that is part of the optical spectrum. ...


Violet light just varies by wavelength, while purple varies in the proportion of red and blue.


On the CIE xy chromaticity diagram, violet is on the curved edge in the lower left, while purples are the straight line connecting the extreme colors red and violet. In the study of the perception of color, one of the first mathematically defined color spaces was the CIE XYZ color space (also known as CIE 1931 color space), created by the International Commission on Illumination (CIE) in 1931. ...


Informally, and by some in art, violet is used to mean a bluer purple, while purple means a redder purple. Winged Victory of Samothrace exihibited in the Louvre. ...


One interesting psychophysical feature of the two colors which can be used to separate them is their appearance with increase of light intensity. Violet, as light intensity increases, appears to take on a far more bluey hue as a result of what is known as the Bezold-Brücke shift. The same increase in blueness is not noted in purples.


References

  1. [1] Source:Star Wars visual dictionaries
  • "The perception of color", from Schiffman, H.R. (1990) Sensation and perception: An integrated approach (3rd edition). New York: John Wiley & Sons.

See also

Web colors black silver gray white red maroon purple fuchsia green lime olive yellow orange blue navy teal aqua
                                 

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Color Purple - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (522 words)
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